Upgrade to remove ads
AI-Day 1 & 2: The West, Gilded Age, & Progressive Era
Terms in this set (44)
The movement of people to the United States in search of places to live and work.
Those born in the USA, who wanted to restrict immigration, and believed that the New Immigrants were inferior and worked for unfairly low wages.
Chinese Exclusion Act
First federal law to restrict immigration in the US, suspended these workers from coming to this country, and denied them citizenship.
The line separating areas of settlement from "unsettled" wilderness territory.
The central region of the United States, a vast territory home to millions of Buffalo and Native American tribes after the Civil War. Settlers moved here to farm under the Homestead Act.
This act stated that any citizen could occupy 160 acres of government land, and would own it after improving it for 5 years.
A series of confrontations between federal troops and Native Americans that resulted in tribes being defeated and moved onto reservations.
Land that was frequently undesirable by settlers, where Native American tribes were forced to move and live under federal authority.
1887. Attempted to "Americanize" Native Americans by giving them 160 acres of land to farm. Nearly destroyed Native American culture.
American Indian Citizenship Act
1924. This law granted immediate US citizenship to all Native Americans in the United States. Indians did not need to give up land or customs to become citizens.
Belief that immigrants and Native Americans should dress, speak, and act like other "mainstream" Americans.
Cattle Industry Boom
Cowboys on the Great Plains drove cattle to the railroads to transport meat to the cities of the north.
Settlers who claimed land on the Great Plains under the Homestead Act.
Connected the West Coast to the East Coast, increased interstate commerce nationwide, and helped western expansion. The government encouraged the growth of the railroad by providing land to the railroad companies.
Monopolist and philanthropist in the Steel industry. Gospel of Wealth explained his belief that he was rich so he could help the less fortunate.
John D. Rockefeller
Monopolist who founded the Standard Oil Company, believed in Social Darwinism. His monopoly was dissolved by the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
An organization of workers that fought for better working conditions and wages. Knights of Labor and American Federation of Labor were examples.
Controlled political parties in the cities. Helped immigrants adjust to life in the city in exchange for votes. Boss Tweed led the infamous Tammany Hall in NYC.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Law which outlawed business practices that did not allow fair competition (monopolies).
Survival of the fittest in business.
A period of rapid growth in factories that led to increased Urbanization. Made possible by Laissez-faire attitudes in the government. Labor unions were created to seek better pay and working conditions.
Limited government regulation and control of the economy.
Gospel of Wealth
The belief that the rich have a duty to help the poor; Book written by Andrew Carnegie.
Gave Congress the power to tax income.
Allowed for the voters in each state to elect their US senators directly.
Booker T. Washington
Progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
Allows voters to petition to propose a law & then submit it for a vote.
Interstate Commerce Act
Established the ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission) - to regulate railroad prices.
Meat inspection Act
Law that ordered meat inspections and condemns any meat product found unfit for human consumption. Passed due to Upton Sinclair's book, The Jungle.
A group of investigative reporters who pointed out the abuses of big business.
Wilson's plan to improve the banking system, lower tariffs, and give small businesses freedom to compete.
Did away with the "spoils system" and made the hiring of federal employees merit based. Created the Civil Service Commission.
U.S. political party formed in 1892 representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other monopolies.
A political movement that wanted to improve life for Americans. Mainly focused on urban problems.
A procedure for submitting to popular vote the removal of officials from office before the end of their term.
A procedure for submitting to popular vote a law or proposed amendments to a state constitution.
Social Gospel Movement
A 19th century reform movement based on the belief that Christians have a responsibility to help improve working conditions and alleviate poverty.
A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends (patronage).
Roosevelt's plan of promoting public health and safety and improving working conditions.
Susan B. Anthony
Led the Seneca Falls convention bringing national attention to women's suffrage.
Progressive president who broke up "bad trusts." National conservation and food safety.
Called for full equality of African-Americans, which included social, civil, political, and economic equality. Created the NAACP to fight for equal rights.
William Jennings Bryan
Democratic politician who advocated free silver. "Cross of Gold" speech supported the Populists.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
1960s - Great Society to Vietnam
AI-Day 3: World War I and Imperialism
Foundations & Western Migration: The Last Frontier
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Period 6 (1865-1898)
Unit 7 (The New West, Imperialism, Progressive Era…
Hist 1302 Exam 1
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
LACEMOPS-Terms & Definitions