Health Vocabulary Chapters 1-4

Physical Health
Covers the aspect of health that lead directly to your body, your weight, strength, and the way your body functions
Social Health
Involves interacting well with people and the environment and having satisfying relationships.
Spiritual Health
Maintaining harmonious relationships with other living things and having spiritual direction and purpose
State of well being that comes from the 5 aspects of health
Mental Health
The ability to recognize reality
Emotional Health
Expressing feelings in an appropriate way
Feeling good about yourself and your abilities
Social Support
Driving positive feelings by sharing life situations with others
Physical fitness
A state in which your body can meet daily life demands
Communicable disease
A disease that is passed from person to person by an organism
Life Expectancy
The number of years a person can reasonably be expected to live
Quality of life
A degree in which a person lives life to its fullest capacity with enjoyment and reward
Decision making level
A series of steps in which a person makes a reasonable decision
A persons strong beliefs and ideals
A waxy substance that can clog the arteries and cause heart disease
High blood pressure
A condition in which the blood pushes harder then normal against the inside of the blood pressure
A substance that is produced inside the brain and has pleasurable effects
Physical Fitness
The ability to perform daily tasks rigorously and to perform physical activities while avoiding diseases related to lack of activity
Aerobic Fitness
The ability to endure at least ten minutes of moderate activity
Muscular Strength and endurance
The muscles ability to perform a very heavy force over a short period of time or apply force to a sustained period
ability to move muscles and joints through their full range of motion
body composition
the proportion of body weight that is made up of fat tissue compared to lean tissue
aerobic exercise
physical activity that increases the supply of oxygen to the muscles and can be continued for a period of time without rest
anaerobic exercise
physical exercise that can increase speed and strength and cannot be continued for a few minuets without stopping
anabolic steroids
a artificially made substance that can temporarily increase muscle size
brain waves
electrical patterns produced by the brain the fluctuate greatly during the sleep cycle
Rapid eye movement, the period of the sleep cycle in which the eyes move rapidly back and forth under the eye lid
Temporary or continuing loss of sleep
The body's physical response to the need for food
The desire to eat based on pleasure derived from eating.
Essential nutrients
The six categories of substances that are needed to nourish the body.
A unit of measurement for energy rie= 1 kilocalorie
A class of nutrients containing starches, simple sugar, Glycogen, and dietary fiber
Complex carbohydrates
A subclass of carbohydrates that includes starches, dietary fiber, and glycogen.
Dietary Fiber
A subclass of complex carbohydrates with a high ratio of plant material that is not absorbed by the body
A class of nutrients that supply more energy per gram then carbohydrates or proteins.
Saturated Fats
Fats that contain single bonds between carbon atoms and their maximum and the maximum number of hydrogen atoms bonded to carbon
Unsaturated fats
fats that contain one or more double bonds between carbon atoms and less then the maximum number of hydrogen atoms bonded to carbon
Compounds that removed from the blood and transport it back to the liver associated with good cholestrol
Compounds that carry cholesterol to cells for cell processes associated with bad cholesterol. Most cholesterol in the blood is LDL cholesterol.
A fatlike substance that is part of animal cells and is needed for production of some hormone and fat cells