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B. SSL
An achievement in providing worldwide Internet security was the signing of certificates associated with which of the following protocols? A. TCP/IP B. SSL C. SCP D. SSH
C. USB token and PIN
A Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) wants to implement two-factor authentication within the company. Which of the following would fulfill the CISO's requirements? A. Username and password B. Retina scan and fingerprint scan C. USB token and PIN D. Proximity badge and token
A. Screen lock
Which of the following can a security administrator implement on mobile devices that will help prevent unwanted people from viewing the data if the device is left unattended? A. Screen lock B. Voice encryption C. GPS tracking D. Device encryption
A. Protocol analyzer
Which of the following would a security administrator implement in order to identify a problem between two systems that are not communicating properly? A. Protocol analyzer B. Baseline report C. Risk assessment D. Vulnerability scan
C. False positives
Which of the following can result in significant administrative overhead from incorrect reporting? A. Job rotation B. Acceptable usage policies C. False positives D. Mandatory vacations
B. Vulnerability scan
A security administrator wants to perform routine tests on the network during working hours when certain applications are being accessed by the most people. Which of the following would allow the security administrator to test the lack of security controls for those applications with the least impact to the system? A. Penetration test B. Vulnerability scan C. Load testing D. Port scanner
B. ALE
Which of the following risk concepts requires an organization to determine the number of failures per year? A. SLE B. ALE C. MTBF D. Quantitative analysis
B. Rogue machine detection
A system security analyst using an enterprise monitoring tool notices an unknown internal host exfiltrating files to several foreign IP addresses. Which of the following would be an appropriate mitigation technique? A. Disabling unnecessary accounts B. Rogue machine detection C. Encrypting sensitive files D. Implementing antivirus
C. Operational, technical, and management.
Three of the primary security control types that can be implemented are. A. Supervisory, subordinate, and peer. B. Personal, procedural, and legal. C. Operational, technical, and management. D. Mandatory, discretionary, and permanent.
D. Identification
The helpdesk reports increased calls from clients reporting spikes in malware infections on their systems. Which of the following phases of incident response is MOST appropriate as a FIRST response? A. Recovery B. Follow-up C. Validation D. Identification E. Eradication F. Containment
C. SCP
Which of the following protocols operates at the HIGHEST level of the OSI model? A. ICMP B. IPSec C. SCP D. TCP
B. $5,000
Joe, the system administrator, has been asked to calculate the Annual Loss Expectancy (ALE) for a $5,000 server, which often crashes. In the past year, the server has crashed 10 times, requiring a system reboot to recover with only 10% loss of data or function. Which of the following is the ALE of this server? A. $500 B. $5,000 C. $25,000 D. $50,000
B. Honeypot
Which of the following should an administrator implement to research current attack methodologies? A. Design reviews B. Honeypot C. Vulnerability scanner D. Code reviews
C. Web Application Firewall
Which of the following can be implemented in hardware or software to protect a web server from cross-site scripting attacks? A. Intrusion Detection System B. Flood Guard Protection C. Web Application Firewall D. URL Content Filter
A. MAC Filtering
Which of the following means of wireless authentication is easily vulnerable to spoofing? A. MAC Filtering B. WPA - LEAP C. WPA - PEAP D. Enabled SSID
C. validate and filter input on the server side and client side & E. restrict and sanitize use of special characters in input and URLs.
The BEST methods for a web developer to prevent the website application code from being vulnerable to cross-site request forgery (XSRF) are to: (Select TWO). A. permit redirection to Internet-facing web URLs. B. ensure all HTML tags are enclosed in angle brackets, e.g., "<" and ">". C. validate and filter input on the server side and client side. D. use a web proxy to pass website requests between the user and the application. E. restrict and sanitize use of special characters in input and URLs.
D. LEAP
Jane, a security administrator, needs to implement a secure wireless authentication method that uses a remote RADIUS server for authentication. Which of the following is an authentication method Jane should use? A. WPA2-PSK B. WEP-PSK C. CCMP D. LEAP
D. Chain of custody
Computer evidence at a crime scene is documented with a tag stating who had possession of the evidence at a given time. Which of the following does this illustrate? A. System image capture B. Record time offset C. Order of volatility D. Chain of custody
B. Group based privileges
A network administrator is configuring access control for the sales department which has high employee turnover. Which of the following is BEST suited when assigning user rights to individuals in the sales department? A. Time of day restrictions B. Group based privileges C. User assigned privileges D. Domain admin restrictions
C. Continuity of operations plan
Which of the following is being tested when a company's payroll server is powered off for eight hours? A. Succession plan B. Business impact document C. Continuity of operations plan D. Risk assessment plan
B. Zero-day
A security analyst, Ann, is reviewing an IRC channel and notices that a malicious exploit has been created for a frequently used application. She notifies the software vendor and asks them for remediation steps, but is alarmed to find that no patches are available to mitigate this vulnerability. Which of the following BEST describes this exploit? A. Malicious insider threat B. Zero-day C. Client-side attack D. Malicious add-on
C. Social networking
A security administrator has concerns about new types of media which allow for the mass distribution of personal comments to a select group of people. To mitigate the risks involved with this media, employees should receive training on which of the following? A. Peer to Peer B. Mobile devices C. Social networking D. Personally owned devices
C. Application patch management
A network administrator is responsible for securing applications against external attacks. Every month, the underlying operating system is updated. There is no process in place for other software updates. Which of the following processes could MOST effectively mitigate these risks? A. Application hardening B. Change Management C. Application patch management D. Application Firewall review
B. Job rotation
A software developer is responsible for writing the code on an accounting application. Another software developer is responsible for developing code on a system in human resources. Once a year they have to switch roles for several weeks. Which of the following practices is being implemented? A. Mandatory vacations B. Job rotation C. Least privilege D. Separation of duties
A. IPsec
A network engineer is designing a secure tunneled VPN. Which of the following protocols would be the MOST secure? A. IPsec B. SFTP C. BGP D. PPTP
C. Open system authentication
Which of the following implementation steps would be appropriate for a public wireless hot-spot? A. Reduce power level B. Disable SSID broadcast C. Open system authentication D. MAC filter
D. Install a digital certificate on the authentication server
Which of the following is a step in deploying a WPA2-Enterprise wireless network? A. Install a token on the authentication server B. Install a DHCP server on the authentication server C. Install an encryption key on the authentication server D. Install a digital certificate on the authentication server
A. 802.1x
Which of the following controls would allow a company to reduce the exposure of sensitive systems from unmanaged devices on internal networks? A. 802.1x B. Data encryption C. Password strength D. BGP
D. Disabling unnecessary services
Which of the following preventative controls would be appropriate for responding to a directive to reduce the attack surface of a specific host? A. Installing anti-malware B. Implementing an IDS C. Taking a baseline configuration D. Disabling unnecessary services
B. Establishing baseline reporting
A security manager must remain aware of the security posture of each system. Which of the following supports this requirement? A. Training staff on security policies B. Establishing baseline reporting C. Installing anti-malware software D. Disabling unnecessary accounts/services
D. Reduce the certificate management burden.
Deploying a wildcard certificate is one strategy to: A. Secure the certificate's private key. B. Increase the certificate's encryption key length. C. Extend the renewal date of the certificate. D. Reduce the certificate management burden.
D. Access control lists
The security administrator needs to manage traffic on a layer 3 device to support FTP from a new remote site. Which of the following would need to be implemented? A. Implicit deny B. VLAN management C. Port security D. Access control lists
D. 22
Which of the following ports is used for SSH, by default? A. 23 B. 32 C. 12 D. 22
A. WPA2 CCMP
A network administrator has been tasked with securing the WLAN. Which of the following cryptographic products would be used to provide the MOST secure environment for the WLAN? A. WPA2 CCMP B. WPA C. WPA with MAC filtering D. WPA2 TKIP
B. DDoS
A server with the IP address of 10.10.2.4 has been having intermittent connection issues. The logs show repeated connection attempts from the following IPs: 10.10.3.16 10.10.3.23 212.178.24.26 217.24.94.83 These attempts are overloading the server to the point that it cannot respond to traffic. Which of the following attacks is occurring? A. XSS B. DDoS C. DoS D. Xmas
B. RC4
Which of the following ciphers would be BEST used to encrypt streaming video? A. RSA B. RC4 C. SHA1 D. 3DES
C. Single factor authentication
A user attempting to log on to a workstation for the first time is prompted for the following information before being granted access: username, password, and a four-digit security pin that was mailed to him during account registration. This is an example of which of the following? A. Dual-factor authentication B. Multifactor authentication C. Single factor authentication D. Biometric authentication
B. Advanced persistent threat
After analyzing and correlating activity from multiple sensors, the security administrator has determined that a group of very well organized individuals from an enemy country is responsible for various attempts to breach the company network, through the use of very sophisticated and targeted attacks. Which of the following is this an example of? A. Privilege escalation B. Advanced persistent threat C. Malicious insider threat D. Spear phishing
D. It should be performed on the server side.
Which of the following is true about input validation in a client-server architecture, when data integrity is critical to the organization? A. It should be enforced on the client side only. B. It must be protected by SSL encryption. C. It must rely on the user's knowledge of the application. D. It should be performed on the server side.
A. Database field encryption
A merchant acquirer has the need to store credit card numbers in a transactional database in a high performance environment. Which of the following BEST protects the credit card data? A. Database field encryption B. File-level encryption C. Data loss prevention system D. Full disk encryption
B. 3DES
A bank has a fleet of aging payment terminals used by merchants for transactional processing. The terminals currently support single DES but require an upgrade in order to be compliant with security standards. Which of the following is likely to be the simplest upgrade to the aging terminals which will improve in-transit protection of transactional data? A. AES B. 3DES C. RC4 D. WPA2
A. WAF
Which of the following is BEST at blocking attacks and providing security at layer 7 of the OSI model? A. WAF B. NIDS C. Routers D. Switches
A. Protocol analyzer
Which of the following is BEST used to capture and analyze network traffic between hosts on the same network segment? A. Protocol analyzer B. Router C. Firewall D. HIPS
A. Information Security Awareness
After a number of highly publicized and embarrassing customer data leaks as a result of social engineering attacks by phone, the Chief Information Officer (CIO) has decided user training will reduce the risk of another data leak. Which of the following would be MOST effective in reducing data leaks in this situation? A. Information Security Awareness B. Social Media and BYOD C. Data Handling and Disposal D. Acceptable Use of IT Systems
A. Hashing
Which of the following functions provides an output which cannot be reversed and converts data into a string of characters? A. Hashing B. Stream ciphers C. Steganography D. Block ciphers
A. Stream cipher
Which of the following encrypts data a single bit at a time? A. Stream cipher B. Steganography C. 3DES D. Hashing
A. SHA
Which of the following is used to verify data integrity? A. SHA B. 3DES C. AES D. RSA
D. SCP G. SSH H. SFTP
By default, which of the following uses TCP port 22? (Select THREE). A. FTPS B. STELNET C. TLS D. SCP E. SSL F. HTTPS G. SSH H. SFTP
D. the security controls on the USB drive can be bypassed.
Access mechanisms to data on encrypted USB hard drives must be implemented correctly otherwise: A. user accounts may be inadvertently locked out. B. data on the USB drive could be corrupted. C. data on the hard drive will be vulnerable to log analysis. D. the security controls on the USB drive can be bypassed.
B. Packet sniffing
Maintenance workers find an active network switch hidden above a dropped-ceiling tile in the CEO's office with various connected cables from the office. Which of the following describes the type of attack that was occurring? A. Spear phishing B. Packet sniffing C. Impersonation D. MAC flooding
D. DMZ
A security administrator is segregating all web-facing server traffic from the internal network and restricting it to a single interface on a firewall. Which of the following BEST describes this new network? A. VLAN B. Subnet C. VPN D. DMZ
D. LDAP
Which of the following was based on a previous X.500 specification and allows either unencrypted authentication or encrypted authentication through the use of TLS? A. Kerberos B. TACACS+ C. RADIUS D. LDAP
B. Black box testing
The Quality Assurance team is testing a new third party developed application. The Quality team does not have any experience with the application. Which of the following is the team performing? A. Grey box testing B. Black box testing C. Penetration testing D. White box testing
C. TPM
Which of the following has a storage root key? A. HSM B. EFS C. TPM D. TKIP
C. RFID
A datacenter requires that staff be able to identify whether or not items have been removed from the facility. Which of the following controls will allow the organization to provide automated notification of item removal? A. CCTV B. Environmental monitoring C. RFID D. EMI shielding
B. system was designed to fail open for life-safety
A malicious person gained access to a datacenter by ripping the proximity badge reader off the wall near the datacenter entrance. This caused the electronic locks on the datacenter door to release because the: A. badge reader was improperly installed. B. system was designed to fail open for life-safety. C. system was installed in a fail closed configuration. D. system used magnetic locks and the locks became demagnetized.
B. Transport encryption
The concept of rendering data passing between two points over an IP based network impervious to all but the most sophisticated advanced persistent threats is BEST categorized as which of the following? A. Stream ciphers B. Transport encryption C. Key escrow D. Block ciphers
D. The Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service server certificate has expired.
On Monday, all company employees report being unable to connect to the corporate wireless network, which uses 802.1x with PEAP. A technician verifies that no configuration changes were made to the wireless network and its supporting infrastructure, and that there are no outages. Which of the following is the MOST likely cause for this issue? A. Too many incorrect authentication attempts have caused users to be temporarily disabled. B. The DNS server is overwhelmed with connections and is unable to respond to queries. C. The company IDS detected a wireless attack and disabled the wireless network. D. The Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service server certificate has expired.
C. Account lockout settings
Which of the following would BEST deter an attacker trying to brute force 4-digit PIN numbers to access an account at a bank teller machine? A. Account expiration settings B. Complexity of PIN C. Account lockout settings D. PIN history requirements
password B. Password history C. Minimum password age
An administrator discovers that many users have used their same passwords for years even though the network requires that the passwords be changed every six weeks. Which of the following, when used together, would BEST prevent users from reusing their existing password? (Select TWO). A. Length of password B. Password history C. Minimum password age D. Password expiration E. Password complexity F. Non-dictionary words
A. Password age D. Password history
A recent audit has discovered that at the time of password expiration clients are able to recycle the previous credentials for authentication. Which of the following controls should be used together to prevent this from occurring? (Select TWO).A. Password age B. Password hashing C. Password complexity D. Password history E. Password length
D. LDAP
A system administrator is configuring UNIX accounts to authenticate against an external server. The configuration file asks for the following information DC=ServerName and DC=COM. Which of the following authentication services is being used? A. RADIUS B. SAML C. TACACS+ D. LDAP
C. Authentication
In Kerberos, the Ticket Granting Ticket (TGT) is used for which of the following? A. Identification B. Authorization C. Authentication D. Multifactor authentication
B. PAT
Which of the following network design elements allows for many internal devices to share one public IP address? A. DNAT B. PAT C. DNS D. DMZ
B. URL filter
Which of the following components of an all-in-one security appliance would MOST likely be configured in order to restrict access to peer-to-peer file sharing websites? A. Spam filter B. URL filter C. Content inspection D. Malware inspection
B. Incorporating diversity into redundant design
When considering a vendor-specific vulnerability in critical industrial control systems which of the following techniques supports availability? A. Deploying identical application firewalls at the border B. Incorporating diversity into redundant design C. Enforcing application white lists on the support workstations D. Ensuring the systems' anti-virus definitions are up-to-date
B. Matrix of job titles with required access privileges
During the information gathering stage of a deploying role-based access control model, which of the following information is MOST likely required? A. Conditional rules under which certain systems may be accessed B. Matrix of job titles with required access privileges C. Clearance levels of all company personnel D. Normal hours of business operation
B. Separation of duties
The Chief Technical Officer (CTO) has been informed of a potential fraud committed by a database administrator performing several other job functions within the company. Which of the following is the BEST method to prevent such activities in the future? A. Job rotation B. Separation of duties C. Mandatory Vacations D. Least Privilege
D. Encryption
Ann would like to forward some Personal Identifiable Information to her HR department by email, but she is worried about the confidentiality of the information. Which of the following will accomplish this task securely? A. Digital Signatures B. Hashing C. Secret Key D. Encryption
D. DLP
A company is trying to limit the risk associated with the use of unapproved USB devices to copy documents. Which of the following would be the BEST technology control to use in this scenario? A. Content filtering B. IDS C. Audit logs D. DLP
C. Hardware locks D
A company is trying to implement physical deterrent controls to improve the overall security posture of their data center. Which of the following BEST meets their goal? A. Visitor logs B. Firewall C. Hardware locks D. Environmental monitoring
B. Digital signatures
A company's employees were victims of a spear phishing campaign impersonating the CEO. The company would now like to implement a solution to improve the overall security posture by assuring their employees that email originated from the CEO. Which of the following controls could they implement to BEST meet this goal? A. Spam filter B. Digital signatures C. Antivirus software D. Digital certificates
B. Disabling unnecessary services
A security technician is attempting to improve the overall security posture of an internal mail server. Which of the following actions would BEST accomplish this goal? A. Monitoring event logs daily B. Disabling unnecessary services C. Deploying a content filter on the network D. Deploy an IDS on the network
B. Remote wiping
A bank has recently deployed mobile tablets to all loan officers for use at customer sites. Which of the following would BEST prevent the disclosure of customer data in the event that a tablet is lost or stolen? A. Application control B. Remote wiping C. GPS D. Screen-locks
C. Data security
Which of the following is the primary security concern when deploying a mobile device on a network? A. Strong authentication B. Interoperability C. Data security D. Cloud storage technique
C. Whitelisting
Which of the following technical controls is BEST used to define which applications a user can install and run on a company issued mobile device? A. Authentication B. Blacklisting C. Whitelisting D. Acceptable use policy
D. Patch management system
After a company has standardized to a single operating system, not all servers are immune to a well-known OS vulnerability. Which of the following solutions would mitigate this issue? A. Host based firewall B. Initial baseline configurations C. Discretionary access control D. Patch management system
C. Steganography
A security administrator discovers an image file that has several plain text documents hidden in the file. Which of the following security goals is met by camouflaging data inside of other files? A. Integrity B. Confidentiality C. Steganography D. Availability
D. 802.1x
A company determines a need for additional protection from rogue devices plugging into physical ports around the building. Which of the following provides the highest degree of protection from unauthorized wired network access? A. Intrusion Prevention Systems B. MAC filtering C. Flood guards D. 802.1x
B. Full disk encryption & D. Disk wiping procedures
A company is preparing to decommission an offline, non-networked root certificate server. Before sending the server's drives to be destroyed by a contracted company, the Chief Security Officer (CSO) wants to be certain that the data will not be accessed. Which of the following, if implemented, would BEST reassure the CSO? (Select TWO). A. Disk hashing procedures B. Full disk encryption C. Data retention policies D. Disk wiping procedures E. Removable media encryption
B. DNS
During the analysis of a PCAP file, a security analyst noticed several communications with a remote server on port 53. Which of the following protocol types is observed in this traffic? A. FTP B. DNS C. Email D. NetBIOS
C. Chain of custody
A compromised workstation utilized in a Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS) attack has been removed from the network and an image of the hard drive has been created. However, the system administrator stated that the system was left unattended for several hours before the image was created. In the event of a court case, which of the following is likely to be an issue with this incident? A. Eye Witness B. Data Analysis of the hard drive C. Chain of custody D. Expert Witness
B. Preparation
During which of the following phases of the Incident Response process should a security administrator define and implement general defense against malware? A. Lessons Learned B. Preparation C. Eradication D. Identification
C. WPA-TKIP
Due to hardware limitation, a technician must implement a wireless encryption algorithm that uses the RC4 protocol. Which of the following is a wireless encryption solution that the technician should implement while ensuring the STRONGEST level of security? A. WPA2-AES B. 802.11ac C. WPA-TKIP D. WEP
D. Ann's private & F. Joe's public key
Joe, a user, wants to send an encrypted email to Ann. Which of the following will Ann need to use to verify that the email came from Joe and decrypt it? (Select TWO). A. The CA's public key B. Ann's public key C. Joe's private key D. Ann's private key E. The CA's private key F. Joe's public key
A. The CA's public key & E. Joe's public key
Joe, a user, wants to send an encrypted email to Ann. Which of the following will Ann need to use to verify the validity's of Joe's certificate? (Select TWO). A. The CA's public key B. Joe's private key C. Ann's public key D. The CA's private key E. Joe's public key F. Ann's private key
A. Biometrics
A technician wants to implement a dual factor authentication system that will enable the organization to authorize access to sensitive systems on a need-to-know basis. Which of the following should be implemented during the authorization stage? A. Biometrics B. Mandatory access control C. Single sign-on D. Role-based access control
C. OS Baseline comparison
A security researcher wants to reverse engineer an executable file to determine if it is malicious. The file was found on an underused server and appears to contain a zero-day exploit. Which of the following can the researcher do to determine if the file is malicious in nature? A. TCP/IP socket design review B. Executable code review C. OS Baseline comparison D. Software architecture review
A. Typo squatting
A recent spike in virus detections has been attributed to end-users visiting www.compnay.com. The business has an established relationship with an organization using the URL of www.company.com but not with the site that has been causing the infections. Which of the following would BEST describe this type of attack? A. Typo squatting B. Session hijacking C. Cross-site scripting D. Spear phishing
B. IDS
A company has proprietary mission critical devices connected to their network which are configured remotely by both employees and approved customers. The administrator wants to monitor device security without changing their baseline configuration. Which of the following should be implemented to secure the devices without risking availability? A. Host-based firewall B. IDS C. IPS D. Honeypot
C. Configure the switch to allow only traffic from computers based upon their physical address.
An administrator has a network subnet dedicated to a group of users. Due to concerns regarding data and network security, the administrator desires to provide network access for this group only. Which of the following would BEST address this desire? A. Install a proxy server between the users' computers and the switch to filter inbound network traffic. B. Block commonly used ports and forward them to higher and unused port numbers. C. Configure the switch to allow only traffic from computers based upon their physical address. D. Install host-based intrusion detection software to monitor incoming DHCP Discover requests.
B. Lack of controls in place to ensure that the devices have the latest system patches and signature files
Which of the following is a security concern regarding users bringing personally-owned devices that they connect to the corporate network? A. Cross-platform compatibility issues between personal devices and server-based applications B. Lack of controls in place to ensure that the devices have the latest system patches and signature files C. Non-corporate devices are more difficult to locate when a user is terminated D. Non-purchased or leased equipment may cause failure during the audits of company-owned assets
B. Place a guard at the entrance to approve access.
Due to issues with building keys being duplicated and distributed, a security administrator wishes to change to a different security control regarding a restricted area. The goal is to provide access based upon facial recognition. Which of the following will address this requirement? A. Set up mantraps to avoid tailgating of approved users. B. Place a guard at the entrance to approve access. C. Install a fingerprint scanner at the entrance. D. Implement proximity readers to scan users' badges.
D. Configure the devices so that removable media use is disabled.
A security administrator has concerns regarding employees saving data on company provided mobile devices. Which of the following would BEST address the administrator's concerns? A. Install a mobile application that tracks read and write functions on the device. B. Create a company policy prohibiting the use of mobile devices for personal use. C. Enable GPS functionality to track the location of the mobile devices. D. Configure the devices so that removable media use is disabled.
B. Risk acceptance
Identifying residual risk is MOST important to which of the following concepts? A. Risk deterrence B. Risk acceptance C. Risk mitigation D. Risk avoidance
D. Continuous security monitoring
The information security technician wants to ensure security controls are deployed and functioning as intended to be able to maintain an appropriate security posture. Which of the following security techniques is MOST appropriate to do this? A. Log audits B. System hardening C. Use IPS/IDS D. Continuous security monitoring
E. Create a server VLAN F. Create an ACL to access the server
A small company can only afford to buy an all-in-one wireless router/switch. The company has 3 wireless BYOD users and 2 web servers without wireless access. Which of the following should the company configure to protect the servers from the user devices? (Select TWO). A. Deny incoming connections to the outside router interface. B. Change the default HTTP port C. Implement EAP-TLS to establish mutual authentication D. Disable the physical switch ports E. Create a server VLAN F. Create an ACL to access the server
D. Password breaches to the social media site affect the company application as well
Users can authenticate to a company's web applications using their credentials from a popular social media site. Which of the following poses the greatest risk with this integration? A. Malicious users can exploit local corporate credentials with their social media credentials B. Changes to passwords on the social media site can be delayed from replicating to the company C. Data loss from the corporate servers can create legal liabilities with the social media site D. Password breaches to the social media site affect the company application as well
C. Metrics
A security team has established a security awareness program. Which of the following would BEST prove the success of the program? A. Policies B. Procedures C. Metrics D. Standards
A. SSH F. PGP/GPG
A company needs to receive data that contains personally identifiable information. The company requires both the transmission and data at rest to be encrypted. Which of the following achieves this goal? (Select TWO). A. SSH B. TFTP C. NTLM D. TKIP E. SMTP F. PGP/GPG
A. Unified Threat Management
An organization does not have adequate resources to administer its large infrastructure. A security administrator wishes to combine the security controls of some of the network devices in the organization. Which of the following methods would BEST accomplish this goal? A. Unified Threat Management B. Virtual Private Network C. Single sign on D. Role-based management
D. Subnetting
Which of the following would allow the organization to divide a Class C IP address range into several ranges? A. DMZ B. Virtual LANs C. NAT D. Subnetting
D. Routine auditing
The security administrator is currently unaware of an incident that occurred a week ago. Which of the following will ensure the administrator is notified in a timely manner in the future? A. User permissions reviews B. Incident response team C. Change management D. Routine auditing
B. CCMP
An access point has been configured for AES encryption but a client is unable to connect to it. Which of the following should be configured on the client to fix this issue? A. WEP B. CCMP C. TKIP D. RC4
B. A group policy
The system administrator is tasked with changing the administrator password across all 2000 computers in the organization. Which of the following should the system administrator implement to accomplish this task? A. A security group B. A group policy C. Key escrow D. Certificate revocation
A. Change the firewall default settings so that it implements an implicit deny & F. Add the following ACL at the bottom of the current ACL DENY IP ANY ANY 53
A network administrator wants to block both DNS requests and zone transfers coming from outside IP addresses. The company uses a firewall which implements an implicit allow and is currently configured with the following ACL applied to its external interfacE. PERMIT TCP ANY ANY 80 PERMIT TCP ANY ANY 443 Which of the following rules would accomplish this task? (Select TWO). A. Change the firewall default settings so that it implements an implicit deny B. Apply the current ACL to all interfaces of the firewall C. Remove the current ACL D. Add the following ACL at the top of the current ACL DENY TCP ANY ANY 53 E. Add the following ACL at the bottom of the current ACL DENY ICMP ANY ANY 53 F. Add the following ACL at the bottom of the current ACL DENY IP ANY ANY 53
A. Wireless jamming
Which of the following attacks would cause all mobile devices to lose their association with corporate access points while the attack is underway A. Wireless jamming B. Evil twin C. Rogue AP D. Packet sniffing
A. Cluster tip wiping
An administrator wants to ensure that the reclaimed space of a hard drive has been sanitized while the computer is in use. Which of the following can be implemented? A. Cluster tip wiping B. Individual file encryption C. Full disk encryption D. Storage retention
D. Lack of antivirus software
A company is looking to improve their security posture by addressing risks uncovered by a recent penetration test. Which of the following risks is MOST likely to affect the business on a day-to-day basis? A. Insufficient encryption methods B. Large scale natural disasters C. Corporate espionage D. Lack of antivirus software
B. Dumpster diving
Ann, an employee, is cleaning out her desk and disposes of paperwork containing confidential customer information in a recycle bin without shredding it first. This is MOST likely to increase the risk of loss from which of the following attacks? A. Shoulder surfing B. Dumpster diving C. Tailgating D. Spoofing
D. Application patch management
A recently installed application update caused a vital application to crash during the middle of the workday. The application remained down until a previous version could be reinstalled on the server, and this resulted in a significant loss of data and revenue. Which of the following could BEST prevent this issue from occurring again? A. Application configuration baselines B. Application hardening C. Application access controls D. Application patch management
A. Change the encryption from TKIP-based to CCMP-based.
A security administrator wishes to increase the security of the wireless network. Which of the following BEST addresses this concern? A. Change the encryption from TKIP-based to CCMP-based. B. Set all nearby access points to operate on the same channel. C. Configure the access point to use WEP instead of WPA2. D. Enable all access points to broadcast their SSIDs.
C. Routine audits
The system administrator has deployed updated security controls for the network to limit risk of attack. The security manager is concerned that controls continue to function as intended to maintain appropriate security posture. Which of the following risk mitigation strategies is MOST important to the security manager? A. User permissions B. Policy enforcement C. Routine audits D. Change management
D. Create a virtualized sandbox and utilize snapshots
A company is about to release a very large patch to its customers. An administrator is required to test patch installations several times prior to distributing them to customer PCs. Which of the following should the administrator use to test the patching process quickly and often? A. Create an incremental backup of an unpatched PC B. Create an image of a patched PC and replicate it to servers C. Create a full disk image to restore after each installation D. Create a virtualized sandbox and utilize snapshots
A. Password Complexity D. Password Length
An auditing team has found that passwords do not meet best business practices. Which of the following will MOST increase the security of the passwords? (Select TWO). A. Password Complexity B. Password Expiration C. Password Age D. Password Length E. Password History
B. False positive
A vulnerability scan is reporting that patches are missing on a server. After a review, it is determined that the application requiring the patch does not exist on the operating system. Which of the following describes this cause? A. Application hardening B. False positive C. Baseline code review D. False negative
D. Digital Signatures
Company A submitted a bid on a contract to do work for Company B via email. Company B was insistent that the bid did not come from Company A. Which of the following would have assured that the bid was submitted by Company A? A. Steganography B. Hashing C. Encryption D. Digital Signatures
A. The company wireless is using a MAC filter
Ann, a sales manager, successfully connected her company-issued smartphone to the wireless network in her office without supplying a username/password combination. Upon disconnecting from the wireless network, she attempted to connect her personal tablet computer to the same wireless network and could not connect. Which of the following is MOST likely the reason? A. The company wireless is using a MAC filter. B. The company wireless has SSID broadcast disabled. C. The company wireless is using WEP. D. The company wireless is using WPA2.
A. Bind server
A network technician is on the phone with the system administration team. Power to the server room was lost and servers need to be restarted. The DNS services must be the first to be restarted. Several machines are powered off. Assuming each server only provides one service, which of the following should be powered on FIRST to establish DNS services? A. Bind server B. Apache server C. Exchange server D. RADIUS server
C. Systems should be restored within six hours with a minimum of two days worth of data.
A security administrator is reviewing the company's continuity plan. The plan specifies an RTO of six hours and RPO of two days. Which of the following is the plan describing? A. Systems should be restored within six hours and no later than two days after the incident. B. Systems should be restored within two days and should remain operational for at least six hours. C. Systems should be restored within six hours with a minimum of two days worth of data. D. Systems should be restored within two days with a minimum of six hours worth of data.
D. Incident time offsets were not accounted for.
The incident response team has received the following email messagE. From: monitor@ext-company.com To: security@company.com Subject: Copyright infringement A copyright infringement alert was triggered by IP address 13.10.66.5 at 09: 50: 01 GMT. After reviewing the following web logs for IP 13.10.66.5, the team is unable to correlate and identify the incident. 09: 45: 33 13.10.66.5 http: //remote.site.com/login.asp?user=john 09: 50: 22 13.10.66.5 http: //remote.site.com/logout.asp?user=anne 10: 50: 01 13.10.66.5 http: //remote.site.com/access.asp?file=movie.mov 11: 02: 45 13.10.65.5 http: //remote.site.com/download.asp?movie.mov=ok Which of the following is the MOST likely reason why the incident response team is unable to identify and correlate the incident? A. The logs are corrupt and no longer forensically sound. B. Traffic logs for the incident are unavailable. C. Chain of custody was not properly maintained. D. Incident time offsets were not accounted for.
A. Wipe the storage, reinstall the OS from original media and restore the data from the last known good backup.
A server dedicated to the storage and processing of sensitive information was compromised with a rootkit and sensitive data was exfiltrated. Which of the following incident response procedures is best suited to restore the server? A. Wipe the storage, reinstall the OS from original media and restore the data from the last known good backup. B. Keep the data partition, restore the OS from the most current backup and run a full system antivirus scan. C. Format the storage and reinstall both the OS and the data from the most current backup. D. Erase the storage, reinstall the OS from most current backup and only restore the data that was not compromised.
A. Armored virus
Which of the following describes a type of malware which is difficult to reverse engineer in a virtual lab? A. Armored virus B. Polymorphic malware C. Logic bomb D. Rootkit
B. Zero-day
Using a heuristic system to detect an anomaly in a computer's baseline, a system administrator was able to detect an attack even though the company signature based IDS and antivirus did not detect it. Further analysis revealed that the attacker had downloaded an executable file onto the company PC from the USB port, and executed it to trigger a privilege escalation flaw. Which of the following attacks has MOST likely occurred? A. Cookie stealing B. Zero-day C. Directory traversal D. XML injection
D. File level encryption
After copying a sensitive document from his desktop to a flash drive, Joe, a user, realizes that the document is no longer encrypted. Which of the following can a security technician implement to ensure that documents stored on Joe's desktop remain encrypted when moved to external media or other network based storage? A. Whole disk encryption B. Removable disk encryption C. Database record level encryption D. File level encryption
D. ECDHE E. Diffie-Hellman
A security administrator must implement a system to allow clients to securely negotiate encryption keys with the company's server over a public unencrypted communication channel. Which of the following implements the required secure key negotiation? (Select TWO). A. PBKDF2 B. Symmetric encryption C. Steganography D. ECDHE E. Diffie-Hellman
C. This may violate data ownership and non-disclosure agreements
Acme Corp has selectively outsourced proprietary business processes to ABC Services. Due to some technical issues, ABC services wants to send some of Acme Corp's debug data to a third party vendor for problem resolution. Which of the following MUST be considered prior to sending data to a third party? A. The data should be encrypted prior to transport B. This would not constitute unauthorized data sharing C. This may violate data ownership and non-disclosure agreements D. Acme Corp should send the data to ABC Services' vendor instead
A. TOTP
An organization has introduced token-based authentication to system administrators due to risk of password compromise. The tokens have a set of numbers that automatically change every 30 seconds. Which of the following type of authentication mechanism is this? A. TOTP B. Smart card C. CHAP D. HOTP
A. Spanning tree
A security technician at a small business is worried about the Layer 2 switches in the network suffering from a DoS style attack caused by staff incorrectly cabling network connections between switches. Which of the following will BEST mitigate the risk if implemented on the switches? A. Spanning tree B. Flood guards C. Access control lists D. Syn flood
B. Yagi
An administrator wants to establish a WiFi network using a high gain directional antenna with a narrow radiation pattern to connect two buildings separated by a very long distance. Which of the following antennas would be BEST for this situation? A. Dipole B. Yagi C. Sector D. Omni
C. Zero-day
An attacker used an undocumented and unknown application exploit to gain access to a file server. Which of the following BEST describes this type of attack? A. Integer overflow B. Cross-site scripting C. Zero-day D. Session hijacking E. XML injection
B. SAML
Which of the following is an XML based open standard used in the exchange of authentication and authorization information between different parties? A. LDAP B. SAML C. TACACS+ D. Kerberos
D. 22/TCP
Which of the following ports and protocol types must be opened on a host with a host-based firewall to allow incoming SFTP connections? A. 21/UDP B. 21/TCP C. 22/UDP D. 22/TCP
D. Ransomware
A user, Ann, is reporting to the company IT support group that her workstation screen is blank other than a window with a message requesting payment or else her hard drive will be formatted. Which of the following types of malware is on Ann's workstation? A. Trojan B. Spyware C. Adware D. Ransomware
A. Full device encryption B. Screen locks
Which of the following controls can be implemented together to prevent data loss in the event of theft of a mobile device storing sensitive information? (Select TWO). A. Full device encryption B. Screen locks C. GPS D. Asset tracking E. Inventory control
A. Full device encryption
A way to assure data at-rest is secure even in the event of loss or theft is to use: A. Full device encryption. B. Special permissions on the file system. C. Trusted Platform Module integration. D. Access Control Lists.
B. The user is using steganography
A security audit identifies a number of large email messages being sent by a specific user from their company email account to another address external to the company. These messages were sent prior to a company data breach, which prompted the security audit. The user was one of a few people who had access to the leaked data. Review of the suspect's emails show they consist mostly of pictures of the user at various locations during a recent vacation. No suspicious activities from other users who have access to the data were discovered. Which of the following is occurring? A. The user is encrypting the data in the outgoing messages. B. The user is using steganography. C. The user is spamming to obfuscate the activity. D. The user is using hashing to embed data in the emails.
C. RDP
A security analyst is reviewing firewall logs while investigating a compromised web server. The following ports appear in the log: 22, 25, 445, 1433, 3128, 3389, 6667 Which of the following protocols was used to access the server remotely? A. LDAP B. HTTP C. RDP D. HTTPS
A. SSID broadcast
An organization does not want the wireless network name to be easily discovered. Which of the following software features should be configured on the access points? A. SSID broadcast B. MAC filter C. WPA2 D. Antenna placement
D. Baselining
A computer is suspected of being compromised by malware. The security analyst examines the computer and finds that a service called Telnet is running and connecting to an external website over port 443. This Telnet service was found by comparing the system's services to the list of standard services on the company's system image. This review process depends on: A. MAC filtering. B. System hardening. C. Rogue machine detection. D. Baselining.
C. Salting.
A software developer wants to prevent stored passwords from being easily decrypted. When the password is stored by the application, additional text is added to each password before the password is hashed. This technique is known as: A. Symmetric cryptography. B. Private key cryptography. C. Salting. D. Rainbow tables.
D. Lessons learned
In which of the following steps of incident response does a team analyze the incident and determine steps to prevent a future occurrence? A. Mitigation B. Identification D. Lessons learned
B. TOTP
A security technician has been asked to recommend an authentication mechanism that will allow users to authenticate using a password that will only be valid for a predefined time interval. Which of the following should the security technician recommend? A. CHAP B. TOTP C. HOTP D. PAP
A. RC4
A security administrator must implement a wireless encryption system to secure mobile devices' communication. Some users have mobile devices which only support 56-bit encryption. Which of the following wireless encryption methods should be implemented? A. RC4 B. AES C. MD5 D. TKIP
A. Record every person who was in possession of assets, continuing post-incident.
After a security incident involving a physical asset, which of the following should be done at the beginning? A. Record every person who was in possession of assets, continuing post-incident. B. Create working images of data in the following order: hard drive then RAM. C. Back up storage devices so work can be performed on the devices immediately. D. Write a report detailing the incident and mitigation suggestions.
C. MOUs are generally loose agreements and therefore may not have strict guidelines in place to protect sensitive data between the two entities
Which of the following is the GREATEST security risk of two or more companies working together under a Memorandum of Understanding? A. Budgetary considerations may not have been written into the MOU, leaving an entity to absorb more cost than intended at signing. B. MOUs have strict policies in place for services performed between the entities and the penalties for compromising a partner are high. C. MOUs are generally loose agreements and therefore may not have strict guidelines in place to protect sensitive data between the two entities. D. MOUs between two companies working together cannot be held to the same legal standards as SLAs.
D. CRL
Joe, a user, reports to the system administrator that he is receiving an error stating his certificate has been revoked. Which of the following is the name of the database repository for these certificates? A. CSR B. OSCP C. CA D. CRL
D. Integrity E. Safety
A software company has completed a security assessment. The assessment states that the company should implement fencing and lighting around the property. Additionally, the assessment states that production releases of their software should be digitally signed. Given the recommendations, the company was deficient in which of the following core security areas? (Select TWO). A. Fault tolerance B. Encryption C. Availability D. Integrity E. Safety F. Confidentiality
B. Publish the new certificates to the global address list
A user was reissued a smart card after the previous smart card had expired. The user is able to log into the domain but is now unable to send digitally signed or encrypted email. Which of the following would the user need to perform? A. Remove all previous smart card certificates from the local certificate store. B. Publish the new certificates to the global address list. C. Make the certificates available to the operating system. D. Recover the previous smart card certificates.
A. Scarcity
Users are encouraged to click on a link in an email to obtain exclusive access to the newest version of a popular Smartphone. This is an example of. A. Scarcity B. Familiarity C. Intimidation D. Trust
B. IV attack
Which of the following types of attacks involves interception of authentication traffic in an attempt to gain unauthorized access to a wireless network? A. Near field communication B. IV attack C. Evil twin D. Replay attack
B. When creating the account, set an expiration date on the account
Which of the following is a BEST practice when dealing with user accounts that will only need to be active for a limited time period? A. When creating the account, set the account to not remember password history. B. When creating the account, set an expiration date on the account. C. When creating the account, set a password expiration date on the account. D. When creating the account, set the account to have time of day restrictions.
A. Kerberos
Which of the following types of authentication packages user credentials in a ticket? A. Kerberos B. LDAP C. TACACS+ D. RADIUS
C. Virtualization
Which of the following is required to allow multiple servers to exist on one physical server? A. Software as a Service (SaaS) B. Platform as a Service (PaaS) C. Virtualization D. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
C. Add the domain to a block list
Several employees submit the same phishing email to the administrator. The administrator finds that the links in the email are not being blocked by the company's security device. Which of the following might the administrator do in the short term to prevent the emails from being received? A. Configure an ACL B. Implement a URL filter C. Add the domain to a block list D. Enable TLS on the mail server
D. 802.1x and VLANs
A company has several conference rooms with wired network jacks that are used by both employees and guests. Employees need access to internal resources and guests only need access to the Internet. Which of the following combinations is BEST to meet the requirements? A. NAT and DMZ B. VPN and IPSec C. Switches and a firewall D. 802.1x and VLANs
D. To utilize single sign-on capabilities
LDAP and Kerberos are commonly used for which of the following? A. To perform queries on a directory service B. To store usernames and passwords for Federated Identity C. To sign SSL wildcard certificates for subdomains D. To utilize single sign-on capabilities
A. CSR
An administrator needs to renew a certificate for a web server. Which of the following should be submitted to a CA? A. CSR B. Recovery agent C. Private key D. CRL
D. Generate a new private key based on RSA.
An administrator needs to submit a new CSR to a CA. Which of the following is a valid FIRST step? A. Generate a new private key based on AES. B. Generate a new public key based on RSA. C. Generate a new public key based on AES. D. Generate a new private key based on RSA.
A. Implement a honeynet
The security team would like to gather intelligence about the types of attacks being launched against the organization. Which of the following would provide them with the MOST information? A. Implement a honeynet B. Perform a penetration test C. Examine firewall logs D. Deploy an IDS
B. Encryption and stronger access control
After recovering from a data breach in which customer data was lost, the legal team meets with the Chief Security Officer (CSO) to discuss ways to better protect the privacy of customer data. Which of the following controls support this goal? A. Contingency planning B. Encryption and stronger access control C. Hashing and non-repudiation D. Redundancy and fault tolerance
D. TLS
A security engineer, Joe, has been asked to create a secure connection between his mail server and the mail server of a business partner. Which of the following protocol would be MOST appropriate? A. HTTPS B. SSH C. FTP D. TLS
D. Create security groups for each folder and assign appropriate users to each group
A new network administrator is setting up a new file server for the company. Which of the following would be the BEST way to manage folder security? A. Assign users manually and perform regular user access reviews B. Allow read only access to all folders and require users to request permission C. Assign data owners to each folder and allow them to add individual users to each folder D. Create security groups for each folder and assign appropriate users to each group
B. SSH
A recent vulnerability scan found that Telnet is enabled on all network devices. Which of the following protocols should be used instead of Telnet? A. SCP B. SSH C. SFTP D. SSL
B. VLAN
A network engineer is setting up a network for a company. There is a BYOD policy for the employees so that they can connect their laptops and mobile devices. Which of the following technologies should be employed to separate the administrative network from the network in which all of the employees' devices are connected? A. VPN B. VLAN C. WPA2 D. MAC filtering
B. SFTP
A network administrator is asked to send a large file containing PII to a business associate. Which of the following protocols is the BEST choice to use? A. SSH B. SFTP C. SMTP D. FTP
C. Signature based
When performing the daily review of the system vulnerability scans of the network Joe, the administrator, noticed several security related vulnerabilities with an assigned vulnerability identification number. Joe researches the assigned vulnerability identification number from the vendor website. Joe proceeds with applying the recommended solution for identified vulnerability. Which of the following is the type of vulnerability described? A. Network based B. IDS C. Signature based D. Host based
C. Buffer overflow
A malicious individual is attempting to write too much data to an application's memory. Which of the following describes this type of attack? A. Zero-day B. SQL injection C. Buffer overflow D. XSRF
D. Diameter
Ann, a security administrator, wishes to replace their RADIUS authentication with a more secure protocol, which can utilize EAP. Which of the following would BEST fit her objective? A. CHAP B. SAML C. Kerberos D. Diameter
C. Lower the antenna's broadcasting power
Ann, a security administrator, has concerns regarding her company's wireless network. The network is open and available for visiting prospective clients in the conference room, but she notices that many more devices are connecting to the network than should be. Which of the following would BEST alleviate Ann's concerns with minimum disturbance of current functionality for clients? A. Enable MAC filtering on the wireless access point. B. Configure WPA2 encryption on the wireless access point. C. Lower the antenna's broadcasting power. D. Disable SSID broadcasting.
C. Multiple computers attacking a single target in an organized attempt to deplete its resources.
A distributed denial of service attack can BEST be described as: A. Invalid characters being entered into a field in a database application. B. Users attempting to input random or invalid data into fields within a web browser application. C. Multiple computers attacking a single target in an organized attempt to deplete its resources. D. Multiple attackers attempting to gain elevated privileges on a target system.
D. Hardening
Joe analyzed the following log and determined the security team should implement which of the following as a mitigation method against further attempts? Host 192.168.1.123 [00: 00: 01]Successful Login: 015 192.168.1.123 : local [00: 00: 03]Unsuccessful Login: 022 214.34.56.006 : RDP 192.168.1.124 [00: 00: 04]UnSuccessful Login: 010 214.34.56.006 : RDP 192.168.1.124 [00: 00: 07]UnSuccessful Login: 007 214.34.56.006 : RDP 192.168.1.124 [00: 00: 08]UnSuccessful Login: 003 214.34.56.006 : RDP 192.168.1.124 A. Reporting B. IDS C. Monitor system logs D. Hardening
A. Rogue access point
A computer supply company is located in a building with three wireless networks. The system security team implemented a quarterly security scan and saw the following. SSID State Channel Level Computer AreUs1 connected 1 70dbm Computer AreUs2 connected 5 80dbm Computer AreUs3 connected 3 75dbm Computer AreUs4 connected 6 95dbm Which of the following is this an example of? A. Rogue access point B. Near field communication C. Jamming D. Packet sniffing
A. A CRL
A systems administrator has implemented PKI on a classified government network. In the event that a disconnect occurs from the primary CA, which of the following should be accessible locally from every site to ensure users with bad certificates cannot gain access to the network? A. A CRL B. Make the RA available C. A verification authority D. A redundant CA
D. 802.1x
While configuring a new access layer switch, the administrator, Joe, was advised that he needed to make sure that only devices authorized to access the network would be permitted to login and utilize resources. Which of the following should the administrator implement to ensure this happens? A. Log Analysis B. VLAN Management C. Network separation D. 802.1x
C. SSH service should be disabled D. HTTP service should disabled
A vulnerability assessment indicates that a router can be accessed from default port 80 and default port 22. Which of the following should be executed on the router to prevent access via these ports? (Select TWO). A. FTP service should be disabled B. HTTPS service should be disabled C. SSH service should be disabled D. HTTP service should disabled E. Telnet service should be disabled
C. line vty 0 3 password Qwer++!Y line vty 4 password P@s5W0Rd
Results from a vulnerability analysis indicate that all enabled virtual terminals on a router can be accessed using the same password. The company's network device security policy mandates that at least one virtual terminal have a different password than the other virtual terminals. Which of the following sets of commands would meet this requirement? A. line vty 0 6 P@s5W0Rd password line vty 7 Qwer++!Y password B. line console 0 password password line vty 0 4 password P@s5W0Rd C. line vty 0 3 password Qwer++!Y line vty 4 password P@s5W0Rd D. line vty 0 3 password Qwer++!Y line console 0 password P@s5W0Rd
B. MD5 F. HMAC
Joe, an employee, was escorted from the company premises due to suspicion of revealing trade secrets to a competitor. Joe had already been working for two hours before leaving the premises. A security technician was asked to prepare a report of files that had changed since last night's integrity scan. Which of the following could the technician use to prepare the report? (Select TWO). A. PGP B. MD5 C. ECC D. AES E. Blowfish F. HMAC
D. Rule-based access control
Ann has read and write access to an employee database, while Joe has only read access. Ann is leaving for a conference. Which of the following types of authorization could be utilized to trigger write access for Joe when Ann is absent? A. Mandatory access control B. Role-based access control C. Discretionary access control D. Rule-based access control
A. Shared accounts should be prohibited.
Human Resources suspects an employee is accessing the employee salary database. The administrator is asked to find out who it is. In order to complete this task, which of the following is a security control that should be in place? A. Shared accounts should be prohibited. B. Account lockout should be enabled C. Privileges should be assigned to groups rather than individuals D. Time of day restrictions should be in use
C. Patch management
An administrator finds that non-production servers are being frequently compromised, production servers are rebooting at unplanned times and kernel versions are several releases behind the version with all current security fixes. Which of the following should the administrator implement? A. Snapshots B. Sandboxing C. Patch management D. Intrusion detection system
A. Disable unnecessary contractor accounts and inform the auditor of the update.
An auditor's report discovered several accounts with no activity for over 60 days. The accounts were later identified as contractors' accounts who would be returning in three months and would need to resume the activities. Which of the following would mitigate and secure the auditors finding? A. Disable unnecessary contractor accounts and inform the auditor of the update. B. Reset contractor accounts and inform the auditor of the update. C. Inform the auditor that the accounts belong to the contractors. D. Delete contractor accounts and inform the auditor of the update.
B. Fingerprint readers
Ann, the security administrator, wishes to implement multifactor security. Which of the following should be implemented in order to compliment password usage and smart cards? A. Hard tokens B. Fingerprint readers C. Swipe badge readers D. Passphrases
D. Encrypted TCP wrappers
Customers' credit card information was stolen from a popular video streaming company. A security consultant determined that the information was stolen, while in transit, from the gaming consoles of a particular vendor. Which of the following methods should the company consider to secure this data in the future? A. Application firewalls B. Manual updates C. Firmware version control D. Encrypted TCP wrappers
A. Group based privileges
A new intern was assigned to the system engineering department, which consists of the system architect and system software developer's teams. These two teams have separate privileges. The intern requires privileges to view the system architectural drawings and comment on some software development projects. Which of the following methods should the system administrator implement? A. Group based privileges B. Generic account prohibition C. User access review D. Credential management
C. Least privilege
One of the system administrators at a company is assigned to maintain a secure computer lab. The administrator has rights to configure machines, install software, and perform user account maintenance. However, the administrator cannot add new computers to the domain, because that requires authorization from the Information Assurance Officer. This is an example of which of the following? A. Mandatory access B. Rule-based access control C. Least privilege D. Job rotation
C. RAID
A small business needs to incorporate fault tolerance into their infrastructure to increase data availability. Which of the following options would be the BEST solution at a minimal cost? A. Clustering B. Mirrored server C. RAID D. Tape backup
C. Take a snapshot of the virtual server before installing the new application and store the snapshot in a secure location.
A new application needs to be deployed on a virtual server. The virtual server hosts a SQL server that is used by several employees. Which of the following is the BEST approach for implementation of the new application on the virtual server? A. Take a snapshot of the virtual server after installing the new application and store the snapshot in a secure location. B. Generate a baseline report detailing all installed applications on the virtualized server after installing the new application. C. Take a snapshot of the virtual server before installing the new application and store the snapshot in a secure location. D. Create an exact copy of the virtual server and store the copy on an external hard drive after installing the new application.
D. Ann's private key
Ann wants to send a file to Joe using PKI. Which of the following should Ann use in order to sign the file? A. Joe's public key B. Joe's private key C. Ann's public key D. Ann's private key
C. OCSP
Which of the following protocols is used to validate whether trust is in place and accurate by returning responses of either "good", "unknown", or "revoked"? A. CRL B. PKI C. OCSP D. RA
D. Deploy NIPS at the edge of the SCADA network
During a recent investigation, an auditor discovered that an engineer's compromised workstation was being used to connect to SCADA systems while the engineer was not logged in. The engineer is responsible for administering the SCADA systems and cannot be blocked from connecting to them. The SCADA systems cannot be modified without vendor approval which requires months of testing. Which of the following is MOST likely to protect the SCADA systems from misuse? A. Update anti-virus definitions on SCADA systems B. Audit accounts on the SCADA systems C. Install a firewall on the SCADA network D. Deploy NIPS at the edge of the SCADA network
D. WEP over EAP-PEAP
A security administrator must implement a network authentication solution which will ensure encryption of user credentials when users enter their username and password to authenticate to the network. Which of the following should the administrator implement? A. WPA2 over EAP-TTLS B. WPA-PSK C. WPA2 with WPS D. WEP over EAP-PEAP
D. Data loss prevention
Several employees have been printing files that include personally identifiable information of customers. Auditors have raised concerns about the destruction of these hard copies after they are created, and management has decided the best way to address this concern is by preventing these files from being printed. Which of the following would be the BEST control to implement? A. File encryption B. Printer hardening C. Clean desk policies D. Data loss prevention
C. Time of Day access control
The company's sales team plans to work late to provide the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) with a special report of sales before the quarter ends. After working for several hours, the team finds they cannot save or print the reports. Which of the following controls is preventing them from completing their work? A. Discretionary access control B. Role-based access control C. Time of Day access control D. Mandatory access control
A. PBKDF2 D. Bcrypt
A security engineer is asked by the company's development team to recommend the most secure method for password storage. Which of the following provide the BEST protection against brute forcing stored passwords? (Select TWO). A. PBKDF2 B. MD5 C. SHA2 D. Bcrypt E. AES F. CHAP
B. Hardware address filtering is blocking the device.
After entering the following information into a SOHO wireless router, a mobile device's user reports being unable to connect to the network: PERMIT 0A: D1: FA. B1: 03: 37 DENY 01: 33: 7F: AB: 10: AB Which of the following is preventing the device from connecting? A. WPA2-PSK requires a supplicant on the mobile device. B. Hardware address filtering is blocking the device. C. TCP/IP Port filtering has been implemented on the SOHO router. D. IP address filtering has disabled the device from connecting.
D. Application whitelisting
The call center supervisor has reported that many employees have been playing preinstalled games on company computers and this is reducing productivity. Which of the following would be MOST effective for preventing this behavior? A. Acceptable use policies B. Host-based firewalls C. Content inspection D. Application whitelisting
D. RSA
When creating a public / private key pair, for which of the following ciphers would a user need to specify the key strength? A. SHA B. AES C. DES D. RSA
A. ISA
A company has decided to move large data sets to a cloud provider in order to limit the costs of new infrastructure. Some of the data is sensitive and the Chief Information Officer wants to make sure both parties have a clear understanding of the controls needed to protect the data. Which of the following types of interoperability agreement is this? A. ISA B. MOU C. SLA D. BPA
D. Virtualization
Which of the following solutions provides the most flexibility when testing new security controls prior to implementation? A. Trusted OS B. Host software baselining C. OS hardening D. Virtualization
D. Kerberos
Which of the following authentication services requires the use of a ticket-granting ticket (TGT) server in order to complete the authentication process? A. TACACS+ B. Secure LDAP C. RADIUS D. Kerberos
C. Validating user input in web applications
Which of the following BEST describes a protective countermeasure for SQL injection? A. Eliminating cross-site scripting vulnerabilities B. Installing an IDS to monitor network traffic C. Validating user input in web applications D. Placing a firewall between the Internet and database servers
B. SSL
Which of the following MOST interferes with network-based detection techniques? A. Mime-encoding B. SSL C. FTP D. Anonymous email accounts
D. Issues and signs all root certificates
A certificate authority takes which of the following actions in PKI? A. Signs and verifies all infrastructure messages B. Issues and signs all private keys C. Publishes key escrow lists to CRLs D. Issues and signs all root certificates
A. Malicious code on the local system
Use of a smart card to authenticate remote servers remains MOST susceptible to which of the following attacks? A. Malicious code on the local system B. Shoulder surfing C. Brute force certificate cracking D. Distributed dictionary attacks
B. Changes to program code and the ability to deploy to production
Separation of duties is often implemented between developers and administrators in order to separate which of the following? A. More experienced employees from less experienced employees B. Changes to program code and the ability to deploy to production C. Upper level management users from standard development employees D. The network access layer from the application access layer
C. The request needs to be approved through the change management process
A security administrator needs to update the OS on all the switches in the company. Which of the following MUST be done before any actual switch configuration is performed? A. The request needs to be sent to the incident management team. B. The request needs to be approved through the incident management process. C. The request needs to be approved through the change management process. D. The request needs to be sent to the change management team.
D. Vishing
Jane, an individual, has recently been calling various financial offices pretending to be another person to gain financial information. Which of the following attacks is being described? A. Phishing B. Tailgating C. Pharming D. Vishing
D. Separation of duties
A user in the company is in charge of various financial roles but needs to prepare for an upcoming audit. They use the same account to access each financial system. Which of the following security controls will MOST likely be implemented within the company? A. Account lockout policy B. Account password enforcement C. Password complexity enabled D. Separation of duties
D. Public keys
A CRL is comprised of. A. Malicious IP addresses. B. Trusted CA's. C. Untrusted private keys. D. Public keys.
C. Trojan
Sara, a user, downloads a keygen to install pirated software. After running the keygen, system performance is extremely slow and numerous antivirus alerts are displayed. Which of the following BEST describes this type of malware? A. Logic bomb B. Worm C. Trojan D. Adware
B. RAID
Which of the following may significantly reduce data loss if multiple drives fail at the same time? A. Virtualization B. RAID C. Load balancing D. Server clustering
D. EMI shielding
Which of the following should be considered to mitigate data theft when using CAT5 wiring? A. CCTV B. Environmental monitoring C. Multimode fiber D. EMI shielding
C. Technical
To help prevent unauthorized access to PCs, a security administrator implements screen savers that lock the PC after five minutes of inactivity. Which of the following controls is being described in this situation? A. Management B. Administrative C. Technical D. Operational
B. Create a voice VLAN
Pete, a network administrator, is capturing packets on the network and notices that a large amount of the traffic on the LAN is SIP and RTP protocols. Which of the following should he do to segment that traffic from the other traffic? A. Connect the WAP to a different switch. B. Create a voice VLAN. C. Create a DMZ. D. Set the switch ports to 802.1q mode.
C. 10.4.4.165 D. 10.4.4.189
Which of the following IP addresses would be hosts on the same subnet given the subnet mask 255.255.255.224? (Select TWO). A. 10.4.4.125 B. 10.4.4.158 C. 10.4.4.165 D. 10.4.4.189 E. 10.4.4.199 Answer: C,D
B. MD5 C. SHA
Which of the following algorithms has well documented collisions? (Select TWO). A. AES B. MD5 C. SHA D. SHA-256 E. RSA
D. SSH
Which of the following is BEST used as a secure replacement for TELNET? A. HTTPS B. HMAC C. GPG D. SSH
A. Integrity
An email client says a digital signature is invalid and the sender cannot be verified. The recipient is concerned with which of the following concepts? A. Integrity B. Availability C. Confidentiality D. Remediation
D. Hot or cool aisle containment
Which of the following is an effective way to ensure the BEST temperature for all equipment within a datacenter? A. Fire suppression B. Raised floor implementation C. EMI shielding D. Hot or cool aisle containment
D. TLS
Which of the following transportation encryption protocols should be used to ensure maximum security between a web browser and a web server? A. SSLv2 B. SSHv1 C. RSA D. TLS
D. Change management
Developers currently have access to update production servers without going through an approval process. Which of the following strategies would BEST mitigate this risk? A. Incident management B. Clean desk policy C. Routine audits D. Change management
D. TFTP utilizes UDP and FTP uses TCP.
Which of the following is a difference between TFTP and FTP? A. TFTP is slower than FTP. B. TFTP is more secure than FTP. C. TFTP utilizes TCP and FTP uses UDP. D. TFTP utilizes UDP and FTP uses TCP.
B. Protocol analyzer
Matt, an administrator, notices a flood fragmented packet and retransmits from an email server. After disabling the TCP offload setting on the NIC, Matt sees normal traffic with packets flowing in sequence again. Which of the following utilities was he MOST likely using to view this issue? A. Spam filter B. Protocol analyzer C. Web application firewall D. Load balancer
A. Whaling
Which of the following is characterized by an attacker attempting to map out an organization's staff hierarchy in order to send targeted emails? A. Whaling B. Impersonation C. Privilege escalation D. Spear phishing
C. Vulnerability scan
Which of the following would a security administrator implement in order to discover comprehensive security threats on a network? A. Design reviews B. Baseline reporting C. Vulnerability scan D. Code review
A. Anti-virus identifies a benign application as malware
Which of the following is an example of a false positive? A. Anti-virus identifies a benign application as malware. B. A biometric iris scanner rejects an authorized user wearing a new contact lens. C. A user account is locked out after the user mistypes the password too many times. D. The IDS does not identify a buffer overflow.
B. Buffer overflow
Data execution prevention is a feature in most operating systems intended to protect against which type of attack? A. Cross-site scripting B. Buffer overflow C. Header manipulation D. SQL injection
D. Individual accountability
Use of group accounts should be minimized to ensure which of the following? A. Password security B. Regular auditing C. Baseline management D. Individual accountability
A. User permission reviews
Privilege creep among long-term employees can be mitigated by which of the following procedures? A. User permission reviews B. Mandatory vacations C. Separation of duties D. Job function rotation
C. A malicious CA certificate is loaded on all the clients
In which of the following scenarios is PKI LEAST hardened? A. The CRL is posted to a publicly accessible location B. The recorded time offsets are developed with symmetric keys. C. A malicious CA certificate is loaded on all the clients. D. All public keys are accessed by an unauthorized user.
A. IPSec
Configuring the mode, encryption methods, and security associations are part of which of the following? A. IPSec B. Full disk encryption nC. 802.1x D. PKI
B. Penetration test
Which of the following assessments would Pete, the security administrator, use to actively test that an application's security controls are in place? A. Code review B. Penetration test C. Protocol analyzer D. Vulnerability scan
B. Availability
A security administrator has just finished creating a hot site for the company. This implementation relates to which of the following concepts? A. Confidentiality B. Availability C. Succession planning D. Integrity
A. Take hashes D. Capture the system image
In the initial stages of an incident response, Matt, the security administrator, was provided the hard drives in QUESTION NO: from the incident manager. Which of the following incident response procedures would he need to perform in order to begin the analysis? (Select TWO). A. Take hashes B. Begin the chain of custody paperwork C. Take screen shots D. Capture the system image E. Decompile suspicious files
A. Root
Which of the following is used to certify intermediate authorities in a large PKI deployment? A. Root CA B. Recovery agent C. Root user D. Key escrow
B. CA
Which of the following components MUST be trusted by all parties in PKI? A. Key escrow B. CA C. Private key D. Recovery key
B. Internal memory D. Removable memory cards
Which of the following should Matt, a security administrator, include when encrypting smartphones? (Select TWO). A. Steganography images B. Internal memory C. Master boot records D. Removable memory cards
B. Input validation
Which of the following is the below pseudo-code an example of? IF VARIABLE (CONTAINS NUMBERS = TRUE) THEN EXIT A. Buffer overflow prevention B. Input validation C. CSRF prevention D. Cross-site scripting prevention
B. TACACS+
A system administrator is using a packet sniffer to troubleshoot remote authentication. The administrator detects a device trying to communicate to TCP port 49. Which of the following authentication methods is MOST likely being attempted? A. RADIUS B. TACACS+ C. Kerberos D. LDAP
B. SSL C. WEP
Which of the following can use RC4 for encryption? (Select TWO). A. CHAP B. SSL C. WEP D. AES E. 3DES
C. RPO
Which of the following defines a business goal for system restoration and acceptable data loss? A. MTTR B. MTBF C. RPO D. Warm site
A. Transitive trust
If Organization A trusts Organization B and Organization B trusts Organization C, then Organization A trusts Organization C. Which of the following PKI concepts is this describing? A. Transitive trust B. Public key trust C. Certificate authority trust D. Domain level trust
D. Succession planning
Which of the following concepts is BEST described as developing a new chain of command in the event of a contingency? A. Business continuity planning B. Continuity of operations C. Business impact analysis D. Succession planning
A. Recovery agent
Which of the following allows a company to maintain access to encrypted resources when employee turnover is high? A. Recovery agent B. Certificate authority C. Trust model D. Key escrow
B. Cable locks
Which of the following devices will help prevent a laptop from being removed from a certain location? A. Device encryption B. Cable locks C. GPS tracking D. Remote data wipes
B. FTPS
Which of the following is the MOST secure protocol to transfer files? A. FTP B. FTPS C. SSH D. TELNET
D. Anomaly based IDS
Suspicious traffic without a specific signature was detected. Under further investigation, it was determined that these were false indicators. Which of the following security devices needs to be configured to disable future false alarms? A. Signature based IPS B. Signature based IDS C. Application based IPS D. Anomaly based IDS
C. Warning banners
A company storing data on a secure server wants to ensure it is legally able to dismiss and prosecute staff who intentionally access the server via Telnet and illegally tamper with customer data. Which of the following administrative controls should be implemented to BEST achieve this? A. Command shell restrictions B. Restricted interface C. Warning banners D. Session output pipe to /dev/null
C. TLS
Which of the following protocols is used to authenticate the client and server's digital certificate? A. PEAP B. DNS C. TLS D. ICMP
D. Strong passwords
Which of the following can be used to mitigate risk if a mobile device is lost? A. Cable lock B. Transport encryption C. Voice encryption D. Strong passwords
B. Clean desk policy
Which of the following security concepts would Sara, the security administrator, use to mitigate the risk of data loss? A. Record time offset B. Clean desk policy C. Cloud computing D. Routine log review
A. Credit card and PIN
Which of the following is an example of multifactor authentication? A. Credit card and PIN B. Username and password C. Password and PIN D. Fingerprint and retina scan
B. Proper input validation
After Matt, a user, enters his username and password at the login screen of a web enabled portal, the following appears on his screen: `Please only use letters and numbers on these fields' Which of the following is this an example of? A. Proper error handling B. Proper input validation C. Improper input validation D. Improper error handling
D. Proxies E. Firewall G. URL filtering
Which of the following should the security administrator implement to limit web traffic based on country of origin? (Select THREE). A. Spam filter B. Load balancer C. Antivirus D. Proxies E. Firewall F. NIDS G. URL filtering
A. Dumpster diving
Several bins are located throughout a building for secure disposal of sensitive information. Which of the following does this prevent? A. Dumpster diving B. War driving C. Tailgating D. War chalking
C. Initial baseline configuration
Matt, a developer, recently attended a workshop on a new application. The developer installs the new application on a production system to test the functionality. Which of the following is MOST likely affected? A. Application design B. Application security C. Initial baseline configuration D. Management of interfaces
D. Security awareness training
Sara, a company's security officer, often receives reports of unauthorized personnel having access codes to the cipher locks of secure areas in the building. Sara should immediately implement which of the following? A. Acceptable Use Policy B. Physical security controls C. Technical controls D. Security awareness training
C. NIPS
Mike, a network administrator, has been asked to passively monitor network traffic to the company's sales websites. Which of the following would be BEST suited for this task? A. HIDS B. Firewall C. NIPS D. Spam
A. War dialing
Mike, a security professional, is tasked with actively verifying the strength of the security controls on a company's live modem pool. Which of the following activities is MOST appropriate? A. War dialing B. War chalking C. War driving D. Bluesnarfing
B. DNS
Users at a company report that a popular news website keeps taking them to a web page with derogatory content. This is an example of which of the following? A. Evil twin B. DNS poisoningC. Vishing D. Session hijacking
B. Non-repudiation
An encrypted message is sent using PKI from Sara, a client, to a customer. Sara claims she never sent the message. Which of the following aspects of PKI BEST ensures the identity of the sender? A. CRL B. Non-repudiation C. Trust models D. Recovery agents
A. HIPS
Jane, a security administrator, has observed repeated attempts to break into a server. Which of the following is designed to stop an intrusion on a specific server? A. HIPS B. NIDS C. HIDS D. NIPS
C. Create a virtual switch
Matt, the IT Manager, wants to create a new network available to virtual servers on the same hypervisor, and does not want this network to be routable to the firewall. How could this BEST be accomplished? A. Create a VLAN without a default gateway. B. Remove the network from the routing table. C. Create a virtual switch. D. Commission a stand-alone switch.
C. Mandatory Access Control
A security administrator implements access controls based on the security classification of the data and need-to-know information. Which of the following BEST describes this level of access control? A. Implicit deny B. Role-based Access Control C. Mandatory Access Control D. Least privilege
B. 21
A security administrator has configured FTP in passive mode. Which of the following ports should the security administrator allow on the firewall by default? A. 20 B. 21 C. 22 D. 23
C. HTTPS://127.0.01 was used instead of HTTPS://localhost
Which of the following could cause a browser to display the message below? "The security certificate presented by this website was issued for a different website's address." A. The website certificate was issued by a different CA than what the browser recognizes in its trusted CAs. B. The website is using a wildcard certificate issued for the company's domain. C. HTTPS://127.0.01 was used instead of HTTPS://localhost. D. The website is using an expired self signed certificate.
A. Availability
A company that purchased an HVAC system for the datacenter is MOST concerned with which of the following? A. Availability B. Integrity C. Confidentiality D. Fire suppression
C. If program module crashes, then restart program module
Which of the following pseudocodes can be used to handle program exceptions? A. If program detects another instance of itself, then kill program instance. B. If user enters invalid input, then restart program. C. If program module crashes, then restart program module. D. If user's input exceeds buffer length, then truncate the input.
B. Load balancing
Which of the following technologies uses multiple devices to share work? A. Switching B. Load balancing C. RAID D. VPN concentrator
B. HTTPS
Which of the following protocols uses an asymmetric key to open a session and then establishes a symmetric key for the remainder of the session? A. SFTP B. HTTPS C. TFTP D. TLS
B. Bluejacking
Which of the following describes how Sara, an attacker, can send unwanted advertisements to a mobile device? A. Man-in-the-middle B. Bluejacking C. Bluesnarfing D. Packet sniffing
B. Recovery agent D. Key escrow
Pete, an employee, is terminated from the company and the legal department needs documents from his encrypted hard drive. Which of the following should be used to accomplish this task? (Select TWO). A. Private hash B. Recovery agent C. Public key D. Key escrow E. CRL
C. Change management
Which of the following mitigation strategies is established to reduce risk when performing updates to business critical systems? A. Incident management B. Server clustering C. Change management D. Forensic analysis
B. Clustering
Which of the following can Pete, a security administrator, use to distribute the processing effort when generating hashes for a password cracking program? A. RAID B. Clustering C. Redundancy D. Virtualization
C. Capture system image
Which of the following should Jane, a security administrator, perform before a hard drive is analyzed with forensics tools? A. Identify user habits B. Disconnect system from network C. Capture system image D. Interview witnesses
A. Placement of antenna
Jane, an administrator, needs to make sure the wireless network is not accessible from the parking area of their office. Which of the following would BEST help Jane when deploying a new access point? A. Placement of antenna B. Disabling the SSID C. Implementing WPA2 D. Enabling the MAC filtering
A. Implement WPA
Which of the following allows Pete, a security technician, to provide the MOST secure wireless implementation? A. Implement WPA B. Disable SSID C. Adjust antenna placement D. Implement WEP
B. Written security policy
Which of the following is a management control? A. Logon banners B. Written security policy C. SYN attack prevention D. Access Control List (ACL)
C. Containment strategies
Which of the following security strategies allows a company to limit damage to internal systems and provides loss control? A. Restoration and recovery strategies B. Deterrent strategies C. Containment strategies D. Detection strategies
B. Single factor
In order for Sara, a client, to logon to her desktop computer, she must provide her username, password, and a four digit PIN. Which of the following authentication methods is Sara using? A. Three factor B. Single factor C. Two factor D. Four factor
D. Shoulder surfing
Using proximity card readers instead of the traditional key punch doors would help to mitigate: A. Impersonation B. Tailgating C. Dumpster diving D. Shoulder surfing
B. Buffer overflow
Which of the following application attacks is used to gain access to SEH? A. Cookie stealing B. Buffer overflow C. Directory traversal D. XML injection
D. RADIUS
Which of the following is an authentication service that uses UDP as a transport medium?A. TACACS+ B. LDAP C. Kerberos D. RADIUS
C. Remote wipe F. Device encryption
Which of the following can be used on a smartphone to BEST protect against sensitive data loss if the device is stolen? (Select TWO). A. Tethering B. Screen lock PIN C. Remote wipe D. Email password E. GPS tracking F. Device encryption
B. Honeynet
Jane, a security analyst, is reviewing logs from hosts across the Internet which her company uses to gather data on new malware. Which of the following is being implemented by Jane's company? A. Vulnerability scanner B. Honeynet C. Protocol analyzer D. Port scanner
D. Mandatory Vacations
Which of the following should Pete, a security manager, implement to reduce the risk ofemployees working in collusion to embezzle funds from their company? A. Privacy Policy B. Least Privilege C. Acceptable Use D. Mandatory Vacations
D. Anti-spyware software
Which of the following will allow Pete, a security analyst, to trigger a security alert because of a tracking cookie? A. Network based firewall B. Anti-spam software C. Host based firewall D. Anti-spyware software
C. SFTP D. SCP
Which of the following protocols allows for secure transfer of files? (Select TWO). A. ICMP B. SNMP C. SFTP D. SCP E. TFTP
B. Mytr@in!!
Which of the following passwords is the LEAST complex? A. MyTrain!45 B. Mytr@in!! C. MyTr@in12 D. MyTr@in#8
B. 22 C. 23 F. SSH J. Telnet
During a penetration test from the Internet, Jane, the system administrator, was able to establish a connection to an internal router, but not successfully log in to it. Which ports and protocols are MOST likely to be open on the firewall? (Select FOUR). A. 21 B. 22 C. 23 D. 69 E. 3389 F. SSH G. Terminal services H. Rlogin I. Rsync J. Telnet
A. Error and exception handling
Which of the following is an application security coding problem? A. Error and exception handling B. Patch management C. Application hardening D. Application fuzzing
D. Implement OS hardening by applying GPOs.
An IT security technician needs to establish host based security for company workstations. Which of the following will BEST meet this requirement? A. Implement IIS hardening by restricting service accounts. B. Implement database hardening by applying vendor guidelines. C. Implement perimeter firewall rules to restrict access. D. Implement OS hardening by applying GPOs.
D. IT Contingency Plan
Which of the following is the MOST specific plan for various problems that can arise within a system? A. Business Continuity Plan B. Continuity of Operation Plan C. Disaster Recovery Plan D. IT Contingency Plan
D. The WEP key is stored with a very small pool of random numbers to make the cipher text. As the random numbers are often reused it becomes easy to derive the remaining WEP key.
Which of the following BEST describes the weakness in WEP encryption?A. The initialization vector of WEP uses a crack-able RC4 encryption algorithm.Once enough packets are captured an XOR operation can be performed and the asymmetric keys can be derived. B. The WEP key is stored in plain text and split in portions across 224 packets of random data. Once enough packets are sniffed the IV portion of the packets can be removed leaving the plain text key. C. The WEP key has a weak MD4 hashing algorithm used. A simple rainbow table can be used to generate key possibilities due to MD4 collisions. D. The WEP key is stored with a very small pool of random numbers to make the cipher text. As the random numbers are often reused it becomes easy to derive the remaining WEP key.
D. Transfer the risk saving $5,000.
Sara, the Chief Security Officer (CSO), has had four security breaches during the past two years. Each breach has cost the company $3,000. A third party vendor has offered to repair the security hole in the system for $25,000. The breached system is scheduled to be replaced in five years. Which of the following should Sara do to address the risk? A. Accept the risk saving $10,000. B. Ignore the risk saving $5,000. C. Mitigate the risk saving $10,000. D. Transfer the risk saving $5,000.
C. TACACS+
Which of the following is an authentication and accounting service that uses TCP for connecting to routers and switches? A. DIAMETER B. RADIUS C. TACACS+ D. Kerberos
A. Input validation
Which of the following can BEST help prevent cross-site scripting attacks and buffer overflows on a production system? A. Input validation B. Network intrusion detection system C. Anomaly-based HIDS D. Peer review
B. Mantrap
Pete, an IT Administrator, needs to secure his server room. Which of the following mitigation methods would provide the MOST physical protection? A. Sign in and sign out logs B. Mantrap C. Video surveillance D. HVAC
C. HVAC
Which of the following should be connected to the fire alarm system in order to help prevent the spread of a fire in a server room without data loss to assist in an FM-200 deployment? A. Water base sprinkler system B. Electrical C. HVAC D. Video surveillance
B. RAID
Matt, a security consultant, has been tasked with increasing server fault tolerance and has been given no budget to accomplish his task. Which of the following can Matt implement to ensure servers will withstand hardware failure? A. Hardware load balancing B. RAID C. A cold site D. A host standby
A. FM-200
Which of the following fire suppression systems is MOST likely used in a datacenter? A. FM-200 B. Dry-pipe C. Wet-pipe D. Vacuum
C. Kerberos
A security administrator has installed a new KDC for the corporate environment. Which of the following authentication protocols is the security administrator planning to implement across the organization? A. LDAP B. RADIUS C. Kerberos D. XTACACS
B. Buffer overflow
While opening an email attachment, Pete, a customer, receives an error that the application has encountered an unexpected issue and must be shut down. This could be an example of which of the following attacks? A. Cross-site scripting B. Buffer overflow C. Header manipulation D. Directory traversal
A. Vulnerability assessment
Jane has recently implemented a new network design at her organization and wishes to passively identify security issues with the new network. Which of the following should Jane perform? A. Vulnerability assessment B. Black box testing C. White box testing D. Penetration testing
A. Rule based access control
A security technician is working with the network firewall team to implement access controls at the company's demarc as part of the initiation of configuration management processes. One of the network technicians asks the security technician to explain the access control type found in a firewall. With which of the following should the security technician respond? A. Rule based access control B. Role based access control C. Discretionary access control D. Mandatory access control
A. Kerberos
Jane, a security administrator, has been tasked with explaining authentication services to the company's management team. The company runs an active directory infrastructure. Which of the following solutions BEST relates to the host authentication protocol within the company's
environment? A. Kerberos B. Least privilege C. TACACS+ D. LDAP
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B. A host-based firewall
Pete, the compliance manager, wants to meet regulations. Pete would like certain ports blocked only on all computers that do credit card transactions. Which of the following should Pete implement to BEST achieve this goal? A. A host-based intrusion prevention system B. A host-based firewall C. Antivirus update system D. A network-based intrusion detection system
C. URL content filter
Pete, the system administrator, wants to restrict access to advertisements, games, and gambling web sites. Which of the following devices would BEST achieve this goal? A. Firewall B. Switch C. URL content filter D. Spam filter
D. Install a proxy server
Pete, the system administrator, wishes to monitor and limit users' access to external websites. Which of the following would BEST address this? A. Block all traffic on port 80. B. Implement NIDS. C. Use server load balancers. D. Install a proxy server.
A. PAT
Sara, the security administrator, must configure the corporate firewall to allow all public IP addresses on the internal interface of the firewall to be translated to one public IP address on the external interface of the same firewall. Which of the following should Sara configure? A. PAT B. NAP C. DNAT D. NAC
C. ECC
Matt, a security analyst, needs to select an asymmetric encryption method that allows for the same level of encryption strength with a lower key length than is typically necessary. Which of the following encryption methods offers this capability? A. Twofish B. Diffie-Hellman C. ECC D. RSA
B. $3,750
Sara, a security analyst, is trying to prove to management what costs they could incur if their customer database was breached. This database contains 250 records with PII. Studies show that the cost per record for a breach is $300. The likelihood that their database would be breached in the next year is only 5%. Which of the following is the ALE that Sara should report to management for a security breach? A. $1,500 B. $3,750 C. $15,000 D. $75,000
D. Fuzzing.
Methods to test the responses of software and web applications to unusual or unexpected inputs is known as: A. Brute force. B. HTML encoding. C. Web crawling. D. Fuzzing.
C. TCP 22
Pete needs to open ports on the firewall to allow for secure transmission of files. Which of the following ports should be opened on the firewall? A. TCP 23 B. UDP 69 C. TCP 22 D. TCP 21
C. Clustering
Sara, a security architect, has developed a framework in which several authentication servers work together to increase processing power for an application. Which of the following does this represent? A. Warm site B. Load balancing C. Clustering D. RAID
C. The Ethernet card must be placed in promiscuous mode.
Which statement is TRUE about the operation of a packet sniffer? A. It can only have one interface on a management network. B. They are required for firewall operation and stateful inspection. C. The Ethernet card must be placed in promiscuous mode. D. It must be placed on a single virtual LAN interface.
C. deny tcp any any port 53
Which of the following firewall rules only denies DNS zone transfers? A. deny udp any any port 53 B. deny ip any any C. deny tcp any any port 53 D. deny all dns packets
D. Hardware encryption is faster than software encryption.
Which of the following BEST explains the use of an HSM within the company servers? A. Thumb drives present a significant threat which is mitigated by HSM. B. Software encryption can perform multiple functions required by HSM. C. Data loss by removable media can be prevented with DLP. D. Hardware encryption is faster than software encryption.
D. Cloud computing
Which of the following technologies can store multi-tenant data with different security requirements? A. Data loss prevention B. Trusted platform module C. Hard drive encryption D. Cloud computing
B. Matt should implement DLP and encrypt the company database
Matt, a security analyst, needs to implement encryption for company data and also prevent theft of company data. Where and how should Matt meet this requirement? A. Matt should implement access control lists and turn on EFS. B. Matt should implement DLP and encrypt the company database. C. Matt should install Truecrypt and encrypt the company server. D. Matt should install TPMs and encrypt the company database.
A. Mobile device encryption
Which of the following types of encryption will help in protecting files on a PED? A. Mobile device encryption B. Transport layer encryption C. Encrypted hidden container D. Database encryption
B. Clear text access
Which of the following does full disk encryption prevent? A. Client side attacks B. Clear text access C. Database theft D. Network-based attacks
B. Tell the application development manager to code the application to adhere to the company's password policy
Pete, a security analyst, has been informed that the development team has plans to develop an application which does not meet the company's password policy. Which of the following should Pete do NEXT? A. Contact the Chief Information Officer and ask them to change the company password policy so that the application is made compliant. B. Tell the application development manager to code the application to adhere to the company's password policy. C. Ask the application development manager to submit a risk acceptance memo so that the issue can be documented. D. Inform the Chief Information Officer of non-adherence to the security policy so that the developers can be reprimanded.
A. A recent security breach in which passwords were cracked
Sara, a security manager, has decided to force expiration of all company passwords by the close of business day. Which of the following BEST supports this reasoning? A. A recent security breach in which passwords were cracked. B. Implementation of configuration management processes. C. Enforcement of password complexity requirements. D. Implementation of account lockout procedures.
A. MAC
Which of the following presents the STRONGEST access control? A. MAC B. TACACS C. DAC D. RBAC
A. Configuration management
Which of the following encompasses application patch management? A. Configuration management B. Policy management C. Cross-site request forgery D. Fuzzing
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A. Buffer overflow
Sara, an application developer, implemented error and exception handling alongside input validation. Which of the following does this help prevent? A. Buffer overflow B. Pop-up blockers C. Cross-site scripting D. Fuzzing
D. Hard drive
Which of the following is the LEAST volatile when performing incident response procedures? A. Registers B. RAID cache C. RAM D. Hard drive
A. Gray Box Testing
Pete, a developer, writes an application. Jane, the security analyst, knows some things about the overall application but does not have all the details. Jane needs to review the software before it is released to production. Which of the following reviews should Jane conduct? A. Gray Box Testing B. Black Box Testing C. Business Impact Analysis D. White Box Testing
D. Cognitive passwords attacks
The information security team does a presentation on social media and advises the participants not to provide too much personal information on social media web sites. This advice would BEST protect people from which of the following? A. Rainbow tables attacks B. Brute force attacks C. Birthday attacks D. Cognitive passwords attacks
B. Impersonation
Pete's corporation has outsourced help desk services to a large provider. Management has published a procedure that requires all users, when receiving support, to call a special number. Users then need to enter the code provided to them by the help desk technician prior to allowing the technician to work on their PC. Which of the following does this procedure prevent? A. Collusion B. Impersonation C. Pharming D. Transitive Access
D. Rogue access point
Pete, the security engineer, would like to prevent wireless attacks on his network. Pete has implemented a security control to limit the connecting MAC addresses to a single port. Which of the following wireless attacks would this address? A. Interference B. Man-in-the-middle C. ARP poisoning D. Rogue access point
A. AES
Which of the following can be implemented with multiple bit strength? A. AES B. DES C. SHA-1 D. MD5 E. MD4
B. Protection against malware introduced by banner ads
Pete, the system administrator, has blocked users from accessing social media web sites. In addition to protecting company information from being accidentally leaked, which additional security benefit does this provide? A. No competition with the company's official social presence B. Protection against malware introduced by banner ads C. Increased user productivity based upon fewer distractions D. Elimination of risks caused by unauthorized P2P file sharing
A. Use hardware already at an offsite location and configure it to be quickly utilized
Pete, the system administrator, is reviewing his disaster recovery plans. He wishes to limit the downtime in the event of a disaster, but does not have the budget approval to implement or maintain an offsite location that ensures 99.99% availability. Which of the following would be Pete's BEST option? A. Use hardware already at an offsite location and configure it to be quickly utilized. B. Move the servers and data to another part of the company's main campus from the server room. C. Retain data back-ups on the main campus and establish redundant servers in a virtual environment. D. Move the data back-ups to the offsite location, but retain the hardware on the main campus for redundancy.
A. Block cipher
A network stream needs to be encrypted. Sara, the network administrator, has selected a cipher which will encrypt 8 bits at a time before sending the data across the network. Which of the following has Sara selected? A. Block cipher B. Stream cipher C. CRC D. Hashing algorithm
B. Perform routine user permission reviews.
Which of the following is the BEST approach to perform risk mitigation of user access control rights? A. Conduct surveys and rank the results. B. Perform routine user permission reviews. C. Implement periodic vulnerability scanning. D. Disable user accounts that have not been used within the last two weeks.
A. Hardware security module
Which of the following devices is BEST suited for servers that need to store private keys? A. Hardware security module B. Hardened network firewall C. Solid state disk drive D. Hardened host firewall
B. RC4
All of the following are valid cryptographic hash functions EXCEPT: A. RIPEMD. B. RC4. C. SHA-512. D. MD4.
A. It mitigates buffer overflow attacks.
In regards to secure coding practices, why is input validation important? A. It mitigates buffer overflow attacks. B. It makes the code more readable. C. It provides an application configuration baseline. D. It meets gray box testing standards.
D. TPM
Which of the following would be used when a higher level of security is desired for encryption key storage? A. TACACS+ B. L2TP C. LDAP D. TPM
D. Security
A security administrator needs to determine which system a particular user is trying to login to at various times of the day. Which of the following log types would the administrator check? A. Firewall B. Application C. IDS D. Security
C. CRL
Which of the following MUST be updated immediately when an employee is terminated to prevent unauthorized access? A. Registration B. CA C. CRL D. Recovery agent
A. Smartcard
Employee badges are encoded with a private encryption key and specific personal information. The encoding is then used to provide access to the network. Which of the following describes this access control type? A. Smartcard B. Token C. Discretionary access control D. Mandatory access control
A. Firewall
Which of the following devices would MOST likely have a DMZ interface? A. Firewall B. Switch C. Load balancer D. Proxy
A. Fuzzing
Which of the following application security testing techniques is implemented when an automated system generates random input data? A. Fuzzing B. XSRF C. Hardening D. Input validation
C. Brute force
Which of the following can be used by a security administrator to successfully recover a user's forgotten password on a password protected file? A. Cognitive password B. Password sniffing C. Brute force D. Social engineering
C. Password cracker
A security administrator wants to check user password complexity. Which of the following is the BEST tool to use? A. Password history B. Password logging C. Password cracker D. Password hashing
A. Client authentication . D. Code signing
Certificates are used for: (Select TWO). A. Client authentication. B. WEP encryption. C. Access control lists. D. Code signing. E. Password hashing.
C. TPM
Which of the following is a hardware based encryption device? A. EFS B. TrueCrypt C. TPM D. SLE
A. Password complexity policy
When Ann an employee returns to work and logs into her workstation she notices that, several desktop configuration settings have changed. Upon a review of the CCTV logs, it is determined that someone logged into Ann's workstation. Which of the following could have prevented this from happening? A. Password complexity policy B. User access reviews C. Shared account prohibition policy D. User assigned permissions policy
A. WPA with TKIP
A security administrator discovered that all communication over the company's encrypted wireless network is being captured by savvy employees with a wireless sniffing tool and is then being decrypted in an attempt to steal other employee's credentials. Which of the following technology is MOST likely in use on the company's wireless? A. WPA with TKIP B. VPN over open wireless C. WEP128-PSK D. WPA2-Enterprise
C. Sandbox
An administrator is building a development environment and requests that three virtual servers are cloned and placed in a new virtual network isolated from the production network. Which of the following describes the environment the administer is building? A. Cloud B. Trusted C. Sandbox D. Snapshot
A. Asset tracking D. Device encryption
The chief Risk officer is concerned about the new employee BYOD device policy and has requested the security department implement mobile security controls to protect corporate data in the event that a device is lost or stolen. The level of protection must not be compromised even if the communication SIM is removed from the device. Which of the following BEST meets the requirements? (Select TWO) A. Asset tracking B. Screen-locks C. GEO-Tracking D. Device encryption
D. Implement port security on the switches
An administrator needs to connect a router in one building to a router in another using Ethernet. Each router is connected to a managed switch and the switches are connected to each other via a fiber line. Which of the following should be configured to prevent unauthorized devices from connecting to the network? A. Configure each port on the switches to use the same VLAN other than the default one B. Enable VTP on both switches and set to the same domain C. Configure only one if the routers to run DHCP services D. Implement port security on the switches
A. Hot and cold aisles
The datacenter design team is implementing a system, which requires all servers installed in racks to face in a predetermined direction. AN infrared camera will be used to verify that servers are properly racked. Which of the following datacenter elements is being designed? A. Hot and cold aisles B. Humidity control C. HVAC system D. EMI shielding
B. System image capture
Computer evidence at a crime is preserved by making an exact copy of the hard disk. Which of the following does this illustrate? A. Taking screenshots B. System image capture C. Chain of custody D. Order of volatility
B. Bluejacking
Joe, an employee is taking a taxi through a busy city and starts to receive unsolicited files sent to his Smartphone. Which of the following is this an example of? A. Vishing B. Bluejacking C. War Driving D. SPIM E. Bluesnarfing
B. Hashing
Which of the following concepts is used by digital signatures to ensure integrity of the data? A. Non-repudiation B. Hashing C. Transport encryption D. Key escrow
A. DLP
An employee recently lost a USB drive containing confidential customer data. Which of the following controls could be utilized to minimize the risk involved with the use of USB drives? A. DLP B. Asset tracking C. HSM D. Access control
A. Symmetric
A company uses PGP to ensure that sensitive email is protected. Which of the following types of cryptography is being used here for the key exchange? A. Symmetric B. Session-based C. Hashing D. Asymmetric
D. Threats X vulnerability X asset value
An IT security manager is asked to provide the total risk to the business. Which of the following calculations would he security manager choose to determine total risk? A. (Threats X vulnerability X asset value) x controls gap B. (Threats X vulnerability X profit) x asset value C. Threats X vulnerability X control gap D. Threats X vulnerability X asset value
A. Ensure the vulnerability scanner is located in a segmented VLAN that has access to the company's servers
Joe a company's new security specialist is assigned a role to conduct monthly vulnerability scans across the network. He notices that the scanner is returning a large amount of false positives or failed audits. Which of the following should Joe recommend to remediate these issues? A. Ensure the vulnerability scanner is located in a segmented VLAN that has access to the company's servers B. Ensure the vulnerability scanner is configure to authenticate with a privileged account C. Ensure the vulnerability scanner is attempting to exploit the weaknesses it discovers D. Ensure the vulnerability scanner is conducting antivirus scanning
D. Role based access control
A user reports being unable to access a file on a network share. The security administrator determines that the file is marked as confidential and that the user does not have the appropriate access level for that file. Which of the following is being implemented? A. Mandatory access control B. Discretionary access control C. Rule based access control D. Role based access control
B. Exchanging VPN keys between each data center vs an SSL connection and transferring the data in the VPN
A large corporation has data centers geographically distributed across multiple continents. The company needs to securely transfer large amounts of data between the data center. The data transfer can be accomplished physically or electronically, but must prevent eavesdropping while the data is on transit. Which of the following represents the BEST cryptographic solution? A. Driving a van full of Micro SD cards from data center to data center to transfer data B. Exchanging VPN keys between each data center vs an SSL connection and transferring the data in the VPN C. Using a courier to deliver symmetric VPN keys to each data center and transferring data in theVPN D. Using PKI to encrypt each file and transferring them via an Internet based FTP or cloud server
D. ECDHE
An administrator has two servers and wants them to communicate with each other using a secure algorithm. Which of the following choose to provide both CRC integrity checks and RCA encryption? A. NTLM B. RSA C. CHAP D. ECDHE
A. Screen-lock
A small company has recently purchased cell phones for managers to use while working outside if the office. The company does not currently have a budget for mobile device management and is primarily concerned with deterring leaks if sensitive information obtained by unauthorized access to unattended phones. Which of the following would provide the solution BEST meets the company's requirements? A. Screen-lock B. Disable removable storage C. Full device encryption D. Remote wiping
D. The default block page on the YRL filter
The administrator receives a call from an employee named Joe. Joe says the Internet is down and he is receiving a blank page when typing to connect to a popular sports website. The administrator asks Joe to try visiting a popular search engine site, which Joe reports as successful. Joe then says that he can get to the sports site on this phone. Which of the following might the administrator need to configure? A. The access rules on the IDS B. The pop up blocker in the employee's browser C. The sensitivity level of the spam filter D. The default block page on the YRL filter
A. Reduce the power level of the AP on the network segment
After reviewing the firewall logs of her organization's wireless Aps, Ann discovers an unusually high amount of failed authentication attempts in a particular segment of the building. She remembers that a new business moved into the office space across the street. Which of the following would be the BEST option to begin addressing the issue? A. Reduce the power level of the AP on the network segment B. Implement MAC filtering on the AP of the affected segment C. Perform a site survey to see what has changed on the segment D. Change the WPA2 encryption key of the AP in the affected segment
C. Cross-site script
A security administrator looking through IDS logs notices the following entry: (where email=joe@joe.com and passwd= 'or 1==1') Which of the following attacks had the administrator discovered? A. SQL injection B. XML injection C. Cross-site script D. Header manipulation
D. WPA2-Enterprise
A security administrator must implement a wireless security system, which will require users to enter a 30 character ASCII password on their clients. Additionally the system must support 3DS wireless encryption. Which of the following should be implemented? A. WPA2-CCMP with 802.1X B. WPA2-PSK C. WPA2-CCMP D. WPA2-Enterprise
C. Personal Identifiable Information
Ann a technician received a spear-phishing email asking her to update her personal information by clicking the link within the body of the email. Which of the following type of training would prevent Ann and other employees from becoming victims to such attacks? A. User Awareness B. Acceptable Use Policy C. Personal Identifiable Information D. Information Sharing
C. TPM
A company wants to ensure that all aspects if data are protected when sending to other sites within the enterprise. Which of the following would ensure some type of encryption is performed while data is in transit? A. SSH B. SHA1 C. TPM D. MD5
C. Encrypted files are much larger than unencrypted files
A database administrator would like to start encrypting database exports stored on the SAN, but the storage administrator warms that this may drastically increase the amount of disk space used by the exports. Which of the following explains the reason for the increase in disk space usage? A. Deduplication is not compatible with encryption B. The exports are being stored on smaller SAS drives C. Encrypted files are much larger than unencrypted files D. The SAN already uses encryption at rest
C. Logic bomb
The Chief Information Officer (CIO) receives an anonymous threatening message that says "beware of the 1st of the year". The CIO suspects the message may be from a former disgruntled employee planning an attack. Which of the following should the CIO be concerned with? A. Smurf Attack B. Trojan C. Logic bomb D. Virus
A. Role-based access control
Joe Has read and write access to his own home directory. Joe and Ann are collaborating on a project, and Joe would like to give Ann write access to one particular file in this home directory. Which of the following types of access control would this reflect? A. Role-based access control B. Rule-based access control C. Mandatory access control D. Discretionary access control
C. Replay
Which of the following attacks could be used to initiate a subsequent man-in-the-middle attack? A. ARP poisoning B. DoS C. Replay D. Brute force
B. Zero-day
Which of the following can only be mitigated through the use of technical controls rather that user security training? A. Shoulder surfing B. Zero-day C. Vishing D. Trojans
D. Shoulder surfing
Ann an employee is visiting Joe, an employee in the Human Resources Department. While talking to Joe, Ann notices a spreadsheet open on Joe's computer that lists the salaries of all employees in her department. Which of the following forms of social engineering would BEST describe this situation? A. Impersonation B. Dumpster diving C. Tailgating D. Shoulder surfing
A. Smart cards
The Chief Technology Officer (CTO) wants to improve security surrounding storage of customer passwords. The company currently stores passwords as SHA hashes. Which of the following can the CTO implement requiring the LEAST change to existing systems? A. Smart cards B. TOTP C. Key stretching D. Asymmetric keys
A. Two-factor authentication
Which of the following protocols provides for mutual authentication of the client and server? A. Two-factor authentication B. Radius C. Secure LDAP D. Biometrics
B. Job rotation
Which of the following types of risk reducing policies also has the added indirect benefit of cross training employees when implemented? A. Least privilege B. Job rotation C. Mandatory vacations D. Separation of duties
C. Implement an intrusion prevention system
An administrator would like to review the effectiveness of existing security in the enterprise. Which of the following would be the BEST place to start? A. Review past security incidents and their resolution B. Rewrite the existing security policy C. Implement an intrusion prevention system D. Install honey pot systems
A. The new virtual server's MAC address was not added to the ACL on the switch
A new virtual server was created for the marketing department. The server was installed on an existing host machine. Users in the marketing department report that they are unable to connect to the server. Technicians verify that the server has an IP address in the same VLAN as the marketing department users. Which of the following is the MOST likely reason the users are unable to connect to the server? A. The new virtual server's MAC address was not added to the ACL on the switch B. The new virtual server's MAC address triggered a port security violation on the switch C. The new virtual server's MAC address triggered an implicit deny in the switch D. The new virtual server's MAC address was not added to the firewall rules on the switch
C. Check the MAC address of the AP to which the users are connecting to determine if it is an imposter
Users have been reporting that their wireless access point is not functioning. They state that it allows slow connections to the internet, but does not provide access to the internal network. The user provides the SSID and the technician logs into the company's access point and finds no issues. Which of the following should the technician do? A. Change the access point from WPA2 to WEP to determine if the encryption is too strong B. Clear all access logs from the AP to provide an up-to-date access list of connected users C. Check the MAC address of the AP to which the users are connecting to determine if it is an imposter D. Reconfigure the access point so that it is blocking all inbound and outbound traffic as a troubleshooting gap
B. Banner grabbing
A new security analyst is given the task of determining whether any of the company's server are vulnerable to a recently discovered attack on an old version of SHH. Which of the following is the quickest FIRST step toward determining the version of SSH running on these servers? A. Passive scanning B. Banner grabbing C. Protocol analysis D. Penetration testing
D. Implement Group Policy to add the account to the Power Users group on the hosts.
A network inventory discovery application requires non-privileged access to all hosts on a network for inventory of installed applications. A service account is created to be by the network inventory discovery application for accessing all hosts. Which of the following is the MOST efficient method for granting the account nonprivileged access to the hosts? A. Implement Group Policy to add the account to the users group on the hosts B. Add the account to the Domain Administrator group C. Add the account to the Users group on the hosts D. Implement Group Policy to add the account to the Power Users group on the hosts.
D. FAT
Which of the following file systems is from Microsoft and was included with their earliest operating systems? A. NTFS B. UFS C. MTFS D. FAT
C. Hardening
The process of making certain that an entity (operating system, application, etc.) is as secure as it can be is known as: A. Stabilizing B. Reinforcing C. Hardening D. Toughening
A. Enticement
What is the term for the process of luring someone in (usually done by an enforcement officer or a government agent)? A. Enticement B. Entrapment C. Deceit D. Sting
A. PAP, MSCHAPv2
Pete, a security auditor, has detected clear text passwords between the RADIUS server and the authenticator. Which of the following is configured in the RADIUS server and what technologies should the authentication protocol be changed to? A. PAP, MSCHAPv2 B. CHAP, PAP C. MSCHAPv2, NTLMv2 D. NTLM, NTLMv2
C. Individually encrypted files will remain encrypted when copied to external media
Which of the following is an advantage of implementing individual file encryption on a hard drive which already deploys full disk encryption? A. Reduces processing overhead required to access the encrypted files B. Double encryption causes the individually encrypted files to partially lose their properties C. Individually encrypted files will remain encrypted when copied to external media D. File level access control only apply to individually encrypted files in a fully encrypted drive
A. Infrastructure as a Service
An IT director is looking to reduce the footprint of their company's server environment. They have decided to move several internally developed software applications to an alternate environment, supported by an external company. Which of the following BEST describes this arrangement? A. Infrastructure as a Service B. Storage as a Service C. Platform as a Service D. Software as a Service
C. Corrective
A forensic analyst is reviewing electronic evidence after a robbery. Security cameras installed at the site were facing the wrong direction to capture the incident. The analyst ensures the cameras are turned to face the proper direction. Which of the following types of controls is being used? A. Detective B. Deterrent C. Corrective D. Preventive
C. IPv6
A security administrator wishes to change their wireless network so that IPSec is built into the protocol and NAT is no longer required for address range extension. Which of the following protocols should be used in this scenario? A. WPA2 B. WPA C. IPv6 D. IPv4
C. Application change management
The network administrator is responsible for promoting code to applications on a DMZ web server. Which of the following processes is being followed to ensure application integrity? A. Application hardening B. Application firewall review C. Application change management D. Application patch management
D. Gray box
An IT auditor tests an application as an authenticated user. This is an example of which of the following types of testing? A. Penetration B. White box C. Black box D. Gray box
A. Fire- or water-proof safe. E. Locking cabinets and drawers.
The manager has a need to secure physical documents every night, since the company began enforcing the clean desk policy. The BEST solution would include: (Select TWO). A. Fire- or water-proof safe. B. Department door locks. C. Proximity card. D. 24-hour security guard. E. Locking cabinets and drawers.
C. Key length
Which of the following is an important implementation consideration when deploying a wireless network that uses a shared password? A. Authentication server B. Server certificate C. Key length D. EAP method
C. PEAP-MSCHAPv2
Which of the following would satisfy wireless network implementation requirements to use mutual authentication and usernames and passwords? A. EAP-MD5 B. WEP C. PEAP-MSCHAPv2 D. EAP-TLS
A. The intermediate CA certificates were not installed on the server.
Some customers have reported receiving an untrusted certificate warning when visiting the company's website. The administrator ensures that the certificate is not expired and that customers have trusted the original issuer of the certificate. Which of the following could be causing the problem? A. The intermediate CA certificates were not installed on the server. B. The certificate is not the correct type for a virtual server. C. The encryption key used in the certificate is too short. D. The client's browser is trying to negotiate SSL instead of TLS.
A. DMZ
A security analyst needs to ensure all external traffic is able to access the company's front-end servers but protect all access to internal resources. Which of the following network design elements would MOST likely be recommended? A. DMZ B. Cloud computing C. VLAN D. Virtualization
A. Software as a Service
A company's business model was changed to provide more web presence and now its ERM software is no longer able to support the security needs of the company. The current data center will continue to provide network and security services. Which of the following network elements would be used to support the new business model? A. Software as a Service B. DMZ C. Remote access support D. Infrastructure as a Service
D. Sniffers
Which of the following network devices is used to analyze traffic between various network interfaces? A. Proxies B. Firewalls C. Content inspection D. Sniffers
B. Content filters
Layer 7 devices used to prevent specific types of html tags are called: A. Firewalls B. Content filters C. Routers D. NIDS
B. SNMPv3
A network administrator needs to provide daily network usage reports on all layer 3 devices without compromising any data while gathering the information. Which of the following would be configured to provide these reports? A. SNMP B. SNMPv3 C. ICMP D. SSH
A. User rights and permissions review
A security administrator has been tasked to ensure access to all network equipment is controlled by a central server such as TACACS+. This type of implementation supports which of the following risk mitigation strategies? A. User rights and permissions review B. Change management C. Data loss prevention D. Implement procedures to prevent data theft
D. Private key
Company A sends a PGP encrypted file to company B. If company A used company B's public key to encrypt the file, which of the following should be used to decrypt data at company B? A. Registration B. Public key C. CRLs D. Private key
D. Kerberos
Which of the following types of authentication solutions use tickets to provide access to various resources from a central location? A. Biometrics B. PKI C. ACLs D. Kerberos
A. Virtualization
A corporation is looking to expand their data center but has run out of physical space in which to store hardware. Which of the following would offer the ability to expand while keeping their current data center operated by internal staff? A. Virtualization B. Subnetting C. IaaS D. SaaS
C. Evil twin
After viewing wireless traffic, an attacker notices the following networks are being broadcasted by local access points: Corpnet Coffeeshop FreePublicWifi Using this information the attacker spoofs a response to make nearby laptops connect back to a malicious device. Which of the following has the attacker created? A. Infrastructure as a Service B. Load balancer C. Evil twin D. Virtualized network
B. Non-repudiation
Which of the following concepts is enforced by certifying that email communications have been sent by who the message says it has been sent by? A. Key escrow B. Non-repudiation C. Multifactor authentication D. Hashing
A. Evil twin
After a recent breach, the security administrator performs a wireless survey of the corporate network. The security administrator notices a problem with the following output: MAC SSID ENCRYPTION POWER BEACONS 00:10:A1:36:12:CC MYCORP WPA2 CCMP 60 1202 00:10:A1:49:FC:37 MYCORP WPA2 CCMP 70 9102 FB:90:11:42:FA:99 MYCORP WPA2 CCMP 40 3031 00:10:A1:AA:BB:CC MYCORP WPA2 CCMP 55 2021 00:10:A1:FA:B1:07 MYCORP WPA2 CCMP 30 6044 Given that the corporate wireless network has been standardized, which of the following attacks is underway? A. Evil twin B. IV attack C. Rogue AP D. DDoS
A. rejects bad or malformed data
Input validation is an important security defense because it: A. rejects bad or malformed data. B. enables verbose error reporting. C. protects mis-configured web servers. D. prevents denial of service attacks.
A. Continuous security monitoring
In order to maintain oversight of a third party service provider, the company is going to implement a Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC) system. This system is promising to provide overall security posture coverage. Which of the following is the MOST important activity that should be considered? A. Continuous security monitoring B. Baseline configuration and host hardening C. Service Level Agreement (SLA) monitoring D. Security alerting and trending
B. Utilize automated provisioning and de-provisioning processes where possible.D. Perform regular user account review / revalidation process.
A recent audit of a company's identity management system shows that 30% of active accounts belong to people no longer with the firm. Which of the following should be performed to help avoid this scenario? (Select TWO). A. Automatically disable accounts that have not been utilized for at least 10 days. B. Utilize automated provisioning and de-provisioning processes where possible. C. Request that employees provide a list of systems that they have access to prior to leaving the firm. D. Perform regular user account review / revalidation process. E. Implement a process where new account creations require management approval.
A. Software as a Service
The Chief Information Officer (CIO) has mandated web based Customer Relationship Management (CRM) business functions be moved offshore to reduce cost, reduce IT overheads, and improve availability. The Chief Risk Officer (CRO) has agreed with the CIO's direction but has mandated that key authentication systems be run within the organization's network. Which of the following would BEST meet the CIO and CRO's requirements? A. Software as a Service B. Infrastructure as a Service C. Platform as a Service D. Hosted virtualization service
B. Load balancing
Which of the following provides the BEST application availability and is easily expanded as demand grows? A. Server virtualization B. Load balancing C. Active-Passive Cluster D. RAID 6
A. Create three VLANs on the switch connected to a router
An administrator connects VoIP phones to the same switch as the network PCs and printers. Which of the following would provide the BEST logical separation of these three device types while still allowing traffic between them via ACL? A. Create three VLANs on the switch connected to a router B. Define three subnets, configure each device to use their own dedicated IP address range, and then connect the network to a router C. Install a firewall and connect it to the switch D. Install a firewall and connect it to a dedicated switch for each device type
B. MAC filtering
Which of the following wireless security measures can an attacker defeat by spoofing certain properties of their network interface card? A. WEP B. MAC filtering C. Disabled SSID broadcast D. TKIP
B. 3DES
Which of the following provides additional encryption strength by repeating the encryption process with additional keys? A. AES B. 3DES C. TwoFish D. Blowfish
D. User1 encrypts data with User2's public key
Which of the following BEST describes part of the PKI process? A. User1 decrypts data with User2's private key B. User1 hashes data with User2's public key C. User1 hashes data with User2's private key D. User1 encrypts data with User2's public key
D. Mandatory vacations
Two members of the finance department have access to sensitive information. The company is concerned they may work together to steal information. Which of the following controls could be implemented to discover if they are working together? A. Least privilege access B. Separation of duties C. Mandatory access control D. Mandatory vacations
D. IPv6 address
A system administrator attempts to ping a hostname and the response is 2001:4860:0:2001::68. Which of the following replies has the administrator received? A. The loopback address B. The local MAC address C. IPv4 address D. IPv6 address
A. Attributes based
Which of the following allows a network administrator to implement an access control policy based on individual user characteristics and NOT on job function? A. Attributes based B. Implicit deny C. Role based D. Rule based
C. The examiner should document the mistake and workaround the problem
Which of the following is a best practice when a mistake is made during a forensics examination? A. The examiner should verify the tools before, during, and after an examination. B. The examiner should attempt to hide the mistake during cross-examination. C. The examiner should document the mistake and workaround the problem. D. The examiner should disclose the mistake and assess another area of the disc.
A. Trust Model
Which of the following allows lower level domains to access resources in a separate Public Key Infrastructure? A. Trust Model B. Recovery Agent C. Public Key D. Private Key
B. PAP
Which of the following offers the LEAST secure encryption capabilities? A. TwoFish B. PAP C. NTLM D. CHAP
C. DMZ
Which of the following network architecture concepts is used to securely isolate at the boundary between networks? A. VLAN B. Subnetting C. DMZ D. NAT
D. Tailgating
Datacenter access is controlled with proximity badges that record all entries and exits from the datacenter. The access records are used to identify which staff members accessed the data center in the event of equipment theft. Which of the following MUST be prevented in order for this policy to be effective? A. Password reuse B. Phishing C. Social engineering D. Tailgating
B. Data confidentiality
Elastic cloud computing environments often reuse the same physical hardware for multiple customers over time as virtual machines are instantiated and deleted. This has important implications for which of the following data security concerns? A. Hardware integrity B. Data confidentiality C. Availability of servers D. Integrity of data
B. Ensure proper placement of sprinkler lines to avoid accidental leakage onto servers
When implementing fire suppression controls in a datacenter it is important to: A. Select a fire suppression system which protects equipment but may harm technicians. B. Ensure proper placement of sprinkler lines to avoid accidental leakage onto servers. C. Integrate maintenance procedures to include regularly discharging the system. D. Use a system with audible alarms to ensure technicians have 20 minutes to evacuate.
C. Application hardening
Vendors typically ship software applications with security settings disabled by default to ensure a wide range of interoperability with other applications and devices. A security administrator should perform which of the following before deploying new software? A. Application white listing B. Network penetration testing C. Application hardening D. Input fuzzing testing
C. Virtual switches with VLANs
A technician is deploying virtual machines for multiple customers on a single physical host to reduce power consumption in a data center. Which of the following should be recommended to isolate the VMs from one another? A. Implement a virtual firewall B. Install HIPS on each VM C. Virtual switches with VLANs D. Develop a patch management guide
A. Fraud committed by a system administrator
Mandatory vacations are a security control which can be used to uncover which of the following? A. Fraud committed by a system administrator B. Poor password security among users C. The need for additional security staff D. Software vulnerabilities in vendor code
A. Host-based firewalls
Each server on a subnet is configured to only allow SSH access from the administrator's workstation. Which of the following BEST describes this implementation? A. Host-based firewalls B. Network firewalls C. Network proxy D. Host intrusion prevention
A. Port scanner
During a security assessment, an administrator wishes to see which services are running on a remote server. Which of the following should the administrator use? A. Port scanner B. Network sniffer C. Protocol analyzer D. Process list
B. Best practice
In which of the following categories would creating a corporate privacy policy, drafting acceptable use policies, and group based access control be classified? A. Security control frameworks B. Best practice C. Access control methodologies D. Compliance activity
D. System hardening
Disabling unnecessary services, restricting administrative access, and enabling auditing controls on a server are forms of which of the following? A. Application patch management B. Cross-site scripting prevention C. Creating a security baseline D. System hardening
C. Test the update in a lab environment, backup the server, schedule downtime to install the patch, install the update, reboot the server, and monitor for any changes
A system administrator has noticed vulnerability on a high impact production server. A recent update was made available by the vendor that addresses the vulnerability but requires a reboot of the system afterwards. Which of the following steps should the system administrator implement to address the vulnerability? A. Test the update in a lab environment, schedule downtime to install the patch, install the patch and reboot the server and monitor for any changes B. Test the update in a lab environment, backup the server, schedule downtime to install the patch, install the patch, and monitor for any changes C. Test the update in a lab environment, backup the server, schedule downtime to install the patch, install the update, reboot the server, and monitor for any changes D. Backup the server, schedule downtime to install the patch, installs the patch and monitor for any changes
A. TACACS+
Which of the following services are used to support authentication services for several local devices from a central location without the use of tokens? A. TACACS+ B. Smartcards C. Biometrics D. Kerberos
C. single points of failure are removed.
A network administrator has recently updated their network devices to ensure redundancy is in place so that: A. switches can redistribute routes across the network. B. environmental monitoring can be performed. C. single points of failure are removed. D. hot and cold aisles are functioning.
A. High availability
A network administrator recently updated various network devices to ensure redundancy throughout the network. If an interface on any of the Layer 3 devices were to go down, traffic will still pass through another interface and the production environment would be unaffected. This type of configuration represents which of the following concepts? A. High availability B. Load balancing C. Backout contingency plan D. Clustering
D. Group based privileges
A system administrator needs to ensure that certain departments have more restrictive controls to their shared folders than other departments. Which of the following security controls would be implemented to restrict those departments? A. User assigned privileges B. Password disablement C. Multiple account creation D. Group based privileges
A. Replay
A network analyst received a number of reports that impersonation was taking place on the network. Session tokens were deployed to mitigate this issue and defend against which of the following attacks? A. Replay B. DDoS C. Smurf D. Ping of Death
A. DLP
Which of the following controls would prevent an employee from emailing unencrypted information to their personal email account over the corporate network? A. DLP B. CRL C. TPM D. HSM
B. Type II
Which of the following is a measure of biometrics performance which rates the ability of a system to correctly authenticate an authorized user? A. Failure to capture B. Type II C. Mean time to register D. Template capacity
C. 3
A company with a US-based sales force has requested that the VPN system be configured to authenticate the sales team based on their username, password and a client side certificate. Additionally, the security administrator has restricted the VPN to only allow authentication from the US territory. How many authentication factors are in use by the VPN system? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
D. Public key infrastructure
A software development company wants to implement a digital rights management solution to protect its intellectual property. Which of the following should the company implement to enforce software digital rights? A. Transport encryption B. IPsec C. Non-repudiation D. Public key infrastructure
D. It implements an implicit deny
Users are unable to connect to the web server at IP 192.168.0.20. Which of the following can be inferred of a firewall that is configured ONLY with the following ACL? PERMIT TCP ANY HOST 192.168.0.10 EQ 80 PERMIT TCP ANY HOST 192.168.0.10 EQ 443 A. It implements stateful packet filtering. B. It implements bottom-up processing. C. It failed closed. D. It implements an implicit deny.
D. Information classification training
Which of the following security awareness training is BEST suited for data owners who are concerned with protecting the confidentiality of their data? A. Social networking use training B. Personally owned device policy training C. Tailgating awareness policy training D. Information classification training
C. Shorten the password expiration period
A security administrator is concerned about the strength of user's passwords. The company does not want to implement a password complexity policy. Which of the following can the security Administrator implement to mitigate the risk of an online password attack against users with weak passwords? A. Increase the password length requirements B. Increase the password history C. Shorten the password expiration period D. Decrease the account lockout time
C. Same sign-on
A company has purchased an application that integrates into their enterprise user directory for account authentication. Users are still prompted to type in their usernames and passwords. Which of the following types of authentication is being utilized here? A. Separation of duties B. Least privilege C. Same sign-on D. Single sign-on
B. Scanning of outbound IM (Instance Messaging). F. Scanning of HTTP user traffic.
Which of the following are Data Loss Prevention (DLP) strategies that address data in transit issues? (Select TWO). A. Scanning printing of documents.B. Scanning of outbound IM (Instance Messaging). C. Scanning copying of documents to USB. D. Scanning of SharePoint document library. E. Scanning of shared drives. F. Scanning of HTTP user traffic.
B. Spyware
A user casually browsing the Internet is redirected to a warez site where a number of pop-ups appear. After clicking on a pop-up to complete a survey, a drive-by download occurs. Which of the following is MOST likely to be contained in the download? A. Backdoor B. Spyware C. Logic bomb D. DDoS E. Smurf
D. Accept the risk and continue to enable the accounts each month saving money
A security administrator plans on replacing a critical business application in five years. Recently, there was a security flaw discovered in the application that will cause the IT department to manually re-enable user accounts each month at a cost of $2,000. Patching the application today would cost $140,000 and take two months to implement. Which of the following should the security administrator do in regards to the application? A. Avoid the risk to the user base allowing them to re-enable their own accounts B. Mitigate the risk by patching the application to increase security and saving money C. Transfer the risk replacing the application now instead of in five years D. Accept the risk and continue to enable the accounts each month saving money
D. Discretionary access control
The IT department has setup a share point site to be used on the intranet. Security has established the groups and permissions on the site. No one may modify the permissions and all requests for access are centrally managed by the security team. This is an example of which of the following control types? A. Rule based access control B. Mandatory access control C. User assigned privilege D. Discretionary access control
B. Impersonation
Purchasing receives a phone call from a vendor asking for a payment over the phone. The phone number displayed on the caller ID matches the vendor's number. When the purchasing agent asks to call the vendor back, they are given a different phone number with a different area code. Which of the following attack types is this? A. Hoax B. Impersonation C. Spear phishing D. Whaling
C. Vishing
Purchasing receives an automated phone call from a bank asking to input and verify credit card information. The phone number displayed on the caller ID matches the bank. Which of the following attack types is this? A. Hoax B. Phishing C. Vishing D. Whaling
D. Password Recovery
The IT department has setup a website with a series of questions to allow end users to reset their own accounts. Which of the following account management practices does this help? A. Account Disablements B. Password Expiration C. Password Complexity D. Password Recovery
D. LDAP
An information bank has been established to store contacts, phone numbers and other records. A UNIX application needs to connect to the index server using port 389. Which of the following authentication services should be used on this port by default? A. RADIUS B. Kerberos C. TACACS+ D. LDAP
A. User rights reviews
An internal auditor is concerned with privilege creep that is associated with transfers inside the company. Which mitigation measure would detect and correct this? A. User rights reviews B. Least privilege and job rotation C. Change management D. Change Control
B. 69
Which of the following is the default port for TFTP? A. 20 B. 69 C. 21 D. 68
A. Confidentiality B. Availability C. Integrity
Which of the following concepts are included on the three sides of the "security triangle"? (Select THREE). A. Confidentiality B. Availability C. Integrity D. Authorization E. Authentication F. Continuity
A. Clustering
Which of the following concepts allows an organization to group large numbers of servers together in order to deliver a common service? A. Clustering B. RAID C. Backup Redundancy D. Cold site
D. Fuzzing
Which of the following security concepts identifies input variables which are then used to perform boundary testing? A. Application baseline B. Application hardening C. Secure coding D. Fuzzing
A. Session Key
Users need to exchange a shared secret to begin communicating securely. Which of the following is another name for this symmetric key? A. Session Key B. Public Key C. Private Key D. Digital Signature
A. SSL 3.0/TLS
Which of the following cryptographic related browser settings allows an organization to communicate securely? A. SSL 3.0/TLS 1.0 B. 3DES C. Trusted Sites D. HMAC
B. To reduce organizational IT risk
Which of the following is the BEST reason to provide user awareness and training programs for organizational staff? A. To ensure proper use of social media B. To reduce organizational IT risk C. To detail business impact analyses D. To train staff on zero-days
B. Blocked: FTP, TFTP, HTTP, NetBIOS; Allowed: SFTP, SSH, SCP, HTTPS
A firewall technician has been instructed to disable all non-secure ports on a corporate firewall. The technician has blocked traffic on port 21, 69, 80, and 137-139. The technician has allowed traffic on ports 22 and 443. Which of the following correctly lists the protocols blocked and allowed? A. Blocked: TFTP, HTTP, NetBIOS; Allowed: HTTPS, FTP B. Blocked: FTP, TFTP, HTTP, NetBIOS; Allowed: SFTP, SSH, SCP, HTTPS C. Blocked: SFTP, TFTP, HTTP, NetBIOS; Allowed: SSH, SCP, HTTPS D. Blocked: FTP, HTTP, HTTPS; Allowed: SFTP, SSH, SCP, NetBIOS
A. Review all user permissions and group memberships to ensure only the minimum set of permissions required to perform a job is assigned.
A security administrator is responsible for performing periodic reviews of user permission settings due to high turnover and internal transfers at a corporation. Which of the following BEST describes the procedure and security rationale for performing such reviews? A. Review all user permissions and group memberships to ensure only the minimum set of permissions required to perform a job is assigned. B. Review the permissions of all transferred users to ensure new permissions are granted so the employee can work effectively. C. Ensure all users have adequate permissions and appropriate group memberships, so the volume of help desk calls is reduced. D. Ensure former employee accounts have no permissions so that they cannot access any network file stores and resources.
D. time offset can be calculated
A system administrator is responding to a legal order to turn over all logs from all company servers. The system administrator records the system time of all servers to ensure that: A. HDD hashes are accurate. B. the NTP server works properly. C. chain of custody is preserved. D. time offset can be calculated.
D. Acts of gross negligence on the part of system administrators with unfettered access to system and no oversight.
While rarely enforced, mandatory vacation policies are effective at uncovering: A. Help desk technicians with oversight by multiple supervisors and detailed quality control systems. B. Collusion between two employees who perform the same business function. C. Acts of incompetence by a systems engineer designing complex architectures as a member of a team. D. Acts of gross negligence on the part of system administrators with unfettered access to system and no oversight.
C. Vulnerability scanning
A company hires outside security experts to evaluate the security status of the corporate network. All of the company's IT resources are outdated and prone to crashing. The company requests that all testing be performed in a way which minimizes the risk of system failures. Which of the following types of testing does the company want performed? A. Penetration testing B. WAF testing C. Vulnerability scanning D. White box testing
C. Least privilege
A security administrator notices that a specific network administrator is making unauthorized changes to the firewall every Saturday morning. Which of the following would be used to mitigate this issue so that only security administrators can make changes to the firewall? A. Mandatory vacations B. Job rotation C. Least privilege D. Time of day restrictions
B. Phishing
A security administrator notices large amounts of traffic within the network heading out to an external website. The website seems to be a fake bank site with a phone number that when called, asks for sensitive information. After further investigation, the security administrator notices that a fake link was sent to several users. This is an example of which of the following attacks? A. Vishing B. Phishing C. Whaling D. SPAM E. SPIM
D. War chalking
After a user performed a war driving attack, the network administrator noticed several similar markings where WiFi was available throughout the enterprise. Which of the following is the term used to describe these markings? A. IV attack B. War dialing C. Rogue access points D. War chalking
A. Cloud computing
The system administrator notices that their application is no longer able to keep up with the large amounts of traffic their server is receiving daily. Several packets are dropped and sometimes the server is taken offline. Which of the following would be a possible solution to look into to ensure their application remains secure and available? A. Cloud computing B. Full disk encryption C. Data Loss Prevention D. HSM
F. Password expiration G. Password complexity
After a recent internal audit, the security administrator was tasked to ensure that all credentials must be changed within 90 days, cannot be repeated, and cannot contain any dictionary words or patterns. All credentials will remain enabled regardless of the number of attempts made. Which of the following types of user account options were enforced? (Select TWO). A. Recovery B. User assigned privileges C. Lockout D. Disablement E. Group based privileges F. Password expiration G. Password complexity
B. Steganography
A security analyst has been notified that trade secrets are being leaked from one of the executives in the corporation. When reviewing this executive's laptop they notice several pictures of the employee's pets are on the hard drive and on a cloud storage network. When the analyst hashes the images on the hard drive against the hashes on the cloud network they do not match. Which of the following describes how the employee is leaking these secrets? A. Social engineering B. Steganography C. Hashing D. Digital signatures
A. SSL E. DES
During a routine audit a web server is flagged for allowing the use of weak ciphers. Which of the following should be disabled to mitigate this risk? (Select TWO). A. SSL 1.0 B. RC4 C. SSL 3.0 D. AES E. DES F. TLS 1.0
D. The router implements NAT.
Review the following diagram depicting communication between PC1 and PC2 on each side of a router. Analyze the network traffic logs which show communication between the two computers as captured by the computer with IP 10.2.2.10. DIAGRAM PC1 PC2 [192.168.1.30]--------[INSIDE 192.168.1.1 router OUTSIDE 10.2.2.1]----- ----[10.2.2.10] LOGS 10:30:22, SRC 10.2.2.1:3030, DST 10.2.2.10:80, SYN 10:30:23, SRC 10.2.2.10:80, DST 10.2.2.1:3030, SYN/ACK 10:30:24, SRC 10.2.2.1:3030, DST 10.2.2.10:80, ACK Given the above information, which of the following can be inferred about the above environment? A. 192.168.1.30 is a web server. B. The web server listens on a non-standard port. C. The router filters port 80 traffic. D. The router implements NAT.
C. Warm site
The Chief Information Officer (CIO) wants to implement a redundant server location to which the production server images can be moved within 48 hours and services can be quickly restored, in case of a catastrophic failure of the primary datacenter's HVAC. Which of the following can be implemented? A. Cold site B. Load balancing C. Warm site D. Hot site
A. Zero-day attack
The security administrator is observing unusual network behavior from a workstation. The workstation is communicating with a known malicious destination over an encrypted tunnel. A full antivirus scan, with an updated antivirus definition file, does not show any signs of infection. Which of the following has happened on the workstation? A. Zero-day attack B. Known malware infection C. Session hijacking D. Cookie stealing
D. Encryption
Which of the following controls can be used to prevent the disclosure of sensitive information stored on a mobile device's removable media in the event that the device is lost or stolen? A. Hashing B. Screen locks C. Device password D. Encryption
C. Quality of service
Which of the following should be performed to increase the availability of IP telephony by prioritizing traffic? A. Subnetting B. NAT C. Quality of service D. NAC
C. NetBIOS
A malicious program modified entries in the LMHOSTS file of an infected system. Which of the following protocols would have been affected by this? A. ICMP B. BGP C. NetBIOS D. DNS
B. Cross-site request forgery
A victim is logged onto a popular home router forum site in order to troubleshoot some router configuration issues. The router is a fairly standard configuration and has an IP address of 192.168.1.1. The victim is logged into their router administrative interface in one tab and clicks a forum link in another tab. Due to clicking the forum link, the home router reboots. Which of the following attacks MOST likely occurred? A. Brute force password attack B. Cross-site request forgery C. Cross-site scripting D. Fuzzing
B. USB mass storage devices
Which of the following assets is MOST likely considered for DLP? A. Application server content B. USB mass storage devices C. Reverse proxy D. Print server
A. Import the recipient's public key
In order to securely communicate using PGP, the sender of an email must do which of the following when sending an email to a recipient for the first time? A. Import the recipient's public key B. Import the recipient's private key C. Export the sender's private key D. Export the sender's public key
B. Account lockout
A hacker has discovered a simple way to disrupt business for the day in a small company which relies on staff working remotely. In a matter of minutes the hacker was able to deny remotely working staff access to company systems with a script. Which of the following security controls is the hacker exploiting? A. DoS B. Account lockout C. Password recovery D. Password complexity
A. Identify vulnerabilities, check applicability of vulnerabilities by passively testing security controls
A security specialist has been asked to evaluate a corporate network by performing a vulnerability assessment. Which of the following will MOST likely be performed? A. Identify vulnerabilities, check applicability of vulnerabilities by passively testing security controls. B. Verify vulnerabilities exist, bypass security controls and exploit the vulnerabilities. C. Exploit security controls to determine vulnerabilities and mis-configurations. D. Bypass security controls and identify applicability of vulnerabilities by passively testing security controls.
A. Spoof the MAC address of an observed wireless network client
A security technician is attempting to access a wireless network protected with WEP. The technician does not know any information about the network. Which of the following should the technician do to gather information about the configuration of the wireless network? A. Spoof the MAC address of an observed wireless network client B. Ping the access point to discover the SSID of the network C. Perform a dictionary attack on the access point to enumerate the WEP key D. Capture client to access point disassociation packets to replay on the local PC's loopback
B. To allow for business continuity if one provider goes out of business C. To eliminate a single point of failure
After an assessment, auditors recommended that an application hosting company should contract with additional data providers for redundant high speed Internet connections. Which of the following is MOST likely the reason for this recommendation? (Select TWO). A. To allow load balancing for cloud support B. To allow for business continuity if one provider goes out of business C. To eliminate a single point of failure D. To allow for a hot site in case of disaster E. To improve intranet communication speeds
B. The switch has several VLANs configured on it.
A router has a single Ethernet connection to a switch. In the router configuration, the Ethernet interface has three sub-interfaces, each configured with ACLs applied to them and 802.1q trunks. Which of the following is MOST likely the reason for the sub-interfaces? A. The network uses the subnet of 255.255.255.128. B. The switch has several VLANs configured on it. C. The sub-interfaces are configured for VoIP traffic. D. The sub-interfaces each implement quality of service.
D. TPM
Which of the following should be enabled in a laptop's BIOS prior to full disk encryption? A. USB B. HSM C. RAID D. TPM
C. The certificates have not been installed on the workstations
Company employees are required to have workstation client certificates to access a bank website. These certificates were backed up as a precautionary step before the new computer upgrade. After the upgrade and restoration, users state they can access the bank's website, but not login. Which is the following is MOST likely the issue? A. The IP addresses of the clients have change B. The client certificate passwords have expired on the server C. The certificates have not been installed on the workstations D. The certificates have been installed on the CA
C. Integrity
Digital Signatures provide which of the following? A. Confidentiality B. Authorization C. Integrity D. Authentication E. Availability
C. Authentication
A user ID and password together provide which of the following? A. Authorization B. Auditing C. Authentication D. Identification
D. Authentication, Authorization, Accounting
RADIUS provides which of the following? A. Authentication, Authorization, Availability B. Authentication, Authorization, Auditing C. Authentication, Accounting, Auditing D. Authentication, Authorization, Accounting
C. Record time offset
A recent intrusion has resulted in the need to perform incident response procedures. The incident response team has identified audit logs throughout the network and organizational systems which hold details of the security breach. Prior to this incident, a security consultant informed the company that they needed to implement an NTP server on the network. Which of the following is a problem that the incident response team will likely encounter during their assessment? A. Chain of custody B. Tracking man hours C. Record time offset D. Capture video traffic
C. Promiscuous
In order for network monitoring to work properly, you need a PC and a network card running in what mode? A. Launch B. Exposed C. Promiscuous D. Sweep
B. Faillog
Which of the following utilities can be used in Linux to view a list of users' failed authentication attempts? A. badlog B. Faillog C. wronglog D. killlog
C. Service pack
A periodic update that corrects problems in one version of a product is called a A. Hotfix B. Overhaul C. Service pack D. Security update
B. Contact the help desk and/or incident response team to determine next steps
A user has received an email from an external source which asks for details on the company's new product line set for release in one month. The user has a detailed spec sheet but it is marked "Internal Proprietary Information". Which of the following should the user do NEXT? A. Contact their manager and request guidance on how to best move forward B. Contact the help desk and/or incident response team to determine next steps C. Provide the requestor with the email information since it will be released soon anyway D. Reply back to the requestor to gain their contact information and call them
B. Continuous monitoring
Which of the following techniques enables a highly secured organization to assess security weaknesses in real time? A. Access control lists B. Continuous monitoring C. Video surveillance D. Baseline reporting
C. Error handling
Which of the following techniques can be used to prevent the disclosure of system information resulting from arbitrary inputs when implemented properly? A. Fuzzing B. Patch management C. Error handling D. Strong passwords
D. Prevents data from being accessed following theft of physical equipment
Encryption of data at rest is important for sensitive information because of which of the following? A. Facilitates tier 2 support, by preventing users from changing the OS B. Renders the recovery of data harder in the event of user password loss C. Allows the remote removal of data following eDiscovery requests D. Prevents data from being accessed following theft of physical equipment
A. Public key
Which of the following is synonymous with a server's certificate? A. Public key B. CRL C. Private key D. Recovery agent
A. Anti-spam
A network administrator noticed various chain messages have been received by the company. Which of the following security controls would need to be implemented to mitigate this issue? A. Anti-spam B. Antivirus C. Host-based firewalls D. Anti-spyware
A. SQL injection
Which of the following types of application attacks would be used to specifically gain unauthorized information from databases that did not have any input validation implemented? A. SQL injection B. Session hijacking and XML injection C. Cookies and attachments D. Buffer overflow and XSS
A. HIPS on each virtual machine
Which of the following should be deployed to prevent the transmission of malicious traffic between virtual machines hosted on a singular physical device on a network? A. HIPS on each virtual machine B. NIPS on the network C. NIDS on the network D. HIDS on each virtual machine
B. Honeynets
A security administrator wants to get a real time look at what attackers are doing in the wild, hoping to lower the risk of zero-day attacks. Which of the following should be used to accomplish this goal? A. Penetration testing B. Honeynets C. Vulnerability scanning D. Baseline reporting
B. RDP
Which of the following protocols is the security administrator observing in this packet capture? 12:33:43, SRC 192.168.4.3:3389, DST 10.67.33.20:8080, SYN/ACK A. HTTPS B. RDP C. HTTP D. SFTP
D. A message encrypted with the public key can be decrypted with the private key.
Which of the following is true about asymmetric encryption? A. A message encrypted with the private key can be decrypted by the same key B. A message encrypted with the public key can be decrypted with a shared key. C. A message encrypted with a shared key, can be decrypted by the same key. D. A message encrypted with the public key can be decrypted with the private key.
B. User A signed with their own private key and User B verified with User A's public key.
Which of the following is true about an email that was signed by User A and sent to User B? A. User A signed with User B's private key and User B verified with their own public key. B. User A signed with their own private key and User B verified with User A's public key. C. User A signed with User B's public key and User B verified with their own private key. D. User A signed with their own public key and User B verified with User A's private key.
C. DLP policy
The Chief Information Officer (CIO) is concerned with moving an application to a SaaS cloud provider. Which of the following can be implemented to provide for data confidentiality assurance during and after the migration to the cloud? A. HPM technology B. Full disk encryption C. DLP policy D. TPM technology
B. IPSec
Which of the following protocols encapsulates an IP packet with an additional IP header? A. SFTP B. IPSec C. HTTPS D. SSL
C. Virus
A program has been discovered that infects a critical Windows system executable and stays dormant in memory. When a Windows mobile phone is connected to the host, the program infects the phone's boot loader and continues to target additional Windows PCs or phones. Which of the following malware categories BEST describes this program? A. Zero-day B. Trojan C. Virus D. Rootkit
B. Pharming
A user has unknowingly gone to a fraudulent site. The security analyst notices the following system change on the user's host: Old `hosts' file: 127.0.0.1 localhost New `hosts' file: 127.0.0.1 localhost 5.5.5.5 www.comptia.com Which of the following attacks has taken place? A. Spear phishing B. Pharming C. Phishing D. Vishing
A. Shoulder surfing
An investigator recently discovered that an attacker placed a remotely accessible CCTV camera in a public area overlooking several Automatic Teller Machines (ATMs). It is also believed that user accounts belonging to ATM operators may have been compromised. Which of the following attacks has MOST likely taken place A. Shoulder surfing B. Dumpster diving C. Whaling attack D. Vishing attack
B. Bluejacking
A user commuting to work via public transport received an offensive image on their smart phone from another commuter. Which of the following attacks MOST likely took place? A. War chalking B. Bluejacking C. War driving D. Bluesnarfing
D. LDAP injection
An attacker attempted to compromise a web form by inserting the following input into the username field: admin)(|(password=*)) Which of the following types of attacks was attempted? A. SQL injection B. Cross-site scripting C. Command injection D. LDAP injection
D. Incident management
Which of the following is BEST carried out immediately after a security breach is discovered? A. Risk transference B. Access control revalidation C. Change management D. Incident management
D. Trusted platform module
Which of the following is a hardware-based security technology included in a computer? A. Symmetric key B. Asymmetric key C. Whole disk encryption D. Trusted platform module
A. Internet content filter
Pete, an employee, attempts to visit a popular social networking site but is blocked. Instead, a page is displayed notifying him that this site cannot be visited. Which of the following is MOST likely blocking Pete's access to this site? A. Internet content filter B. Firewall C. Proxy server D. Protocol analyzer
A. Annually
How often, at a MINIMUM, should Sara, an administrator, review the accesses and right of the users on her system? A. Annually B. Immediately after an employee is terminated C. Every five years D. Every time they patch the server
A. Vulnerability scan
An administrator is concerned that a company's web server has not been patched. Which of the following would be the BEST assessment for the administrator to perform? A. Vulnerability scan B. Risk assessment C. Virus scan D. Network sniffer
D. Run a last logon script to look for inactive accounts.
An administrator notices that former temporary employees' accounts are still active on a domain. Which of the following can be implemented to increase security and prevent this from happening? A. Implement a password expiration policy. B. Implement an account expiration date for permanent employees. C. Implement time of day restrictions for all temporary employees. D. Run a last logon script to look for inactive accounts.
B. Backdoor
A trojan was recently discovered on a server. There are now concerns that there has been a security breach that allows unauthorized people to access data. The administrator should be looking for the presence of a/an: A. Logic bomb. B. Backdoor. C. Adware application. D. Rootkit.
D. TACACS+
Which of the following protocols uses TCP instead of UDP and is incompatible with all previous versions? A. TACACS B. XTACACS C. RADIUS D. TACACS+
B. 3DES C. AES F. Blowfish
Which of the following symmetric key algorithms are examples of block ciphers? (Select THREE). A. RC4 B. 3DES C. AES D. MD5 E. PGP F. Blowfish
D. Private key
Which of the following must be kept secret for a public key infrastructure to remain secure? A. Certificate Authority B. Certificate revocation list C. Public key ring D. Private key
D. Layer 7 firewall
Which of the following devices is BEST suited to protect an HTTP-based application that is susceptible to injection attacks? A. Protocol filter B. Load balancer C. NIDS D. Layer 7 firewall
A. Implicit deny
Which of the following is best practice to put at the end of an ACL? A. Implicit deny B. Time of day restrictions C. Implicit allow D. SNMP string
A. Time of day restrictions
Which of the following security concepts can prevent a user from logging on from home during the weekends? A. Time of day restrictions B. Multifactor authentication C. Implicit deny D. Common access card Answer: A
A. Random one-time pad
Which of the following would provide the STRONGEST encryption? A. Random one-time pad B. DES with a 56-bit key C. AES with a 256-bit key D. RSA with a 1024-bit key
D. Rootkit
During a server audit, a security administrator does not notice abnormal activity. However, a network security analyst notices connections to unauthorized ports from outside the corporate network. Using specialized tools, the network security analyst also notices hidden processes running. Which of the following has MOST likely been installed on the server? A. SPIM B. Backdoor C. Logic bomb D. Rootkit
C. Data integrity
A security administrator wants to ensure that the message the administrator sends out to their Chief Financial Officer (CFO) does not get changed in route. Which of the following is the administrator MOST concerned with? A. Data confidentiality B. High availability C. Data integrity D. Business continuity
D. User training
Which of the following can be performed when an element of the company policy cannot be enforced by technical means? A. Develop a set of standards B. Separation of duties C. Develop a privacy policy D. User training
D. Replay
Timestamps and sequence numbers act as countermeasures against which of the following types of attacks? A. Smurf B. DoS C. Vishing D. Replay
A. SSH
Which of the following would be used as a secure substitute for Telnet? A. SSH B. SFTP C. SSL D. HTTPS
A. Client side attack
Which of the following is described as an attack against an application using a malicious file? A. Client side attack B. Spam C. Impersonation attack D. Phishing attack
D. Design reviews
Which of the following assessment techniques would a security administrator implement to ensure that systems and software are developed properly? A. Baseline reporting B. Input validation C. Determine attack surface D. Design reviews
A. Protocol analyzer
Which of the following would a security administrator implement in order to identify a problem between two applications that are not communicating properly? A. Protocol analyzer B. Baseline report C. Risk assessment D. Vulnerability scan
C. Baseline review
Which of the following would a security administrator implement in order to identify change from the standard configuration on a server? A. Penetration test B. Code review C. Baseline review D. Design review
C. Port scanner
Which of the following tools would a security administrator use in order to identify all running services throughout an organization? A. Architectural review B. Penetration test C. Port scanner D. Design review
B. SSH
Which of the following protocols provides transport security for virtual terminal emulation? A. TLS B. SSH C. SCP D. S/MIME
A. Set up a honeypot and place false project documentation on an unsecure share
Based on information leaked to industry websites, business management is concerned that unauthorized employees are accessing critical project information for a major, well-known new product. To identify any such users, the security administrator could: A. Set up a honeypot and place false project documentation on an unsecure share. B. Block access to the project documentation using a firewall. C. Increase antivirus coverage of the project servers. D. Apply security updates and harden the OS on all project servers.
C. Alarm
Which of the following is an indication of an ongoing current problem? A. Alert B. Trend C. Alarm D. Trap
A. RPC
Which of the following a programming interface that allows a remote computer to run programs on a local machine? A. RPC B. RSH C. SSH D. SSL
B. Patch
Which of the following is the term for a fix for a known software problem? A. Skiff B. Patch C. Slipstream D. Upgrade
B. PAP C. CHAP
Connections using point-to-point protocol authenticate using which of the following? (Select TWO). A. RIPEMD B. PAP C. CHAP D. RC4 E. Kerberos
B. Disabling directed broadcast on border routers
Which of the following will help prevent smurf attacks? A. Allowing necessary UDP packets in and out of the network B. Disabling directed broadcast on border routers C. Disabling unused services on the gateway firewall D. Flash the BIOS with the latest firmware
A. Centralized management.
An advantage of virtualizing servers, databases, and office applications is: A. Centralized management. B. Providing greater resources to users. C. Stronger access control. D. Decentralized management.
A. Security policy violations
A major security risk with co-mingling of hosts with different security requirements is: A. Security policy violations. B. Zombie attacks. C. Password compromises. D. Privilege creep.
B. Whaling
Which of the following attacks targets high level executives to gain company information? A. Phishing B. Whaling C. Vishing D. Spoofing
C. Cable locks
Which of the following can be used as an equipment theft deterrent? A. Screen locks B. GPS tracking C. Cable locks D. Whole disk encryption
B. Tailgating
At the outside break area, an employee, Ann, asked another employee to let her into the building because her badge is missing. Which of the following does this describe? A. Shoulder surfing B. Tailgating C. Whaling D. Impersonation
A. Risk control
A company that has a mandatory vacation policy has implemented which of the following controls? A. Risk control B. Privacy control C. Technical control D. Physical control
D. Penetration testing
Which of the following is the MOST intrusive type of testing against a production system? A. White box testing B. War dialing C. Vulnerability testing D. Penetration testing
D. Lower the power for office coverage only
The IT department has installed new wireless access points but discovers that the signal extends far into the parking lot. Which of the following actions should be taken to correct this? A. Disable the SSID broadcasting B. Configure the access points so that MAC filtering is not used C. Implement WEP encryption on the access points D. Lower the power for office coverage only
B. Load balancer
Which of the following devices would be MOST useful to ensure availability when there are a large number of requests to a certain website? A. Protocol analyzer B. Load balancer C. VPN concentrator D. Web security gateway
A. SSH D. SFTP E. SCP
Which of the following uses port 22 by default? (Select THREE). A. SSH B. SSL C. TLS D. SFTP E. SCP F. FTPS G. SMTP H. SNMP
B. Logic Bomb D. Backdoor
Ann, a software developer, has installed some code to reactivate her account one week after her account has been disabled. Which of the following is this an example of? (Select TWO). A. Rootkit B. Logic Bomb C. Botnet D. Backdoor E. Spyware
C. SQL Injection
The string: ` or 1=1-- - Represents which of the following? A. Bluejacking B. Rogue access point C. SQL Injection D. Client-side attacks
D. Honeypot
Joe, an administrator, installs a web server on the Internet that performs credit card transactions for customer payments. Joe also sets up a second web server that looks like the first web server. However, the second server contains fabricated files and folders made to look like payments were processed on this server but really were not. Which of the following is the second server? A. DMZ B. Honeynet C. VLAN D. Honeypot
D. Honeypot
Which of the following can Joe, a security administrator, implement on his network to capture attack details that are occurring while also protecting his production network? A. Security logs B. Protocol analyzer C. Audit logs D. Honeypot
D. Mandatory Vacations
Which of the following should Joe, a security manager, implement to reduce the risk of employees working in collusion to embezzle funds from his company? A. Privacy Policy B. Least Privilege C. Acceptable Use D. Mandatory Vacations
C. False positives
Ann, a security technician, is reviewing the IDS log files. She notices a large number of alerts for multicast packets from the switches on the network. After investigation, she discovers that this is normal activity for her network. Which of the following BEST describes these results? A. True negatives B. True positives C. False positives D. False negatives
A. Acceptable use policy C. Privacy policy
Joe, a security analyst, asks each employee of an organization to sign a statement saying that they understand how their activities may be monitored. Which of the following BEST describes this statement? (Select TWO). A. Acceptable use policy B. Risk acceptance policy C. Privacy policy D. Email policy E. Security policy
A. Black box testing
A process in which the functionality of an application is tested without any knowledge of the internal mechanisms of the application is known as: A. Black box testing B. White box testing C. Black hat testing D. Gray box testing
C. Protocol analyzer
Which of the following tools would allow Ann, the security administrator, to be able to BEST quantify all traffic on her network? A. Honeypot B. Port scanner C. Protocol analyzer D. Vulnerability scanner
A. Structured walk through
Ann is starting a disaster recovery program. She has gathered specifics and team members for a meeting on site. Which of the following types of tests is this? A. Structured walk through B. Full Interruption test C. Check list test D. Table top exercise
B. Password complexity
An internal auditing team would like to strengthen the password policy to support special characters. Which of the following types of password controls would achieve this goal? A. Add reverse encryption B. Password complexity C. Increase password length D. Allow single sign on
D. Code review
Ann, the software security engineer, works for a major software vendor. Which of the following practices should be implemented to help prevent race conditions, buffer overflows, and other similar vulnerabilities prior to each production release? A. Product baseline report B. Input validation C. Patch regression testing D. Code review
A. Vulnerability scanning
Ann, a security analyst, is preparing for an upcoming security audit. To ensure that she identifies unapplied security controls and patches without attacking or compromising the system, Ann would use which of the following? A. Vulnerability scanning B. SQL injection C. Penetration testing D. Antivirus update
A. Routine log audits
Ann, the security administrator, received a report from the security technician, that an unauthorized new user account was added to the server over two weeks ago. Which of the following could have mitigated this event? A. Routine log audits B. Job rotation C. Risk likelihood assessment D. Separation of duties
B. 137 C. 139
Which of the following ports should be opened on a firewall to allow for NetBIOS communication? (Select TWO). A. 110 B. 137 C. 139 D. 143 E. 161 F. 443
D. Implement MAC filtering on the access point.
Joe, the systems administrator, is setting up a wireless network for his team's laptops only and needs to prevent other employees from accessing it. Which of the following would BEST address this? A. Disable default SSID broadcasting. B. Use WPA instead of WEP encryption. C. Lower the access point's power settings. D. Implement MAC filtering on the access point.
D. Single sign-on
After Ann, a user, logs into her banking websites she has access to her financial institution mortgage, credit card, and brokerage websites as well. Which of the following is being described? A. Trusted OS B. Mandatory access control C. Separation of duties D. Single sign-on
A. Disk encryption
Which of the following is a way to implement a technical control to mitigate data loss in case of a mobile device theft? A. Disk encryption B. Encryption policy C. Solid state drive D. Mobile device policy
D. The user is sending malicious SQL injection strings in order to extract sensitive company or customer data via the website.
When an order was submitted via the corporate website, an administrator noted special characters (e.g., ";--" and "or 1=1 --") were input instead of the expected letters and numbers. Which of the following is the MOST likely reason for the unusual results? A. The user is attempting to highjack the web server session using an open-source browser. B. The user has been compromised by a cross-site scripting attack (XSS) and is part of a botnet performing DDoS attacks. C. The user is attempting to fuzz the web server by entering foreign language characters which are incompatible with the website. D. The user is sending malicious SQL injection strings in order to extract sensitive company or customer data via the website.
A. Methods and templates to respond to press requests, institutional and regulatory reporting requirements. B. Methods to exchange essential information to and from all response team members, employees, suppliers, and customers.
When a communications plan is developed for disaster recovery and business continuity plans, the MOST relevant items to include would be: (Select TWO). A. Methods and templates to respond to press requests, institutional and regulatory reporting requirements. B. Methods to exchange essential information to and from all response team members, employees, suppliers, and customers. C. Developed recovery strategies, test plans, post-test evaluation and update processes. D. Defined scenarios by type and scope of impact and dependencies, with quantification of loss potential. E. Methods to review and report on system logs, incident response, and incident handling.
D. Identify critical assets systems and functions, identify dependencies, determine critical downtime limit, define scenarios by type and scope of impact, and quantify loss potential.
Key elements of a business impact analysis should include which of the following tasks? A. Develop recovery strategies, prioritize recovery, create test plans, post-test evaluation, and update processes. B. Identify institutional and regulatory reporting requirements, develop response teams and communication trees, and develop press release templates. C. Employ regular preventive measures such as patch management, change management, antivirus and vulnerability scans, and reports to management. D. Identify critical assets systems and functions, identify dependencies, determine critical downtime limit, define scenarios by type and scope of impact, and quantify loss potential.
A. Date of birth
End-user awareness training for handling sensitive personally identifiable information would include secure storage and transmission of customer: A. Date of birth. B. First and last name. C. Phone number. D. Employer name.
A. User rights reviews
Which of the following risk mitigation strategies will allow Ann, a security analyst, to enforce least privilege principles? A. User rights reviews B. Incident management C. Risk based controls D. Annual loss expectancy
B. First Responder
The security officer is preparing a read-only USB stick with a document of important personal phone numbers, vendor contacts, an MD5 program, and other tools to provide to employees. At which of the following points in an incident should the officer instruct employees to use this information? A. Business Impact Analysis B. First Responder C. Damage and Loss Control D. Contingency Planning
C. Capture the system image
To ensure proper evidence collection, which of the following steps should be preformed FIRST? A. Take hashes from the live system B. Review logs C. Capture the system image D. Copy all compromised files
D. Network sniffing
Joe, the security administrator, has determined that one of his web servers is under attack. Which of the following can help determine where the attack originated from? A. Capture system image B. Record time offset C. Screenshots D. Network sniffing
D. A back-out strategy planned out anticipating any unforeseen problems that may arise
Joe, the system administrator, is performing an overnight system refresh of hundreds of user computers. The refresh has a strict timeframe and must have zero downtime during business hours. Which of the following should Joe take into consideration? A. A disk-based image of every computer as they are being replaced. B. A plan that skips every other replaced computer to limit the area of affected users. C. An offsite contingency server farm that can act as a warm site should any issues appear. D. A back-out strategy planned out anticipating any unforeseen problems that may arise.
A. Operating system's integrity is maintained
A program displays: ERROR: this program has caught an exception and will now terminate. Which of the following is MOST likely accomplished by the program's behavior? A. Operating system's integrity is maintained B. Program's availability is maintained C. Operating system's scalability is maintained D. User's confidentiality is maintained
A. Guards
A security administrator wants to deploy a physical security control to limit an individual's access into a sensitive area. Which of the following should be implemented? A. Guards B. CCTV C. Bollards D. Spike strip
B. Single factor authentication
A network administrator uses an RFID card to enter the datacenter, a key to open the server rack, and a username and password to logon to a server. These are examples of which of the following? A. Multifactor authentication B. Single factor authentication C. Separation of duties D. Identification
B. Electrostatic charge D. Condensation
Which of the following results in datacenters with failed humidity controls? (Select TWO). A. Excessive EMI B. Electrostatic charge C. Improper ventilation D. Condensation E. Irregular temperature
C. Hash the credential fields and use encryption for the credit card field
An online store wants to protect user credentials and credit card information so that customers can store their credit card information and use their card for multiple separate transactions. Which of the following database designs provides the BEST security for the online store? A. Use encryption for the credential fields and hash the credit card field B. Encrypt the username and hash the password C. Hash the credential fields and use encryption for the credit card field D. Hash both the credential fields and the credit card field
C. Password length
A security administrator is reviewing the below output from a password auditing tool: P@ss. @pW1. S3cU4 Which of the following additional policies should be implemented based on the tool's output? A. Password age B. Password history C. Password length D. Password complexity
D. Session hijacking
Joe, a user, in a coffee shop is checking his email over a wireless network. An attacker records the temporary credentials being passed to Joe's browser. The attacker later uses the credentials to impersonate Joe and creates SPAM messages. Which of the following attacks allows for this impersonation? A. XML injection B. Directory traversal C. Header manipulation D. Session hijacking
A. Disabling SSID broadcasting
A security architect wishes to implement a wireless network with connectivity to the company's internal network. Before they inform all employees that this network is being put in place, the architect wants to roll it out to a small test segment. Which of the following allows for greater secrecy about this network during this initial phase of implementation? A. Disabling SSID broadcasting B. Implementing WPA2 - TKIP C. Implementing WPA2 - CCMP D. Filtering test workstations by MAC address
B. Confidentiality E. Non-repudiation
Digital certificates can be used to ensure which of the following? (Select TWO). A. Availability B. Confidentiality C. Verification D. Authorization E. Non-repudiation
A. Trust model
A network administrator is looking for a way to automatically update company browsers so they import a list of root certificates from an online source. This online source will then be responsible for tracking which certificates are to be trusted or not trusted. Which of the following BEST describes the service that should be implemented to meet these requirements? A. Trust model B. Key escrow C. OCSP D. PKI
D. White box
A quality assurance analyst is reviewing a new software product for security, and has complete access to the code and data structures used by the developers. This is an example of which of the following types of testing? A. Black box B. Penetration C. Gray box D. White box
A. Black box
The security consultant is assigned to test a client's new software for security, after logs show targeted attacks from the Internet. To determine the weaknesses, the consultant has no access to the application program interfaces, code, or data structures. This is an example of which of the following types of testing? A. Black box B. Penetration C. Gray box D. White box
B. Elliptical curve cryptography
Which of the following types of cryptography should be used when minimal overhead is necessary for a mobile device? A. Block cipher B. Elliptical curve cryptography C. Diffie-Hellman algorithm D. Stream cipher
B. The administrator may spend more on licensing but less on hardware and equipment.
The server administrator has noted that most servers have a lot of free disk space and low memory utilization. Which of the following statements will be correct if the server administrator migrates to a virtual server environment? A. The administrator will need to deploy load balancing and clustering. B. The administrator may spend more on licensing but less on hardware and equipment. C. The administrator will not be able to add a test virtual environment in the data center. D. Servers will encounter latency and lowered throughput issues.
A. WPA2-Enterprise wireless network
Configuring key/value pairs on a RADIUS server is associated with deploying which of the following? A. WPA2-Enterprise wireless network B. DNS secondary zones C. Digital certificates D. Intrusion detection system
A. Detect security incidents C. Implement monitoring controls
A security analyst performs the following activities: monitors security logs, installs surveillance cameras and analyzes trend reports. Which of the following job responsibilities is the analyst performing? (Select TWO). A. Detect security incidents B. Reduce attack surface of systems C. Implement monitoring controls D. Hardening network devices E. Prevent unauthorized access
B. Clients will be notified that the certificate is invalid
A certificate used on an ecommerce web server is about to expire. Which of the following will occur if the certificate is allowed to expire? A. The certificate will be added to the Certificate Revocation List (CRL). B. Clients will be notified that the certificate is invalid. C. The ecommerce site will not function until the certificate is renewed. D. The ecommerce site will no longer use encryption.
C. VLAN
An administrator needs to segment internal traffic between layer 2 devices within the LAN. Which of the following types of network design elements would MOST likely be used? A. Routing B. DMZ C. VLAN D. NAT
D. Access control lists
The security administrator needs to restrict traffic on a layer 3 device to support FTP from a new remote site. Which of the following secure network administration principles will need to be implemented? A. Implicit deny B. VLAN management C. Port security D. Access control lists
A. ICMP is being blocked
After a network outage, a PC technician is unable to ping various network devices. The network administrator verifies that those devices are working properly and can be accessed securely. Which of the following is the MOST likely reason the PC technician is unable to ping those devices? A. ICMP is being blocked B. SSH is not enabled C. DNS settings are wrong D. SNMP is not configured properly
B. WPA2 CCMP
The security administrator has been tasked to update all the access points to provide a more secure connection. All access points currently use WPA TKIP for encryption. Which of the following would be configured to provide more secure connections? A. WEP B. WPA2 CCMP C. Disable SSID broadcast and increase power levels D. MAC filtering
D. Lessons learned
After a recent security breach, the network administrator has been tasked to update and backup all router and switch configurations. The security administrator has been tasked to enforce stricter security policies. All users were forced to undergo additional user awareness training. All of these actions are due to which of the following types of risk mitigation strategies? A. Change management B. Implementing policies to prevent data loss C. User rights and permissions review D. Lessons learned
A. User rights and permissions review
Various network outages have occurred recently due to unapproved changes to network and security devices. All changes were made using various system credentials. The security analyst has been tasked to update the security policy. Which of the following risk mitigation strategies would also need to be implemented to reduce the number of network outages due to unauthorized changes? A. User rights and permissions review B. Configuration management C. Incident management D. Implement security controls on Layer 3 devices
C. Steganography
A security analyst discovered data such as images and word documents hidden within different types of files. Which of the following cryptographic concepts describes what was discovered? A. Symmetric encryption B. Non-repudiation C. Steganography D. Hashing
A. Hashing
Which of the following concepts describes the use of a one way transformation in order to validate the integrity of a program? A. Hashing B. Key escrow C. Non-repudiation D. Steganography
B. TLS
Recent data loss on financial servers due to security breaches forced the system administrator to harden their systems. Which of the following algorithms with transport encryption would be implemented to provide the MOST secure web connections to manage and access these servers? A. SSL B. TLS C. HTTP D. FTP
C. CRLs
Which of the following provides a static record of all certificates that are no longer valid? A. Private key B. Recovery agent C. CRLs D. CA
D. Two-factor
A company requires that a user's credentials include providing something they know and something they are in order to gain access to the network. Which of the following types of authentication is being described? A. Biometrics B. Kerberos C. Token D. Two-factor
D. Single Sign-On
A company wants to ensure that all credentials for various systems are saved within a central database so that users only have to login once for access to all systems. Which of the following would accomplish this? A. Multi-factor authentication B. Smart card access C. Same Sign-On D. Single Sign-On
B. Dumpster Diving
Physical documents must be incinerated after a set retention period is reached. Which of the following attacks does this action remediate? A. Shoulder Surfing B. Dumpster Diving C. Phishing D. Impersonation
C. Shoulder Surfing
All executive officers have changed their monitor location so it cannot be easily viewed when passing by their offices. Which of the following attacks does this action remediate? A. Dumpster Diving B. Impersonation C. Shoulder Surfing D. Whaling
C. WPA
Which of the following protocols is vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks by NOT using end to end TLS encryption? A. HTTPS B. WEP C. WPA D. WPA 2
D. WPA 2
A security administrator has been tasked with setting up a new internal wireless network that must use end to end TLS. Which of the following may be used to meet this objective? A. WPA B. HTTPS C. WEP D. WPA 2
B. Buffer overflow
A server administrator notes that a legacy application often stops running due to a memory error. When reviewing the debugging logs, they notice code being run calling an internal process to exploit the machine. Which of the following attacks does this describe? A. Zero-day B. Buffer overflow C. Cross site scripting D. Malicious add-on
B. Video surveillance
Key cards at a bank are not tied to individuals, but rather to organizational roles. After a break in, it becomes apparent that extra efforts must be taken to successfully pinpoint who exactly enters secure areas. Which of the following security measures can be put in place to mitigate the issue until a new key card system can be installed? A. Bollards B. Video surveillance C. Proximity readers D. Fencing
D. Bollards
After running into the data center with a vehicle, attackers were able to enter through the hole in the building and steal several key servers in the ensuing chaos. Which of the following security measures can be put in place to mitigate the issue from occurring in the future? A. Fencing B. Proximity readers C. Video surveillance D. Bollards
D. Certificate revocation list
A CA is compromised and attacks start distributing maliciously signed software updates. Which of the following can be used to warn users about the malicious activity? A. Key escrow B. Private key verification C. Public key verification D. Certificate revocation list
A. Recovery agent
After encrypting all laptop hard drives, an executive officer's laptop has trouble booting to the operating system. Now that it is successfully encrypted the helpdesk cannot retrieve the data. Which of the following can be used to decrypt the information for retrieval? A. Recovery agent B. Private key C. Trust models D. Public key
A. Firewall
Which of the following devices is MOST likely being used when processing the following? 1 PERMIT IP ANY ANY EQ 80 2 DENY IP ANY ANY A. Firewall B. NIPS C. Load balancer D. URL filter
D. ABC company uses PAT.
The security administrator at ABC company received the following log information from an external party: 10:45:01 EST, SRC 10.4.3.7:3056, DST 8.4.2.1:80, ALERT, Directory traversal 10:45:02 EST, SRC 10.4.3.7:3057, DST 8.4.2.1:80, ALERT, Account brute force 10:45:03 EST, SRC 10.4.3.7:3058, DST 8.4.2.1:80, ALERT, Port scan The external party is reporting attacks coming from abc-company.com. Which of the following is the reason the ABC company's security administrator is unable to determine the origin of the attack? A. A NIDS was used in place of a NIPS. B. The log is not in UTC. C. The external party uses a firewall. D. ABC company uses PAT.
C. Fuzzy hashes
The security administrator is implementing a malware storage system to archive all malware seen by the company into a central database. The malware must be categorized and stored based on similarities in the code. Which of the following should the security administrator use to identify similar malware? A. TwoFish B. SHA-512 C. Fuzzy hashes D. HMAC
B. The file containing the public key
The security administrator installed a newly generated SSL certificate onto the company web server. Due to a mis-configuration of the website, a downloadable file containing one of the pieces of the key was available to the public. It was verified that the disclosure did not require a reissue of the certificate. Which of the following was MOST likely compromised? A. The file containing the recovery agent's keys. B. The file containing the public key. C. The file containing the private key. D. The file containing the server's encrypted passwords.
B. Buffer overflow attack
Which of the following was launched against a company based on the following IDS log? 122.41.15.252 - - [21/May/2012:00:17:20 +1200] "GET /index.php?username=AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA A AAA HTTP/1.1" 200 2731 "http://www.company.com/cgibin/ forum/commentary.pl/noframes/read/209" "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; Hotbar 4.4.7.0)" A. SQL injection B. Buffer overflow attack C. XSS attack D. Online password crack
A. cd ../../../../bin/bash
The security administrator is analyzing a user's history file on a Unix server to determine if the user was attempting to break out of a rootjail. Which of the following lines in the user's history log shows evidence that the user attempted to escape the rootjail? A. cd ../../../../bin/bash B. whoami C. ls /root D. sudo -u root
C. Gray box testing
A software development company has hired a programmer to develop a plug-in module to an existing proprietary application. After completing the module, the developer needs to test the entire application to ensure that the module did not introduce new vulnerabilities. Which of the following is the developer performing when testing the application? A. Black box testing B. White box testing C. Gray box testing D. Design review
A. Account lockout D. Password complexity F. Minimum password length
A security administrator must implement all requirements in the following corporate policy: Passwords shall be protected against offline password brute force attacks. Passwords shall be protected against online password brute force attacks. Which of the following technical controls must be implemented to enforce the corporate policy? (Select THREE). A. Account lockout B. Account expiration C. Screen locks D. Password complexity E. Minimum password lifetime F. Minimum password length
A. Log detailed exception but display generic error message
Which of the following is a best practice for error and exception handling? A. Log detailed exception but display generic error message B. Display detailed exception but log generic error message C. Log and display detailed error and exception messages D. Do not log or display error or exception messages
A. File encryption
A team of firewall administrators have access to a `master password list' containing service account passwords. Which of the following BEST protects the master password list? A. File encryption B. Password hashing C. USB encryption D. Full disk encryption
C. Utilize a hardware security module
An SSL/TLS private key is installed on a corporate web proxy in order to inspect HTTPS requests. Which of the following describes how this private key should be stored so that it is protected from theft? A. Implement full disk encryption B. Store on encrypted removable media C. Utilize a hardware security module D. Store on web proxy file system
C. Authorized employees have the ability to reset passwords so that the data is accessible
An insurance company requires an account recovery process so that information created by an employee can be accessed after that employee is no longer with the firm. Which of the following is the BEST approach to implement this process? A. Employee is required to share their password with authorized staff prior to leaving the firm B. Passwords are stored in a reversible form so that they can be recovered when needed C. Authorized employees have the ability to reset passwords so that the data is accessible D. All employee data is exported and imported by the employee prior to them leaving the firm
D. Web-based form that identifies customer by another mechanism, sets a temporary password and forces a password change upon first login.
A small company has a website that provides online customer support. The company requires an account recovery process so that customers who forget their passwords can regain access. Which of the following is the BEST approach to implement this process? A. Replace passwords with hardware tokens which provide two-factor authentication to the online customer support site. B. Require the customer to physically come into the company's main office so that the customer can be authenticated prior to their password being reset. C. Web-based form that identifies customer by another mechanism and then emails the customer their forgotten password. D. Web-based form that identifies customer by another mechanism, sets a temporary password and forces a password change upon first login.
C. IPSec VPN tunnels on top of the MPLS link.
A new MPLS network link has been established between a company and its business partner. The link provides logical isolation in order to prevent access from other business partners. Which of the following should be applied in order to achieve confidentiality and integrity of all data across the link? A. MPLS should be run in IPVPN mode. B. SSL/TLS for all application flows. C. IPSec VPN tunnels on top of the MPLS link. D. HTTPS and SSH for all application flows.
B. TACACS
Which of the following authentication services should be replaced with a more secure alternative? A. RADIUS B. TACACS C. TACACS+ D. XTACACS
B. Design review
A financial company requires a new private network link with a business partner to cater for realtime and batched data flows. Which of the following activities should be performed by the IT security staff member prior to establishing the link? A. Baseline reporting B. Design review C. Code review D. SLA reporting
A. Sniffer
Which device monitors network traffic in a passive manner? A. Sniffer B. IDS C. Firewall D. Web browser
A. Honeypot
What is a system that is intended or designed to be broken into by an attacker? A. Honeypot B. Honeybucket C. Decoy D. Spoofing system
A. Disabled, regardless of the circumstances
How must user accounts for exiting employees be handled? A. Disabled, regardless of the circumstances B. Disabled if the employee has been terminated C. Deleted, regardless of the circumstances D. Deleted if the employee has been terminated
D. Phishing threats and attacks F. Information security awareness
Human Resources (HR) would like executives to undergo only two specific security training programs a year. Which of the following provides the BEST level of security training for the executives? (Select TWO). A. Acceptable use of social media B. Data handling and disposal C. Zero day exploits and viruses D. Phishing threats and attacks E. Clean desk and BYOD F. Information security awareness
D. RAID 6
Which of the following provides data the best fault tolerance at the LOWEST cost? A. Load balancing B. Clustering C. Server virtualization D. RAID 6
B. Antivirus D. Cable locks
The librarian wants to secure the public Internet kiosk PCs at the back of the library. Which of the following would be the MOST appropriate? (Select TWO). A. Device encryption B. Antivirus C. Privacy screen D. Cable locks E. Remote wipe
D. AES
A system administrator wants to enable WPA2 CCMP. Which of the following is the only encryption used? A. RC4 B. DES C. 3DES D. AES
D. Backdoor
Two programmers write a new secure application for the human resources department to store personal identifiable information. The programmers make the application available to themselves using an uncommon port along with an ID and password only they know. This is an example of which of the following? A. Root Kit B. Spyware C. Logic Bomb D. Backdoor
A. Separation of Duties
Everyone in the accounting department has the ability to print and sign checks. Internal audit has asked that only one group of employees may print checks while only two other employees may sign the checks. Which of the following concepts would enforce this process? A. Separation of Duties B. Mandatory Vacations C. Discretionary Access Control D. Job Rotation
D. Single factor authentication
The security department has implemented a new laptop encryption product in the environment. The product requires one user name and password at the time of boot up and also another password after the operating system has finished loading. This setup is using which of the following authentication types? A. Two-factor authentication B. Single sign-on C. Multifactor authentication D. Single factor authentication
B. Implicit deny on the payroll folder for the staff group
The Human Resources department has a parent shared folder setup on the server. There are two groups that have access, one called managers and one called staff. There are many sub folders under the parent shared folder, one is called payroll. The parent folder access control list propagates all subfolders and all subfolders inherit the parent permission. Which of the following is the quickest way to prevent the staff group from gaining access to the payroll folder? A. Remove the staff group from the payroll folder B. Implicit deny on the payroll folder for the staff group C. Implicit deny on the payroll folder for the managers group D. Remove inheritance from the payroll folder
A. Bank's CRL
The finance department works with a bank which has recently had a number of cyber attacks. The finance department is concerned that the banking website certificates have been compromised. Which of the following can the finance department check to see if any of the bank's certificates are still valid? A. Bank's CRL B. Bank's private key C. Bank's key escrow D. Bank's recovery agent
C. DMZ D. Subnet
Which of the following are examples of network segmentation? (Select TWO). A. IDS B. IaaS C. DMZ D. Subnet E. IPS
B. WPA2
Which of the following provides the strongest authentication security on a wireless network? A. MAC filter B. WPA2 C. WEP D. Disable SSID broadcast
C. To reduce the organizational risk
Which of the following provides the BEST explanation regarding why an organization needs to implement IT security policies? A. To ensure that false positives are identified B. To ensure that staff conform to the policy C. To reduce the organizational risk D. To require acceptable usage of IT systems
B. Mounting the drive in read-only mode
An incident response team member needs to perform a forensics examination but does not have the required hardware. Which of the following will allow the team member to perform the examination with minimal impact to the potential evidence? A. Using a software file recovery disc B. Mounting the drive in read-only mode C. Imaging based on order of volatility D. Hashing the image after capture
D. Key escrow
Which of the following allows an organization to store a sensitive PKI component with a trusted third party? A. Trust model B. Public Key Infrastructure C. Private key D. Key escrow
C. Firewall
Which of the following security devices can be replicated on a Linux based computer using IP tables to inspect and properly handle network based traffic? A. Sniffer B. Router C. Firewall D. Switch
A. Integrity of downloaded software
A software firm posts patches and updates to a publicly accessible FTP site. The software firm also posts digitally signed checksums of all patches and updates. The firm does this to address: A. Integrity of downloaded software. B. Availability of the FTP site. C. Confidentiality of downloaded software. D. Integrity of the server logs.
A. certificate, private key, and intermediate certificate chain
An administrator has successfully implemented SSL on srv4.comptia.com using wildcard certificate *.comptia.com, and now wishes to implement SSL on srv5.comptia.com. Which of the following files should be copied from srv4 to accomplish this? A. certificate, private key, and intermediate certificate chain B. certificate, intermediate certificate chain, and root certificate C. certificate, root certificate, and certificate signing request D. certificate, public key, and certificate signing request
D. IPv6 DNS record
When reviewing security logs, an administrator sees requests for the AAAA record of www.comptia.com. Which of the following BEST describes this type of record? A. DNSSEC record B. IPv4 DNS record C. IPSEC DNS record D. IPv6 DNS record
D. Group based privileges
Which of the following practices reduces the management burden of access management? A. Password complexity policies B. User account audit C. Log analysis and review D. Group based privileges
A. Data classification
Which of the following helps to apply the proper security controls to information? A. Data classification B. Deduplication C. Clean desk policy D. Encryption
D. Fuzzing
Which of the following describes purposefully injecting extra input during testing, possibly causing an application to crash? A. Input validation B. Exception handling C. Application hardening D. Fuzzing
C. RADIUS
Which of the following types of security services are used to support authentication for remote users and devices? A. Biometrics B. HSM C. RADIUS D. TACACS
B. MaaS
A Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) is tasked with outsourcing the analysis of security logs. These will need to still be reviewed on a regular basis to ensure the security of the company has not been breached. Which of the following cloud service options would support this requirement? A. SaaS B. MaaS C. IaaS D. PaaS
D. CRL
A security administrator needs a locally stored record to remove the certificates of a terminated employee. Which of the following describes a service that could meet these requirements? A. OCSP B. PKI C. CA D. CRL
D. Incident management
A security analyst informs the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) that a security breach has just occurred. This results in the Risk Manager and Chief Information Officer (CIO) being caught unaware when the CEO asks for further information. Which of the following strategies should be implemented to ensure the Risk Manager and CIO are not caught unaware in the future? A. Procedure and policy management B. Chain of custody management C. Change management D. Incident management
A. RADIUS
Which of the following relies on the use of shared secrets to protect communication? A. RADIUS B. Kerberos C. PKI D. LDAP
B. Fuzzing
A security administrator wants to test the reliability of an application which accepts user provided parameters. The administrator is concerned with data integrity and availability. Which of the following should be implemented to accomplish this task? A. Secure coding B. Fuzzing C. Exception handling D. Input validation
B. Personally identifiable information
Which of the following concepts is a term that directly relates to customer privacy considerations? A. Data handling policies B. Personally identifiable information C. Information classification D. Clean desk policies
D. Endpoint protection
Which of the following is a Data Loss Prevention (DLP) strategy and is MOST useful for securing data in use? A. Email scanning B. Content discovery C. Database fingerprinting D. Endpoint protection
B. WEP implements weak initialization vectors for key transmission
Which of the following is a concern when encrypting wireless data with WEP? A. WEP displays the plain text entire key when wireless packet captures are reassembled B. WEP implements weak initialization vectors for key transmission C. WEP uses a very weak encryption algorithm D. WEP allows for only four pre-shared keys to be configured
C. $17,500
A security administrator is tasked with calculating the total ALE on servers. In a two year period of time, a company has to replace five servers. Each server replacement has cost the company $4,000 with downtime costing $3,000. Which of the following is the ALE for the company? A. $7,000 B. $10,000 C. $17,500 D. $35,000
B. Account expiration policy
ABC company has a lot of contractors working for them. The provisioning team does not always get notified that a contractor has left the company. Which of the following policies would prevent contractors from having access to systems in the event a contractor has left? A. Annual account review B. Account expiration policy C. Account lockout policy D. Account disablement
B. War chalking
The practice of marking open wireless access points is called which of the following? A. War dialing B. War chalking C. War driving D. Evil
C. Cloud computing
Multi-tenancy is a concept found in which of the following? A. Full disk encryption B. Removable media C. Cloud computing D. Data loss prevention
A. Input validation
Which of the following is a common coding error in which boundary checking is not performed? A. Input validation B. Fuzzing C. Secure coding D. Cross-site scripting
B. contained in certain wireless packets in plaintext.
While previously recommended as a security measure, disabling SSID broadcast is not effective against most attackers because network SSIDs are: A. no longer used to authenticate to most wireless networks. B. contained in certain wireless packets in plaintext. C. contained in all wireless broadcast packets by default. D. no longer supported in 802.11 protocols.
D. Poor input validation.
One of the most consistently reported software security vulnerabilities that leads to major exploits is: A. Lack of malware detection. B. Attack surface decrease. C. Inadequate network hardening. D. Poor input validation.
D. CRL
Public key certificates and keys that are compromised or were issued fraudulently are listed on which of the following? A. PKI B. ACL C. CA D. CRL
C. Whole disk encryption with two-factor authentication
One of the most basic ways to protect the confidentiality of data on a laptop in the event the device is physically stolen is to implement which of the following? A. File level encryption with alphanumeric passwords B. Biometric authentication and cloud storage C. Whole disk encryption with two-factor authentication D. BIOS passwords and two-factor authentication
D. MD5
Users report that after downloading several applications, their systems' performance has noticeably decreased. Which of the following would be used to validate programs prior to installing them? A. Whole disk encryption B. SSH C. Telnet D. MD5
C. WPA cracking
A malicious user is sniffing a busy encrypted wireless network waiting for an authorized client to connect to it. Only after an authorized client has connected and the hacker was able to capture the client handshake with the AP can the hacker begin a brute force attack to discover the encryption key. Which of the following attacks is taking place? A. IV attack B. WEP cracking C. WPA cracking D. Rogue AP
A. NDP
Which of the following protocols is used by IPv6 for MAC address resolution? A. NDP B. ARP C. DNS D. NCP
A. TPM
Which of the following provides dedicated hardware-based cryptographic functions to an operating system and its applications running on laptops and desktops? A. TPM B. HSM C. CPU D. FPU
A. Vulnerability scan
Which of the following tests a number of security controls in the least invasive manner? A. Vulnerability scan B. Threat assessment C. Penetration test D. Ping sweep
A. Private key D. Key password
PGP, which of the following should the end user protect from compromise? (Select TWO). A. Private key B. CRL details C. Public key D. Key password E. Key escrow F. Recovery agent
B. Hot site
Which of the following disaster recovery strategies has the highest cost and shortest recovery time? A. Warm site B. Hot site C. Cold site D. Co-location site
A. Business Impact Analysis
In the case of a major outage or business interruption, the security office has documented the expected loss of earnings, potential fines and potential consequence to customer service. Which of the following would include the MOST detail on these objectives? A. Business Impact Analysis B. IT Contingency Plan C. Disaster Recovery Plan D. Continuity of Operations
C. XSRF
After visiting a website, a user receives an email thanking them for a purchase which they did not request. Upon investigation the security administrator sees the following source code in a pop-up window: <HTML> <body onload="document.getElementByID('badForm').submit()"> <form id="badForm" action="shoppingsite.company.com/purchase.php" method="post" <input name="Perform Purchase" value="Perform Purchase" /> </form></body></HTML> Which of the following has MOST likely occurred? A. SQL injection B. Cookie stealing C. XSRF D. XSS
A. 22
Which of the following ports should be used by a system administrator to securely manage a remote server? A. 22 B. 69 C. 137 D. 445
B. 22
Which of the following ports is used to securely transfer files between remote UNIX systems? A. 21 B. 22 C. 69 D. 445
B. Longer MTBF of hardware due to lower operating temperatures
Which of the following is a security benefit of providing additional HVAC capacity or increased tonnage in a datacenter? A. Increased availability of network services due to higher throughput B. Longer MTBF of hardware due to lower operating temperatures C. Higher data integrity due to more efficient SSD cooling D. Longer UPS run time due to increased airflow
A. Unexpected input
Fuzzing is a security assessment technique that allows testers to analyze the behavior of software applications under which of the following conditions? A. Unexpected input B. Invalid output C. Parameterized input D. Valid output
B. Evil twin
Which of the following types of wireless attacks would be used specifically to impersonate another WAP in order to gain unauthorized information from mobile users? A. IV attack B. Evil twin C. War driving D. Rogue access point
A. Zero-day
Which of the following types of application attacks would be used to identify malware causing security breaches that have NOT yet been identified by any trusted sources? A. Zero-day B. LDAP injection C. XML injection D. Directory traversal
B. TPM encryption
Which of the following is built into the hardware of most laptops but is not setup for centralized management by default? A. Whole disk encryption B. TPM encryption C. USB encryption D. Individual file encryption
A. It can decrypt messages of users who lost their private key
Which of the following is true about the recovery agent? A. It can decrypt messages of users who lost their private key. B. It can recover both the private and public key of federated users. C. It can recover and provide users with their lost or private key. D. It can recover and provide users with their lost public key.
B. Change management
Which of the following MOST specifically defines the procedures to follow when scheduled system patching fails resulting in system outages? A. Risk transference B. Change management C. Configuration management D. Access control revalidation
C. UTM
A review of the company's network traffic shows that most of the malware infections are caused by users visiting gambling and gaming websites. The security manager wants to implement a solution that will block these websites, scan all web traffic for signs of malware, and block the malware before it enters the company network. Which of the following is suited for this purpose? A. ACL B. IDS C. UTM D. Firewall
D. /29
Which of the following would the security engineer set as the subnet mask for the servers below to utilize host addresses on separate broadcast domains? Server 1: 192.168.100.6 Server 2: 192.168.100.9 Server 3: 192.169.100.20 A. /24 B. /27 C. /28 D. /29 E. /30
D. Infrastructure as a service
Which of the following offerings typically allows the customer to apply operating system patches? A. Software as a service B. Public Clouds C. Cloud Based Storage D. Infrastructure as a service
A. 22 F. 3389
A technician is unable to manage a remote server. Which of the following ports should be opened on the firewall for remote server management? (Select TWO). A. 22 B. 135 C. 137 D. 143 E. 443 F. 3389
A. DMZ
When designing a new network infrastructure, a security administrator requests that the intranet web server be placed in an isolated area of the network for security purposes. Which of the following design elements would be implemented to comply with the security administrator's request? A. DMZ B. Cloud services C. Virtualization D. Sandboxing
C. Configure port security
At an organization, unauthorized users have been accessing network resources via unused network wall jacks. Which of the following would be used to stop unauthorized access? A. Configure an access list. B. Configure spanning tree protocol. C. Configure port security. D. Configure loop protection.
D. Implicit deny
Users report that they are unable to access network printing services. The security technician checks the router access list and sees that web, email, and secure shell are allowed. Which of the following is blocking network printing? A. Port security B. Flood guards C. Loop protection D. Implicit deny
D. Connections to port 22
Joe, a security administrator, believes that a network breach has occurred in the datacenter as a result of a misconfigured router access list, allowing outside access to an SSH server. Which of the following should Joe search for in the log files? A. Failed authentication attempts B. Network ping sweeps C. Host port scans D. Connections to port 22
B. Stateful Firewall
Which of the following firewall types inspects Ethernet traffic at the MOST levels of the OSI model? A. Packet Filter Firewall B. Stateful Firewall C. Proxy Firewall D. Application Firewall
B. SSH
A security analyst needs to logon to the console to perform maintenance on a remote server. Which of the following protocols would provide secure access? A. SCP B. SSH C. SFTP D. HTTPS
C. Non Repudiation
Ann, a newly hired human resource employee, sent out confidential emails with digital signatures, to an unintended group. Which of the following would prevent her from denying accountability? A. Email Encryption B. Steganography C. Non Repudiation D. Access Control
D. 3389
Ann, a technician, is attempting to establish a remote terminal session to an end user's computer using Kerberos authentication, but she cannot connect to the destination machine. Which of the following default ports should Ann ensure is open? A. 22 B. 139 C. 443 D. 3389
C. Layered security
Concurrent use of a firewall, content filtering, antivirus software and an IDS system would be considered components of: A. Redundant systems. B. Separation of duties. C. Layered security. D. Application control.
A. Data integrity is susceptible to being compromised
Which of the following is a security risk regarding the use of public P2P as a method of collaboration? A. Data integrity is susceptible to being compromised. B. Monitoring data changes induces a higher cost. C. Users are not responsible for data usage tracking. D. Limiting the amount of necessary space for data storage.
A. Security awareness training
The method to provide end users of IT systems and applications with requirements related to acceptable use, privacy, new threats and trends, and use of social networking is: A. Security awareness training. B. BYOD security training. C. Role-based security training. D. Legal compliance training.
B. User rights and permission reviews. E. Management controls over account management
After an audit, it was discovered that the security group memberships were not properly adjusted for employees' accounts when they moved from one role to another. Which of the following has the organization failed to properly implement? (Select TWO). A. Mandatory access control enforcement. B. User rights and permission reviews. C. Technical controls over account management. D. Account termination procedures. E. Management controls over account management. F. Incident management and response plan.
B. Configure a proxy server to log all traffic destined for ports 80 and 443
A security technician wishes to gather and analyze all Web traffic during a particular time period. Which of the following represents the BEST approach to gathering the required data? A. Configure a VPN concentrator to log all traffic destined for ports 80 and 443. B. Configure a proxy server to log all traffic destined for ports 80 and 443. C. Configure a switch to log all traffic destined for ports 80 and 443. D. Configure a NIDS to log all traffic destined for ports 80 and 443.
D. Deny UCP port 69
A security administrator suspects that an increase in the amount of TFTP traffic on the network is due to unauthorized file transfers, and wants to configure a firewall to block all TFTP traffic. Which of the following would accomplish this task? A. Deny TCP port 68 B. Deny TCP port 69 C. Deny UDP port 68 D. Deny UCP port 69
A. Signature Based IDS
The network security engineer just deployed an IDS on the network, but the Chief Technical Officer (CTO) has concerns that the device is only able to detect known anomalies. Which of the following types of IDS has been deployed? A. Signature Based IDS B. Heuristic IDS C. Behavior Based IDS D. Anomaly Based IDS
A. Acceptable Use Policy
Joe, a newly hired employee, has a corporate workstation that has been compromised due to several visits to P2P sites. Joe insisted that he was not aware of any company policy that prohibits the use of such web sites. Which of the following is the BEST method to deter employees from the improper use of the company's information systems? A. Acceptable Use Policy B. Privacy Policy C. Security Policy D. Human Resource Policy
D. Preparation
The Chief Technical Officer (CTO) has tasked The Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) to develop and update all Internal Operating Procedures and Standard Operating Procedures documentation in order to successfully respond to future incidents. Which of the following stages of the Incident Handling process is the team working on? A. Lessons Learned B. Eradication C. Recovery D. Preparation
B. Physical Destruction
Company XYZ recently salvaged company laptops and removed all hard drives, but the Chief Information Officer (CIO) is concerned about disclosure of confidential information. Which of the following is the MOST secure method to dispose of these hard drives? A. Degaussing B. Physical Destruction C. Lock up hard drives in a secure safe D. Wipe
D. A site survey was not conducted
A company has recently implemented a high density wireless system by having a junior technician install two new access points for every access point already deployed. Users are now reporting random wireless disconnections and slow network connectivity. Which of the following is the MOST likely cause? A. The old APs use 802.11a B. Users did not enter the MAC of the new Aps C. The new APs use MIMO D. A site survey was not conducted
A. The SSID broadcast is disabled
A company provides secure wireless Internet access for visitors and vendors working onsite. Some of the vendors using older technology report that they are unable to access the wireless network after entering the correct network information. Which of the following is the MOST likely reason for this issue? A. The SSID broadcast is disabled. B. The company is using the wrong antenna type. C. The MAC filtering is disabled on the access point. D. The company is not using strong enough encryption.
B. Enforce mandatory vacations
A company is looking to reduce the likelihood of employees in the finance department being involved with money laundering. Which of the following controls would BEST mitigate this risk? A. Implement privacy policies B. Enforce mandatory vacations C. Implement a security policy D. Enforce time of day restrictions
D. Redundancy
A company recently experienced data loss when a server crashed due to a midday power outage. Which of the following should be used to prevent this from occurring again? A. Recovery procedures B. EMI shielding C. Environmental monitoring D. Redundancy
B. Install a camera and DVR at the entrance to monitor access
Joe, a security administrator, is concerned with users tailgating into the restricted areas. Given a limited budget, which of the following would BEST assist Joe with detecting this activity? A. Place a full-time guard at the entrance to confirm user identity. B. Install a camera and DVR at the entrance to monitor access. C. Revoke all proximity badge access to make users justify access. D. Install a motion detector near the entrance.
A. Integrity
It is important to staff who use email messaging to provide PII to others on a regular basis to have confidence that their messages are not intercepted or altered during transmission. They are concerned about which of the following types of security control? A. Integrity B. Safety C. Availability D. Confidentiality
D. Safety
A security manager requires fencing around the perimeter, and cipher locks on all entrances. The manager is concerned with which of the following security controls? A. Integrity B. Availability C. Confidentiality D. Safety
B. Web application firewall
A security engineer is reviewing log data and sees the output below: POST: /payload.php HTTP/1.1 HOST: localhost Accept: / Referrer: http://localhost/ ******* HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden Connection: close Log: Access denied with 403. Pattern matches form bypass Which of the following technologies was MOST likely being used to generate this log? A. Host-based Intrusion Detection System B. Web application firewall C. Network-based Intrusion Detection System D. Stateful Inspection Firewall E. URL Content Filter
A. Antenna placement F. Power levels
A security team has identified that the wireless signal is broadcasting into the parking lot. To reduce the risk of an attack against the wireless network from the parking lot, which of the following controls should be used? (Select TWO). A. Antenna placement B. Interference C. Use WEP D. Single Sign on E. Disable the SSID F. Power levels
A. Unified Threat Management
An organization does not have adequate resources to administer its large infrastructure. A security administrator wishes to integrate the security controls of some of the network devices in the organization. Which of the following methods would BEST accomplish this goal? A. Unified Threat Management B. Virtual Private NetworkC. Single sign on D. Role-based management
A. IPv6 C. IPSec
A company's legacy server requires administration using Telnet. Which of the following protocols could be used to secure communication by offering encryption at a lower OSI layer? (Select TWO). A. IPv6 B. SFTP C. IPSec D. SSH E. IPv4
B. Anomaly Based IDS
Joe, the Chief Technical Officer (CTO), is concerned about new malware being introduced into the corporate network. He has tasked the security engineers to implement a technology that is capable of alerting the team when unusual traffic is on the network. Which of the following types of technologies will BEST address this scenario? A. Application Firewall B. Anomaly Based IDS C. Proxy Firewall D. Signature IDS
D. Define responsibilities of each party
Which of the following describes the purpose of an MOU? A. Define interoperability requirements B. Define data backup process C. Define onboard/offboard procedure D. Define responsibilities of each party
A. Chain of custody
The security manager received a report that an employee was involved in illegal activity and has saved data to a workstation's hard drive. During the investigation, local law enforcement's criminal division confiscates the hard drive as evidence. Which of the following forensic procedures is involved? A. Chain of custody B. System image C. Take hashes D. Order of volatility
D. EMI shielding
Environmental control measures include which of the following? A. Access list B. Lighting C. Motion detection D. EMI shielding
D. Warm site
Which of the following is the BEST concept to maintain required but non-critical server availability? A. SaaS site B. Cold site C. Hot site D. Warm site
C. The picture uploaded to the social media site was geo-tagged by the mobile phone
Prior to leaving for an extended vacation, Joe uses his mobile phone to take a picture of his family in the house living room. Joe posts the picture on a popular social media site together with the message: "Heading to our two weeks vacation to Italy." Upon returning home, Joe discovers that the house was burglarized. Which of the following is the MOST likely reason the house was burglarized if nobody knew Joe's home address? A. Joe has enabled the device access control feature on his mobile phone. B. Joe's home address can be easily found using the TRACEROUTE command. C. The picture uploaded to the social media site was geo-tagged by the mobile phone. D. The message posted on the social media site informs everyone the house will be empty.
D. Mobile device management
Which of the following technical controls helps to prevent Smartphones from connecting to a corporate network? A. Application white listing B. Remote wiping C. Acceptable use policy D. Mobile device management
A. White-listing
Which of the following would prevent a user from installing a program on a company-owned mobile device? A. White-listing B. Access control lists C. Geotagging D. Remote wipe
D. VSAN
Which of the following can be used to maintain a higher level of security in a SAN by allowing isolation of mis-configurations or faults? A. VLAN B. Protocol securityC. Port security D. VSAN
D. Degaussing
The act of magnetically erasing all of the data on a disk is known as: A. Wiping B. Dissolution C. Scrubbing D. Degaussing
A. HIDS
Joe, a network security engineer, has visibility to network traffic through network monitoring tools. However, he's concerned that a disgruntled employee may be targeting a server containing the company's financial records. Which of the following security mechanism would be MOST appropriate to confirm Joe's suspicion? A. HIDS B. HIPS C. NIPS D. NIDS
A. Create a VLAN for the SCADA
Joe, a technician at the local power plant, notices that several turbines had ramp up in cycles during the week. Further investigation by the system engineering team determined that a timed.exe file had been uploaded to the system control console during a visit by international contractors. Which of the following actions should Joe recommend? A. Create a VLAN for the SCADA B. Enable PKI for the MainFrame C. Implement patch management D. Implement stronger WPA2 Wireless
B. Incorporating a full-disk encryption system
A system administrator has been instructed by the head of security to protect their data at-rest. Which of the following would provide the strongest protection? A. Prohibiting removable media B. Incorporating a full-disk encryption system C. Biometric controls on data center entry points D. A host-based intrusion detection system
B. The signatures must have a hash value equal to what is displayed on the vendor site.
An Information Systems Security Officer (ISSO) has been placed in charge of a classified peer- topeer network that cannot connect to the Internet. The ISSO can update the antivirus definitions manually, but which of the following steps is MOST important? A. A full scan must be run on the network after the DAT file is installed. B. The signatures must have a hash value equal to what is displayed on the vendor site. C. The definition file must be updated within seven days. D. All users must be logged off of the network prior to the installation of the definition file.
A. RADIUS
Ann has taken over as the new head of the IT department. One of her first assignments was to implement AAA in preparation for the company's new telecommuting policy. When she takes inventory of the organizations existing network infrastructure, she makes note that it is a mix of several different vendors. Ann knows she needs a method of secure centralized access to the company's network resources. Which of the following is the BEST service for Ann to implement? A. RADIUS B. LDAP C. SAML D. TACACS+
C. Ann's user account was not added to the group policy
A group policy requires users in an organization to use strong passwords that must be changed every 15 days. Joe and Ann were hired 16 days ago. When Joe logs into the network, he is prompted to change his password; when Ann logs into the network, she is not prompted to change her password. Which of the following BEST explains why Ann is not required to change her password? A. Ann's user account has administrator privileges. B. Joe's user account was not added to the group policy. C. Ann's user account was not added to the group policy. D. Joe's user account was inadvertently disabled and must be re-created.
B. HTTP
A new web server has been provisioned at a third party hosting provider for processing credit card transactions. The security administrator runs the netstat command on the server and notices that ports 80, 443, and 3389 are in a `listening' state. No other ports are open. Which of the following services should be disabled to ensure secure communications? A. HTTPS B. HTTP C. RDP D. TELNET
A. Increase password complexity F. Increase password length
Several employee accounts appear to have been cracked by an attacker. Which of the following should the security administrator implement to mitigate password cracking attacks? (Select TWO). A. Increase password complexity B. Deploy an IDS to capture suspicious logins C. Implement password history D. Implement monitoring of logins E. Implement password expiration F. Increase password length
A. Attach cable locks to each laptop
A cafe provides laptops for Internet access to their customers. The cafe is located in the center corridor of a busy shopping mall. The company has experienced several laptop thefts from the cafe during peek shopping hours of the day. Corporate has asked that the IT department provide a solution to eliminate laptop theft. Which of the following would provide the IT department wit the BEST solution? A. Attach cable locks to each laptop B. Require each customer to sign an AUP C. Install a GPS tracking device onto each laptop D. Install security cameras within the perimeter of the café
B. Create an account with role-based access control for accounting.
A company hired Joe, an accountant. The IT administrator will need to create a new account for Joe. The company uses groups for ease of management and administration of user accounts. Joe will need network access to all directories, folders and files within the accounting department. Which of the following configurations will meet the requirements? A. Create a user account and assign the user account to the accounting group. B. Create an account with role-based access control for accounting. C. Create a user account with password reset and notify Joe of the account creation. D. Create two accounts: a user account and an account with full network administration rights.
D. An attacker has installed an access point nearby in an attempt to capture company information.
Ann, the network administrator, has learned from the helpdesk that employees are accessing the wireless network without entering their domain credentials upon connection. Once the connection is made, they cannot reach any internal resources, while wired network connections operate smoothly. Which of the following is MOST likely occurring? A. A user has plugged in a personal access point at their desk to connect to the network wirelessly. B. The company is currently experiencing an attack on their internal DNS servers. C. The company's WEP encryption has been compromised and WPA2 needs to be implemented instead. D. An attacker has installed an access point nearby in an attempt to capture company information.
D. Separation of duties
Ann works at a small company and she is concerned that there is no oversight in the finance department; specifically, that Joe writes, signs and distributes paychecks, as well as other expenditures. Which of the following controls can she implement to address this concern? A. Mandatory vacations B. Time of day restrictions C. Least privilege D. Separation of duties
C. TPM
A hospital IT department wanted to secure its doctor's tablets. The IT department wants operating system level security and the ability to secure the data from alteration. Which of the following methods would MOST likely work? A. Cloud storage B. Removal Media C. TPM D. Wiping
B. Mandatory Access Controls
Which of the following common access control models is commonly used on systems to ensure a "need to know" based on classification levels? A. Role Based Access Controls B. Mandatory Access Controls C. Discretionary Access Controls D. Access Control List
C. Install a CA
A company's security administrator wants to manage PKI for internal systems to help reduce costs. Which of the following is the FIRST step the security administrator should take? A. Install a registration server. B. Generate shared public and private keys. C. Install a CA D. Establish a key escrow policy.
B. Block port 23 on the network firewall
A network consists of various remote sites that connect back to two main locations. Pete, the security administrator, needs to block TELNET access into the network. Which of the following, by default, would be the BEST choice to accomplish this goal? A. Block port 23 on the L2 switch at each remote site B. Block port 23 on the network firewall C. Block port 25 on the L2 switch at each remote site D. Block port 25 on the network firewall
B. VLANs
Pete, a security administrator, is informed that people from the HR department should not have access to the accounting department's server, and the accounting department should not have access to the HR department's server. The network is separated by switches. Which of the following is designed to keep the HR department users from accessing the accounting department's server and vice-versa?
B. Penetration test
Which of the following is BEST utilized to actively test security controls on a particular system? A. Port scanning B. Penetration test C. Vulnerability scanning D. Grey/Gray box
D. DMZ
Which of the following has serious security implications for large organizations and can potentially allow an attacker to capture conversations? A. Subnetting B. NAT C. Jabber D. DMZ
D. Quantitative risk assessment
Upper management decides which risk to mitigate based on cost. This is an example of: A. Qualitative risk assessment B. Business impact analysis C. Risk management framework D. Quantitative risk assessment
B. Integrity
Matt, a security administrator, wants to ensure that the message he is sending does not get intercepted or modified in transit. This concern relates to which of the following concepts? A. Availability B. Integrity C. Accounting D. Confidentiality
B. Blowfish
Which of the following should be used when a business needs a block cipher with minimal key size for internal encryption? A. AES B. Blowfish C. RC5 D. 3DES
C. Disable SSD broadcast
Which of the following best practices makes a wireless network more difficult to find? A. Implement MAC filtering B. UseWPA2-PSK C. Disable SSD broadcast D. Power down unused WAPs
A. Disclosure of proprietary information
The use of social networking sites introduces the risk of: A. Disclosure of proprietary information B. Data classification issues C. Data availability issues D. Broken chain of custody
B. ACK C. SYN
Which the following flags are used to establish a TCP connection? (Select TWO). A. PSH B. ACK C. SYN D. URG E. FIN
B. Application hardening
Which of the following describes the process of removing unnecessary accounts and services from an application to reduce risk exposure? A. Error and exception handling B. Application hardening C. Application patch management D. Cross-site script prevention
D. HMAC
Which of the following MUST Matt, a security administrator, implement to verify both the integrity and authenticity of a message while requiring a shared secret? A. RIPEMD B. MD5 C. SHA D. HMAC
D. Mantrap
Visitors entering a building are required to close the back door before the front door of the same entry room is open. Which of the following is being described? A. Tailgating B. Fencing C. Screening D. Mantrap
C. Packet sniffer
Which of the following software allows a network administrator to inspect the protocol header in order to troubleshoot network issues? A. URL filter B. Spam filter C. Packet sniffer D. Switch
C. 80
Which of the following ports would be blocked if Pete, a security administrator, wants to deny access to websites? A. 21 B. 25 C. 80 D. 3389
B. Consider antenna placement
Which of the following would Pete, a security administrator, do to limit a wireless signal from penetrating the exterior walls? A. Implement TKIP encryption B. Consider antenna placement C. Disable the SSID broadcast D. Disable WPA
B. Rogue access point
Which of the following is where an unauthorized device is found allowing access to a network? A. Bluesnarfing B. Rogue access point C. Honeypot D. IV attack
D. Bluesnarfing
Which of the following attacks allows access to contact lists on cellular phones? A. War chalking B. Blue jacking C. Packet sniffing D. Bluesnarfing
D. Steganography
Which of the following can hide confidential or malicious data in the whitespace of other files (e.g. JPEGs)? A. Hashing B. Transport encryption C. Digital signatures D. Steganography
A. Certificate revocation list
Which of the following identifies certificates that have been compromised or suspected of being compromised? A. Certificate revocation list B. Access control list C. Key escrow registry D. Certificate authority
B. Protocol analyzers
Which of the following BEST allows Pete, a security administrator, to determine the type, source, and flags of the packet traversing a network for troubleshooting purposes? A. Switches B. Protocol analyzers C. Routers D. Web security gateways
B. Chain of custody
Which of the following is the MOST important step for preserving evidence during forensic procedures? A. Involve law enforcement B. Chain of custody C. Record the time of the incident D. Report within one hour of discovery
A. SQL Injection
Highly sensitive data is stored in a database and is accessed by an application on a DMZ server. The disk drives on all servers are fully encrypted. Communication between the application server and end-users is also encrypted. Network ACLs prevent any connections to the database server except from the application server. Which of the following can still result in exposure of the sensitive data in the database server? A. SQL Injection B. Theft of the physical database server C. Cookies D. Cross-site scripting
B. The capacity of a system to resist unauthorized changes to stored information
The fundamental information security principals include confidentiality, availability and which of the following? A. The ability to secure data against unauthorized disclosure to external sources B. The capacity of a system to resist unauthorized changes to stored information C. The confidence with which a system can attest to the identity of a user D. The characteristic of a system to provide uninterrupted service to authorized users
A. Unmatched key pairs
Which of the following is the MOST likely cause of users being unable to verify a single user's email signature and that user being unable to decrypt sent messages? A. Unmatched key pairs B. Corrupt key escrow C. Weak public key D. Weak private key
D. Theft of hardware
Full disk encryption is MOST effective against which of the following threats? A. Denial of service by data destruction B. Eavesdropping emanations C. Malicious code D. Theft of hardware
A. Zero day exploit
Which of the following may cause Jane, the security administrator, to seek an ACL work around? A. Zero day exploit B. Dumpster diving C. Virus outbreak D. Tailgating
B. PKI
In order to use a two-way trust model the security administrator MUST implement which of the following? A. DAC B. PKI C. HTTPS D. TPM
D. Hash
Which of the following would a security administrator use to verify the integrity of a file? A. Time stamp B. MAC times C. File descriptor D. Hash
D. Disable unused ports
Which of the following is a best practice when securing a switch from physical access? A. Disable unnecessary accounts B. Print baseline configuration C. Enable access lists D. Disable unused ports
C. dd in=/dev/sda out=/dev/sdb bs=4k
A security administrator needs to image a large hard drive for forensic analysis. Which of the following will allow for faster imaging to a second hard drive? A. cp /dev/sda /dev/sdb bs=8k B. tail -f /dev/sda > /dev/sdb bs=8k C. dd in=/dev/sda out=/dev/sdb bs=4k D. locate /dev/sda /dev/sdb bs=4k
C. Security policy and threat awareness training
Sara, an employee, tethers her smartphone to her work PC to bypass the corporate web security gateway while connected to the LAN. While Sara is out at lunch her PC is compromised via the tethered connection and corporate data is stolen. Which of the following would BEST prevent this from occurring again? A. Disable the wireless access and implement strict router ACLs. B. Reduce restrictions on the corporate web security gateway. C. Security policy and threat awareness training. D. Perform user rights and permissions reviews.
C. Enable MAC filtering
Which of the following can be implemented if a security administrator wants only certain devices connecting to the wireless network? A. Disable SSID broadcast B. Install a RADIUS server C. Enable MAC filtering D. Lowering power levels on the AP
C. Spyware
Which of the following malware types typically allows an attacker to monitor a user's computer, is characterized by a drive-by download, and requires no user interaction? A. Virus B. Logic bomb C. Spyware D. Adware
C. Adware
Which of the following malware types may require user interaction, does not hide itself, and is commonly identified by marketing pop-ups based on browsing habits? A. Botnet B. Rootkit C. Adware D. Virus
C. Blue jacking
Which of the following is characterized by an attack against a mobile device? A. Evil twin B. Header manipulation C. Blue jacking D. Rogue AP
D. LDAP injection
Which of the following application attacks is used against a corporate directory service where there are unknown servers on the network? A. Rogue access point B. Zero day attack C. Packet sniffing D. LDAP injection
C. IPv6
Which of the following protocols allows for the LARGEST address space? A. IPX B. IPv4 C. IPv6 D. Appletalk
C. Incident response team
Who should be contacted FIRST in the event of a security breach? A. Forensics analysis team B. Internal auditors C. Incident response team D. Software vendors
A. Buffer overflow
A security administrator examines a network session to a compromised database server with a packet analyzer. Within the session there is a repeated series of the hex character 90 (x90). Which of the following attack types has occurred? A. Buffer overflow B. Cross-site scripting C. XML injection D. SQL injection
A. The IDS does not identify a buffer overflow.
Which of the following is an example of a false negative? A. The IDS does not identify a buffer overflow. B. Anti-virus identifies a benign application as malware. C. Anti-virus protection interferes with the normal operation of an application. D. A user account is locked out after the user mistypes the password too many times.
A. Mandatory access control
Which of the following access controls enforces permissions based on data labeling at specific levels? A. Mandatory access control B. Separation of duties access control C. Discretionary access control D. Role based access control
C. Integrity
Sara, a security administrator, manually hashes all network device configuration files daily and compares them to the previous days' hashes. Which of the following security concepts is Sara using? A. Confidentiality B. Compliance C. Integrity D. Availability
C. Vulnerability scan
Which of the following would be used to identify the security posture of a network without actually exploiting any weaknesses? A. Penetration test B. Code review C. Vulnerability scan D. Brute Force scan
D. Kerberos
Which of the following authentication services uses a ticket granting system to provide access? A. RADIUS B. LDAP C. TACACS+ D. Kerberos
B. SNMPv3
Matt, a security administrator, wants to configure all the switches and routers in the network in order to securely monitor their status. Which of the following protocols would he need to configure on each device? A. SMTP B. SNMPv3 C. IPSec D. SNMP
C. Enable MAC filtering D. Disable SSID broadcast
Jane, the security administrator, sets up a new AP but realizes too many outsiders are able to connect to that AP and gain unauthorized access. Which of the following would be the BEST way to mitigate this issue and still provide coverage where needed? (Select TWO). A. Disable the wired ports B. Use channels 1, 4 and 7 only C. Enable MAC filtering D. Disable SSID broadcast E. Switch from 802.11a to 802.11b
B. Validate the identity of an email sender C. Encrypt messages E. Decrypt messages
The public key is used to perform which of the following? (Select THREE). A. Validate the CRL B. Validate the identity of an email sender C. Encrypt messages D. Perform key recovery E. Decrypt messages F. Perform key escrow
D. Subnetting
Which of the following is BEST used to break a group of IP addresses into smaller network segments or blocks? A. NAT B. Virtualization C. NAC D. Subnetting
B. ALE C. SLE
Which of the following would BEST be used to calculate the expected loss of an event, if the likelihood of an event occurring is known? (Select TWO). A. DAC B. ALE C. SLE D. ARO E. ROI
A. Full backups on the weekend and incremental during the week
An administrator wants to minimize the amount of time needed to perform backups during the week. It is also acceptable to the administrator for restoration to take an extended time frame. Which of the following strategies would the administrator MOST likely implement? A. Full backups on the weekend and incremental during the week B. Full backups on the weekend and full backups every day C. Incremental backups on the weekend and differential backups every day D. Differential backups on the weekend and full backups every day
D. Mobile site
Which of the following can be utilized in order to provide temporary IT support during a disaster, where the organization sets aside funds for contingencies, but does not necessarily have a dedicated site to restore those services? A. Hot site B. Warm site C. Cold site D. Mobile site
A. Vulnerability scanning
Which of the following is BEST utilized to identify common misconfigurations throughout the enterprise? A. Vulnerability scanning B. Port scanning C. Penetration testing D. Black box
C. Changing environmental controls
Which of the following is an attack vector that can cause extensive physical damage to a datacenter without physical access? A. CCTV system access B. Dial-up access C. Changing environmental controls D. Ping of death
A. PII handling
Which of the following policies is implemented in order to minimize data loss or theft? A. PII handling B. Password policy C. Chain of custody D. Zero day exploits
C. WPA2
Which of the following provides the HIGHEST level of confidentiality on a wireless network? A. Disabling SSID broadcast B. MAC filtering C. WPA2 D. Packet switching
C. Penetration test
A security administrator is aware that a portion of the company's Internet-facing network tends to be non-secure due to poorly configured and patched systems. The business owner has accepted the risk of those systems being compromised, but the administrator wants to determine the degree to which those systems can be used to gain access to the company intranet. Which of the following should the administrator perform? A. Patch management assessment B. Business impact assessment C. Penetration test D. Vulnerability assessment
C. Secure zone transfers
Which of the following should be implemented to stop an attacker from mapping out addresses and/or devices on a network? A. Single sign on B. IPv6 C. Secure zone transfers D. VoIP
D. Port scan and fingerprinting
Sara, the Chief Information Officer (CIO), has requested an audit take place to determine what services and operating systems are running on the corporate network. Which of the following should be used to complete this task? A. Fingerprinting and password crackers B. Fuzzing and a port scan C. Vulnerability scan and fuzzing D. Port scan and fingerprinting
D. PEAP-MSCHAPv2
Matt, a systems security engineer, is determining which credential-type authentication to use within a planned 802.1x deployment. He is looking for a method that does not require a client certificate, has a server side certificate, and uses TLS tunnels for encryption. Which credential type authentication method BEST fits these requirements? A. EAP-TLS B. EAP-FAST C. PEAP-CHAP D. PEAP-MSCHAPv2
B. The security company is provided with no information about the corporate network or physical locations.
Matt, the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO), tells the network administrator that a security company has been hired to perform a penetration test against his network. The security company asks Matt which type of testing would be most beneficial for him. Which of the following BEST describes what the security company might do during a black box test? A. The security company is provided with all network ranges, security devices in place, and logical maps of the network. B. The security company is provided with no information about the corporate network or physical locations. C. The security company is provided with limited information on the network, including all network diagrams. D. The security company is provided with limited information on the network, including some subnet ranges and logical network diagrams.
B. Data leakage C. Compliance D. Malware
Corporate IM presents multiple concerns to enterprise IT. Which of the following concerns should Jane, the IT security manager, ensure are under control? (Select THREE). A. Authentication B. Data leakage C. Compliance D. Malware E. Non-repudiation F. Network loading
C. Dictionary D. Brute force
Account lockout is a mitigation strategy used by Jane, the administrator, to combat which of the following attacks? (Select TWO). A. Spoofing B. Man-in-the-middle C. Dictionary D. Brute force E. Privilege escalation
A. Account expiration
Which of the following controls mitigates the risk of Matt, an attacker, gaining access to a company network by using a former employee's credential? A. Account expiration B. Password complexity C. Account lockout D. Dual factor authentication
A. Succession planning
Pete, the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of a company, has increased his travel plans for the next two years to improve business relations. Which of the following would need to be in place in case something happens to Pete? A. Succession planning B. Disaster recovery C. Separation of duty D. Removing single loss expectancy
A. Job rotation
In order to prevent and detect fraud, which of the following should be implemented? A. Job rotation B. Risk analysis C. Incident management D. Employee evaluations
C. To determine the system's security posture
Which of the following BEST represents the goal of a vulnerability assessment? A. To test how a system reacts to known threats B. To reduce the likelihood of exploitation C. To determine the system's security posture D. To analyze risk mitigation strategies
B. it is the beginning of a DDoS attack
An administrator notices an unusual spike in network traffic from many sources. The administrator suspects that: A. it is being caused by the presence of a rogue access point. B. it is the beginning of a DDoS attack. C. the IDS has been compromised. D. the internal DNS tables have been poisoned.
A. Automatically encrypt impacted outgoing emails
A customer service department has a business need to send high volumes of confidential information to customers electronically. All emails go through a DLP scanner. Which of the following is the BEST solution to meet the business needs and protect confidential information? A. Automatically encrypt impacted outgoing emails B. Automatically encrypt impacted incoming emails C. Monitor impacted outgoing emails D. Prevent impacted outgoing emails
D. HMAC
Which of the following cryptographic algorithms is MOST often used with IPSec? A. Blowfish B. Twofish C. RC4 D. HMAC
B. Role based access control
Users require access to a certain server depending on their job function. Which of the following would be the MOST appropriate strategy for securing the server? A. Common access card B. Role based access control C. Discretionary access control D. Mandatory access control
A. NIPS
Pete, a security administrator, has observed repeated attempts to break into the network. Which of the following is designed to stop an intrusion on the network? A. NIPS B. HIDS C. HIPS D. NIDS
B. VPN gateway
Which of the following would Pete, a security administrator, MOST likely implement in order to allow employees to have secure remote access to certain internal network services such as file servers? A. Packet filtering firewall B. VPN gateway C. Switch D. Router
B. Verify the user's identity
Which of the following should be done before resetting a user's password due to expiration? A. Verify the user's domain membership. B. Verify the user's identity. C. Advise the user of new policies. D. Verify the proper group membership.
B. USB encryption
Which of the following hardware based encryption devices is used as a part of multi-factor authentication to access a secured computing system? A. Database encryption B. USB encryption C. Whole disk encryption D. TPM
B. Succession planning
Establishing a published chart of roles, responsibilities, and chain of command to be used during a disaster is an example of which of the following? A. Fault tolerance B. Succession planning C. Business continuity testing D. Recovery point objectives
B. A public key C. A private key
In PKI, a key pair consists of: (Select TWO). A. A key ring B. A public key C. A private key D. Key escrow E. A passphrase
A. Two factor authentication
Speaking a passphrase into a voice print analyzer is an example of which of the following security concepts? A. Two factor authentication B. Identification and authorization C. Single sign-on D. Single factor authentication
B. SFTP
Which of the following secure file transfer methods uses port 22 by default? A. FTPS B. SFTP C. SSL D. S/MIME
C. WEP
While setting up a secure wireless corporate network, which of the following should Pete, an administrator, avoid implementing? A. EAP-TLS B. PEAP C. WEP D. WPA
A. Virtualization
Due to limited resources, a company must reduce their hardware budget while still maintaining availability. Which of the following would MOST likely help them achieve their objectives? A. Virtualization B. Remote access C. Network access control D. Blade servers
B. Pop-up blocker
A user has several random browser windows opening on their computer. Which of the following programs can be installed on his machine to help prevent this from happening? A. Antivirus B. Pop-up blocker C. Spyware blocker D. Anti-spam
B. Mantrap
A company is installing a new security measure that would allow one person at a time to be authenticated to an area without human interaction. Which of the following does this describe? A. Fencing B. Mantrap C. A guard D. Video surveillance
C. CRL
When employees that use certificates leave the company they should be added to which of the following? A. PKI B. CA C. CRL D. TKIP
A. Employ encryption on all outbound emails containing confidential information.
Several departments within a company have a business need to send high volumes of confidential information to customers via email. Which of the following is the BEST solution to mitigate unintentional exposure of confidential information? A. Employ encryption on all outbound emails containing confidential information. B. Employ exact data matching and prevent inbound emails with Data Loss Prevention. C. Employ hashing on all outbound emails containing confidential information. D. Employ exact data matching and encrypt inbound e-mails with Data Loss Prevention.
B. NIPS
An administrator is looking to implement a security device which will be able to not only detect network intrusions at the organization level, but help defend against them as well. Which of the following is being described here? A. NIDS B. NIPS C. HIPS D. HIDS
C. TCP 1723 D. UDP 47
A company has implemented PPTP as a VPN solution. Which of the following ports would need to be opened on the firewall in order for this VPN to function properly? (Select TWO). A. UDP 1723 B. TCP 500 C. TCP 1723 D. UDP 47 E. TCP 47
D. Spam
Mike, a user, states that he is receiving several unwanted emails about home loans. Which of the following is this an example of? A. Spear phishing B. Hoaxes C. Spoofing D. Spam
B. Steganography
Which of the following must a user implement if they want to send a secret message to a coworker by embedding it within an image? A. Transport encryption B. Steganography C. Hashing D. Digital signature
C. TCP port 80 and ICMP
Pete, a network administrator, is implementing IPv6 in the DMZ. Which of the following protocols must he allow through the firewall to ensure the web servers can be reached via IPv6 from an IPv6 enabled Internet host? A. TCP port 443 and IP protocol 46 B. TCP port 80 and TCP port 443 C. TCP port 80 and ICMP D. TCP port 443 and SNMP
D. Write a firewall rule to allow the vendor to have access to the remote site.
Sara, a security technician, has received notice that a vendor coming in for a presentation will require access to a server outside of the network. Currently, users are only able to access remote sites through a VPN connection. How could Sara BEST accommodate the vendor? A. Allow incoming IPSec traffic into the vendor's IP address. B. Set up a VPN account for the vendor, allowing access to the remote site. C. Turn off the firewall while the vendor is in the office, allowing access to the remote site. D. Write a firewall rule to allow the vendor to have access to the remote site.
C. Whole disk encryption
Which of the following is the BEST method for ensuring all files and folders are encrypted on all corporate laptops where the file structures are unknown? A. Folder encryption B. File encryption C. Whole disk encryption D. Steganography
D. Symmetric
Encryption used by RADIUS is BEST described as: A. Quantum B. Elliptical curve C. Asymmetric D. Symmetric
B. Sender's public key
Which of the following is used by the recipient of a digitally signed email to verify the identity of the sender? A. Recipient's private key B. Sender's public key C. Recipient's public key D. Sender's private key
D. MAC filtering
A security analyst has been tasked with securing a guest wireless network. They recommend the company use an authentication server but are told the funds are not available to set this up. Which of the following BEST allows the analyst to restrict user access to approved devices? A. Antenna placement B. Power level adjustment C. Disable SSID broadcasting D. MAC filtering
C. The supervisor should be added to the accounting group while maintaining their membership in the human resources group.
A supervisor in the human resources department has been given additional job duties in the accounting department. Part of their new duties will be to check the daily balance sheet calculations on spreadsheets that are restricted to the accounting group. In which of the following ways should the account be handled? A. The supervisor should be allowed to have access to the spreadsheet files, and their membership in the human resources group should be terminated. B. The supervisor should be removed from the human resources group and added to the accounting group. C. The supervisor should be added to the accounting group while maintaining their membership in the human resources group. D. The supervisor should only maintain membership in the human resources group.
A. Retention of user keys
Which of the following security benefits would be gained by disabling a terminated user account rather than deleting it? A. Retention of user keys B. Increased logging on access attempts C. Retention of user directories and files D. Access to quarantined files
B. IPS E. IDS
Which of the following security architecture elements also has sniffer functionality? (Select TWO). A. HSM B. IPS C. SSL accelerator D. WAP E. IDS
C. Implement screen locks, device encryption, and remote wipe capabilities
Jane, an IT security technician, needs to create a way to secure company mobile devices. Which of the following BEST meets this need? A. Implement voice encryption, pop-up blockers, and host-based firewalls. B. Implement firewalls, network access control, and strong passwords. C. Implement screen locks, device encryption, and remote wipe capabilities. D. Implement application patch management, antivirus, and locking cabinets.
C. CRL
Which of the following should a security technician implement to identify untrusted certificates? A. CA B. PKI C. CRL D. Recovery agent
A. Certification authority
Pete, an employee, needs a certificate to encrypt data. Which of the following would issue Pete a certificate? A. Certification authority B. Key escrow C. Certificate revocation list D. Registration authority
B. Blowfish
Sara, a security engineer, is testing encryption ciphers for performance. Which of the following ciphers offers strong encryption with the FASTEST speed? A. 3DES B. Blowfish C. Serpent D. AES256
B. LDAP
Which of the following is an authentication method that can be secured by using SSL? A. RADIUS B. LDAP C. TACACS+ D. Kerberos
C. Enact a policy that employees must use their vacation time in a staggered schedule.
The Chief Security Officer (CSO) is concerned about misuse of company assets and wishes to determine who may be responsible. Which of the following would be the BEST course of action? A. Create a single, shared user account for every system that is audited and logged based upon time of use. B. Implement a single sign-on application on equipment with sensitive data and high-profile shares. C. Enact a policy that employees must use their vacation time in a staggered schedule. D. Separate employees into teams led by a person who acts as a single point of contact for observation purposes.
A. Blowfish
Jane, a VPN administrator, was asked to implement an encryption cipher with a MINIMUM effective security of 128-bits. Which of the following should Jane select for the tunnel encryption? A. Blowfish B. DES C. SHA256 D. HMAC
A. RSA
Which of the following uses both a public and private key? A. RSA B. AES C. MD5 D. SHA
D. 3DES
Which of the following would Matt, a security administrator, use to encrypt transmissions from an internal database to an internal server, keeping in mind that the encryption process must add as little latency to the process as possible? A. ECC B. RSA C. SHA D. 3DES
A. Thank the caller, report the contact to the manager, and contact the vendor support line to verify any reported patch issues.
A database administrator receives a call on an outside telephone line from a person who states that they work for a well-known database vendor. The caller states there have been problems applying the newly released vulnerability patch for their database system, and asks what version is being used so that they can assist. Which of the following is the BEST action for the administrator to take? A. Thank the caller, report the contact to the manager, and contact the vendor support line to verify any reported patch issues. B. Obtain the vendor's email and phone number and call them back after identifying the number of systems affected by the patch. C. Give the caller the database version and patch level so that they can receive help applying the patch. D. Call the police to report the contact about the database systems, and then check system logs for attack attempts.
B. Static electricity
The datacenter manager is reviewing a problem with a humidity factor that is too low. Which of the following environmental problems may occur? A. EMI emanations B. Static electricity C. Condensation D. Dry-pipe fire suppression
D. SCP 186 E. SSH
A UNIX administrator would like to use native commands to provide a secure way of connecting to other devices remotely and to securely transfer files. Which of the following protocols could be utilized? (Select TWO). A. RDP B. SNMP C. FTP D. SCP 186 E. SSH Answer: D,E
D. Availability
A network administrator has purchased two devices that will act as failovers for each other. Which of the following concepts does this BEST illustrate? A. Authentication B. Integrity C. Confidentiality D. Availability
A. Virtual switch F. VLAN
Matt, the network engineer, has been tasked with separating network traffic between virtual machines on a single hypervisor. Which of the following would he implement to BEST address this requirement? (Select TWO). A. Virtual switch B. NAT C. System partitioning D. Access-list E. Disable spanning tree F. VLAN
A. A buffer zone between protected and unprotected networks
Which of the following BEST describes a demilitarized zone? A. A buffer zone between protected and unprotected networks. B. A network where all servers exist and are monitored. C. A sterile, isolated network segment with access lists. D. A private network that is protected by a firewall and a VLAN.
D. Clean desk policy
XYZ Corporation is about to purchase another company to expand its operations. The CEO is concerned about information leaking out, especially with the cleaning crew that comes in at night. The CEO would like to ensure no paper files are leaked. Which of the following is the BEST policy to implement? A. Social media policy B. Data retention policy C. CCTV policy D. Clean desk policy
B. Administrator
In intrusion detection system vernacular, which account is responsible for setting the security policy for an organization? A. Supervisor B. Administrator C. Root D. Director
B. Entrapment
Which of the following is the process in which a law enforcement officer or a government agent encourages or induces a person to commit a crime when the potential criminal expresses a desire not to go ahead? A. Enticement B. Entrapment C. Deceit D. Sting
A. Event
Which of the following types of logs could provide clues that someone has been attempting to compromise the SQL Server database? A. Event B. SQL_LOG C. Security D. Access
C. Enable GPS tracking
Pete, the system administrator, has concerns regarding users losing their company provided smartphones. Pete's focus is on equipment recovery. Which of the following BEST addresses his concerns? A. Enforce device passwords. B. Use remote sanitation. C. Enable GPS tracking. D. Encrypt stored data.
A. Anti-spyware
A security administrator wants to deploy security controls to mitigate the threat of company employees' personal information being captured online. Which of the following would BEST serve this purpose? A. Anti-spyware B. Antivirus C. Host-based firewall D. Web content filter
D. P2P may cause excessive network
Which of the following statements is MOST likely to be included in the security awareness training about P2P? A. P2P is always used to download copyrighted material. B. P2P can be used to improve computer system response. C. P2P may prevent viruses from entering the network. D. P2P may cause excessive network bandwidth.
D. Business impact analysis
A company's chief information officer (CIO) has analyzed the financial loss associated with the company's database breach. They calculated that one single breach could cost the company $1,000,000 at a minimum. Which of the following documents is the CIO MOST likely updating? A. Succession plan B. Continuity of operation plan C. Disaster recovery plan D. Business impact analysis
B. Disaster recovery plan
After a production outage, which of the following documents contains detailed information on the order in which the system should be restored to service? A. Succession planning B. Disaster recovery plan C. Information security plan D. Business impact analysis
A. WPA2-PSK E. WPA - LEAP
Which of the following wireless protocols could be vulnerable to a brute-force password attack? (Select TWO). A. WPA2-PSK B. WPA - EAP - TLS C. WPA2-CCMP D. WPA -CCMP E. WPA - LEAP
C. Network Access Control
An auditor is given access to a conference room to conduct an analysis. When they connect their laptop's Ethernet cable into the wall jack, they are not able to get a connection to the Internet but have a link light. Which of the following is MOST likely causing this issue? A. Ethernet cable is damaged B. The host firewall is set to disallow outbound connections C. Network Access Control D. The switch port is administratively shutdown
D. Centralized
Which of the following types of trust models is used by a PKI? A. Transitive B. Open source C. Decentralized D. Centralized
A. Patch management
A technician has implemented a system in which all workstations on the network will receive security updates on the same schedule. Which of the following concepts does this illustrate? A. Patch management B. Application hardening C. White box testing D. Black box testing
D. Cloud computing
Which of the following offers the LEAST amount of protection against data theft by USB drives? A. DLP B. Database encryption C. TPM D. Cloud computing
B. XSS
A security administrator develops a web page and limits input into their fields on the web page as well as filters special characters in output. The administrator is trying to prevent which of the following attacks? A. Spoofing B. XSS C. Fuzzing D. Pharming
B. XML injection
Sara, a hacker, is completing a website form to request a free coupon. The site has a field that limits the request to 3 or fewer coupons. While submitting the form, Sara runs an application on her machine to intercept the HTTP POST command and change the field from 3 coupons to 30. Which of the following was used to perform this attack? A. SQL injection B. XML injection C. Packet sniffer D. Proxy
C. Baselines
Several users report to the administrator that they are having issues downloading files from the file server. Which of the following assessment tools can be used to determine if there is an issue with the file server? A. MAC filter list B. Recovery agent C. Baselines D. Access list
B. EMI shielding
When a new network drop was installed, the cable was run across several fluorescent lights. The users of the new network drop experience intermittent connectivity. Which of the following environmental controls was MOST likely overlooked during installation? A. Humidity sensors B. EMI shielding C. Channel interference D. Cable kinking
C. EAP-TLS
An administrator configures all wireless access points to make use of a new network certificate authority. Which of the following is being used? A. WEP B. LEAP C. EAP-TLS D. TKIP
B. A quick test to see if there is a service running on some-host TCP/443, which is being routed correctly and not blocked by a firewall.
A security analyst noticed a colleague typing the following command: `Telnet some-host 443' Which of the following was the colleague performing? A. A hacking attempt to the some-host web server with the purpose of achieving a distributed denial of service attack. B. A quick test to see if there is a service running on some-host TCP/443, which is being routed correctly and not blocked by a firewall. C. Trying to establish an insecure remote management session. The colleague should be using SSH or terminal services instead. D. A mistaken port being entered because telnet servers typically do not listen on port 443.
A. Kerberos
An information bank has been established to store contacts, phone numbers and other records. An application running on UNIX would like to connect to this index server using port 88. Which of the following authentication services would this use this port by default? A. Kerberos B. TACACS+ C. Radius D. LDAP
C. Access control lists
A database administrator contacts a security administrator to request firewall changes for a connection to a new internal application. The security administrator notices that the new application uses a port typically monopolized by a virus. The security administrator denies the request and suggests a new port or service be used to complete the application's task. Which of the following is the security administrator practicing in this example? A. Explicit deny B. Port security C. Access control lists D. Implicit deny
A. The attacker attempts to have the receiving server pass information to a back-end database from which it can compromise the stored information.
Which of the following BEST describes a SQL Injection attack? A. The attacker attempts to have the receiving server pass information to a back-end database from which it can compromise the stored information. B. The attacker attempts to have the receiving server run a payload using programming commonly found on web servers. C. The attacker overwhelms a system or application, causing it to crash and bring the server down to cause an outage. D. The attacker overwhelms a system or application, causing it to crash, and then redirects the memory address to read from a location holding the payload.
B. Integrity C. Non-Repudiation
Digital signatures are used for ensuring which of the following items? (Select TWO). A. Confidentiality B. Integrity C. Non-Repudiation D. Availability E. Algorithm strength
B. Disable all SSID broadcasting.
Matt, an administrator, is concerned about the wireless network being discovered by war driving. Which of the following can be done to mitigate this? A. Enforce a policy for all users to authentic through a biometric device. B. Disable all SSID broadcasting. C. Ensure all access points are running the latest firmware. D. Move all access points into public access areas.
C. Disaster recovery exercise
A company wants to ensure that its hot site is prepared and functioning. Which of the following would be the BEST process to verify the backup datacenter is prepared for such a scenario? A. Site visit to the backup data center B. Disaster recovery plan review C. Disaster recovery exercise D. Restore from backup
B. DES E. 3DES
Which of the following are restricted to 64-bit block sizes? (Select TWO). A. PGP B. DES C. AES256 D. RSA E. 3DES F. AES
B. Decrypting the hash of an electronic signature
Public keys are used for which of the following? A. Decrypting wireless messages B. Decrypting the hash of an electronic signature C. Bulk encryption of IP based email traffic D. Encrypting web browser traffic
C. Key escrow
Which of the following is a requirement when implementing PKI if data loss is unacceptable? A. Web of trust B. Non-repudiation C. Key escrow D. Certificate revocation list
D. When encrypting a message with the public key, only the private key can decrypt it. E. When encrypting a message with the private key, only the public key can decrypt it.
Which of the following is true about PKI? (Select TWO). A. When encrypting a message with the public key, only the public key can decrypt it. B. When encrypting a message with the private key, only the private key can decrypt it. C. When encrypting a message with the public key, only the CA can decrypt it. D. When encrypting a message with the public key, only the private key can decrypt it. E. When encrypting a message with the private key, only the public key can decrypt it.
D. Private key
The recovery agent is used to recover the: A. Root certificate B. Key in escrow C. Public key D. Private key
A. It should be kept public
Which of the following is true about the CRL? A. It should be kept public B. It signs other keys C. It must be kept secret D. It must be encrypted
A. Three different passwords are used before one can be reused
A password history value of three means which of the following? A. Three different passwords are used before one can be reused. B. A password cannot be reused once changed for three years. C. After three hours a password must be re-entered to continue. D. The server stores passwords in the database for three days.
C. Set a temporary password that expires upon first use.
A user has forgotten their account password. Which of the following is the BEST recovery strategy? A. Upgrade the authentication system to use biometrics instead. B. Temporarily disable password complexity requirements. C. Set a temporary password that expires upon first use. D. Retrieve the user password from the credentials database.
B. Data exfiltration
Allowing unauthorized removable devices to connect to computers increases the risk of which of the following? A. Data leakage prevention B. Data exfiltration C. Data classification D. Data deduplication
C. NAC
A computer is put into a restricted VLAN until the computer's virus definitions are up-to-date. Which of the following BEST describes this system type? A. NAT B. NIPS C. NAC D. DMZ
C. Shielding
A technician is investigating intermittent switch degradation. The issue only seems to occur when the buildings roof air conditioning system runs. Which of the following would reduce the connectivity issues? A. Adding a heat deflector B. Redundant HVAC systems C. Shielding D. Add a wireless network
D. VLAN
According to company policy an administrator must logically keep the Human Resources department separated from the Accounting department. Which of the following would be the simplest way to accomplish this? A. NIDS B. DMZ C. NAT D. VLAN
B. Performance monitor
Which of the following tools will allow a technician to detect security-related TCP connection anomalies? A. Logical token B. Performance monitor C. Public key infrastructure D. Trusted platform module
C. Time of day restrictions
A technician is reviewing the logical access control method an organization uses. One of the senior managers requests that the technician prevent staff members from logging on during nonworking days. Which of the following should the technician implement to meet managements request? A. Enforce Kerberos B. Deploy smart cards C. Time of day restrictions D. Access control lists
C. Spear phishing
Without validating user input, an application becomes vulnerable to all of the following EXCEPT: A. Buffer overflow. B. Command injection. C. Spear phishing. D. SQL injection.
A. Full disk encryption
To protect corporate data on removable media, a security policy should mandate that all removable devices use which of the following? A. Full disk encryption B. Application isolation C. Digital rights management D. Data execution prevention
A. TKIP
Which of the following wireless security technologies continuously supplies new keys for WEP? A. TKIP B. Mac filtering C. WPA2 D. WPA
B. Logic bomb
Which of the following malware types is MOST likely to execute its payload after Jane, an employee, has left the company? A. Rootkit B. Logic bomb C. Worm D. Botnet
C. Fuzzing
Which of the following application security principles involves inputting random data into a program? A. Brute force attack B. Sniffing C. Fuzzing D. Buffer overflow
B. Determining the list of exceptions
Which of the following is an important step in the initial stages of deploying a host-based firewall? A. Selecting identification versus authentication B. Determining the list of exceptions C. Choosing an encryption algorithm D. Setting time of day restrictions
C. Host software baselining
Identifying a list of all approved software on a system is a step in which of the following practices? A. Passively testing security controls B. Application hardening C. Host software baselining D. Client-side targeting
D. Multifactor authentication
Which of the following BEST describes using a smart card and typing in a PIN to gain access to a system? A. Biometrics B. PKI C. Single factor authentication D. Multifactor authentication
B. Unauthorized intrusions into the phone to access data
An administrator has advised against the use of Bluetooth phones due to bluesnarfing concerns. Which of the following is an example of this threat? A. An attacker using the phone remotely for spoofing other phone numbers B. Unauthorized intrusions into the phone to access data C. The Bluetooth enabled phone causing signal interference with the network D. An attacker using exploits that allow the phone to be disabled
B. Identification tells who the user is and authentication proves it
Which of the following is the difference between identification and authentication of a user? A. Identification tells who the user is and authentication tells whether the user is allowed to logon to a system. B. Identification tells who the user is and authentication proves it. C. Identification proves who the user is and authentication is used to keep the users data secure. D. Identification proves who the user is and authentication tells the user what they are allowed to do.
A. The risks associated with the large capacity of USB drives and their concealable nature
The marketing department wants to distribute pens with embedded USB drives to clients. In the past this client has been victimized by social engineering attacks which led to a loss of sensitive data. The security administrator advises the marketing department not to distribute the USB pens due to which of the following? A. The risks associated with the large capacity of USB drives and their concealable nature B. The security costs associated with securing the USB drives over time C. The cost associated with distributing a large volume of the USB pens D. The security risks associated with combining USB drives and cell phones on a network
D. NAT An administrator wishes to hide the network addresses of an internal network when connecting to the Internet.
The MOST effective way to mask the network address of the users would be by passing the traffic through a: A. stateful firewall B. packet-filtering firewall C. NIPS D. NAT
C. Impersonation
A security administrator forgets their card to access the server room. The administrator asks a coworker if they could use their card for the day. Which of the following is the administrator using to gain access to the server room? A. Man-in-the-middle B. Tailgating C. Impersonation D. Spoofing
D. Only USB devices supporting encryption are to be used.
A security administrator has implemented a policy to prevent data loss. Which of the following is the BEST method of enforcement? A. Internet networks can be accessed via personally-owned computers. B. Data can only be stored on local workstations. C. Wi-Fi networks should use WEP encryption by default. D. Only USB devices supporting encryption are to be used.
B. Shared keys, private keys
Symmetric encryption utilizes __________, while asymmetric encryption utilizes _________. A. Public keys, one time B. Shared keys, private keys C. Private keys, session keys D. Private keys, public keys
B. Geographically disparate site redundant datacenter
The main corporate website has a service level agreement that requires availability 100% of the time, even in the case of a disaster. Which of the following would be required to meet this demand? A. Warm site implementation for the datacenter B. Geographically disparate site redundant datacenter C. Localized clustering of the datacenter D. Cold site implementation for the datacenter
D. Another browser instance may execute malicious code
Which of the following is a vulnerability associated with disabling pop-up blockers? A. An alert message from the administrator may not be visible B. A form submitted by the user may not open C. The help window may not be displayed D. Another browser instance may execute malicious code
C. TCP 53 E. UDP 53
A security technician needs to open ports on a firewall to allow for domain name resolution. Which of the following ports should be opened? (Select TWO). A. TCP 21 B. TCP 23 C. TCP 53 D. UDP 23 E. UDP 53
C. All users have read access to the file
During an anonymous penetration test, Jane, a system administrator, was able to identify a shared print spool directory, and was able to download a document from the spool. Which statement BEST describes her privileges? A. All users have write access to the directory. B. Jane has read access to the file. C. All users have read access to the file. D. Jane has read access to the directory.
C. Fuzzing
An IT security technician is actively involved in identifying coding issues for her company. Which of the following is an application security technique that can be used to identify unknown weaknesses within the code? A. Vulnerability scanning B. Denial of service C. Fuzzing D. Port scanning
A. Hard drive encryption
Which of the following data security techniques will allow Matt, an IT security technician, to encrypt a system with speed as its primary consideration? A. Hard drive encryption B. Infrastructure as a service C. Software based encryption D. Data loss prevention
A. SHA1
Matt, a forensic analyst, wants to obtain the digital fingerprint for a given message. The message is 160-bits long. Which of the following hashing methods would Matt have to use to obtain this digital fingerprint? A. SHA1 B. MD2 C. MD4 D. MD5
A. Revoke the digital certificate D. Issue a new digital certificate
A system administrator is notified by a staff member that their laptop has been lost. The laptop contains the user's digital certificate. Which of the following will help resolve the issue? (Select TWO). A. Revoke the digital certificate B. Mark the key as private and import it C. Restore the certificate using a CRL D. Issue a new digital certificate E. Restore the certificate using a recovery agent
B. Change Control Policy D. Regression Testing Policy
A security engineer is given new application extensions each month that need to be secured prior to implementation. They do not want the new extensions to invalidate or interfere with existing application security. Additionally, the engineer wants to ensure that the new requirements are approved by the appropriate personnel. Which of the following should be in place to meet these two goals? (Select TWO). A. Patch Audit Policy B. Change Control Policy C. Incident Management Policy D. Regression Testing Policy E. Escalation Policy F. Application Audit Policy
B. Account disablement
During an audit, the security administrator discovers that there are several users that are no longer employed with the company but still have active user accounts. Which of the following should be performed? A. Account recovery B. Account disablement C. Account lockouts D. Account expiration
C. Implement biometric readers on laptops and restricted areas
A system administrator has concerns regarding their users accessing systems and secured areas using others' credentials. Which of the following can BEST address this concern? A. Create conduct policies prohibiting sharing credentials. B. Enforce a policy shortening the credential expiration timeframe. C. Implement biometric readers on laptops and restricted areas. D. Install security cameras in areas containing sensitive systems.
D. Authentication
A network administrator has a separate user account with rights to the domain administrator group. However, they cannot remember the password to this account and are not able to login to the server when needed. Which of the following is MOST accurate in describing the type of issue the administrator is experiencing? A. Single sign-on B. Authorization C. Access control D. Authentication
A. Clustering
Jane has implemented an array of four servers to accomplish one specific task. This is BEST known as which of the following? A. Clustering B. RAID C. Load balancing D. Virtualization
A. Internal account audits
Which of the following security account management techniques should a security analyst implement to prevent staff, who has switched company roles, from exceeding privileges? A. Internal account audits B. Account disablement C. Time of day restriction D. Password complexity
D. AES
To ensure compatibility with their flagship product, the security engineer is tasked to recommend an encryption cipher that will be compatible with the majority of third party software and hardware vendors. Which of the following should be recommended? A. SHA B. MD5 C. Blowfish D. AES
B. 68
After a new firewall has been installed, devices cannot obtain a new IP address. Which of the following ports should Matt, the security administrator, open on the firewall? A. 25 B. 68 C. 80 D. 443
B. Enforce a minimum password age policy.
A system administrator has noticed that users change their password many times to cycle back to the original password when their passwords expire. Which of the following would BEST prevent this behavior? A. Assign users passwords based upon job role. B. Enforce a minimum password age policy. C. Prevent users from choosing their own passwords. D. Increase the password expiration time frame.
A. Enforce password rules requiring complexity
The systems administrator notices that many employees are using passwords that can be easily guessed or are susceptible to brute force attacks. Which of the following would BEST mitigate this risk? A. Enforce password rules requiring complexity. B. Shorten the maximum life of account passwords. C. Increase the minimum password length. D. Enforce account lockout policies.
B. Botnets are a subset of malware which are used as part of DDoS attacks
Pete, a security analyst, has been tasked with explaining the different types of malware to his colleagues. The two malware types that the group seems to be most interested in are botnets and viruses. Which of the following explains the difference between these two types of malware? A. Viruses are a subset of botnets which are used as part of SYN attacks. B. Botnets are a subset of malware which are used as part of DDoS attacks. C. Viruses are a class of malware which create hidden openings within an OS. D. Botnets are used within DR to ensure network uptime and viruses are not.
B. Perform user group clean-up
A security analyst implemented group-based privileges within the company active directory. Which of the following account management techniques should be undertaken regularly to ensure least privilege principles? A. Leverage role-based access controls. B. Perform user group clean-up. C. Verify smart card access controls. D. Verify SHA-256 for password hashes.
C. DNS
A technician has just installed a new firewall onto the network. Users are reporting that they cannot reach any website. Upon further investigation, the technician determines that websites can be reached by entering their IP addresses. Which of the following ports may have been closed to cause this issue? A. HTTP B. DHCP C. DNS D. NetBIOS
D. An unauthorized access point has been configured to operate on the same channel.
The system administrator has been notified that many users are having difficulty connecting to the company's wireless network. They take a new laptop and physically go to the access point and connect with no problems. Which of the following would be the MOST likely cause? A. The certificate used to authenticate users has been compromised and revoked. B. Multiple war drivers in the parking lot have exhausted all available IPs from the pool to deny access. C. An attacker has gained access to the access point and has changed the encryption keys. D. An unauthorized access point has been configured to operate on the same channel.
A. Utilizing the already present TPM
The systems administrator wishes to implement a hardware-based encryption method that could also be used to sign code. They can achieve this by: A. Utilizing the already present TPM. B. Configuring secure application sandboxes. C. Enforcing whole disk encryption. D. Moving data and applications into the cloud.
C. Firewalls
The Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) has mandated that all IT systems with credit card data be segregated from the main corporate network to prevent unauthorized access and that access to the IT systems should be logged. Which of the following would BEST meet the CISO's requirements? A. Sniffers B. NIDS C. Firewalls D. Web proxies E. Layer 2 switches
B. Set up a performance baseline
One of the servers on the network stops responding due to lack of available memory. Server administrators did not have a clear definition of what action should have taken place based on the available memory. Which of the following would have BEST kept this incident from occurring? A. Set up a protocol analyzer B. Set up a performance baseline C. Review the systems monitor on a monthly basis D. Review the performance monitor on a monthly basis
D. Birthday E. Full name
Used in conjunction, which of the following are PII? (Select TWO). A. Marital status B. Favorite movie C. Pet's name D. Birthday E. Full name
A. Check the referrer field in the HTTP header
Which of the following is the BEST way to prevent Cross-Site Request Forgery (XSRF) attacks? A. Check the referrer field in the HTTP header B. Disable Flash content C. Use only cookies for authentication D. Use only HTTPS URLs
B. Patch management
Which of the following practices is used to mitigate a known security vulnerability? A. Application fuzzing B. Patch management C. Password cracking D. Auditing security logs
B. Application fuzzing
Which of the following would Jane, an administrator, use to detect an unknown security vulnerability? A. Patch management B. Application fuzzing C. ID badge D. Application configuration baseline
C. CA
When reviewing a digital certificate for accuracy, which of the following would Matt, a security administrator, focus on to determine who affirms the identity of the certificate owner? A. Trust models B. CRL C. CA D. Recovery agent
A. Alert
Which of the following is a notification that an unusual condition exists and should be investigated? A. Alert B. Trend C. Alarm D. Trap
B. ifconfig
If you don't know the MAC address of a Linux-based machine, what command-line utility can you use to ascertain it? A. macconfig B. ifconfig C. ipconfig D. config
A. Disable the USB root hub within the OS. C. Disable USB within the workstations BIOS.
Users are utilizing thumb drives to connect to USB ports on company workstations. A technician is concerned that sensitive files can be copied to the USB drives. Which of the following mitigation techniques would address this concern? (Select TWO). A. Disable the USB root hub within the OS. B. Install anti-virus software on the USB drives. C. Disable USB within the workstations BIOS. D. Apply the concept of least privilege to USB devices. E. Run spyware detection against all workstations.
D. DoS
An administrator is assigned to monitor servers in a data center. A web server connected to the Internet suddenly experiences a large spike in CPU activity. Which of the following is the MOST likely cause? A. Spyware B. Trojan C. Privilege escalation D. DoS
A. To look for weak passwords on the network
Why would a technician use a password cracker? A. To look for weak passwords on the network B. To change a users passwords when they leave the company C. To enforce password complexity requirements D. To change users passwords if they have forgotten them
D. The private key is only used by the client and kept secret while the public key is available to all.
Which of the following explains the difference between a public key and a private key? A. The public key is only used by the client while the private key is available to all. Both keys are mathematically related. B. The private key only decrypts the data while the public key only encrypts the data. Both keys are mathematically related. C. The private key is commonly used in symmetric key decryption while the public key is used in asymmetric key decryption. D. The private key is only used by the client and kept secret while the public key is available to all.
C. Incident management
Requiring technicians to report spyware infections is a step in which of the following? A. Routine audits B. Change management C. Incident management D. Clean desk policy Answer: C
C. Data classification
An organization is recovering data following a datacenter outage and determines that backup copies of files containing personal information were stored in an unsecure location, because the sensitivity was unknown. Which of the following activities should occur to prevent this in the future? A. Business continuity planning B. Quantitative assessment C. Data classification D. Qualitative assessment
A. RAID
Which of the following provides the LEAST availability? A. RAID 0 B. RAID 1 C. RAID 3 D. RAID 5
D. 989 and 990
FTP/S uses which of the following TCP ports by default? A. 20 and 21 B. 139 and 445 C. 443 and 22 D. 989 and 990
D. RADIUS
Which of the following is mainly used for remote access into the network? A. XTACACS B. TACACS+ C. Kerberos D. RADIUS
C. Database
Which of the following types of data encryption would Matt, a security administrator, use to encrypt a specific table? A. Full disk B. Individual files C. Database D. Removable media
C. Worm outbreak
Several users' computers are no longer responding normally and sending out spam email to the users' entire contact list. This is an example of which of the following? A. Trojan virus B. Botnet C. Worm outbreak D. Logic bomb
C. Impersonation
Sara, an attacker, is recording a person typing in their ID number into a keypad to gain access to the building. Sara then calls the helpdesk and informs them that their PIN no longer works and would like to change it. Which of the following attacks occurred LAST? A. Phishing B. Shoulder surfing C. Impersonation D. Tailgating
C. All-in-one device E. Single point of failure
A company replaces a number of devices with a mobile appliance, combining several functions. Which of the following descriptions fits this new implementation? (Select TWO). A. Cloud computing B. Virtualization C. All-in-one device D. Load balancing E. Single point of failure
C. Single point of failure
Which of the following risks could IT management be mitigating by removing an all-in-one device? A. Continuity of operations B. Input validation C. Single point of failure D. Single sign on
D. Train employees on risks associated with social engineering attacks and enforce policies.
Which of the following could a security administrator implement to mitigate the risk of tailgating for a large organization? A. Train employees on correct data disposal techniques and enforce policies. B. Only allow employees to enter or leave through one door at specified times of the day. C. Only allow employees to go on break one at a time and post security guards 24/7 at each entrance. D. Train employees on risks associated with social engineering attacks and enforce policies.
C. Disaster recovery planning
Which of the following concepts defines the requirement for data availability? A. Authentication to RADIUS B. Non-repudiation of email messages C. Disaster recovery planning D. Encryption of email messages
D. The system is virtualized.
Pete, a security engineer, is trying to inventory all servers in a rack. The engineer launches RDP sessions to five different PCs and notices that the hardware properties are similar. Additionally, the MAC addresses of all five servers appear on the same switch port. Which of the following is MOST likely the cause? A. The system is running 802.1x. B. The system is using NAC. C. The system is in active-standby mode. D. The system is virtualized.
A. IV attack
Sara, a security administrator, is noticing a slow down in the wireless network response. Sara launches a wireless sniffer and sees a large number of ARP packets being sent to the AP. Which of the following type of attacks is underway? A. IV attack B. Interference C. Blue jacking D. Packet sniffing
A. XSS attack
Pete, the security administrator, has been notified by the IDS that the company website is under attack. Analysis of the web logs show the following string, indicating a user is trying to post a comment on the public bulletin board. INSERT INTO message `<script>source=http://evilsite</script> This is an example of which of the following? A. XSS attack B. XML injection attack C. Buffer overflow attack D. SQL injection attack
B. Sandboxing
Which of the following techniques describes the use of application isolation during execution to prevent system compromise if the application is compromised? A. Least privilege B. Sandboxing C. Black box D. Application hardening
A. HIPS
Matt, an IT administrator, wants to protect a newly built server from zero day attacks. Which of the following would provide the BEST level of protection? A. HIPS B. Antivirus C. NIDS D. ACL
A. Group policy implementation
Jane, an IT administrator, is implementing security controls on a Microsoft Windows based kiosk used at a bank branch. This kiosk is used by the public for Internet banking. Which of the following controls will BEST protect the kiosk from general public users making system changes? A. Group policy implementation B. Warning banners C. Command shell restrictions D. Host based firewall
B. Data exfiltration
Sara, the Chief Information Officer (CIO), has tasked the IT department with redesigning the network to rely less on perimeter firewalls, to implement a standard operating environment for client devices, and to disallow personally managed devices on the network. Which of the following is Sara's GREATEST concern? A. Malicious internal attacks B. Data exfiltration C. Audit findings D. Incident response
C. Full disk encryption
Which of the following data loss prevention strategies mitigates the risk of replacing hard drives that cannot be sanitized? A. Virtualization B. Patch management C. Full disk encryption D. Database encryption
B. Use Jane's private key to sign the binary
Which of the following does Jane, a software developer, need to do after compiling the source code of a program to attest the authorship of the binary? A. Place Jane's name in the binary metadata B. Use Jane's private key to sign the binary C. Use Jane's public key to sign the binary D. Append the source code to the binary
B. Multiplying the annualized rate of return and the single loss expectancy
The annual loss expectancy can be calculated by: A. Dividing the annualized rate of return by single loss expectancy. B. Multiplying the annualized rate of return and the single loss expectancy. C. Subtracting the single loss expectancy from the annualized rate of return. D. Adding the single loss expectancy and the annualized rate of return.
D. Remotely initiate a device wipe
Which of the following should Jane, the security administrator, do FIRST when an employee reports the loss of a corporate mobile device? A. Remotely lock the device with a PIN B. Enable GPS location and record from the camera C. Remotely uninstall all company software D. Remotely initiate a device wipe
A. Zero day
An application company sent out a software patch for one of their applications on Monday. The company has been receiving reports about intrusion attacks from their customers on Tuesday. Which of the following attacks does this describe? A. Zero day B. Directory traversal C. Logic bomb D. Session hijacking
D. FTPS
Which of the following protocols would be implemented to secure file transfers using SSL? A. TFTP B. SCP C. SFTP D. FTPS
B. IPSec E. SSL
Which of the following are used to implement VPNs? (Select TWO). A. SFTP B. IPSec C. HTTPS D. SNMP E. SSL
A. Confidentiality
A company recently implemented a TLS on their network. The company is MOST concerned with: A. Confidentiality B. Availability C. Integrity D. Accessibility
B. Bluejacking
Which of the following describes how an attacker can send unwanted advertisements to a mobile device? A. Man-in-the-middle B. Bluejacking C. Bluesnarfing D. Packet sniffing
D. Simple packet filtering.
A network device that protects an enterprise based only on source and destination addresses is BEST described as: A. IDS. B. ACL. C. Stateful packet filtering. D. Simple packet filtering.
A. Hoax
A human resources employee receives an email from a family member stating there is a new virus going around. In order to remove the virus, a user must delete the Boot.ini file from the system immediately. This is an example of which of the following? A. Hoax B. Spam C. Whaling D. Phishing
C. LDAP
A third party application has the ability to maintain its own user accounts or it may use single signon. To use single sign-on, the application is requesting the following information: OU=Users, DC=Domain, DC=COM. This application is requesting which of the following authentication services? A. TACACS+ B. RADIUS C. LDAP D. Kerberos
B. EMI shielding
Power and data cables from the network center travel through the building's boiler room. Which of the following should be used to prevent data emanation? A. Video monitoring B. EMI shielding C. Plenum CAT6 UTP D. Fire suppression
C. DMZ
Which of the following must a security administrator implement to isolate public facing servers from both the corporate network and the Internet? A. NAC B. IPSec C. DMZ D. NAT
A. TFTP
Which of the following protocols provides fast, unreliable file transfer? A. TFTP B. SFTP C. Telnet D. FTPS
D. CRL
Which of the following digital certificate management practices will ensure that a lost certificate is not compromised? A. Key escrow B. Non-repudiation C. Recovery agent D. CRL
C. Evidence labeling
A recent computer breach has resulted in the incident response team needing to perform a forensics examination. Upon examination, the forensics examiner determines that they cannot tell which captured hard drive was from the device in question. Which of the following would have prevented the confusion experienced during this examination? A. Perform routine audit B. Chain of custody C. Evidence labeling D. Hashing the evidence
D. Contact the onsite physical security team with a description of the individual
An IT staff member was entering the datacenter when another person tried to piggyback into the datacenter as the door was opened. While the IT staff member attempted to QUESTION NO: the other individual by politely asking to see their badge, the individual refused and ran off into the datacenter. Which of the following should the IT staff member do NEXT? A. Call the police while tracking the individual on the closed circuit television system B. Contact the forensics team for further analysis C. Chase the individual to determine where they are going and what they are doing D. Contact the onsite physical security team with a description of the individual
A. Company A views personally owned devices as creating an unacceptable risk to the organizational IT systems.
During a recent user awareness and training session, a new staff member asks the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) why the company does not allow personally owned devices into the company facilities. Which of the following represents how the CISO should respond? A. Company A views personally owned devices as creating an unacceptable risk to the organizational IT systems. B. Company A has begun to see zero-day attacks against personally owned devices disconnected from the network. C. Company A believes that staff members should be focused on their work while in the company's facilities. D. Company A has seen social engineering attacks against personally owned devices and does not allow their use.
A. Identification
A customer has provided an email address and password to a website as part of the login process. Which of the following BEST describes the email address? A. Identification B. Authorization C. Access control D. Authentication
B. Load balancers
Which of the following is designed to ensure high availability of web based applications? A. Proxies B. Load balancers C. URL filtering D. Routers
A. TPM
The administrator would like to implement hardware assisted full disk encryption on laptops. Which of the following would MOST likely be used to meet this goal? A. TPM B. USB Drive C. Key Escrow D. PKI
B. Disable unnecessary services
Jane, a security administrator, wants to harden the web server. Which of the following could she perform to accomplish this task? A. Implement remote sanitization B. Disable unnecessary services C. Install mantraps in the datacenter D. Compare baseline configurations
B. Clean desk
Which of the following policies could be implemented to help prevent users from displaying their login credentials in open view for everyone to see? A. Privacy B. Clean desk C. Job rotation D. Password complexity
B. 802.1X
Which of the following is another, more common, name for EAPOL? A. LDAP B. 802.1X C. LDAPS D. 802.12
C. ipconfig
If you don't know the MAC address of a Windows-based machine, what command-line utility can you use to ascertain it? A. macconfig B. ifconfig C. ipconfig D. config
D. Windows Firewall
In the Windows world, what tool is used to disable a port? A. System Manager B. System Monitor C. Performance Monitor D. Windows Firewall
A. Attack surface
A set of standardized system images with a pre-defined set of applications is used to build enduser workstations. The security administrator has scanned every workstation to create a current inventory of all applications that are installed on active workstations and is documenting which applications are out-of-date and could be exploited. The security administrator is determining the: A. Attack surface. B. Application hardening effectiveness. C. Application baseline. D. OS hardening effectiveness.
D. Power level controls
A perimeter survey finds that the wireless network within a facility is easily reachable outside of the physical perimeter. Which of the following should be adjusted to mitigate this risk? A. CCMP B. MAC filterC. SSID broadcast D. Power level controls
B. Vulnerability scan
Which of the following would verify that a threat does exist and security controls can easily be bypassed without actively testing an application? A. Protocol analyzer B. Vulnerability scan C. Penetration test D. Port scanner
D. AES128
An administrator values transport security strength above network speed when implementing an SSL VPN. Which of the following encryption ciphers would BEST meet their needs? A. SHA256 B. RC4 C. 3DES D. AES128
D. RADIUS
All of the following are encryption types EXCEPT: A. Full disk B. SMIME C. File and folder D. RADIUS
A. Temperature and humidity controls
Which of the following is used by Matt, a security administrator, to lower the risks associated with electrostatic discharge, corrosion, and thermal breakdown? A. Temperature and humidity controls B. Routine audits C. Fire suppression and EMI shielding D. Hot and cold aisles
B. Code review
When integrating source material from an open source project into a highly secure environment, which of the following precautions should prevent hidden threats? A. Design review B. Code review C. Risk assessment D. Vulnerability scan
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C. Web servers D. SMTP gateways
Which of the following would MOST likely belong in the DMZ? (Select TWO). A. Finance servers B. Backup servers C. Web servers D. SMTP gateways E. Laptops
B. MD5 and SHA-1
When verifying file integrity on a remote system that is bandwidth limited, which of the following tool combinations provides the STRONGEST confidence? A. MD5 and 3DES B. MD5 and SHA-1 C. SHA-256 and RSA D. SHA-256 and AES