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A&P II Midterm review

Chapters 11-14
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A person with type A blood can receive a blood donation from an individual with:
Type AB blood
Type B blood
Type O blood
Type O blood
Macrophages are specialized phagocyctic cells found outside of the circulatory system and are derived from:
basophils
eosinophils
erthrocytes
monocytes
lymphocytes
monocytes
Which one of the following is the most numerous cell in a given volume of blood?
erthrocyte
leukocyte
thrombocyte
erythrocyte
True/False A blood clot is also known as a thrombus.
True
False
True
Which of the following is involved in allergic reactions?
erythrocyte
eosinophil
neutrophil
lymphocyte
eosinophil
A decrease in white blood cells is referred to as:
polycythemia
leukemia
leukopenia
anemia
leukocytosis
leukopenia
An excessive production of erythrocytes
hemorrhagic anemia
polycythemia
pernicious anemia
sickle cell anemia
polycythemai
The suffix that refers to a blood condition:
-osis
-emia
-penia
-itis
-emia
Anemia caused by a defective gene resulting in an abnormal hemoglobin:
hemorrhagic anemia
aplastic anemia
pernicious anemia
sickle cell aneamia
sickle cell anemia
Which one of the following is NOT a formed element of blood?
platelets
plasma
erythrocytes
lymphocytes
thrombocytes
plasma
All of the following are blood proteins EXCEPT:
albumin
collagen
fibrinogen
immunoglobulins
collagen
True/False Anemia is the inability of blood to carry sufficient oxygen to the tissues.
True
False
True
A disease caused by Rh incompatibilty:
sickle cell anemia
erythroblastosis fetalis
iron deficiency anemia
leukemia
leukocytosis
erythroblastosis fetalis
Which of the following has the function of transporting oxygen and carbon dioxide?
erythrocyte
basophil
neutophil
lymphocyte
eosinophil
erythrocyte
In the ABO blood typing system, this is the "universal donor"
Type A
Type B
Type AB
Type O
Type O
Which one of the following is NOT considered a formed element in the blood?
erythrocyte
basophil
mast cell
neutropil
eosinophil
mast cell
In the ABO blood typing system, this is the "universal recipient."
Type A
Type B
Type AB
Type O
Type AB
The oxygen carrying protein in blood
immunoglobulin
collagen
hemoglobin
albumin
hemoglobin
Which one of the following is responsible for antibody production?
T lymphocyte
B lymphocyte
neutrophil
eosinophil
erythrocyte
B lymphocyte
Which one of the following is a blood clotting protein?
albumin
fibrin
immunoglobulin
collagen
fibrin
True/false The liquid component of blood is the plasma.
True
False
True
In a hematocrit test:
The red blood cells are located at the bottom of the tube.
The red blood cells are located at the top of the tube.
The white blood cells are located at the bottom of the tube
The red blood cells are located at the bottom of the tube.
True/false the liver is very essential to maintaining homeostasis because it detoxifies many harmful substances
True
False
True
Which of the following is NOT a layer found in blood vessels?
tunica returna
tunica intima
tunica externa
tunica media
tunica returna
Contraction of the heart:
diastole
systole
palpitation
murmur
systole
During vigorous exercise, the greatest change in blood flow occurs in:
the brain
skeletal muscle
the skin
the kidneys
cardiac muscle
skeletal muscle
The femoral artery supplies the
armpit
arm
thigh
foot
brain
thigh
The valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle
tricuspid valve
pulmonic valve
mitral valve (bicuspid valve)
aortic valve
tricuspid valve
Which one of the following is not a layer of the heart?
pericardium
enodcardium
peritoneum
myocardium
peritoneum
The valve located between the left atrium and the left ventricle
tricuspid valve
pulmonic valve
mitral valve (bicuspid Valve)
aortic valve
mitral valve
Blood leaving the left ventricle is
oxygenated
deoxygenated
oxygenatedB
Blood enters the right atrium through the
right brachiocephalic artery
superior and inferior vena cava
aorta
right pulmonary vein
superior and inferior vena cava
A single layer of squamous epithelial cells lining the inner surface of the circulatory system
epicardium
endothelium
myocardium
pericardium
endothelium
The "wall" separting the two ventricles:
atrioventricular septum
interatrial septum
interventricular septum
none of the above
interventricular septum
Most important vessel for the regulation of blood pressure
arterioles
capillaries
venules
arterioles
The most muscular chamber of the heart
right atrium
right ventricle
left atrium
left ventricle
left ventricle
A major artery to the small intestine:
superior mesenteric
internal carotid
renal
radial
brachial
superior mesenteric
True/false Angina pectoris is another name for myocardial infarction.
True
false
false
The most inferior aspect of the heart:
apex
base
endocardium
mediastinum
apex
Which one of the following is true of blood pressure?
It is higher in the arteries than the veins
It is higher in the veins than arteries
It is equal in the arteries and veings
It is higher in the arteries than the veins
True/False Polycythemia may increase blood viscosity (thickness) due to an increase in red blood cells and that may put a person at risk for stroke or myocardial infarction
True
False
True
The chamber of the heart that receives blood as it returns from the pulmonary circulation:
right atrium
right ventricle
left atrium
left ventricle
left atrium
True/False Because the blood circulates through the heart, it does not require blood vessels to supply the myocardium
True
false
false
A dislodged blood clot that travels through the circulation
thrombus
embolus
platelet
thrombocyte
embolus
The most numerous cells of the immune system:
monocytes
lymphocytes
eosinophils
erythrocytes
basophils
lymphocytes
What is the protein that oxygen combines with for transport through the blood?
iron
hemoglobin
Immunoglobulin
collagen
both and C
hemoglobin
Most of the oxygen in the blood is transported:
as dissolved oxygen in the blood
combined with hemoglobin
combined with hemoglobin
The greatest amount of air that one can breathe out in on expiration:
tidal volume
vital capacity
reserve volume
dead space
vital capacity
Which one of the following is part of both the respiratory and digestive system?
trachea
pharynx
esophagus
larynd
bronchus
pharynx
The amount of air we breathe in and out with a normal breath is referred to as:
residual volume
tidal volume
essential volume
reserve volume
tidal volume
True/False Cigarette smoking paralyzes the cilia in the respiratory mucosa causing a buildup of mucus that results in "smoker's cough".
True
False
True
All of the following are respiratory organs EXCEPT:
nose
esophagus
trachea
larynx
bronchi
esophagus
Phagocytosis of bacteria is a form of:
specific immunity
non specific immunity
non specific immunity
True/False A spirometer is a special device used to measure the amount of air exchanged in breathing
True
False
True
Immunoglobulins are:
nucleic acids
carbohydrates
lipids
proteins
proteins
The paranasal sinuses include the following EXCEPT:
maxillary
mandibular
ethmoid
sphenoid
frontal
mandibular
Respiratory control centers are located in:
the pituitary gland
medulla and pons of the brain
the occipital cortex of the brain
frontal lobe of the brain
medulla and pons of the brain
A Kupffer cell is a type of
eosinophil
macrophage
lymphocyte
basophil
neutorphil
macrophage
Quiet expiration is
an active process
a passive process
a passive process
The first branches of the respiratory tree to come off the trachea:
respiratory bronchioles
terminal bronchioles
secondary bronchi
primary bronchi
primary bronchi
True/False The pharyngeal tonsils are also called the adenoids
True
What is pneumothorax?
a bacterial infection of the lungs
a presence of air in the intrapleural space
a serious case of turberculosis
hemorrhage of the lungs
none of the above
presence of air in the intrapleural space
The thyroid cartilage is part of the:
pharynx
trachea
larynx
esophagus
none of the above
larynx
Oxygenated blood is found in:
systemic arteries and pulmonary veins
systemic arteries and pulmonary arteries
systemic veins and pulmonary veins
systemic veins and pulmonary arteries
systemic arteries and pulmonary veins
Another name for the nostrils:
alveoli
external nares
bronchioles
stapes
none of the above
external nares
The upper respiratory tract consists of all the following EXCEPT:
nose
pharynx
trachea
larynx
trachea
Breathing is another name for
pulmonary ventilation
cellular respiration
pulmonary ventilation
Which one of the following cells does NOT have a nucleus?
neutrophil
eosinophil
lymphocyte
erythrocyte
monocyte
erythrocyte
Which one of the following is most numerous in a cubic millimeter of blood in a normal and typical individual?
erythrocytes
platelets
leukocytes
erthrocytes
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart:
pericarditis
myocarditis
endocarditis
endocarditis
All of the following influence blood pressure EXCEPT:
blood volume
strength of atrial contractions
blood viscosity (blood thickness)
resistance to blood flow
strength of atrial contractions
Which one of the following is NOT a muscle of respriation?
diaphragm
internal intercostals
deltoid
external intercostals
deltoid
Pneumonia involves the :
upper respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
lower respiratory tract
A lack of Vitamin B12 may result in:
hemorrhagic anemia
pernicious anemia
sickle cell anemia
aplastic anemia
pernicious anemia
Myeloid tissue is the same as:
muscle tissue
white bone marrow
red bone marrow
adipose tissue
red bone marrow
A macrophage is a type of:
lymphocyte
plasma cell
phagocyte
platelet
thrombocyte
phagocyte
The mitral valve is also known as the:
tricuspid valve
pumonic valve
right atrioventricular valve
bicuspid valve
aortic valve
bicuspid valve
Which one of the following is NOT a primary cell of the immune system?
neutrophil
erythrocyte
monocyte
T-lymphocyte
macrophage
erythrocyte
The spleen is:
highly vascularized
poorly vascularized
highly vascularized
Serves as a storage pouch for lymph as it moves toward its entry into the venous system
gall bladder
cisterna chyli
crista galli
duodenum
appendix
cisterna chyli
The largest lymphatic vessel in the body:
brachiocephalic trunk
aorta
superior mesenteric duct
thoracic duct
inferior mesenteric duct
thoracic duct
A special x-ray procedure using a dye to illustrate the flow of lymph:
sngiogram
electrocardiogram
electoencephaglogram
lymphangiogram
lymphangiogram
With an infection, you would expect the number of white blood cells to:
increase
decrease
stay the same
increase
When an individual is expposed to a microorganism (for example, the mumps virus) and then develops resistance to future exposures. This is:
natural active immunity
natural passive immunity
artifical active immunity
artificial passive immunity
natural active immunity
The skin and mucosa serve a role in:
specific immunity
nonspecific immunity
nonspecific immunity
Which one of the following is NOT a characteristic sign of inflammation?
heat
pallor
pain
swelling
pallor
Protection received by an infant from the mother's breast milk:
natural active immunity
natural passive immunity
artificial active immunity
artificial passive immunity
natural passive immunity
Lymphatic vessels in the walls of the small intestine:
veins
lacteals
thoracic duct
both a and b
none of the above
lacteals
All of the following are true of antibodies EXCEPT:
are proteins produced by plasma cells
are also called immunoglobulins
are involved in humoral immunity
combine with specific antigens
are produced in the pituitary gland
are produced in the pituitary gland
True/False Knowing the distribution of lymph nodes is important in knowing the possible route of infection or the path that cancer cells may follow as they move through the body
True
True/False Another name for nonspecific immunity is innate immunity
True
True/False The lymphatic system is an important component in maintaining homeostasis
True
Injection of protective antibodies (for example Hepatitis B antibodies for protection against Hepatitis B from a needle stick):
natural active immunity
natural passive immunity
artificial active immunity
artificial passive immunity
artificial passive immunity
Which one of the following is NOT a function of lymph nodes?
defense
white blood cell production
erythropoiesis (red blood cell production)
filtration of lymph
erythropoiesis (red blood cell production)
The spleen is located in:
the lower right quadrant of the abdomen
the lower left quadrant of the abdomen
the upper right quadrant of the abdomen
the upper left quadrant of the abdomen
the upper left quadrant of the abdomen
A Kupffer cell is a type of
eosinophil
macrophage
lymphocyte
basophil
neutophil
macrophage
Lymph flow in the body:
moves only toward the heart
moves only away from the heart
moves both toward and away from the heart
moves only toward the heart
This organ filters the blood protecting the body against foreign organisms and removing old red blood cells.
kidney
thymus
tonsils
spleen duodenum
spleen
A life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system
hives
anaphylactic shock
tonsillitis
appendicitis
allergy
anaphylactic shock
Injection of a vaccine (such as the polio vaccine):
natural active immunity
natural passive immunity
artificial active immunity
artificial passive immunity
artificial active immunity