21 terms

Choosing Health Chapter 7

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Addiction
A chronic, progressive disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry characterized by uncontrollable craving for a substance or behavior despite both negative consequences and diminishment or loss of pleasure associated with the activity.
Behavioral Addition
A form of addiction involving a compulsion to engage in a activity such as gambling, sex, or shopping rather than a compulsion to use a substance.
Drug
A chemical substance that alters the body physically or mentally for a non-nutritional purpose.
Psychoactive
Capable of altering feelings, mood perceptions, or psychological functioning.
illicit drugs
Drugs regulated by the U.S Drug Enforcement Agency as unlawful substances, including prescription medications used unlawfully.
Drug Misuse
The inappropriate use of a legal drug, either for a reason for which it was not medically intended, or by a person without prescription.
Drug Abuse
The use ( most often the excessive use) of any legal or illegal drug in a way that is detrimental to your health
Tolerance
Reduced sensitivity to a drug so that increased amounts are needed to achieve the usual effect.
Dependence
The state of being mentally attached to and/or physically needing a drug.
Withdrawal
The process in which, and symptoms that develop when, a person stops using a drug.
Toxicity
The dosage level at which a drug becomes poisonous to the body.
Opioids
Drugs derived from opium or synthetic drugs that have similar sleep-inducing, pain-reducing effects.
Marijuana
The most commonly used illegal drug in the United States; derived from the plant Cannabis sativa.
Stimulants
A class of drugs that stimulate the central nervous system, causing acceleration of mental and physical process in the body.
Caffeine
A widely used stimulant found in coffee, tea, soft drinks, chocolate, and some medicines.
Cocaine
A potent and addictive stimulant derived from leaves of the coca shrub.
Amphetamines
Central nervous system stimulants that are chemically similar to the natural stimulants adrenaline and noradrenaline.
Methamphetamine
A highly addictive and dangerous stimulant that is chemically similar to amphetamine, but more potent and harmful.
Bath Salts
Any of a group of drugs containing similar to cathinone, an amphetamine -like stimulant.
Hallucinogens
Drugs that alter perception and are capable of causing auditory and visual hallucinations.
LSD (ly
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