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Alder Buckthorn - frangula alnus

Common Alder - Alnus Glutinosa

Common Name: American Basswood
Scientific Name: Tilia americana
Description: 60-120 ft; bark grey to light brown w/ narrow well defined fissures; leaves are simple, alternately arranged, ovate to chordate, inequilaterally at the base (the side nearest the branch the largest), 10-15 cm long and broad, with a long, slender petiole, a coarsely serrated margin and an acuminate apex when full grown are dark green, smooth, shining above, paler beneath; yellowish-white flowers; fruit is a small, globose, downy, hard and dry cream-colored nut-let

Common Name: American Chestnut
Scientific Name: Castanea dentata
Description: Leaves are alternate, simple, oblong, 5 to 8 inches long, pinnately veined, sharply and coarsely serrated with each serration bearing a bristle tip, dark green above and paler below. Both sides are hairless. Many small, pale green (nearly white) male flowers found tightly occurring along 6 to 8 inch catkins, appearing in late spring to early summer. Twigs are chestnut to orange-brown in color Bark is smooth and chestnut-brown in color when young, later shallowly fissured into flat ridges, older trees develop distinctive large, interlacing ridges and furrows.

Common Name: American Cranberry
Scientific Name: Vaccinium macrocarpon

Description: Low, creeping shrubs or vines up to 2 m long and 5 to 20 cm in height; It has slender, wiry stems that are not thickly woody and have small evergreen leaves.
Flowers: dark pink, with very distinct reflexes petals.

Common Name: American Holly
Scientific Name: Ilex opaca
Description: Has evergreen, prickly leaves. Has gray smooth bark and red berries (females). Have small, staminate white flowers with normally 4-parts(Males: yellow, concave center, Females: green, protruding center).

Common Name: Atlantic White Cedar

Scientific Name: Chamaecyparis thyoides

Description: Needles: 1/8 inch, dark blue-green, scaly, overlapping and pressed close to twig; fragrant when crushed.

Flowers: Males red to yellow and very small; females small and green Bark: Light reddish-brown, peeling off in long, fibrous strips. Twigs: Covered in tight green scales, turning brown with age.

Common Name: Atlantic White Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus strobus

Description: needles are bundles of 5, pine cones are long and slender, evergreen

Common Name: Baldcypress

Scientific Name: Taxodium distichum

Description: wetlands species, 130ft, linear leaves, located on opposite sides of the branch, spread out

Common Name: Bayberry (southern)

Scientific Name: Myrica pennsylvanica

Description: 6-15 ft high; shining leaves with dots on each side; leaves fragrant when rubbed; fruit is small groups of bluish-white berries; looses leaves north and west of Ches. Bay but evergreen in southern areas; grayish bark; waxy leaves waxy branches, and dense, narrow, delicately toothed leaves dotted with resin glands, which produce a fragrant aroma when crushed. Yellow flowers appear in spring and produce nutlike fruits thickly covered with wax

Common Name: Beach Plum

Scientific Name: Prunus maritima

Description: Grows from 4-7 feet on dunes, 16-18 feet inland. Has firm, egg-shaped, dull green, alternate leaves. Leaves are rough and ridged on the top, paler and finely hairy on bottom. Leaves are finely serrated with semi-circular or broadly triangular teeth. Leaves attached by stout, hairy, granular stalk. White flowers form in clusters of two or three and have hairy stalks. Produces purplish-black to red fruit with heavy, white waxy residue on surface.

Common Name: Black Cherry Tree

Scientific Name: Prunus serotina

Description: Leaves release distinct cherry-like smell when crushed. Leaves are elongated. Has masses of white flowers that have a distinct smell. In early summer, large amounts of small cherries can be seen. Has large amounts of lenticels. Smooth bark when young, upturn plates when older.

Common Name: Black Locust

Scientific Name: Robinia pseudoacacia

Description: Medium sized tree whose leaf is broken into a group of 7-19 leaflets that alternate. Groups of leaflets total 8-14 inches in length. Bark is a lighter color (gray or dark brown) and is tough and deeply furrowed. Fruit ripen in fall and becomes light brown. Flowers are white and pea like. Can have thorns.

Common Name: Black Oak

Scientific Name: Quercus velutina

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 10 inches long, basically oval with 5 to 7 pointed, bristle-tipped lobes, shiny green above, paler with scruffy fuzz along leaf veins on the underside; sun leaves have deep sinuses between lobes, and shade leaves have very shallow sinuses; fall color dull red. Flowers: Males on slender, yellow-green catkins; females reddish green, on short spikes; both appearing in spring with the leaves. Bark: On young trees, gray and smooth; on older trees, thick, very rough, nearly black and deeply furrowed vertically with horizontal breaks. The inner bark is yellow- orange.

Common Name: Black Tupelo

Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica

Description: leaves Alternate, often crowded at the end of the lateral branches simple, linear, oblong to oval with pointy tip, two to five inches (127 mm) long, one-half to three inches (76 mm) broad; Bark: Light reddish brown, deeply furrowed and scaly. Branchlets at first pale green to orange, sometimes smooth, often downy, later dark brown; yellowish green flowers


Common Name: Black Walnut

Scientific Name: Juglans nigra

Description: Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 12 to 24 inches long with 10 to 24 leaflets finely serrate, and 3 to 3 1/2 inches long. Bark: Brown on surface, darker brown when cut, ridged and furrowed with a rough diamond pattern.

Common Name: Blackjack Oak

Scientific Name: Quercus marilandica

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 8 inches long, leathery, usually broader at the end than at the base, with 3 large lobes; often described as "bell-shaped;" undersides brownish or orange-ish and quite hairy. Flowers: Males in 2 to 4 inch long hanging catkins; females small, single or paired. Bark: Rough, very dark (often nearly black), broken into small, hard rectangular blocks.

Common Name: Bracken Fern

Scientific Name: Pteridium aquilinum

Description: Bracken fern has stiff, upright, branching fronds that grow from creeping and forking underground rhizomes. It grows up to 4½' tall and has triangular-shaped fronds. Bracken fern fronds branch once or twice, giving the appearance of compound leaves. Bracken fern is found in acid soils in both older forests and in new pine forests, especially those frequently burned. It is also found in abandoned pastures and along forest margins.

Common Name: Chestnut Oak

Scientific Name: Quercus prinus

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 8 inches long, roughly oval but often wider near the tip, edges with large rounded teeth. Flowers: Males yellow-green, in 2 to 4 inch hanging catkins; females reddish, in spikes; both appearing with the leaves. Bark: Gray-brown to brown; on young trees, very smooth; on older trees, thick and deeply divided into broad, rounded or flat-topped ridges, somewhat resembling the back of an alligator.

Common Name: Chokeberry*

Scientific Name: Aronia sp.

Description: Found in wet woods and swamps. The leaves are alternate, simple, and oblanceolate with crenate margins and pinnate venation; in autumn the leaves turn a bold red color. Dark trichomes are present on the upper midrib surface. The flowers are small, with 5 petals and 5 sepals, and produced in corymbs of 10-25 together. Hypanthium is urn-shaped. The fruit is a small pome, with a very astringent, bitter flavor

Common Name: Colorado Blue Spruce

Scientific Name: Picea pungens

Description: blue, light green to green needles needles 1-3 inches long, evergreen, branches grow straight out and do not hang down tiny cones up to 2 inches, circular to ovate

Common Name: Common Juniper

Scientific Name: Juniperus communis

Description: leaves are stiff and arranged in whorls of three with pungent odor. Younger leaves tend to be more needlelike whereas mature leaves are scale-like. Twigs yellowish or green when young, turn brown and harden with age. Bark thin, shreddy or scaly, often exfoliating into thin strips. Fruits berrylike; red, ripening to a glucose blue black.

Common Name: Common Rush

Scientific Name: Juncus effusus

Description: bright green stems (no leaves); less than 3 ft tall; grows in clumps via rhizomes; occurs in freshwater wetlands; flowers and fruits are borne in compact clusters that appear to emerge laterally a few inches below the tip of the flowering stem

Common Name: Eastern Hemlock

Scientific Name: Tsuga canadensis

Description: Needles: Flat, round-tipped, 1/3 to 2/3 inch long, marked on the lower surface with two pale lines; needle bases form short, slender "stems," attached to rounded, dark orange, woody pads on the twigs. Flowers: Males yellow, small, round; females light green, at branch tips. Bark: Gray-brown and smooth when young; when older, scaly, red-brown, with wide ridges and furrows; when cut or broken, purple streaks are obvious.

Common Name: Eastern Red Cedar*

Scientific Name: Juniperus virginiana

Description: Needles: Fragrant; mature needles 1/16 inch long, shiny, dark green and scale-like, pressed close to form 4-sided twigs; young needles up to 3/8 inch long, pointed and prickly.

Flowers: Males and females on separate trees; males small, yellow-brown, in large clusters; females light blue-green.

Bark: Light reddish-brown, thin, peeling and fibrous.

Twigs: Scaly, green for several years, later turning brown.

Common Name: Flowering Dogwood

Scientific Name: Cornus florida

Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple, 3 to 5 inches long, oval in shape with an entire or slightly wavy margin, veined, green above and slightly paler below. Flower: very small and inconspicuous tight cluster, but surrounded by 4 very showy, large, white (occasionally pink) bracts, 2 inches in diameter, appearing in mid-spring. Fruit: A shiny, oval red drupe, 1/4 to 1/2 inch long, in clusters of 3 to 5, maturing in fall. Twig: Slender, green or purple (purple on sunlit side), later turning gray, often with a glaucous bloom.. Bark: Gray and smooth when young, turning very scaly to finely blocky. Form: A small tree with a short trunk that branches low, producing a slightly rounded to flat-topped crown.

Common Name: Ginkgo

Scientific Name: Ginkgo biloba

Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, fan-shaped, 2 to 3 inches long and wide; parallel, fan-like veination, may be irregularly 2 to 3 lobed at the broad edge or just wavy Twig: Light reddish brown, becoming gray with numerous and obvious spur shoots; Bark: Light grayish brown with irregular ridges, eventually becoming deeply furrowed.

Common Name: Green Ash

Scientific Name: Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Description: Leaf: Opposite, pinnately compound with 7 to 9 serrate leaflets that are lanceolate to elliptical in shape, entire leaf is 6 to 9 inches long, green above and glabrous to silky-pubescent below. [Soft Break]Flower: Dioecious; light green to purplish, both sexes lacking petals, females' occurring in loose panicles, males in tighter clusters, appear after the leaves unfold. Fruit: A single-winged, dry, flattened samara with a slender, thin seed cavity, maturing in autumn and dispersing over winter.Bark: Ashy gray to brown in color, with interlacing corky ridges forming obvious diamonds; older trees may be somewhat scaly.

Common Name: Greenbrier (Common)

Scientific Name: Smilax rotundifolia

Description: thorns, ½ inch to 1 inch, grows on vines

Common Name: Grey Birch

Scientific Name: Betula populifolia

Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, triangular with a very elongated acuminate tip, 2 to 3 inches long, doubly serrate margin, green above and paler below. Flower: Monoecious; preformed male catkins near the end of the twig, 3/4 inch long, usually single; female upright, 1/2 inch long; appear or elongate (males) in early spring. Matures in autumn, disperses over winter. Twig: Slender, orange-brown to gray in color with warty, raised lenticels that give the twig a rough feel; buds are slender, pointed, green and brown, terminal bud is lacking. Bark: Reddish brown with numerous lighter lenticels on very young stems, later turning gray to white and very chalky; remains smooth and generally does not peel.

Common Name: Groundsel

Scientific Name: Baccharis halimifolia

Description: Broadleaf Cotyledons (seed leaves) are elongate, with a blunt, rounded tip. The first true leaves have shallow teeth; the third and fourth leaves are more deeply lobed. Alternate along the stem and are deeply indented. Upper leaves are attached directly to the stem, but lower leaves have a short stalk. The green leaf like structures surrounding the flower cluster have conspicuous black tips that distinguish groundsel from other weeds in the thistle family.

Common Name: High Bush Blueberry*

Scientific Name: Vaccinium corymbosum

Description: Similar to low bush blueberry in leaf shape and size with alternating leaves about 1-2.5 inches long that point down. Has a green stem and can grow around 10 ft. tall. Flowers in late spring producing white bell-shaped flowers. Rather skinny trunk with gray-brown to red bark. Found near wetlands.

Common Name: Honey Locust

Scientific Name: Gleditsia triacanthos

Description: Leaves are alternate, pinnately compound, 5 to 8 inches long, with 15 to 30 leaflets or bipinnately compound with 4 to 7 pairs of minor leaflets. Leaflets are 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long, ovate to elliptical in shape, green to yellow-green. Small, greenish yellow flowers; 2 to 3 inch long narrow, hanging clusters; very fragrant Very distinctive, 6 to 8 inches long, flattened, red-brown, leathery pod that becomes dry and twisted Twigs are prominently zig-zag, red-brown to light brown in color; numerous lenticels and branched thorns Bark is initially gray-brown to bronze, and smooth with many horizontal lenticels, later breaking into long, narrow, curling plates. Often displaying clusters of large, branched thorns on trunk. up to 80 feet tall

Common Name: Huckleberry

Scientific Name: Gaylussacia baccata

Description: Similar to Low Bush blueberry but has white urn shaped flowers and black/ dark brown branches to tell them apart. A shrub species that can grow 1-3 feet tall and is unique in its genus for its resin glands on its leaves. Flowers bloom in May-June.

Common Name: Indian Grass

Scientific Name: Sorghastrum nutans

Description: Consists of tight bunches of flowering light green or pale yellow culms and their leaves. The blades of the leaves go upward from the culm and are green, flat, and hairless. The leaf sheaths are dull green, hairless, and open. it has several ascending branchlets that are individually up to 4 inches long, and are golden brown or tan with underside tips with fine silky hair . Every branchlet has in a one-flowered spikelet at its end.

Common Name: Ink Berry Holly

Scientific Name: Ilex glabra

Description: Thick, bushy, and rounded bush evergreen. Has white flowers with four pedals. Has leathery, glossy, dark green leaves with lighter bottoms. Has black berries that appear from fall to spring. Grows to 8-10 feet high and 3-4 feet wide. Has spikes or spines on branches

Common Name: Japanese Maple

Scientific Name: Acer palmatum

Description: Leaf: 2 to 5 inches long, serrated margin, 5 to 7 deeply palmate lobes color highly variable depending on cultivar, commonly deep red. Twig: Slender, glabrous, red or green; buds broadly conical, green or red, base of bud hidden by tan, fuzzy fringe. Bark: Smooth, light gray, with a somewhat fluted trunk.

Common Name: Jersey Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus virginiana

Description: Leaf: Evergreen needles, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, with 2 yellow-green, twisted, somewhat divergent needles per fascicle. Flower: Monoecious; males cylindrical, yellow, near branch tip; females yellow to red, curved prickle present. Fruit: Conical to ovoid cones are 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long, sessile and persistent, with red-brown scales and an umbo armed with a sharp, needle-like prickle, maturing in the fall. Twig: Slender, green changing to purple-green with a glaucous bloom; buds gray-brown, narrowly ovoid. Bark: Orange-brown and scaly on young trees; older stems develop thin, small, scaly plates, cinnamon colored patches often on upper parts of trunk.

Common Name: Low Bush Blueberry

Scientific Name: Vaccinium vacillans

Description: Can be differentiated from huckleberry by its bell shaped flowers and green tipped branches. Can grow to about 60 cm tall with alternating leaves about 1-2 inches long. Flower in April-May. Commonly found in open woods with acidic soil

Common Name: Mountain Laurel

Scientific Name: Kalmia latifolia

Description: A common shrub that has alternate and simple leaves that range 2-5 inches in length. Leaves also whirl down and have a waxy feel. Produces flowers that are white or red (in clusters) and fruit that is a small brown capsule. Bark is red to dark brown with twigs that will turn brownish red and twist when mature.

Common Name: Northern Catalpa*

Scientific Name: Catalpa bigonoides

Description: Leaf: Whorled cordate, 5 to 12 inches long, pinnately veined, entire margins, overall soft and flexible feeling, light green to green above and soft pubescence on the underside. Flower: Monoecious; very showy, white (yellow and purple spots on insides), 5 fuzzed petals form an overall bell shape, 1 inch long; appear in open, branched, upright terminal cluster in late spring. Fruit: Long bean-like, hanging capsules, round in cross section, very stiff; each capsule contains numerous flattened seeds with wings. Twig: Stout, green, and later reddish brown in color, numerous lighter lenticels; Bark: Gray to reddish brown, separated into irregular shallow fissures and scaly ridges

Common Name: Northern Red Oak*

Scientific Name: Quercus rubra

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 5 to 8 inches long, with 7 to 11 sharply pointed and bristle- tipped lobes; fall color deep red.Flowers: Males in yellow-green, slender, 2 to 4 inch hanging catkins; females on short spikes; both appearing with the leaves in spring.Bark: On young stems, smooth and gray; on older trees, thick and broken by shallow fissures into regular, flat, smooth-surfaced plates or flat ridges, resembling ski trails.

Common Name: Northern White Cedar*

Scientific Name: Thuja occidentalis

Description: Needles: Scale-like, 1/8 to ¼ inch long, fragrant when crushed; branchlets flattened into fan-like sprays.

Flowers: Males round, green, tipped with brown; females green with 4 to 6 scales. Bark: Reddish-brown, graying with age, fibrous, ridged in a diamond pattern. Twigs: Covered in green scales, turning brown with age.

Common Name: Norway Maple*

Scientific Name: Acer platanoides

Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple, and palmately-veined, 5 to 7 lobed with long pointed "teeth", exudes milky white sap from the petiole when detached, dark green above, paler below. Twig: Stout, brown with a large, turban-shaped, green to purple(fall and winter) terminal bud, large bud scales. [Soft Break]Bark: Gray-brown, a bit corky, on older trees shallowly furrowed with long narrow, somewhat interlacing ridges.


Common Name: Norway Spruce*

Scientific Name: Picea abies

Description: large tree, green needles, branches hang down, cones are large


Common Name: Pin Oak*

Scientific Name: Quercus palustris

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 3 to 5 inches long, 2 to 5 inches wide, with 5 to 9 pointed lobes separated by variable, but often wide, sinuses extending nearly to the midvein; scarlet fall color. Flowers: Males in slender, drooping, yellow-green catkins; females are reddish green, on short spikes; both appearing in spring with the leaves. Bark: On young trees, smooth and gray-brown; later developing narrow, dark gray, flat-topped ridges separated by very shallow furrows.

Common Name: Pitch Pine*

Scientific Name: Pinus rigida

Description: three twisted needles, green, small cones

Common Name: Poison Ivy*

Scientific Name: Rhus radicans

Description: A vine to short shrub. Vines covered in aerial roots. Generally found on trees or other structures. Alternate leaf arrangement. Leaves are lush green and come in sets of three. Leaves have serrated margins. Has tan woody bark and produces white fruit found in clusters.

Common Name: Post Oak*

Scientific Name: Quercus stellata

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 6 inches long, deeply divided into five rounded lobes separated by broad sinuses; the two largest lobes are straight across from each other, at 90 degree angles from the end lobe, giving the leaf a distinctive T-shape.

Flowers: Males yellow-green, in 2 to 4 inch, hanging catkins; females reddish, in short spikes from leaf axils; both appear with the leaves.

Bark: Ashy gray and initially quite scaly, later becoming more blocky and ridged, often with horizontal cross-breaks in the ridges.

Common Name: Rhododendron*

Scientific Name: Rhododendron glaucum

Description: large dull rose-purple flowers; evergreen long leaves; commonly confused with mountain laurel because of similar leaves and overall structure however these plants do not grow wild in the pine barrens

Common Name: River Birch*

Scientific Name: Betula nigra

Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, rhombic to ovate, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, conspicuously doubly serrate, with a wedge-shaped base, green above, paler and fuzzy below. Flower: Monoecious; preformed, reddish green, male catkins near the end of the twig, 2 to 3 inches long; female catkins upright, 1/4 to 1/2 inch long, light green, appear or elongate (males) in mid-spring. Twig: Slender, orangish brown in color, smooth or slightly pubescent, with the terminal bud absent. Lateral buds may be slightly pubescent. Bark: Smooth on young trees, salmon to rust colored; developing papery scales, exfoliating horizontally with several colors (creamy to orangish-brown) visible; later developing coarse scales

Common Name: Salt Marsh Cord Grass*

Scientific Name: Spartina altiniflora

Description: Flat, smooth blades, saltmarsh cordgrass grows along the sides of guts (marsh creeks) and in places flooded by the tides.

Common Name: Salt Marsh Hay*

Scientific Name: Spartina patens

Description: Inflorescence spike 1-3 inches long Leaves enrolled and very narrow slender rhizomes new growth from last year's stems lies flat and matted

Common Name: Sassafras*

Scientific Name: Sassafras albidum

Description: one, two, and three lobed leaves, green, the leaves smell like fruit loops

Common Name: Scrub Oak*

Scientific Name: Quercus myrtifolia

Description: Small tree or large shrub with a broad-spreading round-topped crown. Trunks often twisted. Can grow to 8 inches in diameter; Bark is dark gray to brown, generally smooth, and slightly furrowed near the base. Leaves are shiny, about 1-2 inches long, the edges usually rolled downward.

Common Name: Sheep-Laurel*

Scientific Name: Kalmia angustifolia

Description: Lives in sandy/infertile soil, bogs, and old fields, and is an evergreen shrub. Grows from a half to three feet high. Has a half an inch wide (small) flower and the flowers are pink in color. Flowers form in clusters and are in the middle of the stem. Leaves can be opposite or whorled, and normally form clusters of three. Leaves are green on top and pale bluish beneath. Leaves below flowers droop and clusters of leaves normally terminate the stem.

Common Name: Shining Sumac*

Scientific Name: Rhus copallina

Description: Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, up to 12 inches long, 7 to 15 leaflets per leaf; leaflets are lance-shaped, with entire margins, rachis has prominent wings between the leaflets, shiny, dark green above, paler and a bit fuzzy below. Flower: Monoecious; greenish-yellow and small, borne on 3 to 5 inch wide, terminal pyramid-shaped panicles in mid to late summer. Twig: Medium-textured, speckled with lenticels, and covered with fine, velvety, reddish brown hair; buds are small, rounded and hairy, leaf scars horseshoe-shaped. Bark: Light brown or gray, smooth with numerous lenticels when young, later with large, thin scales.

Common Name: Short-Leaf Pine*

Scientific Name: Pinus echinata

Description: Evergreen needles, 3 to 5 inches long, two or three (on the same branch), slender and flexible needles per fascicle, dark yellow-green in color, fascicle sheath is persistent. Flower: Monoecious; males cylindrical, red to yellow, in clumps at ends of twigs; females light green to red and armed. Twig: Green and purple when young, later turning red-brown. Bark: Scaly and dark on young trees, eventually developing flat, scaly plates; very small (pencil point) resin pockets or "Volcanoes" may be apparent

Common Name: Silver Maple*

Scientific Name: Acer saccharinum

Description: Leaf: lobe margins coarsely serrate, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long; light green above, pale, silvery white below. Twig: Similar to red maple but stouter and often more chestnut-brown in color Bark: Light gray and smooth when young, when older breaks up Similar to red maple but coarser.

Common Name: Southern Red Oak*

Scientific Name: Quercus falcata

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 5 to 9 inches long and 4 to 5 inches wide, dark shiny green above, tan and downy beneath; lobes irregularly shaped, mostly narrow, bristle- tipped, with the central lobe usually longest; sometimes pear-shaped with three rounded, bristle-tipped lobes at the outer end. Flowers: Males yellowish-green, on long thread-like catkins; females reddish on short spikes; both appear in spring with the leaves. Bark: Rough, though not deeply furrowed; varies from light gray on younger trees to dark gray or almost black on older ones.

Common Name: Sugar Maple*

Scientific Name: Acer saccharum

Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple and palmately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, 5 delicately rounded lobes Bark: Variable, but generally brown, on older trees it becomes darker, develops furrows, with long, thick irregular curling outward, firm ridges.

Common Name: Sweet Bay*

Scientific Name: Magnolia virginiana

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, oblong, 4 to 6 inches long, blunt pointed, smooth edged, shiny bright green above and pale or whitish below, releasing a pleasant, spicy odor when crushed. Flowers: 2 to 3 inches across, fragrant, creamy white, cup-shaped, with 9 to 12 petals; appearing in late spring. Bark: Smooth, red-brown to gray, often mottled. Twigs: Moderate in size, pale green, fuzzy, with ring-like scars encircling twigs at points of leaf attachment; buds ½ inch long, with fuzzy, silvery-gray scales curling at the ends.

Common Name: Sweetgum*

Scientific Name: Liquidamber styraciflua

Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, palmately veined, orbicular, 4 to 6 inches across with 5 to 7 lobes (look like stars), and a finely serrate margin. Shiny green above and pubescent in the axils of the veins below, fragrant when crushed. Twig: Medium textured, shiny green to yellow-brown, usually with apparent corky outgrowths, particularly when fast growing. The terminal bud is large and is usually sticky, covered with green to orange-brown, shiny scales. Bark: Gray-brown, irregular furrows and rough rounded ridges.

Common Name: Sycamore*

Scientific Name: Platanus occidentalis

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 5 to 8 inches long and wide, large-toothed edges, 3 to 5 major lobes divided by broad, shallow sinuses; several main leaf veins branching from a single point at the leaf base; leaf stem base enlarged, encircling the bud; toothed leaf-like growths encircling stem at base of each leaf.

Flowers: Very small; both males and females in dense round clusters, typically a single cluster to a stalk, appearing with the leaves. Bark: Distinctive "camouflage" mottling of brown, green, tan and white, peeling readily; older stems gray-brown and scaly.

Common Name: Tulip Tree*

Scientific Name: Liriodendron tulipifera

Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, palmately veined, orbicular, 4-lobed with an entire margin, 4 to 8 inches long, notched to flat top. Somewhat shaped like a tulip, light green to green. Flower: Monoecious; perfect, showy, resembling a large tulip, but high in the tree, 2 1/2 inches long, with yellow-green petals and an orange corolla, appearing in late spring to early summer. Bark: Light gray-green and smooth when young, later developing flat-topped ridges and conspicuous white colored furrows in diamond shaped patterns.

Common Name: Virgina Creeper*

Scientific Name: Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Description: Similar to Poison Ivy, but has 5 serrated leaves instead of 3 leaves found on poison ivy. This climbing vine has twigs that are light-brown or red. Produces blue or black berries in late summer. Leaves have a bright green color.

Common Name: White Mulberry*

Scientific Name: Morus alba

Description: Bark is orange-brown and becomes gray Small-medium size tree Leaves are green and glossy; 3 - 6 inches long; alternate, simple, serrate Blackberry like fruits turn from green to white to red to black as they ripen. Found in Sparse forests on hillsidesFlowers are small greenish; hang in clusters and hang in catkins

Common Name: White Oak*

Scientific Name: Quercus alba

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 7 inches long, with 7 to 10 rounded lobes; depth of the sinuses between lobes varies from shallow to almost reaching the midrib; leaf base wedge shaped where it joins the leaf stem. Flowers: Males yellow-green, in slender 2 to 4 inch hanging catkins; females reddish green, in very small single spikes; both appear along with the leaves. Bark: Light, ash gray, covered with loose scales or broad plates.

Common Name: Yew*

Scientific Name: Taxus sp.

Description: Leaf: Evergreen needles, single, spirally arranged but appearing 2-ranked on shaded branches, 1 inch long, long pointed tip, needles typically angled upward forming a V-shape on branch, Bark: Dark, usually red-purple, and scaly or somewhat peeling.

Common Name: Pitcher Plant*

Scientific Name: Sarracenia purpurea

Description: Leaf color from bright yellow-green to dark purple and most commonly a middle variation with strong red venation. The leaves, or pitchers, are produced each year from stems arising from the rhizomes and remain evergreen unless unduly exposed. The leaf edges have curled around and fused to form a liquid-holding vessel, similar in shape to a cornucopia. The leaves grow from a basal rosette and a "keel" provides structural reinforcement to each leaf so that the opening is always upright. The modified leaves perform the task of taking in nutrients required for photosynthesis.

Common Name: Tea Berry*

Scientific Name: Gaultheria procumbens

Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, oval to elliptical, 1 to 2 inches long, minutely serrated, thickened with a wintergreen odor when crushed, leaves appear whorled since they cluster at tips of plant; dark shiny green above, much paler below often with black dots. Flower: Monoecious; small (1/4 inch), white, urn-shaped, hanging from short stems from leaf axils, appearing in mid to late summer. Fruit: Twig: Slender, green turning brown with age. Bark: Light brown.

Common Name: Scarlet Oak*

Scientific Name: Quercus coccinea

Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 7 inches long and 3 to 5 inches wide, with 5 to 9 pointed lobes deeply separated by wide sinuses that reach almost to the midvein; scarlet fall color.

Flowers: Males on slender yellow-green catkins; females on very short spikes; both appearing with the leaves in spring.

Bark: On young trees, smooth and gray; on older trees, darker with irregular broad ridges and narrow furrows, especially near the base.

Common Name: Japanese Honeysuckle*

Scientific Name: Lonicera japonica

Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to oval, 1 to 2 inches long, entire margin, sometimes lobed, semi-evergreen, light green and somewhat pubescent. Flower: Fragrant, 1/2 to 1 inch long, white or yellowish-white long petals, appearing in late spring. Fruit: Small (1/4 inch diameter), black berry, often in pairs, ripen in fall and persist into early winter. Twig: Slender, initially pubescent, light brown in color developing scaly, thin bark, hollow pith; buds small. Bark: Long, shreddy peeling strips, light red-brown to straw-colored.

Common Name: Sphagnum Moss*

Scientific Name: Sphagnum sp.

Description: Found in wet boggy areas Acidic soil Found in thick dense clumps; almost makes a mat of spongy moss Usually green leaves

Common Name: Persimmon*

Scientific Name: Diospyros virginiana

Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, oblong to oval, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, pinnately-veined, margin entire, lustrous green above and paler or whitened below. Fruit: A plum-like berry that is green before ripening, turning orange to black when ripe, 3/4 to 2 inches in diameter, leafy bracts on top of fruit. The fruit is very astringent and mouth numbing when green, sweet and edible when ripe after a hard freeze; matures in mid to late fall. Bark: When young gray-brown with orange in fissures, later becoming much darker, breaking up into square scaly thick plates; reminiscent of charcoal briquettes (very unique).

Common Name: Loblolly Pine*

Scientific Name: Pinus taeda

Description: Leaf: Evergreen needles, 6 to 9 inches long, with (usually) three yellow-green needles per fascicle. Fruit: Ovoid to cylindrical, 3 to 6 inch red-brown cones; umbo is armed with a short spine, maturing in early fall. Twig: Orange-brown in color, fine to moderately stout; buds are narrowly ovoid, light reddish brown. Bark: Initially red- to gray-brown and scaly; older trees are ridged and furrowed, with somewhat rounded scaly plates; very old trees have red-brown, flat scaly plates.


Common Name: Pyxie Moss*

Scientific Name: Pyxidanthera brevifolia

Description: red buds, tiny white flowers when in bloom

Common Name: Leather Leaf*

Scientific Name: Chamaedaphne calyculata

Description: evergreen leaves leathery, simple, alternate, and more-or-less evenly spaced on branch. Leaf blade symmetrical, ¾"-1½" long, ¼"-¾" wide; upper surface bright yellow green; lower surface dark orange yellow; Flowers tiny white bell shaped in one-sided racemes of 1-15 or more

Common Name: Round Leafed Sundew*

Scientific Name: Drosera rotundifolia

Description: Leaves a basal rosette. Blades round, depressed, and lying flat on ground; ¼"-½" long and as wide or wider. Upper surface of blades covered with reddish, glandular hairs tipped with a sticky, glutinous secretion resembling a dewdrop that traps insects, hence its name. Petioles ¾"-2" long and covered with sticky hairs.

Common Name: Spatulate Leafed Sundew*

Scientific Name: Drosera intermedia

Description: Spatula like leaf.Habitat: bogs near the coast. Height: 2-8 inches. Flower size: 1/4 inch wide. Flower color: white to pale pink

Common Name: Thread Leafed Sundew*

Scientific Name: Drosera filiformis

Description: Stringy leaves covered with glistening droplets of sticky exudate. Lavender-rose flowers in a 1-sided, elongated cluster on a leafless stalk, curved at tip, rising from erect, thread-like, sticky, basal leaves.

Common Name: Cinnamon Fern*

Scientific Name: Osmunda cinnamomea

Description: The name comes from the cinnamon colored spores on the frond. Height: 2-5 feet tall Found in poorly drained acidic soils (wetlands mostly, sometimes sandy soils) Usually confused with Bracken Fern but it does not split into multiple fronds. It has many fronds growing in bunches.

Common Name: Broom Crowberry*

Scientific Name: Corema conradii

Description: is a low-growing evergreen shrub of barrens, and dunes. It has short, needle-like leaves.

This is a really rare plant that people from around the world come to see in the Pine Barrens

Common Name: Ailanthus*

Scientific Name: Ailanthus altissima

Description: Smooth, limb-free trunk. Very thin, light grey bark. Bark marked with squiggly valleys

Common Name: Common Apple*

Scientific Name: Malus domestica

Description: Leaves 10 cm long, alternate, simple, with a serrated margin; white, red or pink in color

Common Name: Black Huckleberry*

Scientific Name: Gaylussacia baccata

Description: Similar to blueberry except resin dots on the undersides of the leaves which glitter when held up to the light. It is a vigorous clonal colonizer















bird cherry









sarapuu (pähklipuu)



the leaves

yellow buckeye

poison ivy

virginia creeper



hickory leaf



mountain laurel

enlgish ivy

smaller patches of ivy


A tree with smooth, white bark.


A tree or shrub, with large white and pink flowers.






le saule
















christmas flower, flor de Navidad



crab apple

apple tree

cherry blossom


A tree with smooth, white bark.


A tree or shrub, with large white and pink flowers.



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