44 terms

Social Studies Finals Review 2016

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Terms in this set (...)

Geography
the study of the earth and how people effect it is called
Equator
an imaginary line drawn around the earth equally distant from both poles, dividing the earth into northern and southern hemispheres and constituting the parallel of latitude 0°
North Pole
north top of the map
South Pole
south bottom part of the math
A civilization
a culture that has developed systems of government, religion, and learning
Seven Continents
North and South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and Antarctica
Island
land completely surrounded by water
Peninsula
land with water on only three sides
Primary and Secondary Source
Primary- something that came from Pompeii
Secondary- a text book or teacher
Domesticate
tame animals or plants to live in different areas or environments
Fertile
rich soil, helpful to grow crops
Silt
soil on the bottom of a watery body
Artifacts
objects that tell about the past
Stone Age
a period of time where homids made tools and weapons from stone
Three Ways Homids used fire
1. to cook food
2. for warmth
3. to provide light
What led to the development of villages in the new Stone Age
-surplus of food
-population growth
Polytheism
belief in many gods
Surplus
when farmers produced more food than people needed
Development of irrigation
allowed Ancient Romans to build an economy based on agriculture
Cuneiform
a type of writing on clay tablets to keep records
Hammurabi
ruled Babylonia from about 1792 to 1750 B.C.
City State
a city that is separate, independent state
Empire
a area of many territories
Nile River
a very long river that ran through Ancient Egypt
Pyramids
huge buildings with 4 sloping triangle shaped sides
Queen Hatshepsut
she took on the great responsibilities of being pharaoh in Ancient Egypt
Mesopotamia "land between two rivers" or " Fertile Crescent" because
two rivers surrounding it and very rich soil for farming and planting food with led to a surplus
Monsoons
a strong wind that blows across East Asia at certain times of the year
Subcontinent
a large landmass that juts out from a continent
Caste
or social order/class
Reincarnation
rebirth of the soul
Dharma
is the religious and moral duties of each person
Ahimsa
nonviolence
Hinduism
polytheistic/believed in many gods very complex religion
Siddhartha Gautama
discovered after seven years of wandering led to the beginnings of a major world religion: Buddhism
Meditation
focus of the mind in order to find spiritual awareness
Nirvana
lasting peace
missionaries
people who spread their religious belief to each other
Convert
change beliefs/religion
Battle of Kalinga
Asoka's turning point in life after the war. He then converted to Buddhism after the war to have a life of peace.
Loess
yellow-brown soil
Shang Dynasty
First civilization in China. Developed first writing system in China.
Extended family
closely related people
Confucius
a Chinese teacher and philosopher

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