hired single men (18-25) to work on construction and outdoor projects for $1 a day.
federal money to state and local levels, who distributed it.
built schools, hospitals; AND hired artists, writers, composers, photographers, etc.
the government controlled businesses by deciding what to make, setting prices, wages, and working conditions.
hired workers for thousands of public works (construction) projects (schools, libraries, airports etc.)
the government paid farmers to produce less so prices would increase. Crops and animals were destroyed to keep supply low (and demand high!)
it polices the stock market, making sure the rules are followed and no fraud is committed.
built 40 dams in 7 states, improved farmland by eliminating flooding and producing electricity
insured savings accounts in banks by the government
old-age pensions, unemployment insurance; medical insurance
economic policies should benefit big business; the money will trickle down to the lower classes
programs to immediately provide food and shelter for the needy
public works programs
projects built by the government for public use.(schools, highways)
FDR's inaugural words
"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself"
WWI vets who went to Washington for their bonus; resulted in 4 deaths
1st female cabinet member
FDR closed banks for 8 days to examine them and restore those that could stay open
famous three month period when FDR passed 15 bills
Radio broadcasts by FDR; served to communicate and calm the nation's fears
WPA photographer whose work captured the misery of many
economic policy meaning to "leave alone"; let supply and demand control the outcome
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed
series of programs FDR created to combat the Great Depression
government spends more than it is taking in
the total sum of money the government owes
supply and demand
if the supply is up, and the demand is low, price goes down. if the demand is high, and the supply is low, price goes up
more than is needed; extra
The Grapes of Wrath
by John Steinbeck; the story follows a poor family as they travel from the Dust Bowl region to California.
War of the Worlds
by Orson Welles; a radio broadcast that was so realistic people thought that aliens were actually invading the Earth
Four Causes of the Dust Bowl
new technology, drought, high winds and overgrazing
The Dust Bowl
A series of major sandstorms that buried houses, destroyed farmland and killed livestock in the Great Plains in the 1930s
Risky business transactions in an effort to make a quick or large profit.
Suggested "Share Our Wealth" program: $2000 income, $5000 house, car to everyone. 100% tax on all annual incomes over $1 million.
Believed the New Deal interfered too much with business and with people's lives.
"Radio priest" who criticized the New Deal; he grew increasingly anti-Semitic until the Catholic Church pulled him off the air.
Created the idea of an old-age pension, became the Social Security Act of 1935.
FDR plan to add six new justices to the Supreme Court after the Court had ruled that some New Deal programs were unconstitutional
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