World History Africa Test

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Terms in this set (...)

Lineage
members believed that they are descendants of a common ancestor
Stateless societies
did not have a centralized government, authority was balanced among lineages of equal power so no one family had too much authority
Patrilineal
a group where the members of the society trace their ancestors through their fathers
Matrilineal
a group where its members, children, trace their ancestors through their mothers
Maghrib
the part of North Africa that today is known as the Mediterranean coast of Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco
Almoravids
followers of Yasin that were attracted by his teachings and created a strict religious brotherhood
Almohads
a group of berber Muslims reformers who seized power from the Almoravids. They began a religious movement in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco
Ghana
a kingdom and its rulers were becoming rich by taking the goods that the traders carried through their territory
Mali
a kingdom and its founders were Mande-speaking people who lived south of Ghana. Its wealth was built in gold
Sundiata
Mali's first great leader. He took over the kingdom of Ghana and the trading cities of Kumbi and Walata. He came to power by crushing a cruel unpopular, leader.
Mansa Musa
A muslim holy man who was the grandnephew of Sundiata, he ruled from about 1312 to 1332
Ibn Battuta
Was a native of Tangier in North Africa, and he had traveled for 27 years, visiting mot of the countries in the islamic world. He was a devout muslim who praised the people for their study of the Qur'an.
Songhai
people to the east. They built an army and extended their territory to the large bend in the Niger River near Gao. They then gained control of all important trade routes.
Hausa
a group of people named after the language they spoke
Yoruba
people all spoke a common language. Originally the Yoruba-speaking people belonged to a number of small city-states in the forests on the southern edge of the savanna.
Benin
a kingdom where people made their houses in the forest. The ruler based his right to rule on claims of descent from the first king of life.
Swahili
Arabic language blended with the Bantu language, this language was created because of many Muslim Arab and Persian traders setting in port cities.
Great Zimbabwe
A empire built on gold trade established by the Shona people in southeastern Africa.
Mutapa
They conquered all of what is now Zimbabwe except the eastern portion. By 1480 his son Matope claimed control of the area along the Zambezi river to the Indian Ocean coast.