hierarchal arrangement of large social groups based on their control over basic resources. Determines which groups are allowed access to wealth and power.
Invasion Succession Cycle
low income people increases and start to spill over into middle class neighborhoods causing middle class people to move. Expands base of low income.
practiced by groups to confirm social norms. Internal (socialization) External (sanctions)
Founder of symbolic interaction perspective which suggest that society is the result of face-to-face interactions of people or groups.
Families of procreation
Families created by other means than natural conception. Example.....Adoption
suggest that deviant behavior is caused by lack of access to legitimate means to achieve.
once labeled deviant; a person is more likely to exhibit deviant behavior which is called secondary deviance.
The interactionist approach focuses on how people in face-to-face interactions define the social situations of which they are part.
In bilateral kinship tracing systems, descent is traced through both the mother's and father's sides of the family. Children typically take the father's last name, however
socialist economic system
prices are set by the government. They are not the result of competition among the producers of goods.
assumes that political power is held by many different groups, who negotiate and compromise with one another.
to physical abuse, psychological abuse, financial exploitation, and medical abuse or neglect of people aged 65 or older.
solidarity is based on the similarity among people, which leads to a sense of oneness with other members of the group.
people's disengaging from social roles that have been central to their self-identity.When role exit occurs, people often adopt new roles that lead to new self-identities.
emphasizes the significance of terrain and the particular importance of transportation routes in the layout of cities.proposes that cities grow outwards in sectors according to the location of physical features such as rivers and transportation lines such as railroads
value-added model suggests that social movements develop in response to certain inciting incidents or dramatic events called precipitating factors.
process by which a person mentally assumes the role of another person or group in order to understand the world from that person's or group's point of view. For children, role-taking often occurs within play or games.
When two diverse cultures come into contact with each other, each adopts some of the other culture's ways as its own
people attempt to play their social roles as well as possible and to control the impressions they convey to others.
used by Karl Marx to describe the masses of people whose only resources are their labor skills
Early nineteenth-century sociologist considered by some to be an original founder of the discipline of sociology.