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Arts and Humanities
Basic Music Theory
Terms in this set (34)
What note is the piano keyboard based on?
Tonal music theory can be defined as music that has...
scales and chords with defined relationships.
All western tonal music theory is based on the...
C major scale.
True or False: A single key signature can contain both sharps and flats.
Notes that are marked with sharps, flats or naturals that are not in the key signature are called...
What is the rule for accidentals?
Accidentals are carried through the measure they are in.
What might indicate that the tonal center or key of a piece is changing?
Accidentals start to appear consistently or the composer writes in a key change.
What is the scale degree that must be lowered for a piece to sound minor?
What two pitches determine whether a passage sounds minor and how are these pitches changed?
The 3rd must be lowered and the 7th is usually natural or raised from the minor 7th.
What is the 7th degree of a major scale called?
The leading tone
Between what scale degrees do half steps appear in a major scale?
Between 3-4 and 7-8
Between what scale degrees do half steps appear in a minor scale?
Between 2-3 and 5-6
A harmonic minor scale is performed by raising which pitch of the natural minor?
The vertical distances between notes are called...
The horizontal distances between notes are called...
What are the steps between notes of a major scale?
What are the steps between notes of a natural minor scale?
What is the minimum amount of notes needed to make a chord?
What is the most commonly used minor scale form in composition?
The home key, note, or chord that a piece of music is based upon is called the...
The fourth note of the tonic scale is called the...
The fifth note of the tonic scale is called the...
The bottom note of a chord or first note of a scale that a chord is based on is called the...
Three note chords are called ______ and are built using a _____, _____, and _____.
triads; root; third; fifth
A tonic chord is built using the...
root, third, and fifth of the tonic scale.
Tonic chords are labeled with...
uppercase Roman numeral I.
Chords are most commonly built using what intervals?
major and minor thirds.
How a chord or a scale sounds is defined as...
Of the five qualities of chords and scales, what two common qualities have we discussed?
major and minor
The dominant V chord is built from which scale degrees of the tonic scale?
5, 7, 2
The subdominant IV chord is built from which scale degrees of the tonic scale?
4, 6, 8 (1)
Subdominant chords are labeled with...
Dominant chords are labeled with...
When we play our chord warm-ups in class, what chord progression are we using?
Sets with similar terms
AP Music Theory - Scales/Keys/Modes
AP Music Theory Chapter 3
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