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chapter 10 nervous system

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Parkinson
chronic degenerative disease of the central nervous system. syptoms include resting tremors, rigidity, expressionless face, shuffling gait
herpes zoster
a herpes virus that causes shingles
narcolepsy
a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep
shingles
eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
hyperesthesia
abnormal increase in sensitivity and feeling
ataxia
inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements
syncope
fainting or sudden loss of consciousness caused by lack of blood supply to the cerebrum
palsy
a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor
meningioma
a tumor arising in the meninges which surround the brain and spinal cord
epidural
regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord
glioblastoma
a fast-growing malignant brain tumor composed of spongioblasts, extremely fast growing
subdural hematoma
pertaining to below the dura mater, tumor of blood
teratoma
a benign mass containing hair, teeth, etc., monster tumor
ventricles
series of interconnected cavities within the cerebral hemispheres and brainstem filled with cerebrospinal fluid
glial cells
cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons
anesthesia
loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
parathesia
abnormal sensation (burning, tingling)
neuroasthenia
nerve weakness
hyperkinesis
increased muscular movement, excessive movement
dysphasia
speech difficulty resulting from brain injury
aphasia
inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
dendrites
branching extensions of neuron that receives messages from neighboring neurons
cauda equina
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord, " horses tail"
oligodendroglia
tissue consisting of glial cells with sheet-like processes that form the myelin sheath of nerve fibers
medulla oblongata
Part of the brainstem that controls vital life-sustaining functions such as heartbeat, breathing, blood pressure, and digestion.
cerebellum
a major division of the vertebrate brain
thalamus
the brain's sensory switchboard, located on top of the brainstem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas in the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
poliomyelitis
an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
meningimyelocele
Protrusion of the spinal membranes and spinal cord through a defect in the vertebral column.

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mulitple myeloma
malignant tumor of bone marrow cells
pons
a band of nerve fibers linking the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with the midbrain
hemiparesis
partial paralysis of the right or left half of the body
hemiplegia
paralysis of one side of the body
paraplegia
paralysis of the lower half of the body (most often as a result of trauma)
quadroplegia
paralysis of all four appendages
leptomeningitis
inflammation of the pia mater or arachnoid membrane of the meninges surrounding the brain or spinal cord
cerebromalacia
softening of the brain
synapse
the junction between two neurons (axon-to-dendrite) or between a neuron and a muscle
stimulus
Anything that causes a reaction or change in an organism or any part of an organism
neuroanastamosis
Surgical formation of a junction between nerves
myoneural
Of or relating to both muscles and nerves, especially to nerve endings in muscle tissue
polyneuritis
inflammation of many or all of the peripheral nerves (as in leprosy)
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus
radiculitis
inflammation of the nerve roots
meningitis
inflammation of the meninges
blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelid
epilepsy
a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
bradykinesis
slow movement
hematoma
a localized swelling filled with blood