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2nd Art Exam

STUDY
PLAY
The earliest hieroglyphic inscriptions
Palette of Narmer, from Hierakonpolis
King Narmer's request
Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt
Palettes were typically used for
grinding cosmetics
Both sides of palettes carved in raised..
reliefs
Sphinx
lion's body and human head
The Great Sphinx, Giza
the largest monolithic statue in the world/oldest known monumental sculpture
Loss of the Great Sphinx nose by Muhammad Sa'im al-Dahr, a Sufi Muslim -AD 1378
due to iconoclasm
How long it takes to mummify and prepare the body
60 days
An Egyptian king's organs are put in..
a Canopic Jar
Egyptian burial box
sarcophagus
Served a purpose similar to spirit traps
Sculptural ka portraits
Amount of boat pits found around the Pyramid of Choeps that were used for ceremonies
5 boat pits
Egyptian funeral ceremonies included rituals like
carrying the body along the Nile to the Funerary Temple to be mummified
Part of the ritual ceremony
journey up the darkened causeway
Scribe
one who writes official documents
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
Deir el-Bahri
Hatshepsut
first acted as regent, then crowned herself as pharoah
Thutmose III
Head of the Egyptian army under Hatshepsut's rule
Hatshepsut's biggest trading expedition of her career
To trade with Egypt's neighbors to the South of Punt
Introduced belief in one god called Aton
Akhenaton
Moved the capital to the south
Akhenaton
Akhenaton's queen
Queen Nefertiti
Done to indicate an Egyptian royal family member
binding of babies' heads to produce an oblong shape
Male and female colors on Egyptian statues
Males are painted dark and females are painted white
Amount of tombs in the Valley of the Kings
63 tombs
Discovered King Tut's grave
Howard Carter and George Herbert in 1922
Sarcophagus' consisted of
3 coffins, 4 shrines, and the mummy
A Golden Canopic Chest held..
an albaster sarcophagus
Inside the sarcophagus of King Tut
4 gold coffins containing the mummified internal organs of King Tut
The burial mask of King Tut consisted of..
inlaid with blue glass and semi precious stones
Psusennes I, or Pasibkhanu or Hor-Pasebakhaenniut I
The Silver Pharoah: was the third pharaoh of the 21st dynasty of Egypt
Discovered Psusennes I intact tomb in Tanis in 1940
Professor Pierre Montet
The Last of the Macedonian rulers of Egypt
Cleopatra VII
Roman senate waged war against
Mark Antony and Cleopatra
Defeated Mark Antony
Augustus Octavian
How Mark Antony and Cleopatra died
committed suicide
The only Ptolemaic ruler to learn to speak Egyptian
Cleopatra
Had Ptolemy XV Caesar (Caesarion) murdered
Octavion