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Key Words and Phrases for the Origins of the Cold War 1945 to 1955

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arms race
A competition between two nations who want to build more military equipment and weapons than the other.
atom bomb
The original nuclear weapons, dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
blockade
Sealing off a location to prevent goods and people from entering
Capitalism
A society that encourages private ownership of companies aiming to increase their wealth in a free market.
coalition government
A government made up of several different parties working together
communism
A form of Marxism that calls for a classless society with common ownership and shared decision making
democracy
A form of government where the people elect their governments.
domino theory
The theory that one country turning communist would lead to all its neighbouring countries turning communist as well
ideology
A set of beliefs and viewpoints that form a political theory
Iron Curtain
the phrase invented by Churchill to describe the division in Europe between the Western powers and the Soviet Union and its allies
megatons
Measurement of the explosive force of a nuclear bomb
nuclear weapons
Weapons made that use a nuclear process to cause the explosion
Peaceful Co-existence
A new policy introduced by Khrushchev, where the USSR would recognise the Western powers and live separately but equally.
pre-emptive strike
An attack that is launched by one side before the other side can attack
repressive
Describes a government that puts restraints on personal freedoms
satellite states
Countries that are independently governed but follow the lead of another more powerful country.
sphere of interest
A country or area that another country has power over but doesn't rule directly
USSR
United Socialist Soviet Republic or the Soviet Union