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Terms in this set (11)

Began with Alfred the Great (871-899) enforced the translation of Bede's Ecclesiastical History and also commissioned the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles (Assembled in Wessex 880 AD)

The transition from being an analytic language during the Old English period to a synthetic language during Middle English through the loss of inflections

The use of English in the Statute of Pleading 1362 which increased the prestige of English as typically all legal documents were written in French

Henry IV as the first King to be a native speaker of English and his son Henry V who was the first king to write his personal letters and conduct parts of state business in English = increase in prestige

'The importance of London as the capital of England following the course of other national tongues- French as the dialect of Paris, Spanish as that of Castille and others... It began as a Southern and ended as Midland dialect." (Baugh and Cable)

The adoption of the Chancery Standard in the mid 15th century which had a large effect on the spelling reform. They needed a concrete variety of language to use for the official documents in the Chancery.

-Caxton and his stamp of approval on the South East Midlands variety through his selection for the printing press in 1476. E.g. 'I' rather than 'ich' and 'home' rather than 'home'. He needed to assist his readers by choosing one dialect in order to reduce the level of confusion such as 'egges' or 'eyren' as he stated in his preface to Eneydos.

Cawdrey's Table Alphabetical in 1604 which aided the spelling reform, once again, to reduce confusion and aid standardisation

Samuel Johnson's dictionary in 1755 provided a uniformed grammar, lexis and system of language to educate the masses

The language of the King James Bible which Crystal proved was more influential than originally thought