PASS: U.S. Government - Unit 2
Terms in this set (67)
People who fought against slavery.
To conclude or suspend a meeting for an amount of time.
An addition, change, or correction to a law, document, or proposal.
When the decision of a lower court or federal court is appealed to the Supreme Court.
The person who is appealing his or her conviction in court.
The seven segments that are a part of the main body of the Constitution.
Process that releases someone form debts if he or she cannot repay money owed.
Bill of Attainder
A law which states that a person or group of people is guilty of a crime without a court trial.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution.
The tax that individual people must pay.
Checks and Balances
Is a system that exists when each branch of the government exercises some control over the other branches.
Another word for trade.
Defines obscenity: if printed or broadcast material does not offend the average person of the community, it is NOT considered obscene.
Refers to the two house system of representation in the government.
Voters, people in a community who elect a government official.
The Principle that the Constitution is the highest law in America.
Tax paid directly to the government.
Due Process of Law
The rights of a person who has been accused of a crime to be treated fairly.
A tax on imports.
E Pluribus Unum
Latin phrase meaning: "out of many, one."
Section of the Constitution that gives Congress its implied powers.
The representatives chosen by voters in each state to elect the President and Vice President.
Document issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863 which freed the slaves.
Ex Post Facto
Latin phrase for "after the fact"; a law which makes something illegal after it has already happened.
To return someone to the state or country where that person is accused of committing a crime.
A system of government that divides the power between national and state governments.
A Court order guaranteeing a person who is arrested the right to appear before a judge in a court of law.
House of Representatives
Lower house of Congress - consists of state representatives elected by voters based on the population of the state.
To accuse the President or other high government official of serious wrongdoing.
Taxes paid to another party, who then pays the government.
Process by which courts can reject any action or law by the local, state, or national government if it violates the Constitution.
The power, right, or authority to interpret and apply the law.
Two different things that are side - by - side.
Means that the powers of government are limited under the Constitution.
Groups of armed and trained civilians; volunteer armies.
Process an immigrant goes through to become a citizen.
A declaration or promise.
When a case goes directly to the Supreme Court.
A fee required to be able to vote.
A rule by the people.
The introductory statement at the beginning of the Constitution.
A very good reason to believe something is true.
Another word for "Claims" as in, He claims that this is true.
Another name for a representative democracy; the people hold the power of government by voting.
Rule of Law
Everyone, including citizens and government officials, must obey the same laws.
The Upper house of Congress; made up of two representatives from each state.
Separation of Powers
A division of power between the three branches of central government: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial branches.
Spreading lies about another person.
Right to vote.
Supreme law of the land in the U.S. consists of the Constitution and federal laws and treaties; states cannot pass laws that conflict with national laws.
Crime of helping the enemies of one's own country.
Another word for admired. For example the venerated general finally passed away.
The power to reject or forbid an idea or action.
The legal document needed by police in order to search, seize, arrest or do other acts in a criminal investigation.
Three parts of the Constitution
The Preamble, the Articles, and the Amendments.
The Six goals of the Preamble for the American government
1) to form a perfect Union; 2) to establish Justice; 3) to insure domestic Tranquility; 4) to provide for the common Defense; 5) to promote the general Welfare, and; 6) to secure the Blessings of Liberty. JUTDWB
Six main ideas of government in the U.S. Constitution
1) Popular Sovereignty; 2) Federalism; 3) Separation of Powers; 4) Checks and Balances; 5) Judicial Review, and; 6) Limited Government.
Minimum number of members required to do business.
Article I of the Constitution
Defines the role of the Legislative Branch of government (Congress).
Requirements to be a Representative
At least 25 years old; been a citizen of the U.S of 7 years, and; live in the State they represent.
Membership of the House of Representatives
Based on Census taken every 10 years; have elections every 2 years / hold office for 4 years; set at a total of 435 members divided according to state population; Voted on through state general elections.
Powers of Congress
To introduce, create, and pass laws; to impeach (as in the president), and; to approve members of the Supreme Court.
Requirements to be a Senator
At least 30 years old; been a resident of the U.S. for at least 9 years, and; must live in the state they represent.
Membership of the Senate
Every state has 2 Senators who serve 6-year terms; voted into office by state general election;
Article II of the Constitution
Establishes and defines the role of the Executive Branch of government.
Article III of the Constitution
Establishes and defines the role of the Judicial Branch of government.