29 terms

6th grade Ancient Egypt

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Nubia
ancient region in the Nile River Valley located in southern Egypt and Sudan
delta
a fertile plain at the mouth of a river
catatacts
rock-filled rapids on a river
kemet
term meaning "black land" used by ancient Egyptians to descibe dark soil
silt
a fine, fertile soil found on river bottoms
hieroglyphs
picture-like symbols that formed the Egyptians' writing system
papyrus
a reed found in the marshy areas of the Nile River that was used to make paper
ore
a mineral mined for the production of metals
Egypt
ancient civilization in northern Africa
pharoah
title given to the kings of ancient Egypt
Menes
pharoah credited with uniting Upper and Lower Egypt
dynasty
a series of rulers from teh same family
absolute power
when a ruler has complete power
Tutanhamen
famous child-king of Egypt , his tomb was discovered in 1922
regent
a person who rules for a child until he or she is old enough to rule
Hatshepsut
famous female pharoah who encouraged trade with faraway places
Thutmose III
one of the new kingdom's greatest pharoahs
Cleopatra
final ruler of Egypt before the Romans conquered it
afterlife
life after death
Re/Amon-Re
chief god; sun god
mummy
the preserved body of a dead person
Osiris
god of the afterlife and ruler of the dead
Anubis
jackel-headed god of embalmers
mummification
the act of artificially preserving bodies before burial
pyramids
huge tombs with 4 sloping triangle-shaped sides
astronomers
scientists who study stars and other objects in the sky
Old Kingdom
time period in which the pyramids were built in Egypt
New Kingdom
time period during which Moses and the Israelites left Egypt
Rosetta Stone
artifact that led to the deciphering of the Egyptians' writing system
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