24 terms

Greek Architecture Terms

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cella
the principal interior room at the center of a Greek or Roman temple within which the cult statue was usually housed
stylobate
The uppermost step of the platform; supports the columns.
capital
the upper part of a column that supports the entablature: distinguishes the order of the column
metope
panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief
triglyph
a triple projecting, grooved member of a doric frieze that alternates with metopes
architrave
the lowest part of an entablature
frieze
an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
cornice
the topmost projecting part of an entablature (right under the pediment)
pediment
a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof
entablature
the structure consisting of the part of a classical temple above the columns between a capital and the roof
flute
the shallow concave groove on the shaft of a column
shaft
The tall, cylindrical part of a column between the capital and the base
column
a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure: from the abacus to the stylobate
base
a support or foundation of a column
sima
gutter attached to cornice <>
peristyle
a colonnade surrounding a building or enclosing a court
pronaos
The space, or porch, in front of the cella, or naos, of an ancient Greek temple
opisthodomos
in ancient Greek architecture, a porch at the rear of a temple, set against the blank back wall of the cella
Anta
Thickened ends of the lateral cella walls
peripteral
single row of covered columns on all sides of a temple
Doric
oldest and simplest of the three orders of classical Greek architecture
Ionic
a taller, thinner column with scroll shapes on its capital
Corinthian
the most slender and ornate of the three Greek columns. Known for its decorative capital of delicately carved acanthus leaves.
acroterion
Decorative ornaments placed at the apex and the corners of a pediment/ roof sculpture