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Chapter 9: AP World
Terms in this set (50)
Which of the following was most responsible for the initial spread of Islam to West Africa
Merchants on the trans-Saharan trade routes
Manichaeism is a faith derived from Zoroastrianism and is founded on the idea that
there is a cosmic struggle between good and evil
Which group resisted the message of Islam in Medina and was eventually expelled or eliminated by Muhammad?
From the founding of each religion, Christians and Muslims shared a belief in
a single omnipotent deity
Why did Muhammad leave Mecca for Medina (known as the hijra, which marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar?
Meccan leaders were threatened by his popularity
Which of the following statements about Muslim women is not true?
They often played a role in public life.
Despite the fact that conversions to Islam were at their peak, Abbasid power declined because
the empire had become too big to rule effectively
After the city surrendered to Muhammad, he established a new state based on a new
common religious faith
The Abbasids purchased Turkick slaves called mamluks, into military service. The mamluks founded the
Tradition relating the deeds and words of Muhammad which, next to the Qur'an, are the most important source:
Why is the Abbasid rule considered a "golden age"?
it created a refined and cosmopolitan culture in Baghdad
The universal language of the Muslim empire was
Arabic, because it was the language of the Quran
Mu'awiya chose his own son, Yazid, to succeed him thereby establishing this caliphate:
A historian describing the unity of Islam up to 1450 might use which of the following as evidence?
The dictate that the Quran be read and understood in Arabic
The mamluks were
Turkic merchants in the Abbasid Caliphate who rose to control powerful Muslim states
Which of the following is not true about the rule of the Seljuk Empire?
Mesopotamia grew in population and influence
The first caliphate to begin expansion outside of Arabia was:
What did the Sasanid and Byzantine Empires have in common?
Central control of imperial finances
Umayyad Spain developed a distinctive Islamic culture because of the
blending of Roman, Germanic, Jewish, Arab, and Berber traditions
By 1100, Islam failed to spread to
Religious conflicts in the Byzantine Empire resulted in the treatment of Nestorian Christians as
heretics, seeking refuge under the Sasanid shah
Political divisions continued after the fall of the Abbasid caliphate and other groups took hold of the Middle East control including Seljuk Turks, Crusaders, Mamluks, and eventually
Cities were important in Islam for all of the following reasons except
they were the only places where women could travel freely
The group of Muslims who believe the leader of Islam should be a descendent of Muhammad is called the
The unified community that accepted Islam and believed that Muhammad was the "Messenger of God" was called
The mamluks were originally Turkic slaves who
came to power in Egypt and Syria after working as mercenaries under the Abbasid Caliphate
Sufism was significant in being a(n)
quest for a direct union with God through rituals and training
Muhammad's revelations from the angel are compiled in a book called
Muhammad's teachings built upon the beliefs of
Judaism and Christianity
Muslim religious practice is based on the
What does Islam call on people to believe?
1. That the Qur'an is the revelation of Allah
2. That they must surrender to the will of God
3. That Allah will reward or punish all people after death
Which of the following areas was not brought under Muslim control under the leadership of the caliphs?
The Muslims fought the Battle of the Camel (656) in a dispute over the
legitimacy of Ali as caliph
The foundation of Islamic civilization is the Shari'a or
The ulama were religious scholars and
the primary interpreters of Islamic law
Most subjects of both Byzantine and Sasanid rulers found common identity in
All of the following are characteristics of Islam except
a tradition of passing down the central teachings of their faith orally
Some historians argue that the development of Islamic beliefs and practices in the seventh century reflected the intellect of which of the following religions?
Christianity, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism
Why did the rulers of al-Andalus Spain finally take the title of caliph in 929?
They did so in response to the Fatimids taking the title in Tunisia
The establishment of Zoroastrianism and Christianity as official faiths in the Sasanid and Byzantine empires for what future event?
The rise of Islam as the focus of a political empire
Byzantine power was significantly diminished by the Seljuks as a result of
the Battle of Manzikert
How did Muhammad experience revelations?
from the Angel Gabriel
The decline of the Umayyad dynasty was due to
growing unrest among non-Arab Muslims, who demanded access to political power
Which of the following statements best describes the process of early conversion to Islam?
Arabs were initially a ruling Muslim minority, and in the 9th century, conversion of non-Arabs began
The Sunni/Shi'ite split resulted from a disagreement over
who should succeed Muhamad
The Byzantine Empire was centered in the area that is present-day Turkey, while the Sasanid Empire was centered around present-day
The Arabs' involvement in Byzantine and Sasanid conflicts led to the penetration of these religions into the Arabians
Zoroastrianism and Christianity
The Sasanid Empire benefitted from its location along the Silk Road. Some of the agricultural goods that it gained from were
cotton, sugar, and rice
The group in control of Jerusalem at the time of the Crusades was the
The Arabic/Arabian peninsula is characterized by
coastal cities and agricultural villages close to sources of water and a large empty quarter in central areas
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