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The earliest hieroglyphic inscriptions

Palette of Narmer, from Hierakonpolis

King Narmer's request

Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt

Palettes were typically used for

grinding cosmetics

Both sides of palettes carved in raised..



lion's body and human head

The Great Sphinx, Giza

the largest monolithic statue in the world/oldest known monumental sculpture

Loss of the Great Sphinx nose by Muhammad Sa'im al-Dahr, a Sufi Muslim -AD 1378

due to iconoclasm

How long it takes to mummify and prepare the body

60 days

An Egyptian king's organs are put in..

a Canopic Jar

Egyptian burial box


Served a purpose similar to spirit traps

Sculptural ka portraits

Amount of boat pits found around the Pyramid of Choeps that were used for ceremonies

5 boat pits

Egyptian funeral ceremonies included rituals like

carrying the body along the Nile to the Funerary Temple to be mummified

Part of the ritual ceremony

journey up the darkened causeway


one who writes official documents

Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut

Deir el-Bahri


first acted as regent, then crowned herself as pharoah

Thutmose III

Head of the Egyptian army under Hatshepsut's rule

Hatshepsut's biggest trading expedition of her career

To trade with Egypt's neighbors to the South of Punt

Introduced belief in one god called Aton


Moved the capital to the south


Akhenaton's queen

Queen Nefertiti

Done to indicate an Egyptian royal family member

binding of babies' heads to produce an oblong shape

Male and female colors on Egyptian statues

Males are painted dark and females are painted white

Amount of tombs in the Valley of the Kings

63 tombs

Discovered King Tut's grave

Howard Carter and George Herbert in 1922

Sarcophagus' consisted of

3 coffins, 4 shrines, and the mummy

A Golden Canopic Chest held..

an albaster sarcophagus

Inside the sarcophagus of King Tut

4 gold coffins containing the mummified internal organs of King Tut

The burial mask of King Tut consisted of..

inlaid with blue glass and semi precious stones

Psusennes I, or Pasibkhanu or Hor-Pasebakhaenniut I

The Silver Pharoah: was the third pharaoh of the 21st dynasty of Egypt

Discovered Psusennes I intact tomb in Tanis in 1940

Professor Pierre Montet

The Last of the Macedonian rulers of Egypt

Cleopatra VII

Roman senate waged war against

Mark Antony and Cleopatra

Defeated Mark Antony

Augustus Octavian

How Mark Antony and Cleopatra died

committed suicide

The only Ptolemaic ruler to learn to speak Egyptian


Had Ptolemy XV Caesar (Caesarion) murdered


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