Energy

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Terms in this set (...)

energy
the ability to do work or cause change
potential energy
the energy an object has because of its position
kinetic energy
energy an object has due to its motion
gravitational potential energy
potential energy that depends on the height of an object
elastic potential energy
the energy of stretched or compressed objects
energy transformation
a change from one form of energy to another; also called energy conservation
Law of Conservation of Energy
the rule that energy can neither be created or destroyed
temperature
the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles of a substance
Fahrenheit scale
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees
Celsius scale
the temperature scale on which water freezes at 0 degrees and boils at 100 degrees
heat
the transfer of the thermal energy from a warmer object to a cooler object
convection
the transfer of thermal energy by the movement of a fluid
conduction
the transfer of thermal energy from one particle of matter to another
convection current
the movement of fluid, caused by differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to another
radiation
the transfer of energy through space by electromagnetic waves
conductor
a material that conducts heat well
insulator
a material that does not conduct heat well
thermal energy
the total kinetic energy and potential energy of all the particles of an object
thermal expansion
the expansion of matter when its heated
specific heat
the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1kg of material by 1 kelvin, which is equivalent to 1 degree Celsius