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states that any complex vibration is the sum of various sinusoidal motions of varying amplitude, frequency, and phase.
a motion that repeats itself in regular intervals until it is stopped by external action
The process of combining several individual sinusoidal motions into a complex waveform
Frequency components of a complex waveform that are whole-number multiples of its fundamental frequency
Greatest Common Factor
The fundamental frequency of a complex waveform; how we calculate fundamental frequency
A complex periodic wave in which no component is equal to the fundamental frequency; there is no energy at the fundamental frequency
the process of breaking down a complex waveform and determine its components
shows amplitude and frequency
a graphical representation of a complex waveform showing the waveform energy (amplitudes) of the individual components (y axis) arranged in order of frequency (x axis)
When thousands of spectral components are in a spectrum they do not appear as individual lines, but because they are so close together, they cannot be differentiated from each other
The opposition to the flow of energy through a system
For a given force (F) applied to a mechanic system, the complex mechanic characteristics of the system affect its velocity (v)
F = Z x v
Measured in ohms
relates the velocity of a system to the force acting on the system
motion that repeates iteself in regular intervals until it is stopped by external action
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