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The accompanying group in a concerto grosso is called

the ripieno

The text of an opera is called

the libretto

Today, Baroque music is played exclusively on modern instruments


It was through the musical innovations of the ____ that opera was born

Roman forum???

Which of the following is Handel's most famous oratorio, frequently performed today?


The opening movement of Spring from The Four Seasons features

ritornello form

Who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?


Dido sings her famous lament in Purcell's opera Dido and Aeneas just prior to

killing herself

The first era of Western music in which instrumental music was as important as vocal music was the

Baroque era

Baroque composers, like their Renaissance counterparts, generally did not specify instrumentation


The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called


A highly emotional song in an opera is called

an aria

A gigue is best described as

a lively sextuple-meter dance

Dido's Lament from Purcell's opera Dido and Aenaes is composed

over a ground bass

Vivaldi was known as "the red priest" for

the color of his hair

The orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera is called

an overture

Vivaldi lived in Venice, where he taught music at a girls' school


The standard Baroque suite consists of a variety of international dance types


Who is best viewed as the first master of opera?


Which does NOT characterize Vivaldi's concertos The Four Seasons?

The concertos are based on poems?

A drama that is sung is called

an opera

The Baroque era witnessed the appearance of the

both a and b

Who composed the Brandenburg Concertos?


The solo concerto is:

a vocal work, usually in three movements, that features one performer supported by an accompanying choir

The solo instrument in Spring from The Four Seasons is

the violin

The chorale tune A Mighty Fortress Is Our God is heard in a simple, homophonic four-part setting in


The greatest native English composer of the Baroque was

Henry Purcell

The solo group in a concerto grosso is called

the concertino

The Baroque period was the first in which instrumental music was comparable in importance to vocal music


Vivaldi lived and worked in


The stories for oratorios are generally drawn from

the Bible

Antonio Vivaldi became known as "the red priest" because of his fanatical religious beliefs.


Handel's Water Music opens with a

French overture

The instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called

the suite

Which of the following is a well known set of concertos by Vivaldi?

The Four Seasons

Handel's Messiah is

an oratorio

When Handel arrived in London, he established his fame by composing


The "Hallelujah Chorus" is the climax of the Easter section of Messiah


Dido's lament, from Purcell's Dido and Aeneas, is a da capo aria


A cantata must be written on a religious or sacred theme


A chorale is a hymn tune associated with German Protestantism


The oratorio was a dramatic, staged work with elaborate scenery and costumes


Purcell's Dido and Aeneas was first performed at the girls' boarding school where he taught


Handel's Water Music was performed without continuo instruments when played outdoors


In The Four Seasons, Vivaldi based each concerto on a sonnet


Handel wrote his oratorio Messiah over a period of four years


In opera, the lyric melodies that release emotional tension are called recitatives


The aria "When I am laid in earth" is unified by a descending chromatic scale ground bass


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