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AP Human Geography Chapter 3 Vocab

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remittances
money migrant send back to family and friends in their home coutnries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many poorer coutnries
cyclic movements
Movement - for example, nomadic migration - that has closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally
activity spaces
the space within which daily activity occurs
nomadism
movement among a definite set of places. Ex of cyclic movement.
periodic movements
Movement - for example, college attendance or military service - that involves temporary, recurrent relocation
migrant labor
a common type of periodic movemetn involving millions of worker in the US and tens of millions of workers worldwide who cross internationl borders in search of employment and become immigrants, in many instances
transhumance
a seasonal periodic movement of pastorarists and their livestock between highland and lowland
military service
another common form of periodic movement involving as many as 10 million US citizens in a given year, including military personnel and their families, who are moved to new locations where they will spend tours of duty lasting up to several years
migration
a change in residence intended to be permanent
international migration
human movement involving movement across international boundaries
internal migration
human movement within a nation-state, such as going westward and southward movements in the US
forced migration
human migration flows in which the movers have not choice but to relocate
voluntary migration
movement in which people relocate in response to perceived opportunity; not forced.
laws of migration
developed by British demographer Ernst Ravenstein, 5 laws that predict the flow of migrants
gravity model
a mathmatical prediction of the interation of places, the interation being a function of population size of the respective places and the distance between them
push factors
negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their adobe and migrate to a new location
pull factors
positive conditions and perceptions that induce people to new locations from other areas
distance decay
the effects of distance on interactions, generally greater the distance the less interaction
step migration
migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city
intervening opportunity
The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
kinship links
types of push or pull factors that influence a migrant's decision to go where family or friends have already found success
chain migration
pattern of migration that develops when migrants move along and through kinship links
immigration wave
Phenomenon whereby different patterns of chain migration build upon one another to create a swell in migration from one origin to the same destination.
explorers
a person examining a region that is unknown to them
colonization
physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own government in charge and either moving its own people into the place or bringing in indentured outsiders to gain control of the people and the land
islands of development
Place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure
guest workers
legal immigrant who has work visa, usually short term
refugees
people who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country
internal refugees
people who have been displaced within their own countries and do not cross international borders as they flee
international refugees
refugees who have crossed one or more international boundaries during their dislocation, searching for asylum in a different country
asylum
shelter and protection in one state for refugees from another country
immigration laws
laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into the state
quotas
established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year
selective immigration
process to control immigration in which individuals with certain backgrounds are barred from immigrating
migration
the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
immigration
migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)
emgration
Movement of individuals out of a population
voluntary migration
movement in which people relocate in response to perceived opportunity; not forced.
population transfer
transferring, switching or removing groups to another region or nation
transmigration
the relocation of people away from overpopulated core regions to less crowded areas. (Indonesia has a policy of moving people away from Java.)
refugee
a person who has to leave his or her country to find safety.
taliban
a group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan's government in 1996
intercontinental
Permanent movement from one country to a different country on the same continent.
interregional migration
Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.
rual-urban
Most popular form of intraregional migration.
place utilty
the value added by having a product where a customer can buy it
personal space
The buffer zone we like to maintain around our bodies
space time prism
The set of all points that can be reached by an individual given a maximum possible speed from a starting point in space-time and an ending point in space-time.
gravity model
A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
distance decay
the effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction
step migration
migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city
migration ladder
were migration grow and cause change in population to grow
cyclic movement
movement that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally
migratory movement
movement that consists of one person migrating from one place to another
perodic movement
longer period away from home--temporary.
transhumance
The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.
internal migration
Permanent movement within a particular country.
international migration
Permanent movement from one country to another.
remittance
money sent in payment
pastorlisum
procces of fallowing caddle
migrant labor
a common type of periodic movemetn involving millions of worker in the US and tens of millions of workers worldwide who cross internationl borders in search of employment and become immigrants, in many instances
maquiladoras
The term given to zones in northern Mexico with factories supplying manufactured goods to the U.S. market. The low-wage workers in the primarily foreign-owned factories assemble imported components and/or raw materials and then export finished goods.
bracero
a Mexican laborer who worked in the United States on farms and railroads in order to ease labor shortages during World War II
deportation
the act of expelling a person from their native land
explores
to investigate for the purpose of discovery: Thoreau explores the possibility that solitude breeds contentment.
colonization
physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own government in charge and either moving its own people into the place or bringing in indentured outsiders to gain control of the people and the land
island of development
Place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure.
geust workers
workers that visit other countrys for a job
visa
a geust worker card
idp
a person that doesent fit in own socity
asylum
were refugge for protection
imggration law
were there are laws that prevent people from imgrationg
terrorist
a radical who employs terror as a political weapon
quotas
established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year
flood plain
the flat, wide area of land along a river
snow belt
In 1940, 60% of Americans lived in the SNOWBELT; by 2000, 60% of Americans lived in the SUNBELT. This transformation, largely caused by migration, greatly impacted American politics. Until recently, the last SNOWBELT president was elected in 1960-all since have been from the SUNBELT.
sun belt
The warm and sunny part of the states that stretch from California to Florida
anchor baby
were couples come to the us have a kid and home country doesent want the kid
urbnisation
were people move to the city
melting pot
the mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples that has changed the American nation. The United States, with its history of immigration, has often been called a melting pot.