Terms in this set (40)
1st Declension Endings
2nd Declension Endings
2nd Declension Neuter Endings
3rd Declension Endings
3rd Declension Neuter Endings
4th Declension Endings
4th Declension Neuter Endings
5th Declension Endings
1st Person Personal Pronoun Singular
1st Person Personal Pronoun Plural
nostrī or nostrum
2nd Person Personal Pronoun Singular
2nd Person Personal Pronoun Plural
vestrī or vestrum
3rd Person Personal Pronoun Singular
is ea id
eius eius eius
ei ei ei
eum eam id
eo eā eo
3rd Person Personal Pronoun Plural
ei eae ea
eorum earum eorum
eis eis eis
eos eas ea
eis eis eis
Ablative of Cause
- assigns blame
- cause of one being in a certain state
Ablative of Time When
- tells when something occurs
Ablative of Instrument/Means
- tells how something is done... "by means of" "by" "with" "in"
Ablative of Manner
- tells in what manner or how something is done
Ablative of Separation
- tells separation using verbs and prepositions of freeing, lacking, separation
Prepositional Phrase (ablative)
Ablative of Agent
- person or thing (agent) by which the action of a passive verb is preformed
Ablative of Place from Which
- describes active motion away from a place
Ablative of Accompaniment
- tells with whom someone is doing something
- only uses "cum"
1st Person Singular Possessive Adjectives
meus, mea meum
1st Person Plural Possessive Adjectives
noster, nostra, nostrum
2nd Person Singular Possessive Adjectives
tuus, tua, tuum
2nd Person Plural Possessive Adjectives
vester, vestra, vestrum
3rd Person Singular Possessive Adjectives
eius, eia, eium
3rd Person Plural Possessive Adjectives
eōrum, eārum, eōrum
M/F Adjective Endings
same as nouns EXCEPT ablative singular (i) and genitive plural (ium)
N Adjective Endings
same as nouns EXCEPT ablative singular (i), nominative, accusative, and vocative plural (ia), and genitive plural (ium)
ACTIVE Present Tense Endings
- does VERB
- is VERBing
ACTIVE Imperfect Tense Endings
- was VERBing
- used to VERB
- kept VERBing
- began to VERB
- did VERB
ACTIVE Future Tense Endings
1st & 2nd:
3rd & 4th:
- will VERB
- shall VERB
ACTIVE Perfect Tense Endings
- has/have VERBed
ACTIVE Pluperfect Tense Endings
- had VERBed
ACTIVE Future Perfect Tense Endings
- will have VERBed
PASSIVE Present Tense Endings
3rd & -io:
- to be VERBed
PASSIVE Imperfect Tense Endings
3rd -io & 4th
- I was being VERBed
- I used to be VERB
- I kept being VERBed
- I was VERBed
"I am a Roman" says Mucius, "citizen.
The men call me Mucius.
I was wanting to kill you the enemy.
I was not fearing your soldiers.
I am not afraid of death now.
The Romans are not afraid of the force of the enemies.
There are many Romans similar to me and prepared to do that, which I was not able to do.
Therefore you should always fear our citizens.
You wage war against us not only in camp, but also at home, where the hidden enemies seek you."
The king is moved with anger.
He orders the Etruscan soldiers to put fires near Mucius.
Then the king says, "Are you telling me that there is danger for me from my hidden enemies?"
"I am saying that there is a danger for you now from the fires!
You ought to be afraid of the fires now, unless you say the names of the hidden enemies to me immediately!"
However, Mucius suddenly puts his right hand into the fire.
There it was remaining and he was not showing pain.
The astonished king sees the right hand of Mucius consumed in the flames.
Then the king decides to free Mucius: for he understands that he is very brave and judges that such bravery is not able to be conquered.