5 Written questions
5 Multiple choice questions
- Short video clips of approximately 15 seconds; typically all that is shown from a politician's speech or activities on the nightly television news.
- The issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other people actively involved in politics at the time.
- Meetings of public officials with reporters.
- An intentional news leak for the purpose of assessing the political reaction.
- Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, and other means of popular communication.
5 True/False questions
beats → Newspapers published by massive media conglomerates that account for over four-fifths of the nation's daily newspaper circulation. Often these control broadcast media as well.
chains → Specific locations from which news frequently emanates, such as Congress or the White House. Most top reporters work a particular this, thereby becoming specialists in what goes on at that location.
policy entrepreneurs → People who invest their political "capital" in an issue. According to John Kingdon, these "could be in or out of government, in elected or appointed positions, in interest groups or research organizations."
investigative journalism → The use of in-depth reporting to unearth scandals, scams, and schemes, which at times puts reporters in adversarial relationships with political leaders.
media event → Events purposely staged for the media that nonetheless look spontaneous. In keeping with politics as theater, they can be staged by individuals, groups, and government officials, especially presidents.