Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
CSET - Ancient Civilizations Subtest 1
Terms in this set (30)
What is the ancient Near East comprised of?
The Tigris and Euphrates Valley, the Fertile Crescent, and the Nile Valley
What are the Four River Valley Civilizations?
Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China
What are some of the cultural contributions associated with the ancient Near East?
The first system of independent states
The first system of writing (cuneiform and hieroglyphics)
The first massive architectural achievements (ziggurat and pyramid)
The first lasting monotheism
The beginning of science, math, and astronomy
The first codification of law
Who were the creators of the Mesopotamian civilization?
What time period did Mesopotamian civilization exist?
What were the achievements of the Mesopotamian civilization?
Material progress included large-scale irrigation projects, an advanced system of mathematics, and the invention of the wheel
The ziggurat was the center of community life and served as a temple, storehouse, and treasury
Sargon established the first empire (c. 2371 B.C.)
Who conquered the Sumerians and established an empire from what dates?
The Babylonians from 2300-1750 B.C.
What were the selected achievements of the Babylonian empire?
The code of Hammurabi was the first universal written codification of laws in recorded history (c. 1750 B.C.)
Babylonian achievements included a centralized government and advancements in algebra and geometry
What was the code of Hammurabi?
The first universal written codification of laws in recorded history (c. 1750 B.C.)
Who conquered much of Asia Minor and northern Mesopotamia from 2000 - 1200 B.C.?
What was a major contribution of the Hittites?
A major contribution included the invention of iron smelting, which revolutionized warfare
When did the Assyrian empire last from/to?
What were some selected achievements of the Assyrians?
Military techniques included siege warfare, intimidation, and the use of iron weapons
Assyria created a centralized government, a postal service, an extensive library, and a system of highways
What empire did the Chaldeans establish?
New Babylonian Empire under Nebuchadnezzar (605-538 B.C.)
What were some selected achievements by the Chaldeans (New Babylonian Empire)?
They conquered Mesopotamia, Syria, and Palestine
They developed astrology, astronomy, advanced government bureaucracy, and architectural achievements such as the Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Who attempted to unify the Near East under one rule (500s B.C.)?
What were some selected achievements of the Persians?
Persia established an international government
Zoroastrianism was an ethical religion based on concepts of good and evil
Persia failed to conquer the Greeks; Persia was eventually conquered by Alexander the Great (334-331 B.C.)
Who was Persia conquered by?
Alexander the Great
Who were the first explorers, traders, and colonizers of the ancient world?
What were some contributions of the Phoenicians?
They invented the first true alphabet
They dominated Mediterranean commerce and exported manufactured glass and purple dye (royal purple)
Who occupied western Asia Minor (500s B.C.)?
What were some unique contributions from the Lydians?
Their culture reached its zenith under King Croesus (Golden King)
They were responsible for the first coinage of money
Who established first lasting monotheism?
Who established the first Kingdom in Palestine?
What two kingdoms were the Hebrews divided into?
Judah and Israel
Who revolted against Rome?
Where did Egypt establish a civilization?
The Nile Valley
Significant aspects of Egyptian civilization
Dominated by concerns for afterlife, religion, pharaoh
Medical advances and specialized surgery
Commerce flourished throughout Arabia, India, and part of Africa
Agriculture was the basis of the economy
Architecture advances and mathematical precision
Annual flooding in the Nile was the basis for the sustained economy; the Nile had an impact on all of Egyptian society
What were some contributions of Ancient Greek Civilization?
Organized warfare, Literature, History, Architecture, Arts, and Government
Which civilizations made up the Aegean background?
Minoan and Mycenaean
Sets with similar terms
CSET- multiple subject- History Cliffnotes (early…
CSET Subset I // Early Civilizations
CSET: Subtest 1: World History: Ancient Civilizati…
Shepler Final Study Guide #2
Other sets by this creator
CSET MS1 Texts
CSET MS1 Written and Nonwritten Communication
CSET MS1 Language structure, literacy and linguist…
CSET MS Science