Terms in this set (79)
Adam and eve lost friendship with God, were no longer immune to suffering and death, and had a greater inclination to sin
Consequences of original sin
Ark of the covenant
God gave Moses instructions for building the tabernacle, movable tent. At the center was the ________, the place where God dwelled. It was an ornate box covered in gold containing the stone tablets. David moved it into Jerusalem.
Defeated Goliath and was a servant o King Saul. He became king when he was 30 years old. After Saul died, he moved the capital to Jerusalem and established the tabernacle permanently there.
1. David's line would have a kingdom
2. He would have a dynasty
3. The King of Israel would be the Son of David and the Son of God
4. The covenant would be unlimited and everlasting
5. Jerusalem and Mt. Zion would be Israel's spiritual center
6. The temple is the visible sign of the covenant
7. Wisdom would be the new law
The 7 features of the Davidic covenanat
The sacrifice of Isaac is a type of...
Where did God make his covenant with Abraham?
Who broke the Abrahamic covenant?
What was the sign of God's covenant with Moses?
The people worshipped the golden calf
How was the mosaic covenant broken?
A Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of their firstborn males from death by the blood of the lamb sprinkled on the doorposts while in bondage in Egypt
Wander in the wilderness for 40 years (they began to turn away from God)
As punishment for their disobedience, the Israelites were forced to....
Represents the tribes of Israel which means that they were the new People of God
The dominant image of the Church
Because the Church is the Bride of Christ
Why is the Church referred to as "she"?
Baptism of Christ
Marked the beginning of Jesus' public ministry. He was
Parable of the Mustard Seed
Jesus highlights the way that Christ's heavenly kingdom is present in the world. Although Jesus has sown good seed, the Devil has planted seed of his own- weeds that are meant to ruin the work of Christ the sower. But for the sake of the good seed (the wheat represents the faithful followers of Christ) Jesus allows both to grow side by side until the time of judgement at the end of the world.
The Real Presence
Jesus' sacramental presence in the Eucharist
The Pilgrim Church (the church militant on earth)
Is a visible society, structured and given order by Christ for the purpose of extending the Kingdom of God over the entire world.
Became blinded and led to a man named Ananais regained his sight. He changed from persecuting Christians to proclaiming the Gospel of Christ. His missionary travels led him throughout the Roman Empire, including Turkey and Greece. He died by beheading. He was not crucified because he wasn't a Roman citizen.
Had a vision where God told him to kill and eat. He said "what God has cleansed, you must not call common." Immediately after he received his vision, he went to meet St. Cornelius, a Roman centurion. Now he fully understood Christ's command to "make disciples of all nations."
The Great Commission
The introduction of the resurrected Jesus Christ to his disciples that they spread his teachings to all nations in the world.
Performed the first miracle- healing of a crippled man, he spoke at Pentecost and was the head of the apostles. The sign of his office is the
keys to the kingdom
. All of this refers to his primacy.
God had chosen Paul for a specific mission: preach to the
. He was a steadfast Pharisee, but then experienced a conversion.
Fisherman who ran a small business on the Lake of Gennesaret. He was the first one to declare that Jesus was Christ. Jesus gave him the name
which means rock.
Fisherman and brother of Peter. Disciple of John the Baptist and immediately recognized that Jesus is the Messiah. Was crucified on an X shaped cross.
James, Son of Zebedee
"The Greater." Was a fisherman and brother of John. Present at the transfiguration and at the garden. He was beheaded by a sword-
first of the 12 to die.
Fisherman, brother of James, cousin of Jesus. The "disciple whom Jesus loves." Only disciple present at the crucifixion. He took care of Mary. Known as the "theologian". Last to die among the apostles, as he dies a natural death.
From Bethsaida. Followed John the Baptist. He told Nathaniel that he found the Messiah and used the expression "come and see." Present at the multiplication of the loaves and fish.
Also identified as Nathaniel. Was introduced to Jesus by Philip. His famous line is "can anything good come from Nazareth?" He was skinned alive in Armenia.
Tax collector from Capernaum. He wrote the gospel in Aramaic. His apostolic mission was to the Jews.
Known for doubting the resurrection and putting his finger in the wounds of Christ. Evangelized in Iran and traveled to India. He was martyred.
James, son of Alphaeus
"The Lesser." Head of the Church in Jerusalem. Wrote an epistle. Was stoned to death.
Thaddeus Judas (Jude)
Wrote an epistle. Patron of Armenian Church. Martyred in Beirut along with Simon the Zealot.
Simon the Zealot
Preached in Egypt and Northern Africa. Martyred with St. Jude (Thaddeus Judas)
betrayed Christ to the Jewish authorities. He hung himself.
Was the first martyr of the Church- taken to trial, explained how Jesus was the Messiah from Scripture. He was stoned to death by the Jews. This marks the beginning of a tremendous persecution of Christians.
Resulted in martyrdoms of most of the apostles, as well as the martyrdom of countless other Christian men and women of every age and social standing.
Council of Jerusalem
This council wanted to decide the matter of circumcision once and for all. The decision was no- Gentiles do not have to be circumcised.
The Church's teachings that have been passed down through the successors of the Apostles. Together with Sacred Scripture, it makes up a. Single deposit of the Word of God, the Deposit of Faith.
"Outside the church there is no salvation"
This quote was written by St. Cypriot of Carthage. The church is the universal family of God, outside of which there is no salvation. This teaching simply clarifies the essential meaning of salvation and the church.
The hierarchy of the church
The New Testament writings speak of bishops, priests, and deacons. This was develop while the Twelve were still alive. The three distinct ministerial offices wit hint eh Church are bishops, priests, and deacons.
Following the death of a pope, the cardinals of the Church meet in Rome. The cardinal electors first assemble in St. Peter's basilica and then proceed to the Sistine Chapel where the election will take place. When entering the chapel, each Cardinal takes an oath. For a Pope to be elected he must win a two-thirds majority of electors. If the smoke is white, a new pope is elected. If the smoke is black, it means a vote was taken but there was no clear winner. Once a pope is elected, the cardinal dean asks him if he will accept the office of pope. The Pope's first duty is to decide on a name.
How is a pope elected?
The church is one
Is of foundation importance for understanding the other three. We are acknowledging the unionists and similarity of the church and are affirming the unity and solidarity.
To be LIKE God. The goal is the glory of God, which is to imitate God. The church is able to be transformed by Christ. The church is
Comes fro the Greek word katholikos meaning universal. The church is:
1. Whole and complete
2. Received universal authority from Christ to fulfill her universal mission: bring the gospel to the whole human race
This mark primarily relates to Christ's selection of the 12 apostles as the foundation of his Church. They were entrusted with the he authority to teach, sanctify, and govern.
Apostolic foundation, apostolic faith, apostolic succession
The church is apostolic in 3 ways:
Apostasy, Hersey, and schism
The 3 wounds to unity in the Church
The total rejection of the Christian Faith by someone already baptized
The deliberate and persistent post-baptismal denial of a truth of the faith taught by the church.
The post-baptismal refusal of unity with the pope or the refusal of communion with the members of the Church.
Successor of Martin Luther. Emphasized scripture and predestination.
Task of working toward Christian unity.
Misuse or violation of what is regarded as sacred
Belief that Jesus is HUMAN but not DIVINE
Salvation comes from secret knowledge and practices revealed by Christ, a creature of the good god of the New Testament
Jesus was two persons united in one nature rather than one person with both a human nature and divine nature. Opposed the title Theotokos teaching that Mary was the MOTHER OF CHRIST, BUT NOT OF GOD.
A commitment to detachment from worldly goods and simplicity of life as a way of seeking justice and solidarity with the world's poor.
complete abstinence from all sexual activity. Sign of respect.
Obey and respecting ones religious superiors, an element of consecrate dlife
The domestic church is the....
Christ alone saves the church through...
Divine call to God's service or to the Christian life.
Incorporates people into the Communion of Saints
Communion of saints
The church is a ________. This is a traditional expression used in Latin version of the apostles creed. Through our union with Christ, we are brought into union with everyone who is united to Him.
Christians do not worship saints, but ________ them.
Is an expression of:
1. Communion of the saints
2. Channel of petitions through which their intercession is entreated
3. A means of providing the faithful with examples of virtues to emulate
Mother of the Church
This title given to Mary began in the east by St. Ambrose. We can call her this because JESUS IS GOD. She can be called this by virtue of her motherhood to Christ.
Mary remains a virgin after the birth of Jesus.
Mary remained free from sin and didn't decay of physical death. She was assumed both body and soul into heaven at the moment of. Death. She foreshadows out own bodily resurrection.
When is the feast of the Assumption?
What mark of the church is heresy a sin against?
Creed against Arianism
The kingdom of God
The central message of Jesus' public ministry-
By this process, every Catholic bishop receives his authority from a chain that leads all the way to the twelve
This heresy taught that Jesus was neither divine now equal to the father
Acts of the apostles
This book of the New Testament, written by Luke, describes the apostolic age of the church
This father of the church said "The New Testament is hidden in the old, and the Old Testament is revealed in the new
Eternal separation from God
Chief punishment of hell