Ancient India Vocab
Terms in this set (67)
The area in northern India through which the major Indian rivers run, such as the Ganges and the Indus river.
A river which flows from the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal, on the western coast of india
A string of high mountains separating India from Western Asia and most of Eastern Asia.
A string of high mountains which separates India from Eastern Europe.
A string of mountains which separated India from modern day Pakistan
A fierce seasonal rainstorm which afflicts India with floods, but is also a key part of Indian life.
One of the cities of the Harappan civilization in the Indus River civilization.
A city which belonged to the Harappan civilization. It is also believed to be was the religious center of Harappan Civilization
Redirecting rivers to provide water for large numbers of crops.
Objects left behind from a civilization, such as the Great Bath in Mohenjo-Daro
The language which the Epics and Vedas were written in during the Golden Age of India. Used mostly by the Upper Classes.
In India, the combining of the Aryan and the Harappan culture, which resulted in the birth of many India traditions.
Poems which were handed down, and then written down during the Golden Age of India.
An epic written down in Golden Age of India, which tells the story of a feud between two families. One of the principle sections is the Bhagavad Gita. 1 out of 2 main epics.
A portion of the Mahabharata which contains a conversation between Arjuna and Vishnu about spiritual duty
The name for the world of physical existence, which is full of suffering and illusion.
An epic about Rama, the ideal Hindu husband, and Sita, the ideal Hindu wife.
Being reborn into another body after death. A cornerstone of the Hindu faith, which justifies the Hindu Caste system. You can be reborn as any living thing (based on your Karma).
The spirit of Brahma, with whom all souls that achieve moksha shall join.
The soul of a person, who is reborn into a new body if they die, and can only escape through moksha.
Essentially how good or bad you were in life. It affects into what life you are reborn.
A system of classes which exist in India. Each class has different roles.
The intelligentsia of Indian society. Often priests, philosophers, lawmakers, ect.
Nobles of Indian society. Rulers, generals, politicians, warriors, ect.
The merchant class. Also consists of land-owning farmers.
Chandra Gupta II
Flows from the Himalayas east across India, which then splits into multiple tributaries forming the Mouths of the Ganges.
The belief that every god is an aspect of the same god.
Oldest scriptures of Hinduism which predate Hinduism. Read almost solely by Brahmin priests and Gurus.
Interpretations of the Vedas - mainly by Gurus and Chelas. Read by the upper classes.
Your responsibility/duty in life. Based off of your Caste.
Peasants, working class laborers, servants, farmers (who don't own land).
A tiny number of people for doing the most disgusting jobs possible. Helps stop revolts because even Sudra can look down on them. 5th Highest Caste
Meditiation, looking inward. One of the 4 paths to Salvation.
Escape from rebirth through Yoga. Use intense pain to separate yourself from Samsara; the physical world.
Escape by divine intervention (because the god(s) love you).
To specialize in one god (aspect of Vishnu).
The Creator, one of The Big 3.
The good god, operates in the world, has many aspects.
Sometimes spelled Shiva, he is the god of destruction. One of The Big 3.
The elephant god, an aspect of Vishnu.
Hardcore spiritual people who taught their interpretations of the Vedas.
A wandering monk, mainly yogis, that attempt to achieve salvation through Moksha (yoga + PAIN)
The grandson of Chandra Gupta Maurya, became a peaceful and just ruler after the Battle of Kalinga. Converted to Buddhism, began spreading his beliefs and improved trade, the arts, and infrastructure in his empire even more. Possibly a political ploy.
Battle of Kalinga
An incredibly bloody battle that led to a sudden change in Asoka. He converted to Buddhism and began to rule with justice. He spread his beliefs and improved trade, the arts, and infrastructure in his empire.
The 2nd most popular religion in India. Asoka supported this religion after the Battle of Kalinga.
Great Stupa of Sanchi
A large dome built by Asoka. Housed Buddhist relics/artifacts.
Men were allowed multiple wives.
The rite of self-sacrifice where a widow would burn herself to death on the funeral pyre of her husband.
Monuments or other structures built to house Buddhist relics/artifacts.
Caves containing Buddhist murals and sculptures, among other art.
Buddhist school, "center of learning"
A great mathematician/astronomer.
A great surgeon, made great contributions to medicine and lifestyle.