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99 terms

100 words college students need to know

This is a set of flashcards for thos people who need to know those big words for college like me. =)
STUDY
PLAY
abjure
formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief, usually under pressure
abrogate
to abolish
abstemious
sparing in consumption of especially food and drink
acumen
quickness, accuracy, and keenness of judgment or insight
antebellum
before the war
auspicious
tending to favor or bring good luck
belie
contradict; give a false impression
bellicose
fond of fighting
bowdlerize
to remove offensive passages of a play, novel, etc.
chicanery
the use of tricks to deceive someone (usually to extract money from them)
chromosome
a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
churlish
lacking politeness or good manners; lacking sensitivity; difficult to work with or deal with; rude
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
circumnavigate
travel around, either by plane or ship
deciduous
(of plants and shrubs) shedding foliage at the end of the growing season
deleterious
harmful to living things
diffident
shy, lacking self-confidence; modest, reserved
enervate
weaken mentally or morally
enfranchise
grant freedom to
epiphany
a moment of sudden revelation or insight
equinox
either of two times of the year when the sun crosses the plane of the earth's equator and day and night are of equal length
euro
currency of the european union
evanescent
vanishing
expurgate
to censor
facetious
playfully humorous
fatuous
silly, foolish
feckless
lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak; irresponsible, unreliable
fiduciary
held in trust; confidential
filibuster
a legislator who gives long speeches in an effort to delay or obstruct legislation that he (or she) opposes
gamete
a mature sexual reproductive cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
hypotenuse
the longest side of a right triangle
gauche
awkward, lacking in social graces, tactless, clumsy
gerrymander
To draw a district's boundaries to gain an advantage in elections
hegemony
the domination of one state or group over its allies
homogeneous
of the same kind
hubris
arrogant presumption or pride
impeach
charge with an offense or misdemeanor
incognito
without revealing one's identity
incontrovertible
indisputable; not open to question
inculcate
teach (ideas or principles); instill
infrastructure
the basic, underlying framework or features of a system or organization.
interpolate
to insert between other parts or things; to present as an addition or correction
irony
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
jejune
lacking interest or significance
kinetic
characterized by motion
kowtow
try to gain favor by cringing or flattering
laissez faire
the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs
lexicon
dictionary
loquacious
talkative
lugubrious
mournful, gloomy
metamorphosis
when someone or something changes completely in form or state.
mitosis
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
moiety
is a part of a molecule that may include functional groups as substructures
nanotechnology
the branch of engineering that deals with things smaller than 100 nanometers (especially with the manipulation of individual molecules)
nihilism
the delusion that things (or everything, including the self) do not exist
nomenclature
a system of words used in a particular discipline
nonsectarian
not affiliated with or limited to a specific religious denomination.
notarize
to certify legally
obsequious
Overly submissive and eager to please
oligarchy
a political system governed by a few people
omnipotent
almighty
orthography
correct spelling; CF. ortho-: straight; correct; Ex. orthodontics
oxidize
add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
parabola
a U shaped line on a graph
paradigm
an example or model
parameter
a constant in the equation of a curve that can be varied to yield a family of similar curves
pecuniary
relating to or involving money
photosynthesis
synthesis of compounds with the aid of radiant energy (especially in plants)
plagiarize
to steal and to use another's writings as one's own
plasma
(physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors
Polymer
a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
precipitous
Steep
quasar
Heavenly body
quotidian
occurring daily; commonplace
recapitulate
summarize briefly
reciprocal
(mathematics) one of a pair of numbers whose product is 1: the reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2
reparation
something done or paid in expiation of a wrong
respiration
the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation
sanguine
confidently optimistic and cheerful
soliloquy
speech you make to yourself
subjugate
To conquer by force, bring under complete control
suffragist
someone who campaigns for voting rights
supercilious
having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy
tautology
useless repetition
taxonomy
a classification of organisms into groups based on similarities of structure or origin etc
tectonic
pertaining to the structure or movement of the earth's crust
tempestuous
stormy, raging, furious
thermodynamics
the branch of physics concerned with the conversion of different forms of energy
totalitarian
characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control
unctuous
(adj.) excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
usurp
seize and take control without authority and possibly with force
vacuous
devoid of significance or point
vehement
intense, forceful, powerful
vortex
whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably plunged
winnow
remove by a current of air
wrought
Formed, made
xenophobe
person afraid of foreigners
yeoman
man or farmer owning small estate; middle-class farmer
ziggurat
a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians