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72 terms

English Mythology: Important characters: Hercules through Thebes

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Hercules
The greatest hero of Greece; strongest man on earth
Alcemena
Mother of Hercules
Megara
Hercules' first wife, killed by Hercules in a fit of madness
Theseus
friend of Hercules, saves him from suicide.
Zeus
father of Hercules, greatest god.
Admetus
Friend of Hercules; wife dies for his sake. King of Thessaly
Deianira
Hercules fought Achelous in the form of a bull to win this princess, Second Wife of Hercules, her jealousy caused Hercules to die
Nessus
centaur who tried to rape Deianeira but killed by Hercules, his poisoned blood was used to kill Hercules later
Atalanta
daughter of Boetian Schoeneus or Arcadian Iasus; virgin huntress; offered marriage to whoever beat her in a footrace; Hippomenes won.
Meleager
Oeneus's son. Falls in love with Atalanta. Hero of C. Boar hunt.
Hippomenes
husband of Atalanta, won her suitor challenge w/help from Aphrodite, they were turned into lions after sleeping together
Icarus
(Greek mythology) son of Daedalus
Menelaus
King of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon, husband of Helen
Helen
(Greek mythology) the beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda who was abducted by Paris
Hector
(Greek mythology) a mythical Trojan who was killed by Achilles during the Trojan War
Cassandra
(Greek mythology) a prophetess in Troy during the Trojan War whose predictions were true but were never believed
Teirisius
The blind prophet
Odysseus
Son of Laertes and Anticleia, husband of Penelope and father of Telemachus. A cunning, shrewd and eloquent hero. Came up with the idea of the Trojan horse which led the Greeks to victory against Troy. "Man of many wiles".
Priam
(Greek mythology) the last king of Troy
Charon
(Greek mythology) the ferryman who brought the souls of the dead across the river Styx or the river Acheron to Hades
Cerebrus
Hades watchdog, with three heads
Turnus
suitor of Lavinia, major opponent of Aeneas who ultimately takes his life in battle
Tantalus
Suffered the fate of never being able to satisfy his thirst or hunger, though he is trapped in water and there is a tree with fruit hanging in arms reach that recedes whenever he tries to eat from it. He was punished because he had excessive pride (Hubris). schemed to trick the gods into doing something wrong to prove he is as good as them. Took his child (Pelops), chops him up, cooks him into a stew, and invites all the gods to his house for dinner and serves them the stew. The gods are not allowed to eat human flesh, and if he knows something that god didn't know (that they're eating human flesh) then he would be "worthy" of being on Olympus. None of the gods fall for the trick instead of the goddess Demeter.
Furies
three terrible spirits who punish those whose cuimes have not been avenged
Circe
(Greek mythology) a sorceress who detained Odysseus on her island and turned his men into swine
Orestes
(Greek mythology) the son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra
Paris
Prince of Troy who fell in love with Helen
Calcus
Soothsayer, who told the Greeks Artemis was angry at them.
Ajax
Greek warrior, struck with madness and eventually kills himself, fights with Odysseus to safely bring Patroclus's dead body back to camp
Achilles
Greatest Greek warrior, husband of Briseis whom Agamemnon steals, only vulnerable place is his heel, prophecy that he would die in the Trojan war, which he does at the hand of Paris
Agamemnon
(Greek mythology) the king who lead the Greeks against Troy in the Trojan War
Iphegenia
Daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. Sacrificed by Agamemnon for smooth sailing to Troy
Patroclus
(Greek mythology) a friend of Achilles who was killed in the Trojan War
Chryseis
Daughter of Apollo's priest; stolen by Greeks for Agamemnon
Briseis
A girl captured from the Trojans by Achilles as a prize of war
Thetis
A sea nymph; Achilles' mother
Sinon the Greek
convinced the Trojans of the Wooden Horse story
Andromache
Hector's loving wife, Andromache begs Hector to withdraw from the war and save himself before the Achaeans kill him. Watches her son thrown from the wall.
Penelope
(Greek mythology) the wife of Odysseus and a symbol of devotion and fidelity
Telemachus
Son of Odysseus and Penelope
Circe
(Greek mythology) a sorceress who detained Odysseus on her island and turned his men into swine
Calypso
(Greek mythology) the sea nymph who detained Odysseus for seven years
Sirens
sea nymphs who lured sailors to destruction with their songs
Nausicaa
The beautiful daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians. Nausicaa discovers Odysseus on the beach at Scheria and, out of budding affection for him, ensures his warm reception at her parents' palace.
King Aeolus
Keeper of the winds; Supplied a bag of winds to Odysseus during his journey.
Aneas
Trojan hero who became "father of romans"
Venus
Mother of Aneas
Harpies
frighful flying creatures with hooked beaks and claws alwasy left behind a stench, belonged to Zeus, defiled food
Neoptolemus
son of Achilles, married to Hermione
Helenus
Trojan, son of Priam, prophet and warrior, and later married to Andromache
Cyclops
(Greek mythology) one of a race of giants having a single eye in the middle of their forehead
Dido
Phoenician exile, queen and founder of Carthage, wife of Sychaeus first, then consort of Aeneas, who commits suicide upon his departure for Italy.
Anchises
Father of Aeneas
Lavinia
daughter of Latinus and Amata;Turnus considers her his betrothed (fiancé) but her father Latinus recognizes that she is fated to marry Aeneas.
Author of Atreus
Aeschylus
Atreus
The son of Pelops and Hippodamia, he carried on a long-term feud with his brother, Thyestes, and served him a banquet of his own sons. Thyestes cursed the family of Atreus. Among the many dire consequences of this curse, Aegisthus, a later-born son of Thyestes, became the lover of Clytemnestra, and they murdered her husband Agamemnon, the son of Atreus.
Niobe
Amphion's wife, hubris against Leto caused Apollo and Artemis to kill her 7 sons and 7 daughters
Aegisthus
(Greek mythology) seducer of Clytemnestra and murderer of Agamemnon who usurped the throne of Mycenae until Agamemnon's son Orestes returned home and killed him
Clytemnestra
(Greek mythology) wife of Agamemnon who had him murdered when he returned from the Trojan War
Electra
(Greek mythology) the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra
Cadmus
Founder of Thebes. Son of Agenor.
Harmonia
The daughter of Ares and Aphrodite, she was married to Cadmus. The wedding was a grand affair, attended by gods and mortals alike. Along with her husband, she was turned into a snake at the end of her life.
King Laius
Oedipus's birth father and old King (Oedipus kills him accidentally)
Oedipus
(Greek mythology) a tragic king of Thebes who unknowingly killed his father Laius and married his mother Jocasta
Sphinx
(Greek mythology) a riddling winged monster with a woman's head and breast on a lion's body
Jocasta
(Greek mythology) queen of Thebes who unknowingly married her own son Oedipus
Antigone
Oedipus' daughter; hangs self when buried in cave because she buried her brother's corpse
Creon
(Greek mythology) the brother of Jocasta and uncle of Antigone who became king of Thebes after the fall of Oedipus
Ismene
daughter of Oepipus, sister of Antigone, very logical, sticks to the rules
Polynieces
antigones brother who does not receive proper burial
Eteocles
Antigone's brother that was given a proper burial
Adrastus
He is the son of Talaüs and Lysimache and one of the Seven against Thebes. He instituted the Nemean Games in honor of the infant Opheltes, who died tragically at Nemea. Adrastus survived the disaster at Thebes because Arion, his swift horse, carried him from the rout. He accompanied the Epigoni against Thebes, but died of grief when his son was the only Argive leader to die in the attack.