Terms in this set (29)
Pedagogy and Professional Responsibilities
Holding schools responsible for what students learn.
The amount a student has learned in a given area.
Classroom management approach based on establishing clear limits and expectations, insisting on acceptable student behavior and delivering appropriate consequences when rules are broken.
A term used to refer to children who are not currently identified as handicapped or disabled but what are considered to have greater than usual chance of development.
Educational Improvement Act
Federal funds aimed at offering educational support for minority, low-income, and underachieving students.
Techniques used to maintain a healthy learning environment, relatively free of behavior problems.
Bloom's Taxonomy- memory and reasoning objectives. The area of learning that involves the acquisition and utilization of knowledge.
The alternative processes by which learners acquire knowledge.
Programs designed to prevent or to remediate learning problems among students from lower socioeconomic status communities.
Competency Based Teacher Education
The general process by which the state provides a credential to an individual.
Approach to instruction in which student work with a small group of peers to achieve a common goal and help one another learn.
A common course of study for all student often called for by existentialists reforms in the 1980's; all the courses of study offered by an institution.
Reasoning from the general to the particular (or from the cause to the effect).
In Piaget's theory, the "out of balance" state that occurs when a person realizes that his/her current ways of thinking are not working to solve a problem or understand a situation.
Piaget's term for the tendency to seek a stable balance among cognitive elements; achieved through a balance between assimilation and accommodation.
Evaluation conducted before or during instruction to facilitate instructional planning and enhance student learning.
Individualized Education Plan (IEP)
An individualized education plan and related services developed for each student with a disability.
Least Restrictive Environment
A legal requirement that children with special needs be assigned to the most general education context in which they can be expected to learn; inclusion.
An approach in which the form of instruction and the time available for learning are based on the individual needs of the student.
Knowledge and thoughts about one's own cognitive processes, as well as control of those cognitive processes.
Public Law 94-142
The Education of All Handicapped Children's Act: guarantee a free, appropriate public education to each child with a disability in every state and locality across the country (1975).
An educational program designed to teach a person to overcome a disability or weakness through training, review, and education.
In cognitive learning, large, basic units for organizing information. Schemata serve as guides describing what to expect in a give situation, how elements should fit together, the usual relationships among elements, etc. (model or stereotype).
Teaching strategy that originates from Vygotsky's sociocultural theory and his concept of the zone of proximal development. (ZPD) Scaffolding is the role of teachers and others in supporting the learner's development and providing support structures to get to the next stage or level.
Zone of Proximal Development
The distance between what children can do by themselves and the next learning that they can be helped to achieve with competent assistance.
Student Centered (Learner Centered)
Instruction which considers the ability and needs of the student in the planning process.
Evaluation conducted after instruction to assess students' final achievement.
Places special emphasis on moral and ethical issue. More popularly known as character education.