Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (55)
First destruction of the Temple of Solomon by the Babylonians
Second destruction of the Temple of Solomon by the Romans
11th to 13th century to free Jerusalem from the Muslims, also known to the Europeans as the Infidels
Crusaders expeditions, Holy Wars
Muslims and Jews living peacefully after the Inquisition in Europe that forced both religions out of Spain. Jews found safety in Islamic land
15th through 19th century
The World Zionist Congress in Europe proposes a Jewish Homeland due to European persecution of Jews. Three areas suggested Argentina, Uganda and Palestine. Palestine is where they went
End of 19th Century
Balfour Declaration in 1917
Secret document by the British Foreign minister to the Zionists to support the establishment of a Jewish Homeland in Palestine, yet respecting the indigenous inhabitants Arab Muslims and Arab Christians. This angers Palestinians
1938 White Papers: British issued
Limit Jewish Migration from Europe to the Holy Land and put Jews in Palestine under Arab control
King David Hotel
Head quarter of British administration is blown up by Zionist terrorist group. Palestinian/Jewish problem is turned to U.N.
Deir Yassin Massacre
It's impact and creation of first refugee problem in 1948
1967 War also known as 6 day War or June War
Israel had a complete victory, this created the second waive of refugees. Israel also occupied the West Bank and Gaza strip, including important cities like the Arab portion of Jerusalem along with other Biblical cities such as Bethlehem, Hebron
1982 War: invasion of Lebanon
Israel reaches Beirut, Sharon is indirectly responsible for massacres of innocent civilians in the Sabra and Shatila Palestinian refugee camps
Intifadah I and Intifadah II
What year did Hamas democratically wins elections in Palestine. The U.S. doesn't recognize new democratically elected government?
What year did the 6th war between Arabs and Israel in Lebanon?
First stage of Islamic presence in America:
The West American Civilizations: About 10th to 12th century AD. Maps identifying South America as the unknown land. Arabic inscriptions on rocs in the western part of the U.S. Columbus memoirs related to structures he found that looked like mosques.
Second stage of Islamic presence in America:
Sailing with Columbus: Sailors and navigators who came with Columbus himself. Proof found in Columbus' memoirs, and writings of other historians
Third stage of Islamic presence in America:
Slave Trade: slave trade from Africa contained 20 to 30% Muslims. Most were forced to convert to Christianity in North America
Fourth stage of Islamic presence in America:
Immigrants and some converts: European Muslims are the first to land in the U.S. in large numbers among the flow of immigrants, later followed by Muslims from Middle East mainly from Lebanese, Syrian and Palestinian origins in the late 1800's and first half of 20th century.
Fifth stage of Islamic presence in America:
Immigrants and Nation of Islam: the rise 1940 to 1960. Most followers changed to mainstream Islam after Malcolm X broke away in the 1960's after the Nations own son WD Muhammad left
Sixth stage of Islamic presence in America:
From the Muslim World: Students from many parts of the world, including the Muslim world sought higher education in the U.S., Europe and Canada. This period known as "Braindrain". Students come from Arab, African, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladesh, Indonesian and Iran between 1960 to 1980
Seventh stage of Islamic presence in America:
1990's to present: most new Muslims are new converts to Islam. Mostly Latino, Caucasians, prison inmates, U.S. Armed Forces
Definition of Muslim
a person who submits to the Will of God
one of the five pillars of Islam, payment of 2.5% of a person's accumulated wealth over a year
a specialist in Islamic Law who is competent to deliver a fatwa or legal interpretation/opinion
Which Muslim country hosts the headquarters of following three important Islamic organizations, the Muslim World League, Islamic Development Bank and Organization of Islamic Conference?
Khomeini became the leader of Iran in a revolution of 1979,
He came to power after overthrowing the Shah (king) of Iran who was a staunch supporter of the United States. It was during his time that the famous American hostages crisis occurred
Which country supported the overthrow of democratically elected Iranian president in 1953 and replaced him with a monarchy?
the United States
What were Osama Bin Laden's 4 demands after 9/11 when he addressed the U.S. population?
1) Withdrawal of American troops from Islamic Holy Lands
2) Stopping U.S. led economic sanctions on Iraq
3) Urging the U.S. to stop supporting dictator regimes in the Middle East
4) Urging the U.S. to have a fair and equitable policy towards Palestinians and Israelis
Which Western country originally banned the Muslims girls from wearing a headscarf in the school?
Both Sunni and Shia Muslims have great respect to the grandson of the prophet Muhammad, Hussayn, who killedin Karbala in 680 AD.
However, it is usually the Shiite Muslims who commemorate his death rather than the Sunni Muslims.
Which organization was established prior to ISNA and is considered to be the widest Islamic organization in the U.S. in terms of membership?
The Muslims Students Association (MSA) in high schools and colleges
Which group is very popular Islamic Party in Egypt?
The Muslim Brotherhood
Islamic law prohibits non-Muslims living in a Muslim state to hold any public office positions.
Islamic Law prohibits women to hold any public office positions.
When a Muslim person passes away
his/her family members must pay off all of the deceased debt prior to distributing inheritance
Muslims dead body must be put in a coffin and tightly sealed from the elements of nature in order to be properly buried.
False. Muslims don't usually bury their deceased people in coffins unless it is required by local laws
refers to Islamic mysticism, it is not an Islamic legal school of thought
Define the word Allah
Arabic word for God, same word used by Arab Christians or Arab Jews
What are the names of the two main groups of Muslims around the world?
Sunni Muslims 85%
Shiite Muslims 15%
The longest verse in the Qur'an
contracts, emphasizing the importance of having terms in writing, avoiding problems and having consent and witnesses
What does the Trusteeship of Umar to the Patriarch Sophronius consist of?
Protection of Christian properties
What does the word Jihad mean?
Struggle not holy war
What is the farewell speech of Muhammad?
His final speech. He spoke about human equalities, respect for women, economic justice and duties of Muslims
3) Consensus of Scholars
4) Ijtihad or analytical reasoning
Five popular school of thoughts
Hanbali, Shafii, Hanafi, Maliki (these 4 are Sunni schools), Jaafari (main school of thought for Shiite)
Actions in Islam: Haram
prohibited, such as alcohol, pork or gambling
Actions in Islam: Discouraged
such as smoking or neglecting one's health
Actions in Islam: Halal
most of people's behavior and life choice
Actions in Islam: Encouraged
visiting sick people, getting married
Actions in Islam: Required
prayer, fasting, pilgrimage, giving zakat
Is not among the most important points related to the Palestinian, Israeli conflict
What is the population of Muslims in North America?
8 to 9 million
What is the population of Muslims in Europe?
About 20 million
Which organization is considered to be an umbrella organization of many Islamic organizations in the United States?
The Islamic Society of North America (ISNA)
Define the Qur'an
Scripture that Muslims believe is God's word revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in Arabic over 23 years. One of the four original copies exists in Turkey
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
HUM 375 Midterm #2
CSUSB HUM 375 Exam 2
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
HUM 375 EXAM 2 CSUSB
Ch.1-Lesson 1: Origins of the American Nation (Par…
Social Studies Final
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Forensic MH Midterm
513 Human Behavior Final
Psyc 363 Final