11-1 Islam

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Terms in this set (...)

Allah
Arabic name for God
Bedouin
nomads who herded sheep, camels, and goats and lived in tents
Five Pillars
5 essential duties all Muslims must fulfill: faith, prayer, alms-giving, fasting, and pilgrimage
Hadith
the sayings of Muhammad
hajj
annual pilgrimage to Mecca
hanifs
holy men who denounced idol worship and believed in only one god (but rejected Judaism and Christianity)
Hijrah
emigration or departure of Muhammad to Yathrib
Imam
prayer leader
Islam
Arabic religion; means "submission to the will of Allah"
Kaaba
Arabian peninsula's holiest shrine; originally contained many deities, but later turned into a place of worship for Muslims; believed to have been built by Abraham
Khadija
wealthy widow who married Muhammad
Mecca (Makkah)
crossroads of commerce in the Middle East
Medina (Medinah) Compact
624 CE; Muhammad lays the foundation for an Islamic state
mosque
building that serves as a house of worship, a school, a court of law, and a shelter
Muhammad
the prophet of Islam
Muslim
followers of Islam
Quran
holy scriptures of Islam; final authority in matters of faith and lifestyle
Ramadan
ninth month in the Muslim calendar; month of fasting
revelation
a vision
shari'ah
Islamic law
sheikh
chief of tribe
Shiite
believe that Islam should only be lead by descendants of Muhammad; stress spiritual over political aspects of Islam
Sunni
believe that any devout Muslim can Lead; largest group of Islam followers
Arabic numerals
Muslim mathematicians adopted these numerals and used them in a place-value system; used worldwide today
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