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40 terms

ITNT-2320 chapter 1 quiz

STUDY
PLAY
Virtualization offers a way to cut costs by using fewer computers.
True
Windows Web Server 2008 can be used to manage directory resources via hosting Active Directory.
False
Computers and users in a domain can be managed to determine what resources they can access, such as printers and shared folders.
True
The multitasking in Windows Server 2008 is called cooperative multitasking.
False
On a peer-to-peer network, workstations are used to share resources such as files and printers and to connect to resources on other computers.
True
____ is the ability to increase the access to server resources and provide fail-safe services by linking two or more discrete computer systems so they appear to function as though they are one.
Clustering
____ means that a processor can be added to an empty processor slot while the system is running.
Hot-add processor
With ____, you can replace a processor in an SMP system without taking the system down.
hot-replace processor
A ____ is a grouping of network objects, such as computers, servers, and user accounts, that providesfor easier management.
domain
____ enables the server administrator to manage critical configuration features from inside one tool.
Server Manager
____ is an umbrella of security protection features that monitor and manage a server and its clients.
NAP
Windows Server 2008 comes with Microsoft ____ to transform the server into a versatile Web server.
IIS
____ is a minimum server configuration, designed to function in a fashion similar to traditional UNIX and Linux servers.
Windows Server Core
Windows ____ is a command-line interface that offers a shell.
PowerShell
Windows PowerShell offers over 130 command-line tools, also called ____.
cmdlets
The operating system kernel runs in ____ mode, which protects it from problems created by a malfunctioning program or process.
privileged
___ is the ability to run two or more programs at the same time.
Multitasking
____ is the capability of programs written to run several program code blocks, or ''threads,'' at the same time.
Multithreading
A ____ is a communications system enabling computer users to share computer equipment, application software, and data, voice, and video transmissions.
network
____ networking focuses on spreading network resource administration among server and nonserver members of a network.
Peer-to-peer
____ networking centralizes the network administration on one or more servers.
Server-based
On Microsoft networks, a ____ is a number of users who share drive and printer resources.
workgroup
Packets and ____ are units of data transmitted from a sending computer to a receiving computer.
frames
A ____ is a network of computers in relatively close proximity, such as on the same floor or in the same building.
LAN
____ provides for reliable end-to-end delivery of data by controlling data flow.
TCP
____ provides network addressing to ensure data packets quickly reach the correct destination.
IP
A multiprocessor computer is known as a(n) _________________ computer, which isa computer that uses more than one processor.
SMP (symmetric multiprocessor)
______________ is the ability to add RAM without shutting down the computer or operating.
Hot-add memory
The ___________________is the full cost of owning a network, including hardware, software, training, maintenance, and user support costs.
TCO (total cost of ownership)
Windows Server 2008 supports UNIX and Linux clients using the ______________________________.
SUA (Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications)
The ____________________ consists of the core programs and the computer code of the operating system.
kernel
a database of computers, users, groups of users, shared printers, shared folders, and other network resources.
Active Directory
a computer program or portion of a program that is currently running
Process
a computer that has its own central processing unit (CPU) and can be used as a stand-alone or network computer
Workstation
enables memory to resynchronize after transient memory problems so there is no interruption tocurrent computing activities
Fault tolerant memory sync
enables Windows Server 2008 to offer a virtualization environment
Hyper-V
a computer that accesses resources on another computer via a network or direct cable connection
Client
a 64-bit processor that uses a design different than typical x86 and x64 processors, which allows it to process more instructions per processor cycle
Itanium
a customized environment for executing commands and scripts
Shell
files that contain commands to be run by a computer operating system
Scripts