Common Name: American Basswood
Scientific Name: Tilia americana
Description: 60-120 ft; bark grey to light brown w/ narrow well defined fissures; leaves are simple, alternately arranged, ovate to chordate, inequilaterally at the base (the side nearest the branch the largest), 10-15 cm long and broad, with a long, slender petiole, a coarsely serrated margin and an acuminate apex when full grown are dark green, smooth, shining above, paler beneath; yellowish-white flowers; fruit is a small, globose, downy, hard and dry cream-colored nut-let
Common Name: American Chestnut
Scientific Name: Castanea dentata
Description: Leaves are alternate, simple, oblong, 5 to 8 inches long, pinnately veined, sharply and coarsely serrated with each serration bearing a bristle tip, dark green above and paler below. Both sides are hairless. Many small, pale green (nearly white) male flowers found tightly occurring along 6 to 8 inch catkins, appearing in late spring to early summer. Twigs are chestnut to orange-brown in color Bark is smooth and chestnut-brown in color when young, later shallowly fissured into flat ridges, older trees develop distinctive large, interlacing ridges and furrows.
Common Name: American Cranberry
Scientific Name: Vaccinium macrocarpon
Description: Low, creeping shrubs or vines up to 2 m long and 5 to 20 cm in height; It has slender, wiry stems that are not thickly woody and have small evergreen leaves.
Flowers: dark pink, with very distinct reflexes petals.
Common Name: American Holly
Scientific Name: Ilex opaca
Description: Has evergreen, prickly leaves. Has gray smooth bark and red berries (females). Have small, staminate white flowers with normally 4-parts(Males: yellow, concave center, Females: green, protruding center).
Common Name: Atlantic White Cedar
Scientific Name: Chamaecyparis thyoides
Description: Needles: 1/8 inch, dark blue-green, scaly, overlapping and pressed close to twig; fragrant when crushed.
Flowers: Males red to yellow and very small; females small and green Bark: Light reddish-brown, peeling off in long, fibrous strips. Twigs: Covered in tight green scales, turning brown with age.
Common Name: Atlantic White Pine
Scientific Name: Pinus strobus
Description: needles are bundles of 5, pine cones are long and slender, evergreen
Common Name: Baldcypress
Scientific Name: Taxodium distichum
Description: wetlands species, 130ft, linear leaves, located on opposite sides of the branch, spread out
Common Name: Bayberry (southern)
Scientific Name: Myrica pennsylvanica
Description: 6-15 ft high; shining leaves with dots on each side; leaves fragrant when rubbed; fruit is small groups of bluish-white berries; looses leaves north and west of Ches. Bay but evergreen in southern areas; grayish bark; waxy leaves waxy branches, and dense, narrow, delicately toothed leaves dotted with resin glands, which produce a fragrant aroma when crushed. Yellow flowers appear in spring and produce nutlike fruits thickly covered with wax
Common Name: Beach Plum
Scientific Name: Prunus maritima
Description: Grows from 4-7 feet on dunes, 16-18 feet inland. Has firm, egg-shaped, dull green, alternate leaves. Leaves are rough and ridged on the top, paler and finely hairy on bottom. Leaves are finely serrated with semi-circular or broadly triangular teeth. Leaves attached by stout, hairy, granular stalk. White flowers form in clusters of two or three and have hairy stalks. Produces purplish-black to red fruit with heavy, white waxy residue on surface.
Common Name: Black Cherry Tree
Scientific Name: Prunus serotina
Description: Leaves release distinct cherry-like smell when crushed. Leaves are elongated. Has masses of white flowers that have a distinct smell. In early summer, large amounts of small cherries can be seen. Has large amounts of lenticels. Smooth bark when young, upturn plates when older.
Common Name: Black Locust
Scientific Name: Robinia pseudoacacia
Description: Medium sized tree whose leaf is broken into a group of 7-19 leaflets that alternate. Groups of leaflets total 8-14 inches in length. Bark is a lighter color (gray or dark brown) and is tough and deeply furrowed. Fruit ripen in fall and becomes light brown. Flowers are white and pea like. Can have thorns.
Common Name: Black Oak
Scientific Name: Quercus velutina
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 10 inches long, basically oval with 5 to 7 pointed, bristle-tipped lobes, shiny green above, paler with scruffy fuzz along leaf veins on the underside; sun leaves have deep sinuses between lobes, and shade leaves have very shallow sinuses; fall color dull red. Flowers: Males on slender, yellow-green catkins; females reddish green, on short spikes; both appearing in spring with the leaves. Bark: On young trees, gray and smooth; on older trees, thick, very rough, nearly black and deeply furrowed vertically with horizontal breaks. The inner bark is yellow- orange.
Common Name: Black Tupelo
Scientific Name: Nyssa sylvatica
Description: leaves Alternate, often crowded at the end of the lateral branches simple, linear, oblong to oval with pointy tip, two to five inches (127 mm) long, one-half to three inches (76 mm) broad; Bark: Light reddish brown, deeply furrowed and scaly. Branchlets at first pale green to orange, sometimes smooth, often downy, later dark brown; yellowish green flowers
Common Name: Black Walnut
Scientific Name: Juglans nigra
Description: Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 12 to 24 inches long with 10 to 24 leaflets finely serrate, and 3 to 3 1/2 inches long. Bark: Brown on surface, darker brown when cut, ridged and furrowed with a rough diamond pattern.
Common Name: Blackjack Oak
Scientific Name: Quercus marilandica
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 8 inches long, leathery, usually broader at the end than at the base, with 3 large lobes; often described as "bell-shaped;" undersides brownish or orange-ish and quite hairy. Flowers: Males in 2 to 4 inch long hanging catkins; females small, single or paired. Bark: Rough, very dark (often nearly black), broken into small, hard rectangular blocks.
Common Name: Bracken Fern
Scientific Name: Pteridium aquilinum
Description: Bracken fern has stiff, upright, branching fronds that grow from creeping and forking underground rhizomes. It grows up to 4½' tall and has triangular-shaped fronds. Bracken fern fronds branch once or twice, giving the appearance of compound leaves. Bracken fern is found in acid soils in both older forests and in new pine forests, especially those frequently burned. It is also found in abandoned pastures and along forest margins.
Common Name: Chestnut Oak
Scientific Name: Quercus prinus
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 8 inches long, roughly oval but often wider near the tip, edges with large rounded teeth. Flowers: Males yellow-green, in 2 to 4 inch hanging catkins; females reddish, in spikes; both appearing with the leaves. Bark: Gray-brown to brown; on young trees, very smooth; on older trees, thick and deeply divided into broad, rounded or flat-topped ridges, somewhat resembling the back of an alligator.
Common Name: Chokeberry*
Scientific Name: Aronia sp.
Description: Found in wet woods and swamps. The leaves are alternate, simple, and oblanceolate with crenate margins and pinnate venation; in autumn the leaves turn a bold red color. Dark trichomes are present on the upper midrib surface. The flowers are small, with 5 petals and 5 sepals, and produced in corymbs of 10-25 together. Hypanthium is urn-shaped. The fruit is a small pome, with a very astringent, bitter flavor
Common Name: Colorado Blue Spruce
Scientific Name: Picea pungens
Description: blue, light green to green needles needles 1-3 inches long, evergreen, branches grow straight out and do not hang down tiny cones up to 2 inches, circular to ovate
Common Name: Common Juniper
Scientific Name: Juniperus communis
Description: leaves are stiff and arranged in whorls of three with pungent odor. Younger leaves tend to be more needlelike whereas mature leaves are scale-like. Twigs yellowish or green when young, turn brown and harden with age. Bark thin, shreddy or scaly, often exfoliating into thin strips. Fruits berrylike; red, ripening to a glucose blue black.
Common Name: Common Rush
Scientific Name: Juncus effusus
Description: bright green stems (no leaves); less than 3 ft tall; grows in clumps via rhizomes; occurs in freshwater wetlands; flowers and fruits are borne in compact clusters that appear to emerge laterally a few inches below the tip of the flowering stem
Common Name: Eastern Hemlock
Scientific Name: Tsuga canadensis
Description: Needles: Flat, round-tipped, 1/3 to 2/3 inch long, marked on the lower surface with two pale lines; needle bases form short, slender "stems," attached to rounded, dark orange, woody pads on the twigs. Flowers: Males yellow, small, round; females light green, at branch tips. Bark: Gray-brown and smooth when young; when older, scaly, red-brown, with wide ridges and furrows; when cut or broken, purple streaks are obvious.
Common Name: Eastern Red Cedar*
Scientific Name: Juniperus virginiana
Description: Needles: Fragrant; mature needles 1/16 inch long, shiny, dark green and scale-like, pressed close to form 4-sided twigs; young needles up to 3/8 inch long, pointed and prickly.
Flowers: Males and females on separate trees; males small, yellow-brown, in large clusters; females light blue-green.
Bark: Light reddish-brown, thin, peeling and fibrous.
Twigs: Scaly, green for several years, later turning brown.
Common Name: Flowering Dogwood
Scientific Name: Cornus florida
Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple, 3 to 5 inches long, oval in shape with an entire or slightly wavy margin, veined, green above and slightly paler below. Flower: very small and inconspicuous tight cluster, but surrounded by 4 very showy, large, white (occasionally pink) bracts, 2 inches in diameter, appearing in mid-spring. Fruit: A shiny, oval red drupe, 1/4 to 1/2 inch long, in clusters of 3 to 5, maturing in fall. Twig: Slender, green or purple (purple on sunlit side), later turning gray, often with a glaucous bloom.. Bark: Gray and smooth when young, turning very scaly to finely blocky. Form: A small tree with a short trunk that branches low, producing a slightly rounded to flat-topped crown.
Common Name: Ginkgo
Scientific Name: Ginkgo biloba
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, fan-shaped, 2 to 3 inches long and wide; parallel, fan-like veination, may be irregularly 2 to 3 lobed at the broad edge or just wavy Twig: Light reddish brown, becoming gray with numerous and obvious spur shoots; Bark: Light grayish brown with irregular ridges, eventually becoming deeply furrowed.
Common Name: Green Ash
Scientific Name: Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Description: Leaf: Opposite, pinnately compound with 7 to 9 serrate leaflets that are lanceolate to elliptical in shape, entire leaf is 6 to 9 inches long, green above and glabrous to silky-pubescent below. [Soft Break]Flower: Dioecious; light green to purplish, both sexes lacking petals, females' occurring in loose panicles, males in tighter clusters, appear after the leaves unfold. Fruit: A single-winged, dry, flattened samara with a slender, thin seed cavity, maturing in autumn and dispersing over winter.Bark: Ashy gray to brown in color, with interlacing corky ridges forming obvious diamonds; older trees may be somewhat scaly.
Common Name: Greenbrier (Common)
Scientific Name: Smilax rotundifolia
Description: thorns, ½ inch to 1 inch, grows on vines
Common Name: Grey Birch
Scientific Name: Betula populifolia
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, triangular with a very elongated acuminate tip, 2 to 3 inches long, doubly serrate margin, green above and paler below. Flower: Monoecious; preformed male catkins near the end of the twig, 3/4 inch long, usually single; female upright, 1/2 inch long; appear or elongate (males) in early spring. Matures in autumn, disperses over winter. Twig: Slender, orange-brown to gray in color with warty, raised lenticels that give the twig a rough feel; buds are slender, pointed, green and brown, terminal bud is lacking. Bark: Reddish brown with numerous lighter lenticels on very young stems, later turning gray to white and very chalky; remains smooth and generally does not peel.
Common Name: Groundsel
Scientific Name: Baccharis halimifolia
Description: Broadleaf Cotyledons (seed leaves) are elongate, with a blunt, rounded tip. The first true leaves have shallow teeth; the third and fourth leaves are more deeply lobed. Alternate along the stem and are deeply indented. Upper leaves are attached directly to the stem, but lower leaves have a short stalk. The green leaf like structures surrounding the flower cluster have conspicuous black tips that distinguish groundsel from other weeds in the thistle family.
Common Name: High Bush Blueberry*
Scientific Name: Vaccinium corymbosum
Description: Similar to low bush blueberry in leaf shape and size with alternating leaves about 1-2.5 inches long that point down. Has a green stem and can grow around 10 ft. tall. Flowers in late spring producing white bell-shaped flowers. Rather skinny trunk with gray-brown to red bark. Found near wetlands.
Common Name: Honey Locust
Scientific Name: Gleditsia triacanthos
Description: Leaves are alternate, pinnately compound, 5 to 8 inches long, with 15 to 30 leaflets or bipinnately compound with 4 to 7 pairs of minor leaflets. Leaflets are 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long, ovate to elliptical in shape, green to yellow-green. Small, greenish yellow flowers; 2 to 3 inch long narrow, hanging clusters; very fragrant Very distinctive, 6 to 8 inches long, flattened, red-brown, leathery pod that becomes dry and twisted Twigs are prominently zig-zag, red-brown to light brown in color; numerous lenticels and branched thorns Bark is initially gray-brown to bronze, and smooth with many horizontal lenticels, later breaking into long, narrow, curling plates. Often displaying clusters of large, branched thorns on trunk. up to 80 feet tall
Common Name: Huckleberry
Scientific Name: Gaylussacia baccata
Description: Similar to Low Bush blueberry but has white urn shaped flowers and black/ dark brown branches to tell them apart. A shrub species that can grow 1-3 feet tall and is unique in its genus for its resin glands on its leaves. Flowers bloom in May-June.
Common Name: Indian Grass
Scientific Name: Sorghastrum nutans
Description: Consists of tight bunches of flowering light green or pale yellow culms and their leaves. The blades of the leaves go upward from the culm and are green, flat, and hairless. The leaf sheaths are dull green, hairless, and open. it has several ascending branchlets that are individually up to 4 inches long, and are golden brown or tan with underside tips with fine silky hair . Every branchlet has in a one-flowered spikelet at its end.
Common Name: Ink Berry Holly
Scientific Name: Ilex glabra
Description: Thick, bushy, and rounded bush evergreen. Has white flowers with four pedals. Has leathery, glossy, dark green leaves with lighter bottoms. Has black berries that appear from fall to spring. Grows to 8-10 feet high and 3-4 feet wide. Has spikes or spines on branches
Common Name: Japanese Maple
Scientific Name: Acer palmatum
Description: Leaf: 2 to 5 inches long, serrated margin, 5 to 7 deeply palmate lobes color highly variable depending on cultivar, commonly deep red. Twig: Slender, glabrous, red or green; buds broadly conical, green or red, base of bud hidden by tan, fuzzy fringe. Bark: Smooth, light gray, with a somewhat fluted trunk.
Common Name: Jersey Pine
Scientific Name: Pinus virginiana
Description: Leaf: Evergreen needles, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, with 2 yellow-green, twisted, somewhat divergent needles per fascicle. Flower: Monoecious; males cylindrical, yellow, near branch tip; females yellow to red, curved prickle present. Fruit: Conical to ovoid cones are 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long, sessile and persistent, with red-brown scales and an umbo armed with a sharp, needle-like prickle, maturing in the fall. Twig: Slender, green changing to purple-green with a glaucous bloom; buds gray-brown, narrowly ovoid. Bark: Orange-brown and scaly on young trees; older stems develop thin, small, scaly plates, cinnamon colored patches often on upper parts of trunk.
Common Name: Low Bush Blueberry
Scientific Name: Vaccinium vacillans
Description: Can be differentiated from huckleberry by its bell shaped flowers and green tipped branches. Can grow to about 60 cm tall with alternating leaves about 1-2 inches long. Flower in April-May. Commonly found in open woods with acidic soil
Common Name: Mountain Laurel
Scientific Name: Kalmia latifolia
Description: A common shrub that has alternate and simple leaves that range 2-5 inches in length. Leaves also whirl down and have a waxy feel. Produces flowers that are white or red (in clusters) and fruit that is a small brown capsule. Bark is red to dark brown with twigs that will turn brownish red and twist when mature.
Common Name: Northern Catalpa*
Scientific Name: Catalpa bigonoides
Description: Leaf: Whorled cordate, 5 to 12 inches long, pinnately veined, entire margins, overall soft and flexible feeling, light green to green above and soft pubescence on the underside. Flower: Monoecious; very showy, white (yellow and purple spots on insides), 5 fuzzed petals form an overall bell shape, 1 inch long; appear in open, branched, upright terminal cluster in late spring. Fruit: Long bean-like, hanging capsules, round in cross section, very stiff; each capsule contains numerous flattened seeds with wings. Twig: Stout, green, and later reddish brown in color, numerous lighter lenticels; Bark: Gray to reddish brown, separated into irregular shallow fissures and scaly ridges
Common Name: Northern Red Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus rubra
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 5 to 8 inches long, with 7 to 11 sharply pointed and bristle- tipped lobes; fall color deep red.Flowers: Males in yellow-green, slender, 2 to 4 inch hanging catkins; females on short spikes; both appearing with the leaves in spring.Bark: On young stems, smooth and gray; on older trees, thick and broken by shallow fissures into regular, flat, smooth-surfaced plates or flat ridges, resembling ski trails.
Common Name: Northern White Cedar*
Scientific Name: Thuja occidentalis
Description: Needles: Scale-like, 1/8 to ¼ inch long, fragrant when crushed; branchlets flattened into fan-like sprays.
Flowers: Males round, green, tipped with brown; females green with 4 to 6 scales. Bark: Reddish-brown, graying with age, fibrous, ridged in a diamond pattern. Twigs: Covered in green scales, turning brown with age.
Common Name: Norway Maple*
Scientific Name: Acer platanoides
Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple, and palmately-veined, 5 to 7 lobed with long pointed "teeth", exudes milky white sap from the petiole when detached, dark green above, paler below. Twig: Stout, brown with a large, turban-shaped, green to purple(fall and winter) terminal bud, large bud scales. [Soft Break]Bark: Gray-brown, a bit corky, on older trees shallowly furrowed with long narrow, somewhat interlacing ridges.
Common Name: Norway Spruce*
Scientific Name: Picea abies
Description: large tree, green needles, branches hang down, cones are large
Common Name: Pin Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus palustris
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 3 to 5 inches long, 2 to 5 inches wide, with 5 to 9 pointed lobes separated by variable, but often wide, sinuses extending nearly to the midvein; scarlet fall color. Flowers: Males in slender, drooping, yellow-green catkins; females are reddish green, on short spikes; both appearing in spring with the leaves. Bark: On young trees, smooth and gray-brown; later developing narrow, dark gray, flat-topped ridges separated by very shallow furrows.
Common Name: Pitch Pine*
Scientific Name: Pinus rigida
Description: three twisted needles, green, small cones
Common Name: Poison Ivy*
Scientific Name: Rhus radicans
Description: A vine to short shrub. Vines covered in aerial roots. Generally found on trees or other structures. Alternate leaf arrangement. Leaves are lush green and come in sets of three. Leaves have serrated margins. Has tan woody bark and produces white fruit found in clusters.
Common Name: Post Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus stellata
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 6 inches long, deeply divided into five rounded lobes separated by broad sinuses; the two largest lobes are straight across from each other, at 90 degree angles from the end lobe, giving the leaf a distinctive T-shape.
Flowers: Males yellow-green, in 2 to 4 inch, hanging catkins; females reddish, in short spikes from leaf axils; both appear with the leaves.
Bark: Ashy gray and initially quite scaly, later becoming more blocky and ridged, often with horizontal cross-breaks in the ridges.
Common Name: Rhododendron*
Scientific Name: Rhododendron glaucum
Description: large dull rose-purple flowers; evergreen long leaves; commonly confused with mountain laurel because of similar leaves and overall structure however these plants do not grow wild in the pine barrens
Common Name: River Birch*
Scientific Name: Betula nigra
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, rhombic to ovate, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, conspicuously doubly serrate, with a wedge-shaped base, green above, paler and fuzzy below. Flower: Monoecious; preformed, reddish green, male catkins near the end of the twig, 2 to 3 inches long; female catkins upright, 1/4 to 1/2 inch long, light green, appear or elongate (males) in mid-spring. Twig: Slender, orangish brown in color, smooth or slightly pubescent, with the terminal bud absent. Lateral buds may be slightly pubescent. Bark: Smooth on young trees, salmon to rust colored; developing papery scales, exfoliating horizontally with several colors (creamy to orangish-brown) visible; later developing coarse scales
Common Name: Salt Marsh Cord Grass*
Scientific Name: Spartina altiniflora
Description: Flat, smooth blades, saltmarsh cordgrass grows along the sides of guts (marsh creeks) and in places flooded by the tides.
Common Name: Salt Marsh Hay*
Scientific Name: Spartina patens
Description: Inflorescence spike 1-3 inches long Leaves enrolled and very narrow slender rhizomes new growth from last year's stems lies flat and matted
Common Name: Sassafras*
Scientific Name: Sassafras albidum
Description: one, two, and three lobed leaves, green, the leaves smell like fruit loops
Common Name: Scrub Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus myrtifolia
Description: Small tree or large shrub with a broad-spreading round-topped crown. Trunks often twisted. Can grow to 8 inches in diameter; Bark is dark gray to brown, generally smooth, and slightly furrowed near the base. Leaves are shiny, about 1-2 inches long, the edges usually rolled downward.
Common Name: Sheep-Laurel*
Scientific Name: Kalmia angustifolia
Description: Lives in sandy/infertile soil, bogs, and old fields, and is an evergreen shrub. Grows from a half to three feet high. Has a half an inch wide (small) flower and the flowers are pink in color. Flowers form in clusters and are in the middle of the stem. Leaves can be opposite or whorled, and normally form clusters of three. Leaves are green on top and pale bluish beneath. Leaves below flowers droop and clusters of leaves normally terminate the stem.
Common Name: Shining Sumac*
Scientific Name: Rhus copallina
Description: Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, up to 12 inches long, 7 to 15 leaflets per leaf; leaflets are lance-shaped, with entire margins, rachis has prominent wings between the leaflets, shiny, dark green above, paler and a bit fuzzy below. Flower: Monoecious; greenish-yellow and small, borne on 3 to 5 inch wide, terminal pyramid-shaped panicles in mid to late summer. Twig: Medium-textured, speckled with lenticels, and covered with fine, velvety, reddish brown hair; buds are small, rounded and hairy, leaf scars horseshoe-shaped. Bark: Light brown or gray, smooth with numerous lenticels when young, later with large, thin scales.
Common Name: Short-Leaf Pine*
Scientific Name: Pinus echinata
Description: Evergreen needles, 3 to 5 inches long, two or three (on the same branch), slender and flexible needles per fascicle, dark yellow-green in color, fascicle sheath is persistent. Flower: Monoecious; males cylindrical, red to yellow, in clumps at ends of twigs; females light green to red and armed. Twig: Green and purple when young, later turning red-brown. Bark: Scaly and dark on young trees, eventually developing flat, scaly plates; very small (pencil point) resin pockets or "Volcanoes" may be apparent
Common Name: Silver Maple*
Scientific Name: Acer saccharinum
Description: Leaf: lobe margins coarsely serrate, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long; light green above, pale, silvery white below. Twig: Similar to red maple but stouter and often more chestnut-brown in color Bark: Light gray and smooth when young, when older breaks up Similar to red maple but coarser.
Common Name: Southern Red Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus falcata
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 5 to 9 inches long and 4 to 5 inches wide, dark shiny green above, tan and downy beneath; lobes irregularly shaped, mostly narrow, bristle- tipped, with the central lobe usually longest; sometimes pear-shaped with three rounded, bristle-tipped lobes at the outer end. Flowers: Males yellowish-green, on long thread-like catkins; females reddish on short spikes; both appear in spring with the leaves. Bark: Rough, though not deeply furrowed; varies from light gray on younger trees to dark gray or almost black on older ones.
Common Name: Sugar Maple*
Scientific Name: Acer saccharum
Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple and palmately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, 5 delicately rounded lobes Bark: Variable, but generally brown, on older trees it becomes darker, develops furrows, with long, thick irregular curling outward, firm ridges.
Common Name: Sweet Bay*
Scientific Name: Magnolia virginiana
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, oblong, 4 to 6 inches long, blunt pointed, smooth edged, shiny bright green above and pale or whitish below, releasing a pleasant, spicy odor when crushed. Flowers: 2 to 3 inches across, fragrant, creamy white, cup-shaped, with 9 to 12 petals; appearing in late spring. Bark: Smooth, red-brown to gray, often mottled. Twigs: Moderate in size, pale green, fuzzy, with ring-like scars encircling twigs at points of leaf attachment; buds ½ inch long, with fuzzy, silvery-gray scales curling at the ends.
Common Name: Sweetgum*
Scientific Name: Liquidamber styraciflua
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, palmately veined, orbicular, 4 to 6 inches across with 5 to 7 lobes (look like stars), and a finely serrate margin. Shiny green above and pubescent in the axils of the veins below, fragrant when crushed. Twig: Medium textured, shiny green to yellow-brown, usually with apparent corky outgrowths, particularly when fast growing. The terminal bud is large and is usually sticky, covered with green to orange-brown, shiny scales. Bark: Gray-brown, irregular furrows and rough rounded ridges.
Common Name: Sycamore*
Scientific Name: Platanus occidentalis
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 5 to 8 inches long and wide, large-toothed edges, 3 to 5 major lobes divided by broad, shallow sinuses; several main leaf veins branching from a single point at the leaf base; leaf stem base enlarged, encircling the bud; toothed leaf-like growths encircling stem at base of each leaf.
Flowers: Very small; both males and females in dense round clusters, typically a single cluster to a stalk, appearing with the leaves. Bark: Distinctive "camouflage" mottling of brown, green, tan and white, peeling readily; older stems gray-brown and scaly.
Common Name: Tulip Tree*
Scientific Name: Liriodendron tulipifera
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, palmately veined, orbicular, 4-lobed with an entire margin, 4 to 8 inches long, notched to flat top. Somewhat shaped like a tulip, light green to green. Flower: Monoecious; perfect, showy, resembling a large tulip, but high in the tree, 2 1/2 inches long, with yellow-green petals and an orange corolla, appearing in late spring to early summer. Bark: Light gray-green and smooth when young, later developing flat-topped ridges and conspicuous white colored furrows in diamond shaped patterns.
Common Name: Virgina Creeper*
Scientific Name: Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Description: Similar to Poison Ivy, but has 5 serrated leaves instead of 3 leaves found on poison ivy. This climbing vine has twigs that are light-brown or red. Produces blue or black berries in late summer. Leaves have a bright green color.
Common Name: White Mulberry*
Scientific Name: Morus alba
Description: Bark is orange-brown and becomes gray Small-medium size tree Leaves are green and glossy; 3 - 6 inches long; alternate, simple, serrate Blackberry like fruits turn from green to white to red to black as they ripen. Found in Sparse forests on hillsidesFlowers are small greenish; hang in clusters and hang in catkins
Common Name: White Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus alba
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 7 inches long, with 7 to 10 rounded lobes; depth of the sinuses between lobes varies from shallow to almost reaching the midrib; leaf base wedge shaped where it joins the leaf stem. Flowers: Males yellow-green, in slender 2 to 4 inch hanging catkins; females reddish green, in very small single spikes; both appear along with the leaves. Bark: Light, ash gray, covered with loose scales or broad plates.
Common Name: Yew*
Scientific Name: Taxus sp.
Description: Leaf: Evergreen needles, single, spirally arranged but appearing 2-ranked on shaded branches, 1 inch long, long pointed tip, needles typically angled upward forming a V-shape on branch, Bark: Dark, usually red-purple, and scaly or somewhat peeling.
Common Name: Pitcher Plant*
Scientific Name: Sarracenia purpurea
Description: Leaf color from bright yellow-green to dark purple and most commonly a middle variation with strong red venation. The leaves, or pitchers, are produced each year from stems arising from the rhizomes and remain evergreen unless unduly exposed. The leaf edges have curled around and fused to form a liquid-holding vessel, similar in shape to a cornucopia. The leaves grow from a basal rosette and a "keel" provides structural reinforcement to each leaf so that the opening is always upright. The modified leaves perform the task of taking in nutrients required for photosynthesis.
Common Name: Tea Berry*
Scientific Name: Gaultheria procumbens
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, oval to elliptical, 1 to 2 inches long, minutely serrated, thickened with a wintergreen odor when crushed, leaves appear whorled since they cluster at tips of plant; dark shiny green above, much paler below often with black dots. Flower: Monoecious; small (1/4 inch), white, urn-shaped, hanging from short stems from leaf axils, appearing in mid to late summer. Fruit: Twig: Slender, green turning brown with age. Bark: Light brown.
Common Name: Scarlet Oak*
Scientific Name: Quercus coccinea
Description: Leaves: Alternate, simple, 4 to 7 inches long and 3 to 5 inches wide, with 5 to 9 pointed lobes deeply separated by wide sinuses that reach almost to the midvein; scarlet fall color.
Flowers: Males on slender yellow-green catkins; females on very short spikes; both appearing with the leaves in spring.
Bark: On young trees, smooth and gray; on older trees, darker with irregular broad ridges and narrow furrows, especially near the base.
Common Name: Japanese Honeysuckle*
Scientific Name: Lonicera japonica
Description: Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to oval, 1 to 2 inches long, entire margin, sometimes lobed, semi-evergreen, light green and somewhat pubescent. Flower: Fragrant, 1/2 to 1 inch long, white or yellowish-white long petals, appearing in late spring. Fruit: Small (1/4 inch diameter), black berry, often in pairs, ripen in fall and persist into early winter. Twig: Slender, initially pubescent, light brown in color developing scaly, thin bark, hollow pith; buds small. Bark: Long, shreddy peeling strips, light red-brown to straw-colored.
Common Name: Sphagnum Moss*
Scientific Name: Sphagnum sp.
Description: Found in wet boggy areas Acidic soil Found in thick dense clumps; almost makes a mat of spongy moss Usually green leaves
Common Name: Persimmon*
Scientific Name: Diospyros virginiana
Description: Leaf: Alternate, simple, oblong to oval, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, pinnately-veined, margin entire, lustrous green above and paler or whitened below. Fruit: A plum-like berry that is green before ripening, turning orange to black when ripe, 3/4 to 2 inches in diameter, leafy bracts on top of fruit. The fruit is very astringent and mouth numbing when green, sweet and edible when ripe after a hard freeze; matures in mid to late fall. Bark: When young gray-brown with orange in fissures, later becoming much darker, breaking up into square scaly thick plates; reminiscent of charcoal briquettes (very unique).
Common Name: Loblolly Pine*
Scientific Name: Pinus taeda
Description: Leaf: Evergreen needles, 6 to 9 inches long, with (usually) three yellow-green needles per fascicle. Fruit: Ovoid to cylindrical, 3 to 6 inch red-brown cones; umbo is armed with a short spine, maturing in early fall. Twig: Orange-brown in color, fine to moderately stout; buds are narrowly ovoid, light reddish brown. Bark: Initially red- to gray-brown and scaly; older trees are ridged and furrowed, with somewhat rounded scaly plates; very old trees have red-brown, flat scaly plates.
Common Name: Pyxie Moss*
Scientific Name: Pyxidanthera brevifolia
Description: red buds, tiny white flowers when in bloom
Common Name: Leather Leaf*
Scientific Name: Chamaedaphne calyculata
Description: evergreen leaves leathery, simple, alternate, and more-or-less evenly spaced on branch. Leaf blade symmetrical, ¾"-1½" long, ¼"-¾" wide; upper surface bright yellow green; lower surface dark orange yellow; Flowers tiny white bell shaped in one-sided racemes of 1-15 or more
Common Name: Round Leafed Sundew*
Scientific Name: Drosera rotundifolia
Description: Leaves a basal rosette. Blades round, depressed, and lying flat on ground; ¼"-½" long and as wide or wider. Upper surface of blades covered with reddish, glandular hairs tipped with a sticky, glutinous secretion resembling a dewdrop that traps insects, hence its name. Petioles ¾"-2" long and covered with sticky hairs.
Common Name: Spatulate Leafed Sundew*
Scientific Name: Drosera intermedia
Description: Spatula like leaf.Habitat: bogs near the coast. Height: 2-8 inches. Flower size: 1/4 inch wide. Flower color: white to pale pink
Common Name: Thread Leafed Sundew*
Scientific Name: Drosera filiformis
Description: Stringy leaves covered with glistening droplets of sticky exudate. Lavender-rose flowers in a 1-sided, elongated cluster on a leafless stalk, curved at tip, rising from erect, thread-like, sticky, basal leaves.
Common Name: Cinnamon Fern*
Scientific Name: Osmunda cinnamomea
Description: The name comes from the cinnamon colored spores on the frond. Height: 2-5 feet tall Found in poorly drained acidic soils (wetlands mostly, sometimes sandy soils) Usually confused with Bracken Fern but it does not split into multiple fronds. It has many fronds growing in bunches.
Common Name: Broom Crowberry*
Scientific Name: Corema conradii
Description: is a low-growing evergreen shrub of barrens, and dunes. It has short, needle-like leaves.
This is a really rare plant that people from around the world come to see in the Pine Barrens
Common Name: Ailanthus*
Scientific Name: Ailanthus altissima
Description: Smooth, limb-free trunk. Very thin, light grey bark. Bark marked with squiggly valleys
Common Name: Common Apple*
Scientific Name: Malus domestica
Description: Leaves 10 cm long, alternate, simple, with a serrated margin; white, red or pink in color
Common Name: Black Huckleberry*
Scientific Name: Gaylussacia baccata
Description: Similar to blueberry except resin dots on the undersides of the leaves which glitter when held up to the light. It is a vigorous clonal colonizer
Large tree with rounded crown of many long, spreading and horizontal branches, producing edible beechnuts.Height: 60-80' (18-24 m).Diameter: 1-2 1/2" (0.3-0.8 m).Leaves: spreading in 2 rows; 2 1/2-5" (6-13 cm) long, 1-3" (2.5-7.5 cm) wide. Elliptical or ovate, long-pointed at tip; with many straight parallel slightly sunken side veins and coarsely saw-toothed edges; short-stalked. Dull dark blue-green above, light green beneath, becoming hairless or nearly so; turning yellow and brown in fall.Bark: light gray; smooth, thin.Twigs: slender, ending in long narrow scaly buds, with short side twigs or spurs.Flowers: with new leaves in spring. Male flowers small, yellowish with many stamens, crowded in ball 3/4-1" (2-2.5 cm) in diameter, hanging on slender hairy stalk to 2" (5 cm). Female flowers about 1/4" (6 mm) long, bordered by narrow hairy reddish scales, 2 at end of short stalk.Fruit: 1/2-3/4" (12-19 mm) long; short-stalked light brown prickly burs; maturing in autumn and splitting into 4 parts. Usually 2 nuts, about 5/8" (15 mm) long, 3-angled, shiny brown, known as beechnuts.
Large, handsome, graceful tree, often with enlarged buttresses at base, usually forked into many spreading branches, drooping at ends, forming a very broad, rounded, flat-topped or vaselike crown, often wider than high.Height: 100' (30 m).Diameter: 4' (1.2 m), sometimes much larger.Leaves: in 2 rows; 3-6" (7.5-15 cm) long, 1-3" (2.5-7.5 cm) wide. Elliptical, abruptly long-pointed, base rounded with sides unequal; doubly saw-toothed; with many straight parallel side veins; thin. Dark green and usually hairless or slightly rough above, paler and usually with soft hairs beneath; turning bright yellow in autumn.Bark: light gray; deeply furrowed into broad, forking, scaly ridges.Twigs: brownish, slender, hairless.Flowers: 1/8" (3 mm) wide; greenish; clustered along twigs in early spring.Fruit: 3/8-1/2" (10-12 mm) long; elliptical flat 1-seeded keys (samaras), with wing hairy on edges, deeply notched with points curved inward; long-stalked; maturing in early spring.
Evergreen, aromatic tree with narrow, pointed, spirelike crown and slender, horizontal branches.Height: 50-90' (15-27 m).Diameter: 1 1/2-2' (0.5-0.6 m).Leaves: evergreen; opposite; 1/16-1/8" (1.5-3 mm) long. Scalelike; dull blue-green, with gland-dot.Bark: reddish-brown; thin, fibrous, with narrow connecting or forking ridges, becoming scaly and loose.Twigs: very slender, slightly flattened or partly 4-angled, irregular branched.Cones: tiny, 1/4" (6 mm) in diameter; bluish-purple with a bloom, becoming dark red-brown; with 6 cone-scales ending in short point; maturing in 1 season; 1-2 gray-brown seeds under cone-scale.
The only fir native to the Northeast, with narrow, pointed, spirelike crown of spreading branches and aromatic foliage.Height: 40-60' (12-18 m).Diameter: 1-1/2' (0.3-0.5 m).Needles: evergreen; 1/2-1" (1.2-2.5 cm) long. Spreading almost at right angles in 2 rows on hairy twigs, curved upward on upper twigs; flat, with rounded tip (sometimes notched or sharp-pointed). Shiny dark green above, with 2 narrow whitish bands beneath.Bark: brown, thin, smooth, with many resin blisters, becoming scaly.Cones: 2-3 1/4" (5-8 cm) long; cylindrical; dark purple; upright on topmost twigs; cone-scales finely hairy, bracts mostly short and hidden; paired long-winged seeds.
One of the largest eastern hardwoods, with an enlarged base, massive, straight trunk, and large, spreading, often crooked branches forming a broad open crown.Height: 60-100' (18-30 m).Diameter: 2-4' (0.6-1.2 m), sometimes much larger.Leaves: 4-8" (10-20 cm) long and wide (larger on shoots). Broadly ovate, with 3 or 5 shallow broad short-pointed lobes; wavy edges with scattered large teeth; 5 or 3 main veins from notched base. Bright green above, paler beneath and becoming hairless except on veins; turning brown in autumn. Leafstalk long, stout, covering side bud at enlarged base.Bark: smooth, whitish and mottled; peeling off in large thin flakes, exposing patches of brown, green, and gray; base of large trunks dark brown, deeply furrowed into broad scaly ridges.Twigs: greenish, slender, zigzag, with ring scars at nodes.Flowers: tiny; greenish; in 1-2 ball-like drooping clusters; male and female clusters on separate twigs; in spring.Fruit: 1" (2.5 cm) in diameter; usually 1 brown ball hanging on long stalk, composed of many narrow nutlets with hair tufts; maturing in autumn, separating in winter.
The largest northeastern conifer, a magnificent evergreen tree with straight trunk and crown of horizontal branches, 1 row added a year, becoming broad and irregular.Height: 100' (33 m), formerly 150' (46 m) or more.Diameter: 3-4' (0.9-1.2 m) or more.Needles: evergreen; 2 1/2-5" (6-13 cm) long, 5 in bundle; slender; blue-green.Bark: gray; smooth becoming rough; thick and deeply furrowed into narrow scaly ridges.Cones: 4-8" (10-20 cm) long; narrowly cylindrical; yellow-brown; long-stalked; cone-scales thin, rounded, flat.
One of the most beautiful native trees, with narrow, open crown of slightly drooping to nearly horizontal branches; sometimes a shrub.Height: 50-70' (15-21 m).Diameter: 1-2' (0.3-0.6 m).Leaves: 2-4" (5-10 cm) long, 1 1/2-2" (4-5 cm) wide. Ovate, long-pointed; coarsely and doubly saw-toothed; usually with 5-9 veins on each side. Dull dark green above, light yellow-green and nearly hairless beneath; turning light yellow in autumn.Bark: chalky to creamy white; smooth, thin, with long horizontal lines; separating into papery strips to reveal orange inner bark; becoming brown, furrowed, and scaly at base; bronze to purplish in varieties.Twigs: reddish-brown, slender, mostly hairless.Flowers: tiny; in early spring. Male yellowish, with 2 stamens, many in long drooping catkins near tip of twigs. Female greenish, in short upright catkins back of tip of same twig.Cones: 1 1/2-2" (4-5 cm); narrowly cylindrical, brownish, hanging on slender stalk; with many 2-winged nutlets; maturing in autumn.
An upright, climbing, or trailing shrub bearing small, yellowish-white or yellowish-green flower clusters; old stems covered with fibrous roots, appearing hairy. Flowers: 1/8"(3 mm) wide; cluster 1-3" (2.5-7.5 cm) long, loose, in leaf axils. Leaves: Compound, divided into 3 glossy or dull green leaflets, each 2-5 1/2"(5-14 cm) long. Fruit: To 1/4"(6 mm) wide, white to strawcolored, berry-like, clustered; appearing August-November, persisting through winter. Height: Erect plants to 8'(2.5 m); or climbing vines to 150'(45 m) long.
Poisonous yet attractive narrow-crowned shrub or small tree with waxy whitish berries and dramatic fall foliage.Height: 25' (7.6 m).Diameter: 6" (15 cm).Leaves: pinnately compound; 7-12" (18-30 cm) long; with reddish axis. 5-13 leaflets 2 1/2-3 1/2" (6-9 cm) long; paired except at end; ovate or elliptical; without teeth; short-stalked. Shiny dark green above, paler and slightly hairy beneath; turning scarlet or orange in early autumn.Bark: gray or blackish; thin; smooth or slightly fissured.Twigs: reddish when young, turning gray with many orange dots; hairless.Flowers: 1/8" (3 mm) long; with 5 greenish petals; many, in long, open, branching clusters to 8" (20 cm) long; male and female on same or separate plants; in early summer.Fruit: 1/4" (6 mm) in diameter; rounded and slightly flat; whitish, 1-seeded, shiny and hairless; numerous, in drooping branched clusters; maturing in early autumn and often remaining attached until spring.
Aromatic tree or thicket-forming shrub with variously shaped leaves and narrow, spreading crown of short, stout branches.Height: 30-60' (9-18 m).Diameter: 1 1/2' (0.5 m), sometimes larger.Leaves: 3-5" (7.5-13 cm) long, 1 1/2-4" (4-10 cm) wide. Elliptical, often with 2 mitten-shaped lobes or 3 broad and blunt lobes; not toothed; base short-pointed; long slender leafstalks. Shiny green above, paler and often hairy beneath; turning yellow, orange, or red in autumn.Bark: gray-brown; becoming thick and deeply furrowed.Twigs: greenish, slender, sometimes hairy.Flowers: 3/8" (10 mm) long; yellow-green; several clustered at end of leafless twigs in early spring; male and female usually on separate trees.Fruit: 3/8" (10 mm) long; elliptical shiny bluish-black berries; each in red cup on long red stalk, containing 1 shiny brown seed; maturing in autumn.
Large tree with rounded, dense crown and striking, multicolored foliage in autumn.Height: 70-100' (21-30 m).Diameter: 2-3" (0.6-0.9 m).Leaves: opposite; 3 1/2-5 1/2" (9-14 cm) long and wide; palmately lobed with 5 deep long-pointed lobes; few narrow long-pointed teeth; 5 main veins from base; leafstalks long and often hairy. Dull dark green above, paler and often hairy on veins beneath; turning deep red, orange, and yellow in autumn.Bark: light gray; becoming rough and deeply furrowed into narrow scaly ridges.Twigs: greenish to brown or gray; slender.Flowers: 3/16" (5 mm) long; with bell-shaped 5-lobed yellowish-green calyx; male and female in drooping clusters on long slender hairy stalks; with new leaves in early spring.Fruit: 1-1 1/4" (2.5-3 cm) long including long wing; paired forking keys; brown, 1-seeded; maturing in autumn.
A handsome, naturalized tree with short trunk and broad, open, irregular crown of drooping branches.Height: 30-40' (9-12 m).Diameter: 2' (0.6 m), sometimes much larger.Leaves: 2 1/2-5" (6-13 cm) long, 1/4-1/2" (6-12 mm) wide. Narrowly lance-shaped; with long-pointed tips; finely saw-toothed. Dark green above, whitish or gray beneath. Hanging from short leafstalks.Bark: gray; rough, thick; deeply furrowed in long, branching ridges.Twigs: yellowish-green to brownish; very slender, unbranched, drooping vertically.Flowers: catkins 3/8-1" (1-2.5 cm) long; greenish; at end of short leafy twigs; in early spring; plants mostly female.Fruit: 1/16" (1.5 mm) long; light brown capsules; maturing in late spring or early summer.
Medium-sized to large tree with open, spreading crown.Height: 50-80' (15-24 m).Diameter: 1-2 1/2" (0.3-0.8 m).Leaves: 4-9" (10-23 cm) long, 3-6" (7.5-15 cm) wide. Elliptical; usually with 7-9 lobes, either shallow or deep and narrow, ending in a few bristle-tipped teeth; slightly thickened. Shiny green above, yellow-green and usually with brown hairs beneath; turning dull red or brown in fall.Bark: gray and smooth on small trunks; becoming blackish, thick and rough, deeply furrowed into ridges; inner bark yellow or orange, very bitter.Acorns: 5/8-3/4" (15-19 mm) long; elliptical, 1/2 enclosed by deep thick top-shaped cup narrowed at base, with fringed border of loose rust-brown hairy scales; maturing second year.
any of genus of mostly short-lived deciduous shrubs and trees with membranous outer bark and pale close-grained wood
medium to large deciduous timber tree of the eastern United States and southeastern Canada having dark outer bark and yellow inner bark used for tanning
North American shrubby willow having dark bark and linear leaves growing close to streams and lakes
an especially attractive tree with frosty blue needles; often planted in yards as ornamentals
Bradford pear tree
is a species of pear native to China. It is a deciduous tree growing to 15 to 20 m (49 to 66 ft) tall, with a conic to rounded crown. The leaves are oval, 4 to 7 cm (1.6 to 2.8 in) long, glossy dark green above, slightly paler below.
The native range extends through most of Europe, and the fruit has been consumed through its range since prehistoric times. A cultivated recorded as having been brought to Rome by Lucius Licinius Lucullus from northeastern Anatolia, also known as the Pontus region, in 72 BC
Its bright green leaves have an almost triangular shape. This tree can be either male or female. It is the fluffy white seeds produced by the females during early summer that give the tree its name.
a tree or shrub that has clusters of small white flowers surrounded by four large white or reddish leaves
Eastern red cedar
This tree is a widely distributed tree in Missouri because many birds eat the berries and then naturally disperse the seeds later. They are among the first trees to grow in abandoned farm fields.
any of several 5-needled pines with white wood and smooth usually light gray bark when young
any of a genus (Crataegus) of spring-flowering spiny shrubs or small trees of the rose family with glossy and often lobed leaves, white or pink fragrant flowers, and small red fruits
tall usually spiny North American tree having small greenish-white flowers in drooping racemes followed by long twisting seed pods
northern red oak
large symmetrical deciduous tree with rounded crown widely distributed in eastern North America
small deciduous tree of eastern and central United States having dark green lyrate pinnatifid leaves and tough moisture-resistant wood used especially for fence posts
fast-growing medium to large pyramidal deciduous tree of northeastern United States and southeastern Canada having deeply indented leaves that turn bright red in autumn
leaf: three lobed leaf, sinuses V-shaped, oppositely branched
branch: softer wood, smooth bark
small deciduous tree of eastern and central United States having leaves that shine like laurel
maple of eastern and central North America having 3- to 5-lobed leaves and hard close-grained wood much used for cabinet work especially the curly-grained form
a North American tree of the genus Liquidambar having prickly spherical fruit clusters and fragrant sap
any of numerous Old World and American oaks having 6 to 8 stamens in each floret, acorns that mature in one year and leaf veins that never extend beyond the margin of the leaf
medium-sized spruce of northeastern North America having short blue-green leaves and slender cones
Tall, ecofriendly creature, makes funny noises and continually tells laffy taffy jokes...blends in with nature with his earth-toned dress...he speaks for the trees, for the trees have no tongue
description: unlobed, smooth, fanned, dark green, 3 leaves, shiny
Northern Red Oak
description: simple, lobed, 7L, redish, toothed
-trunk 2-3 ft wide (6m wide in fields)
-red b/w bark, reddish tint, green moss
description: lobed, 7L, smooth, alternate
-shade or sun
-CT state tree
-bark darkish gray, looks like stacked bricks
description: feather compound, alternate, fine toothed, unlobed, five leaf
-vertical brown cracks in gray bark
-bark falls off in long vertical strands
-dominant in area
-(big leaflet at end)
description: 5L, lobed, smooth, simple, alternate, opposite
description: unlobed, 2L, 3L, smooth, simple, alternate
-shade but some sun
-"1,2, 3 finger mittens" 3 diff leaves
description: alternate, 7-11 leafs, toothed, not lobed, feathered compound
underside of leaf in whitish
description: 5-needles in bunch, dark green/light green/white needles.
-light colored wood
-species after pioneer
description: smooth, toothed, simple, alternate, not lobed, orage/red fuzzy vein
-dark red (when ripe) cherries 1/3 size of reg. cherries, little bitter
-potato chip like bark, inside is reddish color
-not a dominant tree
-oils when combined form hydrogen cyanide, forms to kill leaves faster, present in pit of cherry if chewed
-like to grow on edges of forests or fields
-3-5 ft trunk
-wood is cherry color and light grain
- less than 65 ft, 40-50 ft
Iron Wood/ Hop Hornbeem/ Wild-wood
description: simple, toothed, not-lobed, alternate
-hard, rock-like feel
-veiny/muscly looking bark
-about 3 ft wide
-light colored wood
description: simple, not-lobed, alternate, toothed
-3.5 ft wide
-floors for beach houses
-75 ft tall
-produces edible seeds, favorite of birds and squirrels
-bark is smooth unless damaged
-edible nuts (soft and spiky)-native americans primary source of carbs
-well drained soil on hill
-pale wood and grain
-parasite will look like pimples
(Indian toothbrush) (Betula Lenta)
description: alternate, simple, not-lobed, finely toothed
-65-85 ft at tallest
-250-350 yrs old
-well drained and moist soil
-black birch bark won't peel off (3 types)
-root beer/minty smell and taste
-oil harvested and used in sasparilla and root beer, and birch beer
-commonly used by native americans for tootbrush
-tap trees late fall min winter, 2-3x faster than maple
-catches spark well
-not on valleys but on hilltops
-horizontal bark stripes
Snapping Alder/ Winter Bloom/ Witchazel
-blooms in winter, seedpods dry out and explode "snap"
-y of branch and dips near water source
-witch hazel- bug bites, bruises, aftershave
-sun light streaking through
-asymmetrical leaf, rounded, toothed, alternate
-liquid from stock cures poison ivy, bug bites, rashes, bruises
-mix with frag. free lotion
-edges of forests sun and shade mix
-seeds shot 4-5 feet
-found in same places as poison ivy
-CT's most dangerous plant
-first plant that is green in winter
-#1 new home for ticks
-edible berries- birds eat and poop seeds- spread
-"unlucky"/ fairies will punish/jesus's thorns/vampire stakes
-edible and smokable
-reduce heart rate when working out/ dulls hunger
-sub for tobacco
-first to change color
-hybridize with diff trees
-turn early and stay red for a while
-cow-like, camo bark
-leaf cups the bud
-puts new bark layer as grows and cracks as it gets bigger
-bugs lay eggs under bark
-NE most massive tree
-inside rots and hollows out
-indians turned into canoes
-seeds look like fuzzy golf balls- dandelion
-white ash like bark, but maple like leaves
-points come to fine point
-base of leaf is white when plucked
-low economic value/ bad firewood
-outcompeted by sugar maple
-white sap is insect neurotoxin
-sun lover, evergreen, conifer
-soon after pioneer
-very cold environment
-hosts wolly adlegid and fungus: kill off fruit bearing trees
-needs low nutrients
-*needles, dark army green
-outcompetes cattails (marsh)
-will grow where mud and water- decomposes to dirt but slowly
-spread through seeds and airborn
-green on top, silvery on bottom
-berries give you cottonmouth
-berries used for tanning preservatives (leather)
-dustbowl- to keep hills from erroding
-birds won't eat
-kill off natural plants
-tolerable with soil
glorious fall colors; rough bark; sensitive to road salt; in spring, its sap is boiled down to syrup
a durable tree with smooth bark, good for city streets, unlike the sugar maple; loses its yellow leaves late in autumn
a versatile tree, it adapts its root structure to its surrounding; does well in wet environments
this tree has graceful, high-arching shape that once lined city streets before a blight killed most
the leaf of this graceful, high-arching tree has a notched edges and a rough feel on the top side
a compound leaf with many leaflets; this tree has straight limbs, sometimes used for ship masts
this tree has straight limbs, sometimes used for ship masts; has a compound leaf with many leaflets
white pine cone
long but soft needles are in groups of five; grows large but limbs are weak; large cones
tree having palmate leaves and large clusters of white to red flowers followed by brown shiny inedible seeds
thick-branched wide-spreading tree of Africa and adjacent southwestern Asia often buttressed with branches rising from near the ground