291 terms

Trees Common Names 6

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Bald Cypress- Taxodium Distichum
Longleaf Pine- Pinus Palustris
Loblolly Pine- Pinus Taeda
Virginia Pine- Pinus Virginiana
Eastern Hemlock- Tsuga Canadensis
Flowering Dogwood- Cornus Florida
Red Bud- Cercis Canadensis
Sugar Maple- Acer Saccharum
Red Maple- Acer Rubrum
White Ash- Fraxinus Americana
Hickory- Carya spp.
Black Locust- Robinia Pseudoacacia
Sweet Gum- Liquidambar Styraciflua
American Sycamore- Platanus Occidentalis
Tulip Poplar- Liriodendron Tulipifera
Southern Magnolia- Magnolia Grandiflora
River Birch- Betula Nigra
White Oak- Quercus Alba
Pin Oak- Quercus Palustris
Water Oak- Quercus Nigra
American Beech- Fagus Grandifolia
Lacebark Elm- Ulmus Parvifolia
Crape Myrtle- Lagerstroemia Indica
birch
kask
maple
vaher
linden
pärn
oak
tamm
alder
lepp
aspen
haab
willow
paju
rowan
pihlakas
bird cherry
toomingas
spruce
kuusk
pine
mänd
juniper
kadakas
hazel
sarapuu (pähklipuu)
Red Maple
Acer rubrum
Silver Maple
Acer saccharinum
Sugar Maple
Acer saccharum
Japanese Maple
Acer palmatum
Box-Elder Maple
Acer negundo
Norway Maple
Acer plantanoides
Northern Red Oak
Quercus rubra
White Oak
Quercus alba
White Mulberry
Morus alba
Green Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
American Beech (Paul's tree)
Fagus grandifolia
Horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum
Flowering Dogwood
Cornus florida
American Mountain Ash
Sorbus americana
Slippery Elm
Ulmus rubra
...
Siberian Elm
Ulmus pumila
Eastern Cottonwood
Populus deltoids
Southern Magnolia
Magnolia grandiflora
Eastern Redbud
Cercus canadensis
Honeylocust
Gleditsia triacanthoe
Paper Birch
Betula papyrifera
Tree of Heaven
Ailanthus altissima
Northern Catalpa
Catalpa speciosa
European Linden
Tilia europea
Eastern White Pine
Pinus strobis
Eastern Red Pine
Pinus resinosa
Eastern Red Cedar
Juniperus virginiana
Norway Spruce
Picea abies
White Spruce
Picea glauca
Yew
Amur Maple
Acer ginnala
American Sycamore
Plantanus occidentals
White Ash
Fraxinus americana
Shagbark Hickory
Carya ovata
Maple
Tulip Poplar
Dogwood
Mimosa
Yellow Buckeye
5 leaves
YELLOW
Poison Ivy
Virginia Creeper
Oak
Sassafras
Sweet Gum
Hornbeam
Bamboo
Muscadine
Honey Suckle
Hickory
Magnolia
Pine (Loblolly)
Mountain Laurel
Sycamore
Privet
Ivy (English)
Holly (American)
maple
honeysuckle
dogwood
mimosa
the leaves
yellow buckeye
poison ivy
virginia creeper
oak
sassafras
sweet gum
hornbeam
bamboo
muscadine
grapes
hickory leaf
magnolia
pine
...
mountain laurel
sycamore
privet
enlgish ivy
smaller patches of ivy
holly
birch
A tree with smooth, white bark.
magnolia
A tree or shrub, with large white and pink flowers.
pine
pino
pinecone
pinocono
maple
érable
willow
le saule
palm
palma
dogwood
cornus
sunflower
girasol
tulip
tulipán
rose
rosa
carnation
clavel
violet
violeta
lily
lilia
poinsettia
christmas flower, flor de Navidad
mangolia
...
forsythia
red bud
dogwood
lilac
crab apple
apple tree
plum tree
cherry blossom
pear tree
birch
A tree with smooth, white bark.
magnolia
A tree or shrub, with large white and pink flowers.
pine
pino
pinecone
masorquillo
maple
érable
willow
le saule
palm
palma
dogwood
cornus
sunflower
girasol
tulip
tulipán
rose
rosa
carnation
clavel
violet
violeta
lily
lilia
poinsettia
christmas flower, flor de Navidad
Dogwood
Small tree with pink or white flowers; oval leaves
Elm
Large tree that is popular in cities; oval leaves and seedpods
Holly
Small evergreen; prickly leaves with red berries
Maple
Very tall and colorful in fall; 3-pronged leaves; seedpods
Oak
Tall and wide; fast growing; has acorns
Palm
Medium height; grows in warm areas; may have coconuts
Pine
Up to 100 ft tall; long needles; always green; may have cones
Redwood
Tallest trees, 350 ft high; over 2000 yrs old; reddish bark; grow in California
walnut
Medium height; has nuts, only a few left
Willow
Grows fast and dies young; branches droop; lives near water
Bigtooth Aspen
Balsam Fir
Black Spruce
Eastern White Pine
Jack Pine
Paper Birch
Quaking Aspen
Jack Pine
White Spruce
White Spruce
Red Pine
Red Pine
Tamarack Larch
Quaking Aspen
Eastern White Pine
Black Spruce
Balsam Fir
Beech
Large tree with rounded crown of many long, spreading and horizontal branches, producing edible beechnuts.Height: 60-80' (18-24 m).Diameter: 1-2 1/2" (0.3-0.8 m).Leaves: spreading in 2 rows; 2 1/2-5" (6-13 cm) long, 1-3" (2.5-7.5 cm) wide. Elliptical or ovate, long-pointed at tip; with many straight parallel slightly sunken side veins and coarsely saw-toothed edges; short-stalked. Dull dark blue-green above, light green beneath, becoming hairless or nearly so; turning yellow and brown in fall.Bark: light gray; smooth, thin.Twigs: slender, ending in long narrow scaly buds, with short side twigs or spurs.Flowers: with new leaves in spring. Male flowers small, yellowish with many stamens, crowded in ball 3/4-1" (2-2.5 cm) in diameter, hanging on slender hairy stalk to 2" (5 cm). Female flowers about 1/4" (6 mm) long, bordered by narrow hairy reddish scales, 2 at end of short stalk.Fruit: 1/2-3/4" (12-19 mm) long; short-stalked light brown prickly burs; maturing in autumn and splitting into 4 parts. Usually 2 nuts, about 5/8" (15 mm) long, 3-angled, shiny brown, known as beechnuts.
Elm
Large, handsome, graceful tree, often with enlarged buttresses at base, usually forked into many spreading branches, drooping at ends, forming a very broad, rounded, flat-topped or vaselike crown, often wider than high.Height: 100' (30 m).Diameter: 4' (1.2 m), sometimes much larger.Leaves: in 2 rows; 3-6" (7.5-15 cm) long, 1-3" (2.5-7.5 cm) wide. Elliptical, abruptly long-pointed, base rounded with sides unequal; doubly saw-toothed; with many straight parallel side veins; thin. Dark green and usually hairless or slightly rough above, paler and usually with soft hairs beneath; turning bright yellow in autumn.Bark: light gray; deeply furrowed into broad, forking, scaly ridges.Twigs: brownish, slender, hairless.Flowers: 1/8" (3 mm) wide; greenish; clustered along twigs in early spring.Fruit: 3/8-1/2" (10-12 mm) long; elliptical flat 1-seeded keys (samaras), with wing hairy on edges, deeply notched with points curved inward; long-stalked; maturing in early spring.
White Cedar
Evergreen, aromatic tree with narrow, pointed, spirelike crown and slender, horizontal branches.Height: 50-90' (15-27 m).Diameter: 1 1/2-2' (0.5-0.6 m).Leaves: evergreen; opposite; 1/16-1/8" (1.5-3 mm) long. Scalelike; dull blue-green, with gland-dot.Bark: reddish-brown; thin, fibrous, with narrow connecting or forking ridges, becoming scaly and loose.Twigs: very slender, slightly flattened or partly 4-angled, irregular branched.Cones: tiny, 1/4" (6 mm) in diameter; bluish-purple with a bloom, becoming dark red-brown; with 6 cone-scales ending in short point; maturing in 1 season; 1-2 gray-brown seeds under cone-scale.
Balsam Fir
The only fir native to the Northeast, with narrow, pointed, spirelike crown of spreading branches and aromatic foliage.Height: 40-60' (12-18 m).Diameter: 1-1/2' (0.3-0.5 m).Needles: evergreen; 1/2-1" (1.2-2.5 cm) long. Spreading almost at right angles in 2 rows on hairy twigs, curved upward on upper twigs; flat, with rounded tip (sometimes notched or sharp-pointed). Shiny dark green above, with 2 narrow whitish bands beneath.Bark: brown, thin, smooth, with many resin blisters, becoming scaly.Cones: 2-3 1/4" (5-8 cm) long; cylindrical; dark purple; upright on topmost twigs; cone-scales finely hairy, bracts mostly short and hidden; paired long-winged seeds.
Sycamore
One of the largest eastern hardwoods, with an enlarged base, massive, straight trunk, and large, spreading, often crooked branches forming a broad open crown.Height: 60-100' (18-30 m).Diameter: 2-4' (0.6-1.2 m), sometimes much larger.Leaves: 4-8" (10-20 cm) long and wide (larger on shoots). Broadly ovate, with 3 or 5 shallow broad short-pointed lobes; wavy edges with scattered large teeth; 5 or 3 main veins from notched base. Bright green above, paler beneath and becoming hairless except on veins; turning brown in autumn. Leafstalk long, stout, covering side bud at enlarged base.Bark: smooth, whitish and mottled; peeling off in large thin flakes, exposing patches of brown, green, and gray; base of large trunks dark brown, deeply furrowed into broad scaly ridges.Twigs: greenish, slender, zigzag, with ring scars at nodes.Flowers: tiny; greenish; in 1-2 ball-like drooping clusters; male and female clusters on separate twigs; in spring.Fruit: 1" (2.5 cm) in diameter; usually 1 brown ball hanging on long stalk, composed of many narrow nutlets with hair tufts; maturing in autumn, separating in winter.
White Pine
The largest northeastern conifer, a magnificent evergreen tree with straight trunk and crown of horizontal branches, 1 row added a year, becoming broad and irregular.Height: 100' (33 m), formerly 150' (46 m) or more.Diameter: 3-4' (0.9-1.2 m) or more.Needles: evergreen; 2 1/2-5" (6-13 cm) long, 5 in bundle; slender; blue-green.Bark: gray; smooth becoming rough; thick and deeply furrowed into narrow scaly ridges.Cones: 4-8" (10-20 cm) long; narrowly cylindrical; yellow-brown; long-stalked; cone-scales thin, rounded, flat.
Paper Birch
One of the most beautiful native trees, with narrow, open crown of slightly drooping to nearly horizontal branches; sometimes a shrub.Height: 50-70' (15-21 m).Diameter: 1-2' (0.3-0.6 m).Leaves: 2-4" (5-10 cm) long, 1 1/2-2" (4-5 cm) wide. Ovate, long-pointed; coarsely and doubly saw-toothed; usually with 5-9 veins on each side. Dull dark green above, light yellow-green and nearly hairless beneath; turning light yellow in autumn.Bark: chalky to creamy white; smooth, thin, with long horizontal lines; separating into papery strips to reveal orange inner bark; becoming brown, furrowed, and scaly at base; bronze to purplish in varieties.Twigs: reddish-brown, slender, mostly hairless.Flowers: tiny; in early spring. Male yellowish, with 2 stamens, many in long drooping catkins near tip of twigs. Female greenish, in short upright catkins back of tip of same twig.Cones: 1 1/2-2" (4-5 cm); narrowly cylindrical, brownish, hanging on slender stalk; with many 2-winged nutlets; maturing in autumn.
Poison Ivy
An upright, climbing, or trailing shrub bearing small, yellowish-white or yellowish-green flower clusters; old stems covered with fibrous roots, appearing hairy. Flowers: 1/8"(3 mm) wide; cluster 1-3" (2.5-7.5 cm) long, loose, in leaf axils. Leaves: Compound, divided into 3 glossy or dull green leaflets, each 2-5 1/2"(5-14 cm) long. Fruit: To 1/4"(6 mm) wide, white to strawcolored, berry-like, clustered; appearing August-November, persisting through winter. Height: Erect plants to 8'(2.5 m); or climbing vines to 150'(45 m) long.
Poison Sumac
Poisonous yet attractive narrow-crowned shrub or small tree with waxy whitish berries and dramatic fall foliage.Height: 25' (7.6 m).Diameter: 6" (15 cm).Leaves: pinnately compound; 7-12" (18-30 cm) long; with reddish axis. 5-13 leaflets 2 1/2-3 1/2" (6-9 cm) long; paired except at end; ovate or elliptical; without teeth; short-stalked. Shiny dark green above, paler and slightly hairy beneath; turning scarlet or orange in early autumn.Bark: gray or blackish; thin; smooth or slightly fissured.Twigs: reddish when young, turning gray with many orange dots; hairless.Flowers: 1/8" (3 mm) long; with 5 greenish petals; many, in long, open, branching clusters to 8" (20 cm) long; male and female on same or separate plants; in early summer.Fruit: 1/4" (6 mm) in diameter; rounded and slightly flat; whitish, 1-seeded, shiny and hairless; numerous, in drooping branched clusters; maturing in early autumn and often remaining attached until spring.
Sassafras
Aromatic tree or thicket-forming shrub with variously shaped leaves and narrow, spreading crown of short, stout branches.Height: 30-60' (9-18 m).Diameter: 1 1/2' (0.5 m), sometimes larger.Leaves: 3-5" (7.5-13 cm) long, 1 1/2-4" (4-10 cm) wide. Elliptical, often with 2 mitten-shaped lobes or 3 broad and blunt lobes; not toothed; base short-pointed; long slender leafstalks. Shiny green above, paler and often hairy beneath; turning yellow, orange, or red in autumn.Bark: gray-brown; becoming thick and deeply furrowed.Twigs: greenish, slender, sometimes hairy.Flowers: 3/8" (10 mm) long; yellow-green; several clustered at end of leafless twigs in early spring; male and female usually on separate trees.Fruit: 3/8" (10 mm) long; elliptical shiny bluish-black berries; each in red cup on long red stalk, containing 1 shiny brown seed; maturing in autumn.
Sugar Maple
Large tree with rounded, dense crown and striking, multicolored foliage in autumn.Height: 70-100' (21-30 m).Diameter: 2-3" (0.6-0.9 m).Leaves: opposite; 3 1/2-5 1/2" (9-14 cm) long and wide; palmately lobed with 5 deep long-pointed lobes; few narrow long-pointed teeth; 5 main veins from base; leafstalks long and often hairy. Dull dark green above, paler and often hairy on veins beneath; turning deep red, orange, and yellow in autumn.Bark: light gray; becoming rough and deeply furrowed into narrow scaly ridges.Twigs: greenish to brown or gray; slender.Flowers: 3/16" (5 mm) long; with bell-shaped 5-lobed yellowish-green calyx; male and female in drooping clusters on long slender hairy stalks; with new leaves in early spring.Fruit: 1-1 1/4" (2.5-3 cm) long including long wing; paired forking keys; brown, 1-seeded; maturing in autumn.
Weeping Willow
A handsome, naturalized tree with short trunk and broad, open, irregular crown of drooping branches.Height: 30-40' (9-12 m).Diameter: 2' (0.6 m), sometimes much larger.Leaves: 2 1/2-5" (6-13 cm) long, 1/4-1/2" (6-12 mm) wide. Narrowly lance-shaped; with long-pointed tips; finely saw-toothed. Dark green above, whitish or gray beneath. Hanging from short leafstalks.Bark: gray; rough, thick; deeply furrowed in long, branching ridges.Twigs: yellowish-green to brownish; very slender, unbranched, drooping vertically.Flowers: catkins 3/8-1" (1-2.5 cm) long; greenish; at end of short leafy twigs; in early spring; plants mostly female.Fruit: 1/16" (1.5 mm) long; light brown capsules; maturing in late spring or early summer.
Oak
Medium-sized to large tree with open, spreading crown.Height: 50-80' (15-24 m).Diameter: 1-2 1/2" (0.3-0.8 m).Leaves: 4-9" (10-23 cm) long, 3-6" (7.5-15 cm) wide. Elliptical; usually with 7-9 lobes, either shallow or deep and narrow, ending in a few bristle-tipped teeth; slightly thickened. Shiny green above, yellow-green and usually with brown hairs beneath; turning dull red or brown in fall.Bark: gray and smooth on small trunks; becoming blackish, thick and rough, deeply furrowed into ridges; inner bark yellow or orange, very bitter.Acorns: 5/8-3/4" (15-19 mm) long; elliptical, 1/2 enclosed by deep thick top-shaped cup narrowed at base, with fringed border of loose rust-brown hairy scales; maturing second year.
Red Maple
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Opposite Branching Pattern,
Sugar Maple
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Opposite Branching Pattern,
Silver Maple
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Opposite Branching Pattern
Red Oak
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Alternate Branching Pattern
White Oak
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Alternate Branching Pattern
Chestnut Oak
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Alternate Branching Pattern
White (Paper) Birch
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Alternate Branching Pattern
Yellow Birch
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Alternate Branching Pattern
Black Birch
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Alternate Branching Pattern
Red Pine
Conifer, Evergreen, Whorled Branching, Needles in Bunches
White Pine
Conifer, Evergreen, Whorled Branching Pattern, Needles in Bunches
Tamarack
Conifer, Deciduous, Whorled Branching Pattern, Needles in Bunches
Balsam Fir
Conifer, Evergreen, Whorled Branching Pattern, Needles Not in Bunches
Red Spruce
Conifer, Evergreen, Whorled Branching Pattern, Needles Not in Bunches
Red Cedar (Juniper)
Conifer, Evergreen, Small Scales or Spikes Instead of Needles
White Cedar
Conifer, Evergreen, Small Scales or Spikes Instead of Needles
American Beech
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Alternate Branching Pattern
American Elm
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Alternate Branching Pattern
White Ash
Broad Leaf, Deciduous, Opposite Branching Pattern
American Elm
American Hornbeam
Flowering Dogwood
Red Maple Seeds
Red Maple
Sassafras
Witch Hazel Blossoms
Witch Hazel Leaves
Flowering Dogwood
birch
any of genus of mostly short-lived deciduous shrubs and trees with membranous outer bark and pale close-grained wood
black oak
medium to large deciduous timber tree of the eastern United States and southeastern Canada having dark outer bark and yellow inner bark used for tanning
black walnut
Compound, Alternate leaves, produces tennis ball looking nuts
black willow
North American shrubby willow having dark bark and linear leaves growing close to streams and lakes
blue spruce
an especially attractive tree with frosty blue needles; often planted in yards as ornamentals
Bradford pear tree
is a species of pear native to China. It is a deciduous tree growing to 15 to 20 m (49 to 66 ft) tall, with a conic to rounded crown. The leaves are oval, 4 to 7 cm (1.6 to 2.8 in) long, glossy dark green above, slightly paler below.
cherry tree
The native range extends through most of Europe, and the fruit has been consumed through its range since prehistoric times. A cultivated recorded as having been brought to Rome by Lucius Licinius Lucullus from northeastern Anatolia, also known as the Pontus region, in 72 BC
cottonwood
Its bright green leaves have an almost triangular shape. This tree can be either male or female. It is the fluffy white seeds produced by the females during early summer that give the tree its name.
dogwood
a tree or shrub that has clusters of small white flowers surrounded by four large white or reddish leaves
Eastern red cedar
This tree is a widely distributed tree in Missouri because many birds eat the berries and then naturally disperse the seeds later. They are among the first trees to grow in abandoned farm fields.
white pine
any of several 5-needled pines with white wood and smooth usually light gray bark when young
green ash
compound leaf, several leaflets, slightly serrated, has fruit
hawthorn
any of a genus (Crataegus) of spring-flowering spiny shrubs or small trees of the rose family with glossy and often lobed leaves, white or pink fragrant flowers, and small red fruits
honey locust
tall usually spiny North American tree having small greenish-white flowers in drooping racemes followed by long twisting seed pods
mulberry
sweet usually dark purple blackberry-like fruit of any of several trees of the genus Morus
northern red oak
large symmetrical deciduous tree with rounded crown widely distributed in eastern North America
paw paw
green oblong fruit, red flower, oblong large leaf
pecan tree
tree of southern United States and Mexico cultivated for its nuts
post oak
small deciduous tree of eastern and central United States having dark green lyrate pinnatifid leaves and tough moisture-resistant wood used especially for fence posts
pin oak
fast-growing medium to large pyramidal deciduous tree of northeastern United States and southeastern Canada having deeply indented leaves that turn bright red in autumn
red maple
leaf: three lobed leaf, sinuses V-shaped, oppositely branched
branch: softer wood, smooth bark
sassafras
yellowwood tree with brittle wood and aromatic leaves and bark
shingle oak
small deciduous tree of eastern and central United States having leaves that shine like laurel
silver maple
a common North American maple tree
sugar maple
maple of eastern and central North America having 3- to 5-lobed leaves and hard close-grained wood much used for cabinet work especially the curly-grained form
sweet gum
a North American tree of the genus Liquidambar having prickly spherical fruit clusters and fragrant sap
weeping willow
willow with long drooping branches and slender leaves native to China
white oak
any of numerous Old World and American oaks having 6 to 8 stamens in each floret, acorns that mature in one year and leaf veins that never extend beyond the margin of the leaf
white spruce
medium-sized spruce of northeastern North America having short blue-green leaves and slender cones
winterberry
deciduous shrub of southeastern and central United States
Mr Schweain
Tall, ecofriendly creature, makes funny noises and continually tells laffy taffy jokes...blends in with nature with his earth-toned dress...he speaks for the trees, for the trees have no tongue
Hawthorn
Small tree, small + lobed leaves, thorn
Cherry
long leaves, serrated, splits on bark, drip-tip
Oak Tree
long leaves, acorns, scalloping
Birch
Light bark, heart-shaped leaves
Vine Maple
un-even serration, more than 5 lobes, helicopter seeds
Dogwood
rounded leaf, pronounced vein, reddish stems + peteals
Aspen
leathery, roundish leaves. white bark.
Elder
elderberries
Horse Chestnut
huge compounded leaf
Douglas Fir
flat-branch, soft, snake-like cones
Hemlock
small cones, smaller + shorter needles, droopy tips
Cedar
needles come from one point, pollen from comes, female cones sit up
Spruce
long cones, needles go all the way around, prickly to touch
Sequoia
huge tree
Pine
long needles, in clusters
Big-Leaf Maple
huge leaves, 5-point
Poison Ivy
description: unlobed, smooth, fanned, dark green, 3 leaves, shiny
3 forms:
-hairy vien
-small plant
-small tree/bush
Northern Red Oak
(Quercus Rubra)
description: simple, lobed, 7L, redish, toothed
-trunk 2-3 ft wide (6m wide in fields)
-love shade
-red b/w bark, reddish tint, green moss
White Oak
(Quercus Alba)
description: lobed, 7L, smooth, alternate
-shade or sun
-CT state tree
-bark darkish gray, looks like stacked bricks
Shagbark Hickory
(Carya Ovata)
description: feather compound, alternate, fine toothed, unlobed, five leaf
-vertical brown cracks in gray bark
-bark falls off in long vertical strands
-dominant in area
-(big leaflet at end)
Sugar Maple
(Acer Saccharum)
description: 5L, lobed, smooth, simple, alternate, opposite
-rough bark
-shade loving
-smooth leaf
Sassafras
(sassafras albidum)
description: unlobed, 2L, 3L, smooth, simple, alternate
-shade but some sun
-"1,2, 3 finger mittens" 3 diff leaves
White Ash
description: alternate, 7-11 leafs, toothed, not lobed, feathered compound
-diamond bark
underside of leaf in whitish
Eastern Red Cedar
(junperus virginiana)
-needs 100% sun
red/purple color inside wood
White Pine
(Pinus Strobus)
description: 5-needles in bunch, dark green/light green/white needles.
-whorled branches
-light colored wood
-species after pioneer
Black Cherry*
description: smooth, toothed, simple, alternate, not lobed, orage/red fuzzy vein
-dark red (when ripe) cherries 1/3 size of reg. cherries, little bitter
-potato chip like bark, inside is reddish color
-not a dominant tree
-oils when combined form hydrogen cyanide, forms to kill leaves faster, present in pit of cherry if chewed
-60% sun
-like to grow on edges of forests or fields
-3-5 ft trunk
-wood is cherry color and light grain
- less than 65 ft, 40-50 ft
Iron Wood/ Hop Hornbeem/ Wild-wood
description: simple, toothed, not-lobed, alternate
-hard, rock-like feel
-veiny/muscly looking bark
-about 3 ft wide
-light colored wood
-shade lover
American Beech*
description: simple, not-lobed, alternate, toothed
-3.5 ft wide
-floors for beach houses
-75 ft tall
-produces edible seeds, favorite of birds and squirrels
-bark is smooth unless damaged
-200 yrs
-edible nuts (soft and spiky)-native americans primary source of carbs
-well drained soil on hill
-semi-threatened species
-pale wood and grain
-parasite will look like pimples
-shade
Black Birch*
(Indian toothbrush) (Betula Lenta)
description: alternate, simple, not-lobed, finely toothed
-75% sun
-65-85 ft at tallest
-250-350 yrs old
-well drained and moist soil
-black birch bark won't peel off (3 types)
-root beer/minty smell and taste
-oil harvested and used in sasparilla and root beer, and birch beer
-commonly used by native americans for tootbrush
-tap trees late fall min winter, 2-3x faster than maple
-catches spark well
-not on valleys but on hilltops
-horizontal bark stripes
Snapping Alder/ Winter Bloom/ Witchazel
-blooms in winter, seedpods dry out and explode "snap"
-y of branch and dips near water source
-shrub
-witch hazel- bug bites, bruises, aftershave
-sun light streaking through
-trunk bends
-asymmetrical leaf, rounded, toothed, alternate
jewelweed
-liquid from stock cures poison ivy, bug bites, rashes, bruises
-mix with frag. free lotion
-edges of forests sun and shade mix
-seeds shot 4-5 feet
-found in same places as poison ivy
-plant
CT Barberry
-CT's most dangerous plant
-non-native/ invasive
-diff colors
-big thorns
-first plant that is green in winter
-#1 new home for ticks
-edible berries- birds eat and poop seeds- spread
Hawthorn
-"unlucky"/ fairies will punish/jesus's thorns/vampire stakes
-northern shrike
-edible and smokable
-reduce heart rate when working out/ dulls hunger
-sub for tobacco
-shrub
-60% sun
-fruit
Red Maple
-first to change color
-hybridize with diff trees
-35% shade
-turn early and stay red for a while
Sycamore
-cow-like, camo bark
-leaf cups the bud
-puts new bark layer as grows and cracks as it gets bigger
-bugs lay eggs under bark
-NE most massive tree
-inside rots and hollows out
-indians turned into canoes
-tables, counters
-seeds look like fuzzy golf balls- dandelion
-moist soil
-sun lover
Norway Maple
-white ash like bark, but maple like leaves
-points come to fine point
-base of leaf is white when plucked
-low economic value/ bad firewood
-non-native/ non-invasive
-outcompeted by sugar maple
-white sap is insect neurotoxin
American Hemlock
-sun lover, evergreen, conifer
-soon after pioneer
-very cold environment
-hosts wolly adlegid and fungus: kill off fruit bearing trees
-needs low nutrients
-*needles, dark army green
Fragmites
-non-native/ invasive
-outcompetes cattails (marsh)
-will grow where mud and water- decomposes to dirt but slowly
-spread through seeds and airborn
-deep roots
Russian Olive
-green on top, silvery on bottom
-berries give you cottonmouth
-berries used for tanning preservatives (leather)
-non-native/ invasive
-dustbowl- to keep hills from erroding
-big roots
-birds won't eat
-kill off natural plants
-tolerable with soil

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