62 terms

First Semester Exam Review 2016

absolute location & relative location
what geographers use as reference points (location)
absolute location
use coordinates to find the exact location of a place on Earth
relative location
explaining where something is located by using other places around it (south of, west of)
physical features map
a thematic map that will show you the location of mountains, rivers & other landforms/bodies of water
climate zone map
a thematic map that will indicate temperature, precipitation of area
Large bodies of water
What impacts a location climate?
vegetation zone map
a thematic map that will indicate the location of tress, plants, bushes (or lack of vegetation)
population density
measures how crowded an area is- On a population density map you can see density by colors and dots. The dots represent a city and amount of people on a city.
Sparsely Populated
few people living the area, usually has little infrastructure.
economic activity map
a thematic map that will help you find the ways land is used & the ways that people make money
physical geography
the study of natural features on the surface of Earth
(physical features, climate, vegetation)
human geography
the study of humans on Earth
(population density, economic activity)
the temperature & precipitation of a place will be affected by: elevation, bodies of water & latitude
a graph that shows the average monthly temperature & the average monthly precipitation for a city for an entire year
population density map
a thematic map that will show you how crowded an area is; the # of people per square mile
(also shows urban centers = cities)
the bar graph (on a climagraph)
shows the average monthly precipitation for a city
the line graph (on a climagraph)
shows the average monthly temperature for a city
northern hemisphere
the hemisphere that we are located; countries in the southern hemisphere will have the opposite seasons
will help determine seasons & climate (equator)
On an economic activity map, a place with a high GDP would have valuable resources nearby.
How can you see gross domestic product on a map?
a densely populated location
early cities are crowded today b/c they were founded by a river (used for shipping & transportation)
a sparsely populated location
not very crowded possibly b/c it is located near a desert, mountain range or in a cold climate
climate near the equator
hot all year
push factors
a negative aspect or condition that motivates one to leave one's country; war, drought, lack of economic opportunity
pull factors
something positive that encourages people to move to a new place; jobs, education, technology, health care
invasive species
nonnative plants and animals that invade an ecosystem; Asian Carp, zebra mussel
freshwater shortages
a countries inability or lack of access to get a hold of drinkable water for the people. As a result people will have to move great distances to get access to the water.
tropical rain forest
broadleaf evergreen forest found in hot & wet regions near the equator (Brazil)
land use conflict
disagreement over how to use a particular area of land
cattle ranchers
want to use the Amazon rain forest to profit off of hungry people around the world (cattle = beef)
are deforesting the Amazon rain forest; once trees are gone, they will not be again around for a long time
trying to spread the word about the need to conserve, protect natural resources (rain forests)
"lungs of the Earth"
nickname for rainforests; they play an important part in the carbon-oxygen cycle
the height of the land above sea level
skin cancer
Australia has the highest rates of skin cancer
hole in the ozone layer
the reason why Australia has the highest rates of skin cancer
native species
animals or plants that occur naturally in an area; the kangaroo in Australia
January 26th
would be summer in Australia
greenhouse effect
the process by which gases in the atmosphere trap heat from the sun and keep it close to Earth's surface; his trapped heat may contribute to global warming
ice cores
large tube of ice removed from a glacier or ice sheet; scientists study the layers of snow and ice in order to learn what the climate was like as far back as 420,000 years ago
tropical zone
area between the equator and the Tropic of Cancer and between the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn, where the climate is generally hot
polar zone
the area between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole or between the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole, where the climate is generally cold
temperate zone
the area between Earth's tropical zones and polar zones, where the climate is relatively mild
Altitudinal Zonation
Climate and Vegetation vary with elevation.
relating to the countryside
political cartoon
a visual/cartoon with a MESSAGE; once you look closely, there is a MAIN IDEA
a strong, violent seasonal wind (carry clouds/moisture = heavy rains)
a positive effect of the monsoons
can provide water for farmers' crops
a consequence of the monsoons
monsoons rains often lead to flooding
crops that can grow in monsoons
rice, sugarcane, tea & tobacco
how do people adapt to monsoons
build their house on stilts
One-Child Policy
started in 1979 by China to slow its population growth
main goal of One-Child Policy
zero population growth
positive impact of One-Child Policy
with fewer children to support, parents have more $ to spend on other things
a consequence of population density
pollution problems
How does Japan try to stop health problems?
passed strict laws to clean up air & water
stand on subway platforms waiting for the trains to roll in. Their job is to shove as many passengers as possible into the cars before the doors close
bullet trains
race across the Japanese countryside at speeds of up to 180 miles per hour
public transportation system
The Japanese have adapted to busy rush hours by creating an extensive and efficient public transit system (network of buses, trains, and other vehicles used for moving passengers)
a population pyramid
provides population "bands" (age ranges) of both males & females
land use in Japan
they build taller buildings
they build underground
they fill-in wetlands to create usable land
commute time
the amount of time spent traveling to and from work (in Tokyo is an hour and a half each day)