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Britain before liberal reforms
Terms in this set (25)
At the beginning of the ________ century the poor had to depend on private ________ or the _____-estabilished system of ____ _____ for help in bad times.
twentieth, charities, state, poor relief
By _____ there were _______ private _______ operating in ______ alone.
1905, 700-800, charities, London
Dr _______ set up his charity in _____. He set up a network of _________ homes all over Britain.
Barnardo, 1867, children's
The state provided help through the _____ ____
There were two types of help under the Poor Law. ________ provided food and ______ but had very _____ conditions. ______ _____ involved payments in _____ and sometimes goods or services, to people in their own ______.
Workhouses, shelter, poor, Outdoor relief, cash, homes
Most Victorians believed that the poor were somehow ___________ for their own ________.
By the beginning of the twentieth century people were beginning to see that there were _____ and ________ reasons for poverty, and it was not always the _____ of the poor themselves.
social, economic, fault
To accept help from the ______ was to be labelled a '______' which carried great shame and _______.
state, pauper, disgrace
People were expected to save their _____ so that they had enough _______ to help them through ___ times.
wages, money, bad
Most poor people would not be able to ______ themselves through ________, or ___________.
sustain, sickness, unemployment
________ and Catherine ______ created ___ _________ _____
William, Booth, The Salvation Army
The Salvation Army sought to go out and help the _____ and help them find ____.
The Salvation Army operated in _______
_______ _______ wanted in investigate poverty statistics in _______.
Charles Booth, London
Charles Booth found that nearly ___% of Londoners were living below what he called the '______ ____'
31, poverty line
People below the 'poverty line' did not have the money to buy enough ____, _______ and _______.
food, shelter, clothing
Charles Booth calculated that ___% of people in poverty in London were poor because of problems relating to __________ and low _____ - their poverty was not their _____.
85, unemployment, wages, fault
_______ ________ was based in York
Rowntree divided the poor in ______ and ________ poverty.
The work of charities and individuals proved that the problem of poverty had not been ______: it was as ____ as ever.
The work of charities and individuals showed that the _______ idea that poverty was usually the ____ of the poor themselves, was simply not ____.
Victorian, fault, true
In _____, ____ out of ___ soldiers in some areas were rejected for service in the ____ war on the grounds of _____.
1899, nine, ten, Boer, health
The weakness of the British _______ was a serious concern as it meant that they couldn't _______ with the ________ of other countries such as Germany and the USA.
workforce, compete, economies
In _____ the _______ groups in Britain came together to form the _______ _____.
1900, socialist, Labour Party
The Labour Party pledged to get better _____ and _______ conditions for working people as well as fairer ________ of the country's wealth.
living, working, distribution
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