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Reading FTCE Pre-K Primary Grade 3
Terms in this set (71)
Association by the grapheme (letters) and phoneme (sounds). Uses Eyes Open approach.
Written symbols for speech sounds (letters).
The understanding that words are made up of sounds.
Ability to hear, identify, and manipulate the individual sounds of phonemes in speech words. (Acknowledgment of sounds and words) Uses Eyes Closed approach.
Will use actual materials.
Away from books and worksheets.
Meaning expressed when words are arranged in a specific way. Ex. Non-literal expressions and concepts of time.
Hints within the sentence/ from entire passage or text that help student determine the meaning. Ex. Child answers incorrectly; Teacher: Does it make sense?
Rules that create sentences. Ex. Incorrect would be "she go to the store"
Increase comprehension, the way words function in a phrase, sentence or passage. Ex. Grammatical hints, the order of words and word endings. Question sounding like a statement "they am going to the movies" Teacher: Are you reading it correct?
Social Rules of Language. Difference between writers meaning and literal meaning based on social context.
Small Muscle Control
A developmental skill a child should have before begging to write.
Breaking a word into its parts/syllables.
Recalling info, forming basic concepts and ideas, critical thinking. Ex. phonics promotes critical thinking.
Students comprehend and evaluate a message before they can respond to a teacher.
Assessing Word Analysis and Decoding Skills ( 3 Parts)
1. Comparing sounds. 2. Blending phonemes into words.
3. Segmenting words into phonemes. Ex. ask student to find words that rhyme.
5 Critical Areas of Reading Instruction
1.Phonemic Awareness 2. Phonics. 3. Fluency 4. Comprehension. 5. Vocabulary
Role Play Writing
The child writes in scribbles that are only meaningful to them.
The child begins to use real letters.
How many sounds are there?
Graphophonemic awareness written words are composed of patterns of letters that represent the sounds of spoken words correspondence between sounds and letters leads to phonological reading.
Concepts of Print
Print carries a message
How books are organized
Directionality of print
Concept of capital letters at the beginning and basic punctuation marks
Identification of both upper and lower case letters
Directionality of Print
Left to right progression top to bottom order and one to one correspondence.
Understanding that text is made up of letters that form words and are then combined to form sentences.
Writing Skills Steps
Role play writing, experimental writing, early writing, conventional writing.
Small range of familiar text forms and sight words in their wriitng
Neurological Impress Method (NIM)
Teacher and student hold book together and read together.
Proof read their writing and edit it for themselves, transfer between reading and writing and get ideas for writing from what thy read.
Do not have requisite phonemic awareness to beginning reading
they have difficulty with phonological memory
they experience problems with lexical access and lack the ability to rapidly name colors, pictures, and objects.
Early Warning Signs
Early warning signs failure to identify or recognize letters in child's own name
lack of interest in sing song rhymes
learning and remembering names and shapes of letters.
trouble comprehending simple instructions.
Methods for Intervention
Encourage child to name or describe objects people and event in their everyday life.
read pictures and story books that focus on sounds and rhymes.
introduce new vocab words during holidays and special activities.
encourage the child to describe a story about his or her drawing and write down the words
Approaches for Developing Readers
Developed by Chomsky, Noam
theory that says language ability is innate and develops with human maturation as environment stimuli triggers and exposures to new and exciting things
Cognitive approach, syntactic and semantic structures, Piaget, children acquire knowledge after they have acquired the structures necessary to process language.
Cognitive skills in oral language that will supply to reading comprehension. teaching them how to monitor question predict and confirm.
Word consciousness-can tell story thru pics before they can read and gradually begin to realize the connection between spoken works and printed words
language and conventions of print-directionality of print
functions of print-learn can use for a variety of purposes
fluency-thru listening to adults can learn to read phrases and use intonation.
Students in discussion which may or may not be teacher directed.
Study of word structure.
Rules or pattern relationships that create phrases and sentences from words; sentence structure.
Evaluate reading by keeping running record determines which reading level a child is at.
How quickly one can identiify a word or a large bank of words.
How slow or fast how fast a child reads.
Prefixes suffixes root words.
DIBELS diagnostic indicators of basic early literacy skills
Measures progress in literacy from kindergarten to grade 3.
Two or more words or syllables, near each other, with the same beginning consonant.
An exaggeration used to emphasize a point.
A detailed and sometimes lengthy comparison of two ideas or events.
Using words that mean the opposite of what the author
Giving human qualities to a thing or abstraction.
A comparison of two distinctly different things suggesting a similarity between them.
A comparison using like or as.
for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Prepositions locators in time and space- in, out, about, for, over, across, for, in, by, beside
Personal and Possessive Pronouns
I, me, my, mine
Contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator
Always has subordinator- because, since, after, although,when,
or relative pronoun- that, who, which
Read Connected text quickly.
Go straight to specific ideas, words, sections.
Pick and choose what to read in a text.
Poetic meters and versification, intonation, and rhythm through syllable, accent, and puntuation.
two or more words have the same vowel sound.
A part of speech that describes a noun or pronoun.
Ends in "er"
Used when comparing three or more things. End in "est"
Run, Ran, Sit, Sat
Point of View
The perspective from which a story is told is called.
One of the most important elements in children's literature that captures children's interest is...
The adaption of language in a piece of writing to meet the the authors purpose of audience is called..
A type of genre that takes an opinion and defends it.
Story, novel, main character, setting, plot, climax, and resolution.
Essays, documentaries, biographies, autobiographies, info books,
A type of genre literature relies on the readers suspicion or disbelief about magical and mythical creatures.
The final resolution of a fictional plot.
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