Upgrade to remove ads
fundamentals midterm #1 vocab
Terms in this set (100)
30-degree lateral positioning
active range of motion
Client performs ROM exercises independently, health provider may watch
(diagnosis) Insufficient physiological or psychological energy to endure or complete required or desired daily activities characterized by abnormal BP after activity, abnormal HR after activity, exertional discomfort, exertional dyspnea, verbal report of fatigue, verbal report of weakness
adult failure to thrive
(diagnosis) Progressive functional deterioration of a physical and cognitive nature. The individual's ability to live with multisystem diseases, cope with ensuing problems, and manage his or her care is remarkably diminished. Characterized by anorexia, apathy, cognitive decline, decreased social skills, difficulty in memory, decreased perception, physical decline, fatigue, dehydration, incontinence, self-care deficit, etc.
walk or move about
a tool used to prevent obstruction of the trachea by displacement of the tongue into the oropharynx when performing oral care on a patient with no gag reflex. it extends from the teeth to the oropharynx, maintaining the tongue in the normal position.
Collapse of alveoli
independence or self-governing
Order from physician, patient unable to ambulate
can indicate occlusion of catheter with foreign object (e.g., blood clot)
instruct older adults in a proper exercise program (e.g., weight-bearing, muscle-strengthening and balance-training exercise) to be followed 3 or more times a week to prevent _____ _____
pressure ulcers most commonly form over _____ _____ when a client lies in bed or sits in a chair for extremely prolonged periods of time
Respiratory rate of less than 12 breaths per minute
Used to visualize cardiac chambers, valves, the great vessels, and coronary arteries. Pressures and volumes within the four chambers of the heart are also measured.
caregiver role strain
(diagnosis) difficulty in performing family caregiver role characterized by apprehension, dysfunctionality, difficulty performing tasks, preoccupation, physical, emotional, or socioeconomic disabilities
the client takes a slow, deep breath and holds it for 2 seconds. Then the client opens the mouth and performs a series of coughs throughout exhalation. This technique promotes airway clearance and a patent airway in clients with large volumes of sputum.
Bony prominence at the base of the spinal cord. Common place for pressure ulcers
vasoconstriction, local anesthesia, reduced cell metabolism, increased blood viscosity, and decreased muscle tension are all benefits of _____ _____
congestive heart failure
an abnormal and possibly permanent condition characterized by fixation of the joint.
Blood thinner and anticoagulant drug
lung sounds indicative of pneumonia
Client sits up either on the side of the bed or in a chair before standing to prevent orthopaedic hypotension symptoms.
(diagnosis) Absence or deficiency of cognitive information related to a specific topic characterized by exaggerated behaviors, inaccurate follow through, inaccurate performance, inappropriate behaviors, verbalization of a problem
disturbed body image
(diagnosis) confusion in mental picture of one's physical self characterized by behaviors of avoidance of one's body, nonverbal response to actual change in body, nonverbal response to perceived change in body, verbalization of feelings that reflect an altered view of one's body
heat that has less risk of burns to skin, does not cause skin maceration. retains temperature longer because evaporation does not occur.
a collection of hardened feces, wedged in the rectum that a person cannot expel. results from unrelieved constipation.
extension of the forefoot due to weakness, damage to the peroneal nerve or paralysis of the muscles in the anterior portion of the lower leg. It is characterized by the inability or difficulty in moving the ankle and toes upward (dorsiflexion).
a common patient position in which the head of the bed is elevated 45 to 60 degrees and the client's knees are slightly elevated without pressure to restrict circulation in the lower legs
the most widely used drug in the prophylaxis of DVT (an anticoagulant that suppresses clot formation)
high fowler's position
a position in which a patient is placed with the upper half of the body between 60 degrees and 90 degrees in relation to the lower half of their body. The legs of the patient may be straight or bent.
head of bed (abbreviation)
stimulates a natural cough reflex and is generally effective only for clearing central airways. While exhaling, the client opens the glottis by saying the word huff. With practice the client inhales more air and is able to progress to the cascade cough.
a state of ventilation in excess of that required to eliminate the carbon dioxide produced by cellular metabolism. often brought on by anxiety, fever, infection, acid-base imbalance, hypoxia
low blood sugar manifested by diaphoresis, shakiness, confusion, loss of consciousness
inflammation of the lung from stasis or pooling of secretions
occurs when alveolar ventilation is inadequate to meet the body's oxygen demand or to eliminate sufficient carbon dioxide. as alveolar
a tool used to measure maximum inspiration and increase flow of air into the lungs
an infection in which the client usually experiences symptoms such as pain, tenderness, and redness at the wound site
softening of the skin due to prolonged exposure to moisture interrupting dermal integrity and promoting ulcer formation and bacterial growth
clean technique including procedures used to reduce the number of organisms present and prevent the transfer of organisms.
the identification of a disease condition based on a specific evaluation of physical signs, symptoms, the client's medical history, and the results of diagnostic tests and procedures
type of therapy that penetrates deeply into tissue layers and does not promote sweating and insensible fluid loss
multi podis boots
provide ulcer relief by floating the heels
the tendency of cells and tissue to reduce in size and function in response to prolonged inactivity resulting from bed rest, trauma, casting, or local nerve damage
drug that alters mood and behaviour
Ingestion of proteins is not primary for meeting energy needs but is most important for continued positive _______ ________
a clinical judgement about individual, family, or community responses to actual and potential health problems or life processes. it is a statement that describes the client's actual or potential response to a health problem that the nurse is licensed and competent to treat
an abnormal condition in which the client uses multiple pillows when lying down or must sit with the arms elevated and leaning forward to breathe
a drop in blood pressure when a normotensive person rises to an upright position. can be caused by medication, dehydration, anemia, prolonged bed rest, or recent blood loss.
a medical term describing a dense layer of fatty tissue growth, consisting of subcutaneous fat in the lower abdominal area
bowel obstruction resulting in absent bowel sounds indication lack of peristalsis
the route of administration of medication involving body tissues ie. intradermal, subcutaneous, intramuscular, intravenous
passive range of motion
exercise where the nurse moves each joint in clients who are unable to perform these exercises themselves.
hanging down loosely (often referring to skin, fat, or breasts)
peripheral vascular disease
movement of contents through the intestines
bending of toes and foot downward
(diagnosis) Perception that one's own actions will not significantly affect an outcome; a perceived lack of control over current situation or immediate happening characterized by uncertainty, passivity, anger, dependence on others that may result in irritability, lack of self-defense when challenged, apathy, depression, etc
a dislodged venous thrombus in the lungs
abbreviation for four times daily
coughing technique for clients without abdominal muscle control, such as those with spinal cord injuries. While the client breathes out with a maximal expiratory effort, the client or nurse pushes inward and upward on the abdominal muscles toward the diaphragm, causing the cough.
another word for pulmonary congestion
calcium stones that lodge in the renal pelvis or pass through the ureters
risk for injury
(diagnosis) At risk of injury as a result of the interaction of environmental conditions interacting with the individual's adaptive and defensive resources
self care deficit
(diagnosis) impaired ability to perform or complete hygiene, dressing, feeding, and toileting activities for self
a position in which the patient lies on their left side, left hip and lower extremity straight, and right hip and knee bent. It is also called lateral recumbent position. Specifically done for rectal exams.
devices used to immobilize a body part
pooling of secretions (like in the lungs, urinary system, and veins)
inflammation of the oral mucosa causing burning, pain, and change in food tolerance
position when client is laying flat on back
sterile technique that prevents contamination of an open wound and serves to isolate the operative area from the unsterile environment and maintains a sterile field for surgery. includes procedures used to eliminate microorganisms, including pathogens and spores, from an object or area.
circulatory arrest caused by a drop in heart rate and blood pressure
an infection that affects the entire body instead of just a single organ
rate of breathing is regular but abnormally rapid (greater than 20 breaths per minute)
abbreviation for turning, coughing, deep breathing
elastic stockings that aid in maintaining external pressure on the muscles of the lower extremities and thus promote venous return
blood clots formed from inflammation of a vein
tissue integrity impairment
(diagnosis) Skin issues- pressure ulcer
A triangular device that hangs over the bed, allows client to pull with upper extremities to raise trunk off the bed and assist in transfers or perform upper arm exercises. It increases independence, maintains upper body strength, and decreases the shearing action from sliding across or up and down in bed
a type of roll on a patient that prevents external rotation of the hips when the client is in a supine position.
Because of the peristaltic contractions of the ureters are insufficient to overcome gravity, the renal pelvis fills before urine enters the ureters
pooling of blood in the lower extremities can be caused by immobility
also called respiration- the molecular exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the body's tissues
white blood cell count
a low ___ ___ ___ ___ often indicates infection
high blood sugar manifested by thirst, headache, lethargy, increased urination
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Nursing 295 Test 1
295 test 2
N95 test 3 flash cards
Nursing 295 exam #1
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Fundamentals Healing Arts Final Exam
Medical Terms for Week 2
Chapter 32: Physical Activity & Mobility
Physical assistance & transfer
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
nclex lab values
humanities test 3
humanities test two
labs II & III