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hired single men (18-25) to work on construction and outdoor projects for $1 a day.


federal money to state and local levels, who distributed it.


built schools, hospitals; AND hired artists, writers, composers, photographers, etc.


the government controlled businesses by deciding what to make, setting prices, wages, and working conditions.


hired workers for thousands of public works (construction) projects (schools, libraries, airports etc.)


the government paid farmers to produce less so prices would increase. Crops and animals were destroyed to keep supply low (and demand high!)


it polices the stock market, making sure the rules are followed and no fraud is committed.


built 40 dams in 7 states, improved farmland by eliminating flooding and producing electricity


insured savings accounts in banks by the government


old-age pensions, unemployment insurance; medical insurance

"trickle-down" economics

economic policies should benefit big business; the money will trickle down to the lower classes

relief programs

programs to immediately provide food and shelter for the needy

public works programs

projects built by the government for public use.(schools, highways)

FDR's inaugural words

"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself"

Bonus Army

WWI vets who went to Washington for their bonus; resulted in 4 deaths

Francis Perkins

1st female cabinet member

"bank holiday"

FDR closed banks for 8 days to examine them and restore those that could stay open

"Hundred Days"

famous three month period when FDR passed 15 bills

Fireside chats

Radio broadcasts by FDR; served to communicate and calm the nation's fears

Dorothea Lange

WPA photographer whose work captured the misery of many


economic policy meaning to "leave alone"; let supply and demand control the outcome

Black Tuesday

October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed

New Deal

series of programs FDR created to combat the Great Depression

deficit spending

government spends more than it is taking in

national debt

the total sum of money the government owes

supply and demand

if the supply is up, and the demand is low, price goes down. if the demand is high, and the supply is low, price goes up


more than is needed; extra

The Grapes of Wrath

by John Steinbeck; the story follows a poor family as they travel from the Dust Bowl region to California.

War of the Worlds

by Orson Welles; a radio broadcast that was so realistic people thought that aliens were actually invading the Earth

Four Causes of the Dust Bowl

new technology, drought, high winds and overgrazing

The Dust Bowl

A series of major sandstorms that buried houses, destroyed farmland and killed livestock in the Great Plains in the 1930s


Risky business transactions in an effort to make a quick or large profit.

Huey Long

Suggested "Share Our Wealth" program: $2000 income, $5000 house, car to everyone. 100% tax on all annual incomes over $1 million.

Liberty League

Believed the New Deal interfered too much with business and with people's lives.

Charles Coughlin

"Radio priest" who criticized the New Deal; he grew increasingly anti-Semitic until the Catholic Church pulled him off the air.

Francis Townsend

Created the idea of an old-age pension, became the Social Security Act of 1935.

Court Packing

FDR plan to add six new justices to the Supreme Court after the Court had ruled that some New Deal programs were unconstitutional

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