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Terms in this set (25)
is the system that relates sounds to meanings through communicating by word of mouth
words in two languages that share a similar meaning, spelling, and pronunciation.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS are students whos native lanuage is not English
The placement of a verb before its subject can grammatically be correct or incorrect. A correctly used inversion might be "Where were you today?" Another meaning of an inversion in lower elementary school is reading words in reverse order such as "god" instead of "dog,"
A combination of sounds that has meaning in speech or writing, a morpheme cannot be divided into smaller grammatical parts.
Example: write, cat, laugh, box
Also prefixes and suffixes are morphemes that carry meaning such as contra-, a-, an-, and pre-
Oral Language Assessment
performed with either formal or informal assessments. The goal is to listen, analyze, and record brief episodes of students oral language - conversation, retellings a story, ect. These assessments provide information about students' needs, strengths, interests, and what will be the next steps to support their growth
the smallest individual sounds in a word. the word "bit" has three phenomes: b-i-t
the sounds of human speech
the study of language in use, not in its structure. Pragmatics studies the appropriate use of language. One needs to be competent in pragmatics in order to communicate in a competent manner.
This is breaking something into parts. In oral language development, segmentation usually refers to hearing and recognizing parts of words.
the study of word or symbol meaning. Examples of semantic usage are "I love..." can have many different meanings. One word of phrase can have many meanings so students need to be taught specifically about all those meanings
Rules that govern the construction of words in order to make phrases, clauses, and sentences. The structure of phrases or sentences that make sense. Syntax includes subject-verb agreement.
the knowledge of the meaning and pronunciation of words
Strategies to enhance oral language development
providing a risk-free environment where students will feel comfortable. Oral language cannot be developed if students are fearful of using it.
Working in small groups with other children while playing games, engaging in dramatic play, and listening to stories, especially when they have to follow specific directions and in which communication is involved. Teaching children to listen for specific reasons is an important part of these activities
Provide students with opportunities on a daily basis to practice oral language
opportunities to listen or participate in poetry, songs, chants,
Can be done for several days in a row with something added each day such as descriptive words, who uses the object, what it is used for, and what is the size-shape-color-texture
utilizing appropriate technology such as viewing story DVDs or video clips, computerized sound-games, etc., followed by student responses such as re-telling
experiencing the world through center work, technology, field trips, science experiments, library, instruction, and discussion
This game should not be played until the students are fairly comfortable with the language
Show and Tell
Used to build oral language skills. You may need to begin with small groups of students. Model/teach children how to share information through "who, what,where, when and why" of their objects.
Relate oral language to literacy through
-posting and reading labels such as on items in the classroom, posters, and signs in and out of school
-modeling the writing of words, phrases, or sentences during relevant activities and instruction
-pointing to words on the written page while reading orally as in Big Books
-Developing and using Word Walls to post and review common used and/pr new/interesting words
Reading Aloud Frequently to students and providing follow-up activities such as:
-retelling or acting out the story
-having students draw the parts of the story they liked best or the main characters
-writing a word or sentence about the story
-having older students do book reports or fill in reading charts
Show and Tell
provides opportunities for students to speak orally either to a small group or the whole class
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