Driver'S Ed 8


Terms in this set (...)

According to the NHTSA, there are 205.5 million licensed drivers in the United States
The rate of fatal collisions among 16- to 20-year—olds driving under the influence is more than DOUBLE the rate for intoxicated drivers 21 and older.
Alan I. Leshner, Director of the National Institute of Drug Abuse, defines drug addiction as uncontrollable, compulsive drug seeking and use, even in the face of negative health and social consequences
person begins to physically need the alcohol or drug in order to function.
physical dependency
Marijuana is often considered "just a plant," but it actually has 61 chemicals unique to the cannabis plant and contains carcinogens.
Stimulants can be extremely dangerous drugs. Abuse of these substances can cause paranoia, convulsions, nervousness, coma, and in some cases death.
Downers (also called depressants)
operate by slowing central nervous system functions. Small amounts help relax muscles and produce calmness; while larger doses impair judgment, reflexes, and speech.
Narcotic drugs often dull the senses and make the user sleepy. They are also highly addictive. Opium, morphine, heroin (a synthetic drug made by altering the chemicals in opium), and codeine are the most commonly used narcotics.
Chronic heroin users may develop collapsed veins, heart lining and valve infections, abscesses, cellulitis, and liver disease
Pulmonary complications, including various types of pneumonia, may result from the poor health condition of the abuser, as well as from heroin's effects on respiration.
The most common types of hallucinogens are phencyclidine (PCP), lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD
These substances are known to distort your perception of reality and thought processes
A stronger form of marijuana called hashish (hash) looks like brown or black cakes or balls
DXM is often abused when extracted from cough and cold medicines, put into powder form, and snorted.
A DUI offense is both a criminal and civil matter. If a law enforcement officer suspects you of being intoxicated, he or she may ask you to submit to a blood, breath, or urine test to verify your blood alcohol level (BAL)
Florida follows a Zero Tolerance law. This means if any driver who is under the age of 21 is stopped by a law enforcement officer and shown to have a BAL of .02 or greater, he or she will have his or her driving privilege suspended for six months
If the BAL is higher than .05, the driver will be required to take a substance abuse course. If the driver has a BAL over the legal limit of .08, he or she can be convicted for driving under the influence (DUI)
indicates speed in both miles and kilometers per hour
Indicates the engine rotation in revolutions per minute (RPMs).
indicates the total number of miles your car has been driven since it was manufactured.
Fuel gauge,
fuel level in your car's fuel tank.
Oil gauge
shows oil level
Warning lights

Oil Pressure Warning Light
Temperature Warning Light
Battery Low Warning Light
provided on your car's instrument panel. They light up in case of a serious problem
Temperature Warning Light/Gauge
light activates when the engine temperature or the radiator's coolant is too hot. In some vehicles, a needle gauge indicates the temperature rising in the warning zone of HOT.
Oil Pressure Warning Light
This light goes on when the engine oil is not circulating at the required pressure.
Parking Brake Light
This light will come on when the parking brake (emergency brake) is engaged. This light should be off when you start driving and it should be on before you shut down your car.
High-Beam Indicator
If this lights is on, the high-beam headlights are engaged. Be sure to switch to low-beams if you're approaching another car on the road
Ignitions usually have three positions or "notches," which serve different purposes. You turn your key clockwise to go to a higher position, and counter-clockwise to deactivate it.
The first position, which is closest to you, is the off position. The second position causes the dashboard instruments to activate. The final position starts your engine.
The accelerator
far-right pedal located on the floor under the steering wheel. This pedal controls the amount of gas being fed to the engine, which determines the speed of the vehicle.
brake pedal
ocated on the floor to the left of the accelerator. When pressed, it applies the brakes, causing the vehicle to slow down and/or stop.
The parking (or hand) brake uses a cable directly connected to the brake mechanism to bring the car to a stop if the regular hydraulic or air brake system fail
a lever protruding from the right side of the steering column,changes gears to maintain proper speed. It immobilizes the power train when parked.
clutch pedal
found only in cars with manual transmission. The clutch pedal is located on the floor to the left of the brake pedal. When pressed, it disengages the clutch which eliminates the transmission of power from the engine to the transmission. When released, it smoothly applies power through to the transmission.
rear view and side mirrors. Make sure your mirrors are properly adjusted before driving.
The rear view mirror is located at the top center of your windshield
The side mirrors are located on the car door exterior of your vehicle
allow you to see your surroundings, give others a way to see you, and indicate to other road users your next move.
Low-beams must be turned on when it gets dark or in any moment of low visibility due to bad weather.
High-beams are also located at the front of your vehicle and have a higher luminosity for greater distance. High-beams are to be used when visibility is low you must not use high-beams in fog
turn signal lights
green arrows pointing in the direction of the intended turn.
On most cars, the turn signal lever is located to the left of the steering wheel. Shifting the lever up indicates a right turn and shifting it down indicates a left turn.
hazard lights
warn other drivers of an emergency situation you may be encountering.
Engine Oil Level Dipstick
Determine the amount of motor oil in your car by checking the oil level at the bottom of the dipstick. In older engines, the oil level may need to be checked every few hundred miles.
Engine Oil Filler Cap
Remove this cap when you need to change your car's motor oil. You should change your motor oil every three months or 3,000 miles,
The battery powers important electrical systems in your car and is essential for reliable starting, especially in cold weather.
Windshield Washer Fluid Tank
Make sure you have enough wiper fluid so that you can clean dust and grime from your windshield.
Engine Coolant Reserve Tank
Check the coolant reservoir to make sure there is enough coolant to keep your car from overheating. The coolant level should be between the lines marked Full and Low when the engine is cold.
Radiator Cap
In many cars, you can access the radiator directly to check the level of coolant in the radiator and flush it when necessary
Brake Fluid Reservoir
Brake fluid ensures you can stop your car when necessary. When you need to replace the brake fluid, be sure to use only the kind specified by the car's manufacturer.
There are of three main types of side air bags: chest, head, and head/chest combination. Side air bags are designed to protect your head and/or chest in a severe side-impact collision. Unlike frontal air bags, some of the side curtain air bags may stay inflated for several seconds during a collision to provide additional protection in case your car rolls over.
head restraints
he top of the seats which protect your neck and head in case of a collision
Antilock Braking System
keeps your base brakes—whether drum or disc—from locking up. In vehicles not equipped with ABS, the driver can manually pump the brakes to prevent wheel lockup. In vehicles equipped with ABS, the driver's foot remains firmly on the brake pedal, allowing the system to automatically pump the'll stop faster, and you'll be able to steer while you stop.