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Problem Solving can be described in terms of four phases
1) understand the problem
2) generate one or more hypotheses
3) test the hypotheses
4) check the results
mechanical, repetitive procedure for solving a problem or testing every hypothesis
ex: in chess, you would consider each of your possible moves, each of your opponent's possible replies, each of your next moves, and soforth
strategies for simplifying a problem or for guiding an investigation
ex: what should i do with my life? restrict attention to a few possible careers and then learn about the jobs
tendency to assume that, if an item resembles members of a particular category, it is probably a member of that category itself
strategy of assuming that how easily one can remember examples of some kind of event indicates how common the event itself is
news media overestimates drug wars, so there are a lot of drug wars (not true)
accepting one hypothesis and then looking for evidence to support it, instead of considering other possibilities
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