Common Name: American Basswood
Scientific Name: Tilia americana
Description: 60-120 ft; bark grey to light brown w/ narrow well defined fissures; leaves are simple, alternately arranged, ovate to chordate, inequilaterally at the base (the side nearest the branch the largest), 10-15 cm long and broad, with a long, slender petiole, a coarsely serrated margin and an acuminate apex when full grown are dark green, smooth, shining above, paler beneath; yellowish-white flowers; fruit is a small, globose, downy, hard and dry cream-colored nut-let
Common Name: American Chestnut
Scientific Name: Castanea dentata
Description: Leaves are alternate, simple, oblong, 5 to 8 inches long, pinnately veined, sharply and coarsely serrated with each serration bearing a bristle tip, dark green above and paler below. Both sides are hairless. Many small, pale green (nearly white) male flowers found tightly occurring along 6 to 8 inch catkins, appearing in late spring to early summer. Twigs are chestnut to orange-brown in color Bark is smooth and chestnut-brown in color when young, later shallowly fissured into flat ridges, older trees develop distinctive large, interlacing ridges and furrows.
Common Name: Black Oak
Scientific Name: Quercus velutina
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 10 inches long, basically oval with 5 to 7 pointed, bristle-tipped lobes, shiny green above, paler with scruffy fuzz along leaf veins on the underside; sun leaves have deep sinuses between lobes, and shade leaves have very shallow sinuses; fall color dull red. Flowers: Males on slender, yellow-green catkins; females reddish green, on short spikes; both appearing in spring with the leaves. Bark: On young trees, gray and smooth; on older trees, thick, very rough, nearly black and deeply furrowed vertically with horizontal breaks. The inner bark is yellow- orange.
Common Name: Chestnut Oak
Scientific Name: Quercus prinus
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 8 inches long, roughly oval but often wider near the tip, edges with large rounded teeth. Flowers: Males yellow-green, in 2 to 4 inch hanging catkins; females reddish, in spikes; both appearing with the leaves. Bark: Gray-brown to brown; on young trees, very smooth; on older trees, thick and deeply divided into broad, rounded or flat-topped ridges, somewhat resembling the back of an alligator.
Common Name: Eastern Hemlock
Scientific Name: Tsuga canadensis
Description: Needles: Flat, round-tipped, 1/3 to 2/3 inch long, marked on the lower surface with two pale lines; needle bases form short, slender "stems," attached to rounded, dark orange, woody pads on the twigs. Flowers: Males yellow, small, round; females light green, at branch tips. Bark: Gray-brown and smooth when young; when older, scaly, red-brown, with wide ridges and furrows; when cut or broken, purple streaks are obvious.
Common Name: Eastern Red Cedar*
Scientific Name: Juniperus virginiana
Description: Needles: Fragrant; mature needles 1/16 inch long, shiny, dark green and scale-like, pressed close to form 4-sided twigs; young needles up to 3/8 inch long, pointed and prickly.
Flowers: Males and females on separate trees; males small, yellow-brown, in large clusters; females light blue-green.
Bark: Light reddish-brown, thin, peeling and fibrous.
Twigs: Scaly, green for several years, later turning brown.
Common Name: Flowering Dogwood
Scientific Name: Cornus florida
Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple, 3 to 5 inches long, oval in shape with an entire or slightly wavy margin, veined, green above and slightly paler below. Flower: very small and inconspicuous tight cluster, but surrounded by 4 very showy, large, white (occasionally pink) bracts, 2 inches in diameter, appearing in mid-spring. Fruit: A shiny, oval red drupe, 1/4 to 1/2 inch long, in clusters of 3 to 5, maturing in fall. Twig: Slender, green or purple (purple on sunlit side), later turning gray, often with a glaucous bloom.. Bark: Gray and smooth when young, turning very scaly to finely blocky. Form: A small tree with a short trunk that branches low, producing a slightly rounded to flat-topped crown.
Common Name: Green Ash
Scientific Name: Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Description: Leaf: Opposite, pinnately compound with 7 to 9 serrate leaflets that are lanceolate to elliptical in shape, entire leaf is 6 to 9 inches long, green above and glabrous to silky-pubescent below. [Soft Break]Flower: Dioecious; light green to purplish, both sexes lacking petals, females' occurring in loose panicles, males in tighter clusters, appear after the leaves unfold. Fruit: A single-winged, dry, flattened samara with a slender, thin seed cavity, maturing in autumn and dispersing over winter.Bark: Ashy gray to brown in color, with interlacing corky ridges forming obvious diamonds; older trees may be somewhat scaly.
Common Name: Grey Birch
Scientific Name: Betula populifolia
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, triangular with a very elongated acuminate tip, 2 to 3 inches long, doubly serrate margin, green above and paler below. Flower: Monoecious; preformed male catkins near the end of the twig, 3/4 inch long, usually single; female upright, 1/2 inch long; appear or elongate (males) in early spring. Matures in autumn, disperses over winter. Twig: Slender, orange-brown to gray in color with warty, raised lenticels that give the twig a rough feel; buds are slender, pointed, green and brown, terminal bud is lacking. Bark: Reddish brown with numerous lighter lenticels on very young stems, later turning gray to white and very chalky; remains smooth and generally does not peel.
Common Name: Honey Locust
Scientific Name: Gleditsia triacanthos
Description: Leaves are alternate, pinnately compound, 5 to 8 inches long, with 15 to 30 leaflets or bipinnately compound with 4 to 7 pairs of minor leaflets. Leaflets are 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long, ovate to elliptical in shape, green to yellow-green. Small, greenish yellow flowers; 2 to 3 inch long narrow, hanging clusters; very fragrant Very distinctive, 6 to 8 inches long, flattened, red-brown, leathery pod that becomes dry and twisted Twigs are prominently zig-zag, red-brown to light brown in color; numerous lenticels and branched thorns Bark is initially gray-brown to bronze, and smooth with many horizontal lenticels, later breaking into long, narrow, curling plates. Often displaying clusters of large, branched thorns on trunk. up to 80 feet tall
Common Name: Japanese Maple
Scientific Name: Acer palmatum
Description: Leaf: 2 to 5 inches long, serrated margin, 5 to 7 deeply palmate lobes color highly variable depending on cultivar, commonly deep red. Twig: Slender, glabrous, red or green; buds broadly conical, green or red, base of bud hidden by tan, fuzzy fringe. Bark: Smooth, light gray, with a somewhat fluted trunk.
Common Name: Jersey Pine
Scientific Name: Pinus virginiana
Description: Leaf: Evergreen needles, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, with 2 yellow-green, twisted, somewhat divergent needles per fascicle. Flower: Monoecious; males cylindrical, yellow, near branch tip; females yellow to red, curved prickle present. Fruit: Conical to ovoid cones are 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long, sessile and persistent, with red-brown scales and an umbo armed with a sharp, needle-like prickle, maturing in the fall. Twig: Slender, green changing to purple-green with a glaucous bloom; buds gray-brown, narrowly ovoid. Bark: Orange-brown and scaly on young trees; older stems develop thin, small, scaly plates, cinnamon colored patches often on upper parts of trunk.
Common Name: Northern Catalpa*
Scientific Name: Catalpa bigonoides
Description: Leaf: Whorled cordate, 5 to 12 inches long, pinnately veined, entire margins, overall soft and flexible feeling, light green to green above and soft pubescence on the underside. Flower: Monoecious; very showy, white (yellow and purple spots on insides), 5 fuzzed petals form an overall bell shape, 1 inch long; appear in open, branched, upright terminal cluster in late spring. Fruit: Long bean-like, hanging capsules, round in cross section, very stiff; each capsule contains numerous flattened seeds with wings. Twig: Stout, green, and later reddish brown in color, numerous lighter lenticels; Bark: Gray to reddish brown, separated into irregular shallow fissures and scaly ridges
Common Name: Northern Red Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus rubra
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 5 to 8 inches long, with 7 to 11 sharply pointed and bristle- tipped lobes; fall color deep red.Flowers: Males in yellow-green, slender, 2 to 4 inch hanging catkins; females on short spikes; both appearing with the leaves in spring.Bark: On young stems, smooth and gray; on older trees, thick and broken by shallow fissures into regular, flat, smooth-surfaced plates or flat ridges, resembling ski trails.
Common Name: Norway Maple*
Scientific Name: Acer platanoides
Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple, and palmately-veined, 5 to 7 lobed with long pointed "teeth", exudes milky white sap from the petiole when detached, dark green above, paler below. Twig: Stout, brown with a large, turban-shaped, green to purple(fall and winter) terminal bud, large bud scales. [Soft Break]Bark: Gray-brown, a bit corky, on older trees shallowly furrowed with long narrow, somewhat interlacing ridges.
Common Name: Pin Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus palustris
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 3 to 5 inches long, 2 to 5 inches wide, with 5 to 9 pointed lobes separated by variable, but often wide, sinuses extending nearly to the midvein; scarlet fall color. Flowers: Males in slender, drooping, yellow-green catkins; females are reddish green, on short spikes; both appearing in spring with the leaves. Bark: On young trees, smooth and gray-brown; later developing narrow, dark gray, flat-topped ridges separated by very shallow furrows.
Common Name: Post Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus stellata
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 6 inches long, deeply divided into five rounded lobes separated by broad sinuses; the two largest lobes are straight across from each other, at 90 degree angles from the end lobe, giving the leaf a distinctive T-shape.
Flowers: Males yellow-green, in 2 to 4 inch, hanging catkins; females reddish, in short spikes from leaf axils; both appear with the leaves.
Bark: Ashy gray and initially quite scaly, later becoming more blocky and ridged, often with horizontal cross-breaks in the ridges.
Common Name: River Birch*
Scientific Name: Betula nigra
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, rhombic to ovate, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, conspicuously doubly serrate, with a wedge-shaped base, green above, paler and fuzzy below. Flower: Monoecious; preformed, reddish green, male catkins near the end of the twig, 2 to 3 inches long; female catkins upright, 1/4 to 1/2 inch long, light green, appear or elongate (males) in mid-spring. Twig: Slender, orangish brown in color, smooth or slightly pubescent, with the terminal bud absent. Lateral buds may be slightly pubescent. Bark: Smooth on young trees, salmon to rust colored; developing papery scales, exfoliating horizontally with several colors (creamy to orangish-brown) visible; later developing coarse scales
Common Name: Shining Sumac*
Scientific Name: Rhus copallina
Description: Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, up to 12 inches long, 7 to 15 leaflets per leaf; leaflets are lance-shaped, with entire margins, rachis has prominent wings between the leaflets, shiny, dark green above, paler and a bit fuzzy below. Flower: Monoecious; greenish-yellow and small, borne on 3 to 5 inch wide, terminal pyramid-shaped panicles in mid to late summer. Twig: Medium-textured, speckled with lenticels, and covered with fine, velvety, reddish brown hair; buds are small, rounded and hairy, leaf scars horseshoe-shaped. Bark: Light brown or gray, smooth with numerous lenticels when young, later with large, thin scales.
Common Name: Short-Leaf Pine*
Scientific Name: Pinus echinata
Description: Evergreen needles, 3 to 5 inches long, two or three (on the same branch), slender and flexible needles per fascicle, dark yellow-green in color, fascicle sheath is persistent. Flower: Monoecious; males cylindrical, red to yellow, in clumps at ends of twigs; females light green to red and armed. Twig: Green and purple when young, later turning red-brown. Bark: Scaly and dark on young trees, eventually developing flat, scaly plates; very small (pencil point) resin pockets or "Volcanoes" may be apparent
Common Name: Southern Red Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus falcata
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 5 to 9 inches long and 4 to 5 inches wide, dark shiny green above, tan and downy beneath; lobes irregularly shaped, mostly narrow, bristle- tipped, with the central lobe usually longest; sometimes pear-shaped with three rounded, bristle-tipped lobes at the outer end. Flowers: Males yellowish-green, on long thread-like catkins; females reddish on short spikes; both appear in spring with the leaves. Bark: Rough, though not deeply furrowed; varies from light gray on younger trees to dark gray or almost black on older ones.
Common Name: Sweet Bay*
Scientific Name: Magnolia virginiana
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, oblong, 4 to 6 inches long, blunt pointed, smooth edged, shiny bright green above and pale or whitish below, releasing a pleasant, spicy odor when crushed. Flowers: 2 to 3 inches across, fragrant, creamy white, cup-shaped, with 9 to 12 petals; appearing in late spring. Bark: Smooth, red-brown to gray, often mottled. Twigs: Moderate in size, pale green, fuzzy, with ring-like scars encircling twigs at points of leaf attachment; buds ½ inch long, with fuzzy, silvery-gray scales curling at the ends.
Common Name: Sweetgum*
Scientific Name: Liquidamber styraciflua
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, palmately veined, orbicular, 4 to 6 inches across with 5 to 7 lobes (look like stars), and a finely serrate margin. Shiny green above and pubescent in the axils of the veins below, fragrant when crushed. Twig: Medium textured, shiny green to yellow-brown, usually with apparent corky outgrowths, particularly when fast growing. The terminal bud is large and is usually sticky, covered with green to orange-brown, shiny scales. Bark: Gray-brown, irregular furrows and rough rounded ridges.
Common Name: Sycamore*
Scientific Name: Platanus occidentalis
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 5 to 8 inches long and wide, large-toothed edges, 3 to 5 major lobes divided by broad, shallow sinuses; several main leaf veins branching from a single point at the leaf base; leaf stem base enlarged, encircling the bud; toothed leaf-like growths encircling stem at base of each leaf.
Flowers: Very small; both males and females in dense round clusters, typically a single cluster to a stalk, appearing with the leaves. Bark: Distinctive "camouflage" mottling of brown, green, tan and white, peeling readily; older stems gray-brown and scaly.
Common Name: Tulip Tree*
Scientific Name: Liriodendron tulipifera
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, palmately veined, orbicular, 4-lobed with an entire margin, 4 to 8 inches long, notched to flat top. Somewhat shaped like a tulip, light green to green. Flower: Monoecious; perfect, showy, resembling a large tulip, but high in the tree, 2 1/2 inches long, with yellow-green petals and an orange corolla, appearing in late spring to early summer. Bark: Light gray-green and smooth when young, later developing flat-topped ridges and conspicuous white colored furrows in diamond shaped patterns.
Common Name: Tea Berry*
Scientific Name: Gaultheria procumbens
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, oval to elliptical, 1 to 2 inches long, minutely serrated, thickened with a wintergreen odor when crushed, leaves appear whorled since they cluster at tips of plant; dark shiny green above, much paler below often with black dots. Flower: Monoecious; small (1/4 inch), white, urn-shaped, hanging from short stems from leaf axils, appearing in mid to late summer. Fruit: Twig: Slender, green turning brown with age. Bark: Light brown.
Common Name: Japanese Honeysuckle*
Scientific Name: Lonicera japonica
Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to oval, 1 to 2 inches long, entire margin, sometimes lobed, semi-evergreen, light green and somewhat pubescent. Flower: Fragrant, 1/2 to 1 inch long, white or yellowish-white long petals, appearing in late spring. Fruit: Small (1/4 inch diameter), black berry, often in pairs, ripen in fall and persist into early winter. Twig: Slender, initially pubescent, light brown in color developing scaly, thin bark, hollow pith; buds small. Bark: Long, shreddy peeling strips, light red-brown to straw-colored.
Common Name: Persimmon*
Scientific Name: Diospyros virginiana
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, oblong to oval, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, pinnately-veined, margin entire, lustrous green above and paler or whitened below. Fruit: A plum-like berry that is green before ripening, turning orange to black when ripe, 3/4 to 2 inches in diameter, leafy bracts on top of fruit. The fruit is very astringent and mouth numbing when green, sweet and edible when ripe after a hard freeze; matures in mid to late fall. Bark: When young gray-brown with orange in fissures, later becoming much darker, breaking up into square scaly thick plates; reminiscent of charcoal briquettes (very unique).
Large tree with rounded crown of many long, spreading and horizontal branches, producing edible beechnuts.Height: 60-80' (18-24 m).Diameter: 1-2 1/2" (0.3-0.8 m).Leaves: spreading in 2 rows; 2 1/2-5" (6-13 cm) long, 1-3" (2.5-7.5 cm) wide. Elliptical or ovate, long-pointed at tip; with many straight parallel slightly sunken side veins and coarsely saw-toothed edges; short-stalked. Dull dark blue-green above, light green beneath, becoming hairless or nearly so; turning yellow and brown in fall.Bark: light gray; smooth, thin.Twigs: slender, ending in long narrow scaly buds, with short side twigs or spurs.Flowers: with new leaves in spring. Male flowers small, yellowish with many stamens, crowded in ball 3/4-1" (2-2.5 cm) in diameter, hanging on slender hairy stalk to 2" (5 cm). Female flowers about 1/4" (6 mm) long, bordered by narrow hairy reddish scales, 2 at end of short stalk.Fruit: 1/2-3/4" (12-19 mm) long; short-stalked light brown prickly burs; maturing in autumn and splitting into 4 parts. Usually 2 nuts, about 5/8" (15 mm) long, 3-angled, shiny brown, known as beechnuts. Large, handsome, graceful tree, often with enlarged buttresses at base, usually forked into many spreading branches, drooping at ends, forming a very broad, rounded, flat-topped or vaselike crown, often wider than high.Height: 100' (30 m).Diameter: 4' (1.2 m), sometimes much larger.Leaves: in 2 rows; 3-6" (7.5-15 cm) long, 1-3" (2.5-7.5 cm) wide. Elliptical, abruptly long-pointed, base rounded with sides unequal; doubly saw-toothed; with many straight parallel side veins; thin. Dark green and usually hairless or slightly rough above, paler and usually with soft hairs beneath; turning bright yellow in autumn.Bark: light gray; deeply furrowed into broad, forking, scaly ridges.Twigs: brownish, slender, hairless.Flowers: 1/8" (3 mm) wide; greenish; clustered along twigs in early spring.Fruit: 3/8-1/2" (10-12 mm) long; elliptical flat 1-seeded keys (samaras), with wing hairy on edges, deeply notched with points curved inward; long-stalked; maturing in early spring. Evergreen, aromatic tree with narrow, pointed, spirelike crown and slender, horizontal branches.Height: 50-90' (15-27 m).Diameter: 1 1/2-2' (0.5-0.6 m).Leaves: evergreen; opposite; 1/16-1/8" (1.5-3 mm) long. Scalelike; dull blue-green, with gland-dot.Bark: reddish-brown; thin, fibrous, with narrow connecting or forking ridges, becoming scaly and loose.Twigs: very slender, slightly flattened or partly 4-angled, irregular branched.Cones: tiny, 1/4" (6 mm) in diameter; bluish-purple with a bloom, becoming dark red-brown; with 6 cone-scales ending in short point; maturing in 1 season; 1-2 gray-brown seeds under cone-scale. The only fir native to the Northeast, with narrow, pointed, spirelike crown of spreading branches and aromatic foliage.Height: 40-60' (12-18 m).Diameter: 1-1/2' (0.3-0.5 m).Needles: evergreen; 1/2-1" (1.2-2.5 cm) long. Spreading almost at right angles in 2 rows on hairy twigs, curved upward on upper twigs; flat, with rounded tip (sometimes notched or sharp-pointed). Shiny dark green above, with 2 narrow whitish bands beneath.Bark: brown, thin, smooth, with many resin blisters, becoming scaly.Cones: 2-3 1/4" (5-8 cm) long; cylindrical; dark purple; upright on topmost twigs; cone-scales finely hairy, bracts mostly short and hidden; paired long-winged seeds. One of the largest eastern hardwoods, with an enlarged base, massive, straight trunk, and large, spreading, often crooked branches forming a broad open crown.Height: 60-100' (18-30 m).Diameter: 2-4' (0.6-1.2 m), sometimes much larger.Leaves: 4-8" (10-20 cm) long and wide (larger on shoots). Broadly ovate, with 3 or 5 shallow broad short-pointed lobes; wavy edges with scattered large teeth; 5 or 3 main veins from notched base. Bright green above, paler beneath and becoming hairless except on veins; turning brown in autumn. Leafstalk long, stout, covering side bud at enlarged base.Bark: smooth, whitish and mottled; peeling off in large thin flakes, exposing patches of brown, green, and gray; base of large trunks dark brown, deeply furrowed into broad scaly ridges.Twigs: greenish, slender, zigzag, with ring scars at nodes.Flowers: tiny; greenish; in 1-2 ball-like drooping clusters; male and female clusters on separate twigs; in spring.Fruit: 1" (2.5 cm) in diameter; usually 1 brown ball hanging on long stalk, composed of many narrow nutlets with hair tufts; maturing in autumn, separating in winter. One of the most beautiful native trees, with narrow, open crown of slightly drooping to nearly horizontal branches; sometimes a shrub.Height: 50-70' (15-21 m).Diameter: 1-2' (0.3-0.6 m).Leaves: 2-4" (5-10 cm) long, 1 1/2-2" (4-5 cm) wide. Ovate, long-pointed; coarsely and doubly saw-toothed; usually with 5-9 veins on each side. Dull dark green above, light yellow-green and nearly hairless beneath; turning light yellow in autumn.Bark: chalky to creamy white; smooth, thin, with long horizontal lines; separating into papery strips to reveal orange inner bark; becoming brown, furrowed, and scaly at base; bronze to purplish in varieties.Twigs: reddish-brown, slender, mostly hairless.Flowers: tiny; in early spring. Male yellowish, with 2 stamens, many in long drooping catkins near tip of twigs. Female greenish, in short upright catkins back of tip of same twig.Cones: 1 1/2-2" (4-5 cm); narrowly cylindrical, brownish, hanging on slender stalk; with many 2-winged nutlets; maturing in autumn. An upright, climbing, or trailing shrub bearing small, yellowish-white or yellowish-green flower clusters; old stems covered with fibrous roots, appearing hairy. Flowers: 1/8"(3 mm) wide; cluster 1-3" (2.5-7.5 cm) long, loose, in leaf axils. Leaves: Compound, divided into 3 glossy or dull green leaflets, each 2-5 1/2"(5-14 cm) long. Fruit: To 1/4"(6 mm) wide, white to strawcolored, berry-like, clustered; appearing August-November, persisting through winter. Height: Erect plants to 8'(2.5 m); or climbing vines to 150'(45 m) long. Aromatic tree or thicket-forming shrub with variously shaped leaves and narrow, spreading crown of short, stout branches.Height: 30-60' (9-18 m).Diameter: 1 1/2' (0.5 m), sometimes larger.Leaves: 3-5" (7.5-13 cm) long, 1 1/2-4" (4-10 cm) wide. Elliptical, often with 2 mitten-shaped lobes or 3 broad and blunt lobes; not toothed; base short-pointed; long slender leafstalks. Shiny green above, paler and often hairy beneath; turning yellow, orange, or red in autumn.Bark: gray-brown; becoming thick and deeply furrowed.Twigs: greenish, slender, sometimes hairy.Flowers: 3/8" (10 mm) long; yellow-green; several clustered at end of leafless twigs in early spring; male and female usually on separate trees.Fruit: 3/8" (10 mm) long; elliptical shiny bluish-black berries; each in red cup on long red stalk, containing 1 shiny brown seed; maturing in autumn. A handsome, naturalized tree with short trunk and broad, open, irregular crown of drooping branches.Height: 30-40' (9-12 m).Diameter: 2' (0.6 m), sometimes much larger.Leaves: 2 1/2-5" (6-13 cm) long, 1/4-1/2" (6-12 mm) wide. Narrowly lance-shaped; with long-pointed tips; finely saw-toothed. Dark green above, whitish or gray beneath. Hanging from short leafstalks.Bark: gray; rough, thick; deeply furrowed in long, branching ridges.Twigs: yellowish-green to brownish; very slender, unbranched, drooping vertically.Flowers: catkins 3/8-1" (1-2.5 cm) long; greenish; at end of short leafy twigs; in early spring; plants mostly female.Fruit: 1/16" (1.5 mm) long; light brown capsules; maturing in late spring or early summer. Medium-sized to large tree with open, spreading crown.Height: 50-80' (15-24 m).Diameter: 1-2 1/2" (0.3-0.8 m).Leaves: 4-9" (10-23 cm) long, 3-6" (7.5-15 cm) wide. Elliptical; usually with 7-9 lobes, either shallow or deep and narrow, ending in a few bristle-tipped teeth; slightly thickened. Shiny green above, yellow-green and usually with brown hairs beneath; turning dull red or brown in fall.Bark: gray and smooth on small trunks; becoming blackish, thick and rough, deeply furrowed into ridges; inner bark yellow or orange, very bitter.Acorns: 5/8-3/4" (15-19 mm) long; elliptical, 1/2 enclosed by deep thick top-shaped cup narrowed at base, with fringed border of loose rust-brown hairy scales; maturing second year. description: smooth, toothed, simple, alternate, not lobed, orage/red fuzzy vein
-dark red (when ripe) cherries 1/3 size of reg. cherries, little bitter
-potato chip like bark, inside is reddish color
-not a dominant tree
-oils when combined form hydrogen cyanide, forms to kill leaves faster, present in pit of cherry if chewed
-like to grow on edges of forests or fields
-3-5 ft trunk
-wood is cherry color and light grain
- less than 65 ft, 40-50 ft