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Chapter 2 Quiz
Terms in this set (30)
The Federalists believed that the powers of government could be limited by
Creating an internal system of checks and controls within government
During the ratification debates, who were the Antifederalists?
Those who opposed the new Constitution because they wanted a weaker central government
Only one-third of the Senate is up for re-election during any single election year because the framers believed that
This was the only way to protect the Senate against radical changes
What was the most common form of taxation during the colonial era?
Taxes on commercial products and activities
What did the New Jersey plan propose for Congress?
Representation would be equal for each state
The Antifederalists argued that the powers of government should be limited by
Both confining the powers of the federal government to certain narrowly defined areas and adding a bill of rights to the Constitution
The first written constitution for the United States was called
The Articles of Confederation
The Boston Tea Party resulted in all of the following except
The Boston Massacre
All of the following are constitutional powers of the president except the power to
Regulate commerce between the states
Shay's rebellion was significant because it
Convinced many observers that the government of the confederation had become dangerously inefficient and indecisive
James Madison believed that in the Constitutional Convention the greatest conflict of interests was between
Northern states and southern states
A ___ is a system of government in which states retain sovereign authority except for powers expressly delegated to a national government.
The Virginia Plan of the Constitutional Convention proposed a system of representation in the national legislature that was based upon
The population of each state or the proportion of each state's revenue contribution, or both
Which of the following was a way the framers tried to make the senate a check against excessive democracy?
The Senate has staggered terms of office
How many amendments are there to the US Constitution?
How was the power in Congress divided under the Articles of Confederation?
Each state had an equal vote
Which was the only state not to send delegates to the Constitutional Convention?
Alexander Hamilton argued that the chief executive office should possess
Bicameralism is a constitutional principle that means the
Division of congress into two chambers
During the Philadelphia Convention, the New Jersey Plan was supported by
Less populous states
Judicial review is the power of
The courts to decide on the constitutionality of actions taken by the other branches of government
The Three-fifths Compromise
Determined that three out of every five slaves would be counted for purposes of representation and taxation
The most important political value for the framers of the Constitution was
What is the term length of a member of the House of Representatives?
Which of the following statements about the House and the Senate is false?
The House has the power to overturn a president's veto while the Senate does not
Who were the writers of the Federalist Papers?
James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton
The supremacy clause
Announces that the Constitution and all laws made under it are superior to any state laws
Which of the following was not discussed as a purpose of government in the Constitution's preamble?
To guarantee an equal distribution of wealth for all citizens
The electoral college is
Designed to select the president
The framers of the Constitution attempted to create a government that could do all of the following except
Lead to the eventual inclusion of nonwhites in political life
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