A large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative biblical text, is called
A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the
An _________ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes, and action.
The _____________ in an oratorio is especially important and serves either to comment on or to participate in the drama.
A baroque musical composition usually expresses ___________ within the same movement.
one basic mood
A typical baroque operatic form was the da capo aria in ABA form in which the singer
was expected to embellish the returning melody with ornamental tones
An ___________ is an orchestral composition performed before the curtain rises on a dramatic work.
Some indication of the acclaim and respect given Henry Purcell by his fellow Englishmen can be seen from the fact that he is buried in
In the baroque period, the ordinary citizen's opportunities for hearing music usually came from the
Congregational singing of chorales was an important way for people to
participate directly in the service
Vivaldi spent most of his life working at an institution for orphaned and illegitimate girls in
A sung piece, or choral work with or without vocal soloists, usually with orchestral accompaniment, is the
A bass part together with numbers (figures) that specify the chords to be played above it, characteristic of the baroque, is called
In the baroque era, dynamics consisted mainly of sudden alterations between loud and soft called
The early and late baroque periods differed in the composers in early baroque
favored homophonic texture
The _________ is the person who beats time, indicates expression, cues in musicians, and controls the balance among instruments and voices.
Instrumental music became as important as vocal music for the first time in the ___________ period.
A section that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition is called a
__________ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech.
A collection of compositions that displays all the resources of fugue writing is Johann Sebastian Bach's
Art of the Fugue
Although Handel wrote a great deal of instrumental music, the core of his huge output consists of English oratorios and Italian
The position of the composer during the baroque period was that of
a high-class servant with few personal rights
Presenting the subject of a fugue going from right to left, or beginning with the last and proceeding backward to the first note, is called
The sonata in the baroque period was a composition in several movements for
one to eight instruments