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Hazardous Materials Unit
Terms in this set (32)
also known as hazmats, are solids, liquids, and gases that pose a threat to personal safety and the environment if not properly controlled.
Hazardous substances include:
2) Poisonous gases
3) Flammable liquids and solids
4) Infectious substances
5) Radioactive materials
6) Corrosive materials
The term hazardous materials refers to which of the following?
Solids, liquids, and gases that pose a threat to personal safety and the environment
Why is it important to be familiar with locations where hazardous materials are handled?
Incidents involving hazardous materials are more likely to occur at these locations.
Which of the following is a reliable indication that an incident involves hazardous materials?
What agency's placards identify the hazardous materials found in vehicles, trains, and portable containers?
Department of Transportation (DOT)
Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG)
is provided by the U.S. Department of Transportation.
Chemical Transportation Emergency Center (CHEMTREC)
is a 24-hour telephone service that provides information on hazardous substances.
Hazmat Information includes:
1) People who are familiar with the operations at the facility
2) Material safety data sheets (MSDS)
3) Invoices and shipping papers
4) Local poison-control centers
5) People who have been in the contaminated area
Which of the following is a 24-hour resource available to emergency responders?
Which of the following resources should be carried in emergency vehicles and used to access information on hazardous materials and procedures?
Shipping papers and material safety data sheets can provide information on types of hazardous materials.
What agencies typically manage incidences involving hazardous materials?
Fire crew, hazmat unit, and police
The five levels of training include:
1) First Responder Awareness Level: First responders are trained to recognize and report a hazardous materials incident.
2) First Responder Operations Level: Operations level responders are trained to protect the persons, property, and area outside of the contaminated area.
3) Hazardous Materials Technician: Hazmat technicians are trained to control the spread of hazardous materials. At this advanced level of training, responders also learn how to operate in chemical protective clothing.
4) Hazardous Materials Specialist: Specialist level responders are trained to handle specific types of hazmat incidents and chemicals.
5) Hazardous Materials Incident Commander: Incident commanders are trained to command and control a hazardous materials incident.
Within the National Scope of Practice Model, EMRs and EMTs must have at least which level of training in hazardous materials?
First Responder Awareness
What is an EMS provider's main priority at a scene involving hazardous substances?
Maintain personal and public safety
You are the highest-level responder at a scene involving a large fuel spill. What role should you take until a responder with more training arrives?
Safety control zones
are areas of operation around a hazardous materials incident
They fall into three categories which includes:
hot, warm, and cold.
The hot zone, or exclusion zone, is the area of contamination. Access to the hot zone is restricted to those with proper hazmat equipment and training.
The warm zone, or contamination reduction zone, is the control area that surrounds the contaminated area. This area is intended to prevent the spread of contamination, and protective equipment must be worn inside this zone. Life-saving emergency care and decontamination takes place within this area and only by properly trained and equipped responders.
The cold zone, or support zone, is the safe area around the warm zone. Emergency vehicles are parked in this area. This is also where EMS providers work to triage, stabilize, and treat patients. Contaminated gear must not enter this area.
is a special area located in the cold zone and easily accessible to the crew and EMS
Patient care takes place
When should an EMS provider enter an area contaminated with hazardous materials?
Only with proper hazmat training and equipment
Where are hazmat team members cared for and monitored on a scene?
How should hazmat team members' health be monitored during a hazmat incident?
Check and record vital signs
During an incident involving hazardous materials, the treatment patients receive will depend on the type of substances to which they were exposed. What resource can EMS providers consult to determine necessary patient care?
Emergency Response Guidebook
During a hazardous materials incident, EMS providers should assume that patients are completely clean of contaminants when they arrive in the treatment area.
Where on the scene of a hazardous materials incident do patients get decontaminated?
Based on the scenario, what would you do next? #3
Immediately remove all persons from the home.
What could be the underlying cause of the granddaughter's condition and the way you and the grandmother are feeling?
Carbon monoxide poisoning
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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