Terms in this set (94)

Criticism of the IMF and SAPs. Consisted of common guiding principles: privatization, deregulation, and liberalization. The problem is that SAPs and the analytics are a "one-size-fits-all" type of program; forces third-world countries asking for help to follow the prescribed economic policies in order to qualify for loans.

Davis makes the claim that the IMF and WB have driven the creation of urban slums.

"Adjustment from Below" section covers the role of poor urban women in households and how they were affected under SAPs.
As employment for males and social services disappeared, women had to work harder to compensate for these cuts. In industrialized/ing cities (Southeast Asia for example), women worked the assembly lines. But this option didn't exist for African and most Latin American countries.

Instead, women worked as street vendors, prostitutes, hairdressers, nannies, etc. Older children were also forced to drop out of school to help their families.

Food riots and anti-IMF protests peaked in late 1970s/early 1980s.

Comments on neoclassical theories: neoclassical theory states that the 1990s should have corrected the wrongdoings of the 1980s and allowed Third World cities to regain lost ground. however, according to the UN's Human Development Report 2004, "an unprecedented number of countries saw development slide backwards since the 1990s".
SAPs and self-imposed neoliberal programs increased the demolition of state employment, local manufacturing, and home-market agriculture in the Third World.
manifesto of the SDS written by Tom Hayden. Call for participatory democracy based on non-violent civil disobedience and idea that individual citizens can make decisions that determine "quality and direction" of their own lives (individuality; radicalism).

Arms race is mentioned as part of a policy recommendation by the SDS - called for world disarmament not arms control or deterrence (just get rid of it, don't try to control it)

University reform! Argued for the civil rights, peace, student and labor movements to seek help from the universities (this would back them up). Universities have "social influence" and are open to different views but still mainstream. This would cause more people to hear what the movements had to say and to back them because they are backed by a university with standing.

In order for this to happen, faculty members must unite with students to take back control from the "administrative bureaucracy" and reform the universities.

Ally with groups outside the university
Integrate major public issues into curriculum - has to do with asking the right questions.

Questioned the structural constraints of typical research university. These constraints came from the over-dependence on outside funding (strings attached). Prioritize that over autonomy to controlling student government and activism so that nothing too radical or disruptive takes place on these campuses. Schools encouraging students to be counter cultural and reading drones. One of many movements occurring at the time including the race and feminism.