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Introductory Questions & Terminology Occupational Therapy - What is Occupational Therapy?
Terms in this set (13)
activity in which one engages
treatment of an illness or disability
End toward which effort is directed
state or condition of being involved
State or condition of being self-reliant (independent)
Action for which a person is specifically fitted
a practice that uses goal-directed activity to promote independence in function
Areas of Occupation
Various life activities, including activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation
the ability to carry out activities of daily life (including activities in the areas of occupation)
An activity used during intervention that is goal-directed and may or may not be viewed as meaningful to the client. These activities typically involved an end product and are goal-directed
American Occupational Therapy Association
AOTA's definition of Occupational Therapy for the Model Practice Act
"...the therapeutic use of everyday life activities (occupations) with individuals or groups for purpose of participation in roles and situations in home, school, workplace, community, and other settings. Occupational therapy services are provided for the purpose of promoting health and wellness and to those who have or are at risk for developing an illness, injury, disease, disorder, condition, impairment, disability, activity limitation, or participation restriction. Occupational therapy addresses the physical, cognitive, psychosocial, and other aspects of performance in a variety of contexts to support engagement in everyday life activities that affect health, well-being, and quality of life."
What does an Occupational Therapy Practitioner do?
OT practitioners work with clients of all ages and diagnoses. The goal of occupational therapy intervention is to increase the ability of the client to participate in everyday activities, including feeding, dressing, bathing, leisure, work, education, and social participation. The OT practitioner interacts with a client to assess existing performance, set therapeutic goals, develop a plan, and implement intervention to enable the client to function better in his or her world. OT practitioners may advocate for clients, make or modify equipment, and/or provide hands-on experiences to help people reengage in life.
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