Applied Behavior Analysis Vocab
Terms in this set (27)
Reinforcing successive approximations to the final target response.
Abnormal behaviors that are harmful to oneself, such as head banging, scratching or biting oneself.
Self Injurious Behavior
A technique used to teach skills that allow the child to be successful at interacting and developing social relationships with peers, family, and other adults.
Social Skills Training
The use of basic behavior principles to analyze and solve practical every day problems.
Applied Behavior Analysis
A basic singly subject design in which baseline measurements are contrasted with measurements during treatment across conditions which repeatedly alternate to determine causal effects.
ABA reversal design
Excessive behaviors that are unrelated to the target response and occur between trials or between reinforcers.
A set of principles and philosophies that reflect a commitment to practical and effective methods of assessment and analysis.
A stimulus that an individual will work to earn.
A Pavlovian procedure in which those stimuli that elicit inappropriate behaviors are paired with an aversive stimulus to produce strong conditioned responses.
A method used to train complex performances in which the last behavior is trained first then each preceding behavior is gradually introduced.
The base rate of behavior before intervention, against which the efficacy of a treatment is compared.
The idea that a subject's evolutionary history causes some responses and relationships to be more easily learned.
A general & comprehensive approach to the study of behavior with the objective of investigating, identifying, describing, and using general principles and laws which govern behavior.
A behavior change program that targets health-related activities such as patient compliance, taking medicines, exercise regimes etc.
The full set of behaviors that an organism does.
Teaching of a new behavior that becomes automatically captured and maintained through natural contingencies of reinforcement.
Interruption of a positively reinforced response by the mere presentation of a stimulus that has been previously classically conditioned with an aversive stimulus
A research design in which the rate of the target responses is gradually and progressively changed. Used when the final level of the target response is radically different from baseline and likely to resist change.
A conditioning procedure in which a neutral stimulus comes to elicit a conditioned response as a result of being paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
A complex stimulus that is composed of several components.
More than one behavioral rule is in effect at the same time.
Concurrent Behavioral Contingencies.
An otherwise neutral stimulus that has acquired reinforcing properties through it's association with other reinforcing stimuli.
A training system that focuses on skill-building to teach individual requisite skills needed for appropriate behaviors that can later be substituted for inappropriate behavior.
Constructional Approach to Behavior Change.
The biological and experiential history of the organism combined with the contextual stimuli that are present when conditioning occurs.
Context of behavior.
Unwanted behavior by the subject occurs frequently because it is reinforced through negative attention while temporary relief from the unwanted behavior reinforces the experimenter's use of negative attention.
Behavior that is under the control of behavioral rules that have been directly experienced, as opposed to simple verbal rules that have been explained.
Contingency Shaped Behavior
A reinforcement schedule in which every response is reinforced.