15 terms

Chapter 8:The age of exploration

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Terms in this set (...)

Empire
A group of nations ruled over by another country
Colony
A country or region that is ruled by another country
The Treaty of Tordesillas
Agreement that divided the 'new world' between Spain and Portugal
Clinker built
Ships that were built with overlapping planks of wood to give them strength against the Atlantic waves
Lateen sails
Triangular sails that allowed ships to sail against the wind
Caravel
A ship that is clinker built and has lateen sails
Compass
An instrument which gives direction
Portolan charts
Early navigational maps of the sea
Latitude
Distance from the equator
Quadrant
Instrument which gives latitude by looking at the position of the North Star in the sky
Astrolabe
Instrument which gives latitude by looking at the position of the sun in the sky
Log and line
Way of calculating the speed of a ship by counting knots
Conquistador
Spanish word for 'soldier' referring to those who conquered the 'New World' fir Spain
Aztec
Native empire in Mexico, conquered by Cortés
Inca
Native empire in Peru, conquered by Pizarro