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Terms in this set (82)
President of the late 20's and early 30's who brought about change in American Politics and enlarged the powers of the presidency.
Crisis that occurred in South Carolina where John C. Calhoun wanted to nullify Acts of Congress.
Term used when a state decides to leave the Union.
The practice of appointing people to government jobs on the basis of party loyalty.
Indian Removal Act
Congressional Act which set aside funds to relocate all Native Americans onto the Great Plains.
Political party formed in the 1830's to oppose Andrew Jackson.
Martin Van Buren
Democratic President after Jackson who gets blame for the Panic of 1837.
William Henry Harrison
Whig president elected in 1840 who dies a month after coming into office.
Harrison's Vice President who takes over following his death. Referred to as "His Accidency".
Second Great Awakening
Religious movement associated with America's commitment to religion.
Leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Ladder Day Saints (Mormons) who is killed by those who didn't support its beliefs
Reform movement that advocated the moderate consumption of Alcohol and pushed to limit its sales.
Massachusetts legislator who was a leader in education reform.
Meeting of the leaders of the Women's rights movement which began the push for equal treatment under the law.
John Louis O'Sullivan
Individual who termed the phrase "Manifest Destiny" describing western expansion.
German immigrant who receives a land grant in California and established a fort where gold was first discovered.
Name given to the group of western settlers who got caught up in the Sierra Nevada Mountains and resorted to cannibalism to survive.
Treaty of Fort Laramie
U.S. Government and 8 native tribes signed a treaty that stated that the Great Plains would belong to the Natives forever.
Leader of the Mormons who moved the congregation to the Utah Territory.
Spanish speaking population of Texas who fought with Americans against Mexico.
Americans invited into Texas who agreed to obey Mexican Law and bring other settlers to the region.\Stephen Austin- First and most successful empresario who helped lead Texas to independence
Leader of Mexico who was in charge of the military campaigns during the war for Texas Independence
Experienced military leader of the Texans and eventual President of the Republic of Texas.
Famous battle where Houston and his troops launched a surprise attack against Santa Anna and easily defeated the Mexican Force, ended the war.
James K. Polk
Winner of the Presidential election of 1844 who will be Commander in Chief during the war with Mexico.
American General during the war with Mexico who is replaced by Winfield Scott. He will win the Presidential Election of 1848.
American General who captures Mexico city ending the war with Mexico and came up with the Anaconda Plan during the start of the Civil War.
Treaty of Guadalupe
Hidalgo- Peace treaty that ended the Mexican War giving the U.S. a huge amount of land in the southwest.
Proposal that stated slavery would be banned in all territories gained from Mexico as a result of war.
Proposed to counter the Wilmot Proviso stating that Congress does not have authority to outlaw slavery in any territory.
Introduced by Lewis Cass (Michigan), this would allow citizens of each new territory to decide if it would be free or slave.
California Gold Rush
Occurs in 1849 after gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill.
Compromise of 1850
Series of acts passed by Congress to settle disputes between the North and South over expansion of slavery and admitting states in the Union.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe which depicted slavery as a cruel institution.
Fugitive Slave Act
Passed in 1850 to accommodate the South for runaway slaves and angers many Northerners.
Most famous conductor on the Underground Railroad.
Kansas Slave Act
It stated that the people of the new territories could decide the issue of slavery in the new territories.
Term given to the territorial Civil War that took place in Kansas between pro and anti slavery citizens.
Democratic winner of Presidential Election of 1856 who letts Southern states secede from the Union. Only Pennsylvania president
Dred Scott Decision
Supreme court ruling that states that the founding fathers never intended to give African Americans citizens rights. 1858 and loses him for President in 1860.
John Brown's Raid
Planned attack on Harpers ferry intending to start a slave it across the South. Led by John Brown who will be captured and executed
President of the Confederate State of America.
Robert E. Lee
Confederate commander of the army of Northern Virginia who leads Confederate troops for almost the entire war.
Union General early in the war who is fired by Lincoln and runs against him in the Election of 1864.
Confederate general who refuses to surrender at the 1st Battle of Bull Run and gets the nickname "stonewall".
Union Naval Officer who captures New Orleans which was the most important Confederate port.
Union commander at the Battle Of Gettysburg.
Ulysses S. Grant
Union general in charge of the Union forces at the end of the war. Will be 2 term president following the Civil War.
John Wilkes Booth
Confederate sympathizer and famous actor who assassinated president Lincoln.
Commander in chief for the entire Civil War, who emancipated the slaves, bans slavery with congress, and sets up reconstruction.
Confederate attack on the union forces that marked the beginning of the civil war.
1st Battle Of Bull Run
First major engagement of the Civil War about 25 miles outside of Washington D.C.
Bloodiest one day battle of the Civil War with about 23,000 casualties.
Three days battle fought in Pennsylvania which becomes the turning point of the war.
Last major Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River where Grant captured after sealing off the city.
Sight of Lee's surrendering to Grant ending the Civil War in April of 1865.
International event that raised tension between the U.S. and England when U.S. naval vessels captured an English ship.
Union plan to slowly defeat the Confederates with the least amount of bloodshed.
Occurs when president Lincoln announces his plan to end slavery in all rebelling states as of 1/1/1863
Occurs at Gettysburg when Confederates forces march across open field to attempt to defeat the Union forces. High casualties in a short period of time.
March to sea
Led by Union General William Sherman which resulted in a path of destruction through Georgia to the Atlantic Ocean.
Constitutional Amendment which officially ends slavery in the United States.
Time period in the Civil War which allowed former Confederate states back into the Union.
Mostly Northern republicans who passed aggressive Reconstruction laws following the Civil war.
Government agency designed to feed and clothe war refugees at the end of the Civil War and also provided educational facilities for former slaves.
Assumed the presidency following the Lincoln assassination, he narrowly avoided impeachment in 1868.
Constitutional Amendment that says no state could deprive any person life,liberty, and due process of the law.
Military Reconstruction Act
Passed by Congress and divided the former Confederate states into 5 military districts to ensure they were following congressional acts.
Andrew Johnson's secretary of War who was fired for supporting Radical Republicanism.
The legal process of removing a president from office.
Northern Republicans who were elected or appointed to government positions in Southern States during Reconstruction.
Ku Klux Klan
Made up of former Confederate soldiers who used fear and intimidation to attempt to limit African American Rights.
Term used to describe southerners who supported Radical Reconstruction
Group of government officials and distillers who cheated the government out of millions of dollars by filing false tax reports.
Rutherford B. Hayes
Winner of the controversial election of 1876 who will end the Reconstruction Era.
Compromise of 1877
Occurred as a result of the disputed election results from 3 southern states, where Congress agreed to elect Hayes if reconstruction ended.
Usually African American farmers who paid a share of crops to cover their rent and farming costs
Chapter 11: Reconstruction
Rowdy western cities that popped up as a result of the mining industry.
Movement of cattle across the Great Plains to railroad stations where they would be shipped to meatpacking centers.
Congressional Act which opened up land on the Great Plains for Western Settlers.
Battle of Little Bighorn
Native Americans attacked and killed all U.S. cavalry members under the authority of General George Custer.
Forced American policy regarding Native Americans where they were expected to absorb white culture and move away from traditional native lifestyles.
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